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Epistilbite

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About EpistilbiteHide

Formula:
CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Colour:
Colorless, white, pinkish, yellowish
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
2.22 - 2.28
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
From the greek for near and stilbite
Dimorph of:

Classification of EpistilbiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.GD.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
D : Chains of 6-membered rings – tabular zeolites
77.1.6.2

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.9.26

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca

Physical Properties of EpistilbiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, white, pinkish, yellowish
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.22 - 2.28 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.266 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of EpistilbiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.502 nβ = 1.510 nγ = 1.512
2V:
Measured: 44° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of EpistilbiteHide

Formula:
CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca3[Si18Al6O48] · 16H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Na,K

Crystallography of EpistilbiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.08 Å, b = 17.74 Å, c = 10.25 Å
β = 124.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.512 : 1 : 0.578
Unit Cell V:
1,360.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic; spherulitic, sheaflike aggregates
Twinning:
Always on {100}, {110} penetration crosses

Crystallographic forms of EpistilbiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Epistilbite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0006621EpistilbiteYang P, Armbruster T (1996) (010) disorder, partial Si,Al ordering, and Ca distribution in triclinic (C1) epistilbite European Journal of Mineralogy 8 263-2711996Gibelsbach, Fiesch (Valais, Switzerland)0293
0006967EpistilbiteCruciani G, Martucci A, Meneghini C (2003) Dehydration dynamics of epistilbite by in situ time resolved synchrotron powder diffraction European Journal of Mineralogy 15 257-26620030323
0006968EpistilbiteCruciani G, Martucci A, Meneghini C (2003) Dehydration dynamics of epistilbite by in situ time resolved synchrotron powder diffraction European Journal of Mineralogy 15 257-26620030429
0006969EpistilbiteCruciani G, Martucci A, Meneghini C (2003) Dehydration dynamics of epistilbite by in situ time resolved synchrotron powder diffraction European Journal of Mineralogy 15 257-26620030528
0006970EpistilbiteCruciani G, Martucci A, Meneghini C (2003) Dehydration dynamics of epistilbite by in situ time resolved synchrotron powder diffraction European Journal of Mineralogy 15 257-26620030666
0014448EpistilbitePerrotta A J (1967) The crystal structure of epistilbite Mineralogical Magazine 36 480-4901967Teigarhorn, Iceland0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Cavities in basalts and gneisses

Type Occurrence of EpistilbiteHide

Synonyms of EpistilbiteHide

Other Language Names for EpistilbiteHide

Relationship of Epistilbite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup$m[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Clinoptilolite$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48) · 13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite$m3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
HeulanditeHeulandite is the name applied to specimens with unknown dominance of the extra-framework cations.
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32) · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba, ◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84 · 34H2OIso.
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
Phillipsite subgroupZeolite Group.
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[Al3Si3O12]4(OH)8 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
UM1996-38-SiO:AlCaHNaNa-Ca-Al-Si-O-H
UM1999-33-SiO:AlHKNaK7Na5Al12Si20O64 · 24H2O
UM2002-40-SiO:AlCaHKMgNa(Mg,Ca,Na,K)7.5(Al12.8Si51.2)O128 · 65H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 2 2
Unnamed (Ca analogue of merlinoite)(Ca,K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O ?
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
30 photos of Epistilbite associated with QuartzSiO2
12 photos of Epistilbite associated with CalciteCaCO3
10 photos of Epistilbite associated with Chabazite
8 photos of Epistilbite associated with Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
7 photos of Epistilbite associated with AmethystSiO2
7 photos of Epistilbite associated with Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
7 photos of Epistilbite associated with ChalcedonySiO2
6 photos of Epistilbite associated with GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
6 photos of Epistilbite associated with Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
6 photos of Epistilbite associated with OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GD.05Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.10WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
9.GD.10Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GD.10Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OHex.
9.GD.10Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24] · 10H2O Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.15Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.15Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig.
9.GD.20Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
9.GD.20Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.25OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
9.GD.25Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.35MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
9.GD.35Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-K(K,Na)5(Si31Al5)O72 · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Mg[Mg2(K,Na)2Ca0.5](Si29Al7)O72 · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Na(Na,K)5(Si31Al5)O72 · 18H2OMon. 2/m
9.GD.55BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

77.1.6.1Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
77.1.6.3MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
77.1.6.4DachiarditeMon.
77.1.6.5Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
77.1.6.7BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
16.9.2AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
16.9.8ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2Orth. mm2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4Orth.
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2[◻(OH)4]3Iso.
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
16.9.19ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.9.24YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
Piezoelectric
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for EpistilbiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 173: 257-265.
American Mineralogist: 59: 1055-1061.

