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Rockbridgeite

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Formula:
Fe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Dark green, olive-green, ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Silky
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Name:
Named in 1949 by Clifford Frondel for the type locality at the Midvale Mine, South Mountain, Midvale, Rockbridge County, Virginia, USA.
Isostructural with:
Rockbridgeite Group. Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series.
The Fe2+-analogue of frondelite and plimerite.

A secondary mineral resulting from the alteration of primary phosphates.

Visually similar to dufrénite and natrodufrénite.


Classification of Rockbridgeite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 1:1 and < 2:1
41.9.2.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
19.12.16

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of Rockbridgeite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
The cruss-sections of botryoids is radially fibrous
Colour:
Dark green, olive-green, brown, yellow-brown, greenish black, black
Comment:
Commonly exhibits colour banding. May be bronze-brown or reddish brown when oxidized.
Streak:
Gray green, pale brown
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Very Good
On {100}, excellent; on {010}, good; on {001}, fair.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.45 - 3.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.60 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Rockbridgeite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.873 - 1.875 nβ = 1.880 nγ = 1.895 - 1.897
2V:
Measured: 45°
Birefringence:
0.022
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v, or r>v very strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Light brown to light yellow-brown
Y = Bluish green
Z = Dark bluish green

Chemical Properties of Rockbridgeite

Formula:
Fe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Rockbridgeite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.783 Å, b = 16.805 Å, c = 5.172 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.82 : 1 : 0.308
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,197.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Euhedral crystals rare. Typically fibrous, elongated along [001]; compact radiating in crusts, botryoidal and drusy masses.
Comment:
Bbmm
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.87 (40)
4.842 (50)
4.630 (40)
3.573 (50)
3.196 (100)
2.409 (50)
1.5890 (50)

Occurrences of Rockbridgeite

Type Occurrence of Rockbridgeite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA - #80600.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
granite pegmatite

Relationship of Rockbridgeite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Frondelite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
PlimeriteZnFe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
8.BC.05AngelelliteFe43+O3(AsO4)2
8.BC.10FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
8.BC.10PlimeriteZnFe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
8.BC.15AerugiteNi8.5(AsO4)2As5+O8
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn(PO4)(CO3)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)Mn2+PO4 · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10HeterositeFe3+PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12WolfeiteFe22+PO4(OH)
19.12.13TriploiditeMn22+(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn92+Fe33+(PO4)8(OH)3 · 9H2O
19.12.19PhosphoferriteFe32+(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20ReddingiteMn32+(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22HureauliteMn52+(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 7-8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.29FerroalluauditeNaFe2+Fe23+(PO4)3
19.12.30FillowiteNa2CaMn72+(PO4)6
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe252+(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2Fe22+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)4(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)K(NaMn)CaNa3AlMn13(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34SarcopsideFe32+(PO4)2
19.12.35LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMn2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Fe22+(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)CaMn2+Fe22+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)CaMn2+Mn22+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)CaMn2+Mg2Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(Na,◻)MgMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+)2(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn32+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteCa(Mn2+,Na,Li)6Fe2+Al2(PO4)6(F,OH)2
19.12.52AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(HSiO4)(PO4)3(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe)(KNa)Fe2+(CaNa2)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okiteMgMn2+Al(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+AlPO4(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)AlPO4(OH,O)2
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+AlPO4(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNa2Mn2+MgAl(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg)CaFe2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg)CaMn2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg)Mn2+Fe2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite(Mn2+,Ca)Mn2+(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65SamuelsoniteCa9Mn42+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Rockbridgeite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:铁锰绿铁矿

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Other Information:
Soluble in HCl, but not in HNO3 or H2SO4.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rockbridgeite

Reference List:
Massie (1880) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 42: 181.

Campbell (1881) American Journal of Science: 22: 65.

Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 513-540.

Lindberg (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 541.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 867-869.

Moore, P.B. (1970) Crystal chemistry of the basic iron phosphates. American Mineralogist: 55: 135–169.

