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Jiepaiyu Mine (Shimen Mine), Shimen deposit (Huangchang deposit), Shimen Co., Changde Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

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The mine is the largest carbonate-hosted arsenic deposit in Asia and the largest realgar mine in China. The deposit has been mined for more than 1’500 years and has produced approximately 1 million tonnes of ore (Zhu et al., 2015). It is known for orpiment ans realgar. Recently, rare thallium sulfosalts in excellent specimens have been identified (Roth et al., 2017).

Mineral List

22 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Jingrong Zhang, Wei Wang, Fan Yang and Tong Cai (1993): The Hot-Spring Genesis of the Shimen Realgar Deposit, Northwest Hunan. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 12(2), 137-147 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Changtao Liu, Xianxiao Xiong, Chaomei Yao, and Panxin Yang (1997): Geochemistry of fluid inclusions associated with the realgar deposit in Shimen, Hunan. Geology of Chemical Minerals 19(3), 40-45 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xianxiao Xiong and Changtao Liu (1998): Mineralogical Study of Realgar from the Shimen As-(Au) Deposit, Hunan Province. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 278-384 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Deposit types of Chinese realgar/orpiment deposits and their mineralizing mechanisms. Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80.
Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Classification, minerogenic models and prospecting of realgar/orpiment deposits in China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622.
Wilson, W.E. (2007): The Shimen mine: Jiepaiyu, Shimen County, Hunan Province, China. The Mineralogical Record 38(1), 43-53.
Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Dan Topa & Uwe Kolitsch (EPMA- and SXRD-analyses, 2015-2018; to be published)

Mineral and/or Locality  
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