Internet Links for EpistilbiteHide

Localities for EpistilbiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
AmMin 82:423; Galli E, Quartieri S, Vezzalini G, Alberti A (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87, European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 687-693
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
        • King George Island
Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén Province
    • Catán Lil department
      • La Amarga
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.149,517
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Camden Co.
      • Five Islands Nature Reserve
Chalmers, R.O. (1941) The petrology of the Five Islands, Port Kembla, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 21:1, 27–42.
  • Tasmania
    • Kingborough municipality
      • Margate
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Lavamünd
        • Sankt Vinzenz
Bojar, H.-P. (1993): 932. Epistilbit, Stilbit, Heulandit und Chabasit vom Gradischkogel, N Soboth, Koralpe, Steiermark. P. 288 in NIEDERMAYR, G., F. BRANDSTÄTTER, B. MOSER, W. H. PAAR, W. POSTL, J. TAUCHER & H.-P. BOJAR (1993): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIIL. Carinthia II, 183./103.: 265-290.
Brazil
 
  • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Morro Reuter
Lapis 29(9), 41-42 (2004)
    • Novo Hamburgo
Ricardo Pimentel collection. Specimen traded with Luiz Englert Museum UFRGS
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Spences Bridge
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.143
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
"Geology of New Brunswick: field guide to excursions", New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, 1973. http://digital.unh.edu/fedora/objects/neigc:0012/datastreams/APPLICATION-PDF/content?download=true
        • Eel Brook Beach
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pgs.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Annapolis Co.
How, H. (1858) Chemical Analysis of Faroelite and some other Zeolites occurring in Nova Scotia. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series: 26: 30. Marsh, O.C. (1863) Catalogue of Mineral Localities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series: 35: 214. Johnston, R.A.A. (1915) A List of Canadian Mineral Occurrences. Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 74.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Parrsboro
Pe-Piper, Georgia and Miller, Lisa (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 38: 11–28.
    • Kings Co.
The Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database; Pe-Piper, Georgia and Miller, Lisa (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 38: 11–28.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc.: 563 pgs (143).
Pe-Piper, G. (2000) Mode of occurrence, chemical variation and genesis of mordenite and associated zeolites from the Morden area, Nova Scotia, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1215-1232.
Pe-Piper, G. (2000) Mode of occurrence, chemical variation and genesis of mordenite and other associated zeolites from Morden, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1215-1232.
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
      • Dungannon Township
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,149
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
        • Wentworth
          • Laurel
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,149
China
 
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Costa Rica
 
  • San José Province
    • Bajo Chacones
Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993; Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
    • Guaitil
Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Zeledón, L.A. (2004) Zeolitas del Valle Central de Costa Rica y sus alrededores. Revista Geológica de América Central, 31: 67-80 [in Spanish].
Faroe Islands
Tschernich, R. W. (1992): Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona, p.150
  • Eysturoy
    • Eiði Municipality
Burvald, I. (2013): På mineraljakt i sporet etter en "anderledes" Ormen Lange. Stein. 40 (1), 4-12
  • Streymoy
    • Vestmanna
Jørgensen, O. (2006) The regional distribution of zeolites in the basalts of the Faroe Islands and the significance of zeolites as palaeo-temperature indicators, GEUS Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin, 9, 123-156.
France
 
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands
    • Kerguelen Islands
Giret, A., Verdier, O. & Nativel, P. (1992). The zeolitisation of Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean. In: Yoshida, Y., et al. (eds) Recent Progress in Antarctic Earth Science, Tokyo: Terra Publishing 32, 1–36. Co., pp. 457–463.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Grünhain-Beierfeld
        • Beierfeld
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
Sebastian Möller
Greece
 
  • South Aegean
    • Thira
      • Santorini Island
        • Santorini Caldera
          • Nea Kammeni Island
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Fejér County
    • Gárdony District
      • Nadap
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary 2005
Iceland (TL)
 