Redhammer, G.J., Roth, G., Tippelt, G., Bernroider, M., Lottermoser, W., Amthauer, G., Hochleitner, R. (2006): Manganoan rockbridgeite: structure analysis and 57 Mössbauer spectroscopy. Acta Cryst. C62, i24-i28.

Internet Links for Rockbridgeite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3433.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Rockbridgeite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Rockbridgeite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
Demartin F, Gay H D, Gramaccioli C M, Pilati T (1997) Benyacarite, a new titanium-bearing phosphate mineral species from Cerro Blanco, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist 35, 707-712
    • San Alberto Department
      • Pampa de Achala
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2006) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 2, p 428 (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Martins Well
Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Harrowfield, I. R., Segnit, E. R., & Watts, J. A. (1981). Aldermanite, a new magnesium aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(333), 59-62.
        • Kapunda
Peter Elliott
    • Olary Province
      • Ameroo Hill
Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.3, N°2, Dec.1997
Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.3, N°2, Dec.1997
  • Victoria
    • Buloke Shire
      • Wycheproof
W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Dookie
        • Ascot Hills
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
          • Glen Wills
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Whitfield
W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
W.D.Birch 1996. Portlandite and other recent mineral discoveries in the granites at Lake Boga, and Wycheproof and Pyramid Hill, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.2 No.2 Dec. 1996, pp. 47-50
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
      • Madoonga Station
Gole, M.(1980): Mineralogy and Petrology of Very low Grade Metamorphic Grade Archaean Banded Iron Formations Weld Range Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1980):65:8-25
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Peter Downes, WA Museum
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, 2007 Perth
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (2005)
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Modriach
        • Herzogberg
Aufschluss 1972(SB), 40-41
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Mons
      • Blaton
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
Kay Robertson collection
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Água Boa
Dunn, P.J., Leavens, P.B., Sturman, B.D.,Gaines, R.V. & Barbosa, C. d. P. (1978): Hureaulite and Barbosalite from Lavra do Criminoso, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record. 9: 147-151
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
Sergio Varvello
Van King
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
fabreminerals specimen
A. M. I. Martins collection
      • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
AmMin 89:1087
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Itinga
www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_best_shots/Pegmatites_shots.html.
      • Taquaral
Min Rec (1973) 4 (5), 207-213
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Picuí
Sergio Varvello collection
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • San Pedro de Atacama
Cesar Menor-Salvan collection; - Wegner, R. (1982): El Laco/Chile. Lavaströme aus Eisenerz. LAPIS 7 (5), 15-18
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
          • Vysoký Kámen
Jirásek J. et al. (2016): Fosfáty a doprovodné minerály z živcového lomu Vysoký kámen u Krásna, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 80-94.
    • Liberec Region
      • Jilemnice (Starkenbach)
Škoda, R., Rus, P.: Revize dufrenitu z Poniklé. Minerál, 2010, roč. 18, č. 2, s. 119-123.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Am.Min. 43,79591958)a
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Tohmajärvi
Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jeldemine/listes%20mineraux.html
      • Razès
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.
      • Saint-Sylvestre
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Auzat
Inventaire Minéralogique de la France Ariège T.2 éditions BRGM
      • Le Bosc
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 523.
Inventaire mineralogique de l'Ariege (Editions BRGM 1984)
      • Massat
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lherz
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 522.
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 135-137.
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
Favreau, G., Bernadi, G. & Gayraud, L. (2013): Fumade (Tarn): descriptions complémentaires des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 119, 3-25.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Auerbach
Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
        • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Bärnau
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Erbendorf
        • Hopfau
http://www.vfmg-weiden.de/min.htm
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Reinhardsrieth
Harald G. Dill and Radek Skoda (2015) The new Nb–P aplite at Reinhardsrieth: A keystone in the lateral and depth zonations of the Hagendorf–Pleystein Pegmatite Field, SE Germany. Ore Geology Reviews 70:208–227.
      • Pleystein
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.; Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.; Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
      • Plößberg
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm; Grey, I. E., Macrae, C. M., Keck, E., & Birch, W. D. (2012). Aluminium-bearing strunzite derived from jahnsite at the Hagendorf-Süd pegmatite, Germany. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(5), 1165-1174.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
      • Waldmünchen
        • Althütte
Lapis, 10 (4), 13-17.
      • Weiden
        • Oedenthal
Weber, B. (2013): Die Mineralien des Amphibolit-Steinbruchs Muglhof/Ödenthal bei Weiden in der Oberpfalz. Aufschluss 64, 268-281.
  • Hesse
    • Wetzlar
      • Braunfels
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
      • Waldgirmes
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Weilburg
        • Essershausen
Blaß, G. (2002): Eine neue Phosphatmineralien-Paragenese von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen, mittleres Lahngebiet, Taunus. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (6), 18-43. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Warstein
        • Hirschberg
D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
      • Neunkirchen
        • Salchendorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Brachbach
Hucko, S. (2010): Phosphatparagenesen auf Brauneisensteingängen am Windhahn. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 14-25.
      • Herdorf
        • Dermbach
Hucko, S. (2010): Phosphatparagenesen auf Brauneisensteingängen am Windhahn. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 14-25.
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Habel, B. (2011): Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Altenkirchen
          • Bürdenbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Neißeaue
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
  • Thuringia
    • Bad Lobenstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
VIGNOLA, P., & DIELLA, V. (2007). Phosphates from Piona granitic pegmatites (Central Southern Alps, Italy). Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Book of Abstr.(T. Martins & R. Vieira, eds.). Universidade do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memórias, 8, 102-103.
Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
      • Dorio
Vignola P., Diella V., Ferrari E.S., Fransolet A.-M. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Can. Mineral., 49, 765-776.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kobe city
          • Nishi-ku
S. Matsubara (2000) Vivianite nodules and secondary phosphates in Pliocene-Pleistocene clay deposits from Hime-shima, Oita Prefecture and Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Western Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 33.
Ganko-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi (Abstracts of the Meetings of Japanese Association of Mineralogists...) (in japanese) 40 (1995)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
      • Belogorskii Town
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
      • Mointy (Moyynty)
        • Mointy Railway Station
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Liberia
 
