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Jiepaiyu Mine (Shimen Mine), Shimen deposit (Huangchang deposit), Shimen Co., Changde Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

This page kindly sponsored by Frank Keutsch
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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° North , 111° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~71km
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


The mine is the largest carbonate-hosted arsenic deposit in Asia and the largest realgar mine in China. The deposit has been mined for more than 1’500 years and has produced approximately 1 million tonnes of ore (Zhu et al., 2015). It is known for orpiment ans realgar. Recently, rare thallium sulfosalts in excellent specimens have been identified (Roth et al., 2017).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Shimen, Hunan, China
Jiepaiyu Mine, Shimen As- deposit deposit), Shimen Co., Changde Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
Jiepaiyu Mine (Shimen Mine), Shimen As-(Au) deposit (Huangchang As-(Au) deposit), Shimen Co., Changde Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
Jiepaiyu Mine (Shimen Mine), Shimen (Huangchang) As-(Au) deposit, Shimen Co., Changde Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: scalenohedra to several cm
Colour: White to colourless
Reference: Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Christite
Formula: TlHgAsS3
Reference: Dan Topa & Uwe Kolitsch (EPMA- and SXRD-analyses, 2015-2017); Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Dalnegroite ?
Formula: (Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
Description: Pb-free
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Baogui (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-bound Sb, Hg and As Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 396-430; Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Imhofite
Formula: Tl5.8As15.4S26
Description: Re-analysis of a specimen from the collection of Thomas Raber by SXRD and EPMA (Dan Topa and Uwe Kolitsch) showed it is not imhofite, but a different (known) Tl sulphosalt.
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22; Dan Topa and Uwe Kolitsch, unpubl. re-analysis (detailed article on the sulphosalt mineralogy of the Shimen mine is in preparation)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Habit: Prismatic xls to many cm
Colour: golden yellow
Fluorescence: none
Description: Cm sized free standing xls with white calcite occured here
Reference: Zhang Baogui (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-bound Sb, Hg and As Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 396-430; Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_hunan.htm
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80.;Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Habit: Tabular to several cm
Colour: red
Fluorescence: none
Description: Single xls as floaters to 6 cm. Bright red groups to many cm
Reference: Jingrong Zhang, Wei Wang, Fan Yang and Tong Cai (1993): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 12(2), 137-147; Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80.; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Rebulite
Formula: Tl5Sb5As8S22
Reference: Dan Topa & Uwe Kolitsch (EPMA- and SXRD-analyses, 2015-2018); Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Vrbaite
Formula: Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
Reference: Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Weilite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4)
Reference: Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15. ; Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Christite'2.HD.15TlHgAsS3
'Dalnegroite' ?2.HC.05e(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
'Imhofite' ?2.HD.30Tl5.8As15.4S26
'Orpiment'2.FA.30As2S3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Realgar'2.FA.15aAs4S4
'Rebulite'2.HD.25Tl5Sb5As8S22
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Vrbaite'2.HF.20Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Arsenolite'4.CB.50As2O3
'Claudetite'4.CB.45As2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Hörnesite'8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Pharmacolite'8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
'Picropharmacolite'8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
'Weilite'8.AD.10Ca(HAsO4)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Christite3.4.10.1TlHgAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Imhofite ?3.5.11.1Tl5.8As15.4S26
ø = 2
Vrbaite3.7.15.1Hg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
1 < ø < 2
Dalnegroite ?3.8.12.2(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
Rebulite3.8.13.1Tl5Sb5As8S22
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Claudetite4.3.10.1As2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Weilite37.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClaudetiteAs2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChristiteTlHgAsS3
S Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
AsArsenic
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As ChristiteTlHgAsS3
As ClaudetiteAs2O3
As Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
As OrpimentAs2S3
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As RealgarAs4S4
As RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
As VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
As WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
SbAntimony
Sb Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
Sb RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg ChristiteTlHgAsS3
Hg VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
TlThallium
Tl ChristiteTlHgAsS3
Tl Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34
Tl ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
Tl RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
Tl VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20
PbLead
Pb Dalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jingrong Zhang, Wei Wang, Fan Yang and Tong Cai (1993): The Hot-Spring Genesis of the Shimen Realgar Deposit, Northwest Hunan. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 12(2), 137-147 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Changtao Liu, Xianxiao Xiong, Chaomei Yao, and Panxin Yang (1997): Geochemistry of fluid inclusions associated with the realgar deposit in Shimen, Hunan. Geology of Chemical Minerals 19(3), 40-45 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xianxiao Xiong and Changtao Liu (1998): Mineralogical Study of Realgar from the Shimen As-(Au) Deposit, Hunan Province. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 278-384 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Deposit types of Chinese realgar/orpiment deposits and their mineralizing mechanisms. Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80.
Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Classification, minerogenic models and prospecting of realgar/orpiment deposits in China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622.
Wilson, W.E. (2007): The Shimen mine: Jiepaiyu, Shimen County, Hunan Province, China. The Mineralogical Record 38(1), 43-53.
Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B., Lu, J. (2015): Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen carbonate-type realgar mine, Changde, Central China. Mineral. Petrol. 109, 1-15.
Roth, P., Raber, T., Favreau, G. and Meisser, N. (2017): Thallium Sulfosalts from the Shimen As-Deposit, Hunan, China. Mineral Up 4(6): 8-22.
Dan Topa & Uwe Kolitsch (EPMA- and SXRD-analyses, 2015-2018; to be published)


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