Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Heulandite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1822 by Henry James Brooke in honor of Johann Heinrich "John Henry" Heuland [March 21, 1778 Beyreuth, Germany - November 16, 1856 Hastings, Sussex, England, UK], a mineral collector and mineral dealer living in England. Despite having an international reputaion, there are no known images of Henry Heuland.
Note on the distinguishing differences between heulandite and clinoptilolite (http://rruff.info/uploads/CM35_1571.pdf):

"Zeolite mineral species shall not be distinguished solely on the basis of the framework Si : Al ratio. An exception is made in the case of heulandite and clinoptilolite; heulandite is defined as the zeolite mineral series having the distinctive framework topology of heulandite and the ratio Si : Al < 4.0. Clinoptilolite is defined as the series with the same framework topology and Si : Al ≥ 4.0.

Application of the rule
Many zeolites have a widely variable Si : Al ratio, but this, in itself, is not regarded as providing adequate grounds for recognition of separate species. The exception is based on entrenched usage of the names heulandite and clinoptilolite, and their convenience for recognizing an important chemical feature. The cutoff value adopted (following Boles 1972) is arbitrary in a continuous range of compositions. The usual 50% compositional rule cannot be applied, as there are no clearly defined Si,Al end-member compositions for heulandite and clinoptilolite. Thermal stability has been used by some investigators to distinguish clinoptilolite from heulandite. This is a derivative property, however, suggested by Mumpton (1960) as an aid to identification, and it is not appropriate as the basis for definition. Alietti (1972) and Boles (1972) have shown that there is no gap in composition either in framework or extra-framework cation contents between heulandite and clinoptilolite, and that samples transitional in composition show intermediate properties in terms of thermal stability.

Clinoptilolite:
The cation content is highly variable. Ca-, Na-, and K-dominant compositions are known, and Sr, Ba, and Mg are in some cases substantial. TSi in the range 0.80–0.84. Minerals with the same framework topology but with TSi < 0.80, Si/Al < 4.0 are classified as heulandite, with which clinoptilolite forms a continuous series. Monoclinic, C2/m, or C2, or Cm.

Heulandite:
The cation content is highly variable. Ca-, Na-, K-, and Sr-dominant compositions are known, and Ba and Mg are in some cases substantial. TSi in the range 0.71 to 0.80."



Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HeulanditeHide

16.10.19

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
10 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of HeulanditeHide

Vitreous, Pearly

Crystallographic forms of HeulanditeHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Heulandite no.8 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Heulandite no.38 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Synonyms of HeulanditeHide

Other Language Names for HeulanditeHide

Varieties of HeulanditeHide

Barian HeulanditeZeolite group.
A barian variety of Heulandite.
Originally reported from Cape Pula, Santa Margherita di Pula, Cagliari Province, Sardinia, Italy.

Relationship of Heulandite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric.
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Levyne SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoptiloliteNote on the distinguishing differences between clinoptilolite and heulandite (hhttp://rruff.
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48)·13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
ErioniteThis name now refers to a group of related minerals.
Faujasite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
PhillipsiteZeolite Group.
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
Group Members:
Heulandite-Ba (Ba,Ca,K)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Heulandite-Ca (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Heulandite-K (K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Heulandite-Na (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Heulandite-Sr (Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Structurally related to group(s):
ClinoptiloliteNote on the distinguishing differences between clinoptilolite and heulandite (hhttp://rruff.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.10.1Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
16.10.2LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16Orth.
16.10.4Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
16.10.5Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2OOrth.
16.10.6MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
16.10.7Faujasite
16.10.8Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
16.10.9BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
16.10.10Herschelite(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig.
16.10.11Phillipsite
16.10.12Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2OTric. 1 : P1
16.10.13WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
16.10.14Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
16.10.15Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2OOrth.
16.10.16Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.
16.10.17Lévyne
16.10.18Clinoptilolite
16.10.20GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
16.10.21Stilbite
16.10.22DachiarditeMon.
16.10.23OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
16.10.24PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
16.10.25Erionite
16.10.26Paulingite
16.10.27Sodium Dachiardite(Na2,Ca,K2)4-5Al8Si40O96 · 26H2O
16.10.28Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
16.10.29RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HeulanditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ventriglia, U. (1955): La struttura della heulandite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma, 49-83.
Merkle, A.B., and M. Slaughter (1968): Determination and refinement of the structure of heulandite. American Mineralogist: 53: 1120-1138.
Alberti, A. (1972): On the crystal structure of the zeolite heulandite. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.
Boles, J.R. (1972): Composition, optical properties, cell dimensions and thermal stability of some heulandite group zeolites. American Mineralogist: 57: 1463-1493.
Alberti, A. (1973): The structure type of heulandite B (heat-collapsed phase). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 19: 173-184.
Alietti, A. (1972): Polymorphism and crystal chemistry of heulandite and clinoptilolite. Am. Min.: 57: 1448-1462.
Boles, J.R. (1972): Composition, optical properties, cell dimensions and thermal stability of some heulandite group zeolites. Am. Min.: 57: 1463-1493.
Comodi, P., G.D. Gatta, & P.F. Zanazzi (2001): High-pressure structural behavior of heulandite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 247-255.
R. Murao, K. Yubuta, R. Miyawaki and K. Sugiyama (2009): Analysis of aluminoceladonite included in green heulandite. JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, abs. R4-11, p. 105.
Gabuda, S.P., Kozlova, S.G., Kolesnikov, A.S., Petrov, A.K. (2013): Microwave Absorption and Structure of Zeolite Water in Heulandite and Clinoptilolite by 1H NMR. Journal of Structural Chemistry, 54, S119-S125.

Internet Links for HeulanditeHide

Localities for HeulanditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 14, 2017 10:05:40 Page generated: November 29, 2017 09:58:05
Go to top of page