  • Bomi Co.
J.M.Axelrod, et al.: :Phosphate mineralization at Bomi Hill and Bambuta, Liberia, West Africa", Am. Min. 37,883-909(1952)
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ambatofinandrahana District
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57
    • Matsiatra Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ikalamavony District
          • Fitampito Commune
            • Andanoa
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57-58
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
        • Andriamena Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57-58
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Norway
 
  • Østfold
    • Halden
      • Idd
        • Aspedammen
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117; Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Keck, E., Witzke, T., Pöllmann, H. & Friese, K. (1998): Benyacarit aus ostbayerischen und portugiesischen Pegmatiten. Aufschluss 49, 281-285.; Pedro Alves collection
    • Guarda
      • Vela
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD and EDS
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Caminha
      • Arga de Baixo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Self-collected by Pedro Alves.
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração
Pedro Alves collection
      • Moreira do Lima
    • Viana do Castelo
BELLO, A. d'O. (1909-1913) Mineraux portugais. Bull. Soc. Portugaise Sci. Nat., 2, 272-280; 4, 68-78; 6, 90-103; Mineral samples in the Collection of the IST (Instituto Superior Técnico); Pedro Alves, collection and in situ observations.
    • Vila Nova de Cerveira
      • Covas
personal find by Pedro Alves.
  • Vila Real District
    • Vila Pouca de Aguiar
      • Alfarela de Jales
Neves, J. M. C. (1960): Pegmatitos com fosfatos de Moreira (Vila Pouca de Aguiar). “Estudos Notas e Trabalhos” do S.F.M., vol. XIV, fascs. 3-4, 257-270.
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
      • Chãs de Tavares
Rui Nunes collection
Mineralien Atlas
    • Penalva do Castelo
      • Sezures
Correia Neves, J.M. (1962), Pegmatito da Região da Venturinha (Penalva do Castelo, Viseu), Memórias e Noticias do Museu e Laboratório Mineralógico e Geológico da Universidade de Coimbra, vol. 54, 1962: 1-135.
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
    • Vila Nova de Paiva
      • Queiriga
        • Lagares do Estanho Mines
self-find, Pedro Alves collection
    • Vouzela
      • Carvalhal de Vermilhas
Rwanda
 
  • Southern Province
    • Gitarama
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium Collection, # 9914
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • ZF Mgcawu District
      • Kenhardt
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Zarza la Mayor
Antonio Barahona Ortiz collection
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
          • Mt Galiñeiro
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
      • O Rosal
        • San Miguel de Tabagón
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna district
      • Svappavaara
Bjällerud, C-G. (1989): Phospate minerals from the Leveäniemi Iron Mine, Svappavaara, Sweden. Mineralogical Record. 20(5):343-346; Augsten, R. (2009): Lapis 34 (1): 20-23.
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196, 350.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Minions
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Austell District
        • Treverbyn
          • Stenalees
[J.Russel Soc 1998:15; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Coombe Height
No reference listed
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Tavistock Hamlets
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 833-836.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Calhoun Co.
      • Jacksonville
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
Rocks & Min.: 58:57-62.
    • Cherokee Co.
Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Coosa Co.
      • Rockford District
        • Two Bit pegmatite
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
Rocks & Minerals: 70(5): 320-333.
    • Shelby Co.
      • Alabaster
Chris Bryant.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235-236
    • St. Clair Co.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Norman
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
    • Polk Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
No reference listed
Rocks & Min.:64:297-298.
Am Min 51:1811-1814
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
      • Three Oaks Gap
Rocks & Minerals: 63: 120.
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Harwinton
Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Januzzi (1976) p.234-5.
  • Florida
    • Hardee Co.
      • South Florida Phosphate District
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    • Polk Co.
      • Central Florida Phosphate District (Bone Valley)
        • Homeland
Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
        • Noralyn/Phosphoria Mines (IMC-Agrico)
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
  • Georgia
    • Burke Co.
      • Girard District
Jason Smith & M.E. Ciriotti (2005) [m.ciriotti@tin.it]
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Mineral News (2000) 16:1 pp1,4,5
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1 and 2, with updates by Van King.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
      • Paris
      • Rumford
No reference listed
Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.264.
  • Maryland
    • Prince Georges Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.
  • Massachusetts
    • Worcester Co.
Harvard Mineralogical Museum
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. ; American Mineralogist 50:1698–1707
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868, 977.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115 ; Kampf, A. R., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., & Whitmore, R. W. (2013). Nizamoffite, Mn2+ Zn2 (PO4) 2 (H2O) 4, the Mn analogue of hopeite from the Palermo No. 1 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1893-1898.
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004: The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.96.
Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min.:64:504.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Jersey
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Harrison Township
Henderson, Wm. A. (1980): Mullica Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 11, 307-311
    • Monmouth Co.
      • Upper Freehold Township
Jeff Weismann
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
No reference listed
  • Pennsylvania
    • Northampton Co.
      • Lower Saucon Township
        • Hellertown
Min.Rec.: 11(Sep-Oct 1980):311.
    • Snyder Co.
Min. Col. PA; Geyer, Smith & Barnes; Pgs. 201-202
  • South Carolina
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Kings Creek District
        • Kings Creek Mine
Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp173-175
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Am Min (1969), 54:969-972
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City District
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
  • Utah
    • Iron Co.
      • Iron Springs District (Iron and Granite Mountains & Three Peaks)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District
Rocks & Min.:64:42-45 (also see Rocks & Min.:57:20-22 & 60:168); Watson(1907).
      • Midvale
        • South Mountain
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 562, 868; American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 513-540; Rocks & Minerals:64: 44.
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