  • Eastern Region
[World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
    • Djúpavogshreppur
      • Berufjord
Zeolite collection volker Betz
Walker G.P.L. (1960) Zeolite zones and dike Distribution in relation of the structure of the basalts of Eastern Iceland , Journal of Geology 68, 515-525
Am Min 59 (1974), 1055; European Journal of Mineralogy 10 (1998), 1037; Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnórsson, S., and Bird, D.K. (1999) Porosity changes and mineralparagenesis during low-grade metamorphism at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland. American Journal of Science: 299: 467-501.
      • Hamarsfjörður
Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
    • Fjarðabyggð
      • Neskaupstaður
Personally collected by Günter Frenz
  • Northeastern Region
    • Fjallabyggð
      • Siglufjörður
Personally collected by Günter Frenz
    • Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur
Personally collected by Günter Frenz
  • Western Region
    • Borgarbyggð
      • Hvitarsiða
        • Tunga
Betz, V. (1981): Famous mineral localities: Zeolites from Iceland and the Faeroes. Mineralogical Record 12 (1), 5-26
    • Hvalfjarðarsveit
      • Hvalfjörður
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-5433 (ex Hermann Fylling); Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjordur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999; Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
von Waltershausen, S. (1853) Über die Vulkanischen Gesteine in Sicilien und Island, und ihre submarine Umbildung. Göttingen 1853.; Volker Betz (1981): Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record. 12:5-26
India
 
  • Maharashtra
      • Rahata
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    • Akola District
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    • Aurangabad District
Makki - Matrix India Minerals
No reference listed
      • Dharangaon Taluka
No reference listed
    • Mumbai District
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
        • Ward 38
          • Malad
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    • Nashik District
      • Dindori (Dhindori)
        • Talegaon
Georges Claeys (2009) Mineralogische reis naar Deccan Traps, India, 2008. Geonieuws, 34, #3, 63-77.
      • Nashik quarry (Nasik quarry)
Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
      • Pandulena Hills
Georges Claeys (2009) Mineralogische reis naar Deccan Traps, India, 2008. Geonieuws, 34, #3, 63-77.
      • Sinnar
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    • Pune District
      • Lonavale (Lonavala)
No reference listed
collection of Petr Gadas
      • Pimpri-Chinchwad
Rob Lavinsky
    • Raigad District
Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
Iran
 
  • Tehran Province
    • Robat Karim County
Tabbakh Shabani, A., & Bazargani Guilani, K. (2019) The occurrence of zeolites filling in vesicles and fractures of volcanic suite in NW of Saveh, Central Iran. Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy, 27(4), 885-896.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Veny Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Novate Mezzola
        • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
      • San Paolo Cervo
- Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Dalla Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Ciriotti, M.E., Taronna, M., Ambrino, P. (2012). I minerali delle cave di sienite Colombari e Vej della Balma Valle Cervo (Biella, Piemonte). Micro, 10, 110-135
- Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Dalla Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Ciriotti, M.E., Taronna, M., Ambrino, P. (2012). I minerali delle cave di sienite Colombari e Vej della Balma Valle Cervo (Biella, Piemonte). Micro, 10, 110-135
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Craveggia
        • Rio Vasca
Boscardin, M., Mattioli, V., Rocchetti, I. (2013): Minerali della Valle Vigezzo. Litotipografia Alcione, Lavis (Trento), 229 pp.
      • Premia
        • Premia gneiss quarries
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Milanesi D.(1998): Le zeoliti e i minerali associati delle cave di Premia. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 22, (4), 10-15.
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Pula
Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
Pongiluppi, D. (1974) Ulteriori notizie sulle zeoliti della Sardegna. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 30, 2, 1201-1205; Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
    • Nuoro Province
      • Noragugume
Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
Preite, D. (2003): Mineraliensammeln im Urlaub: Zeolithfundstellen auf Sardinien. Lapis 28(2), 21-30
    • Sassari Province
Gelosa, M. & Mameli, P. (1999): I minerali delle cave di Osilo: località mineralogiche della Sardegna. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1999, 92-96.
Lapis 2003(2), 21
  • Sicily
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
Sturiale, C. (1963): Rinvenimento di alcune zeoliti in ialoclastiti presso Palagonia (distretto eruttivo Ibleo-Sicilia). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 19, 209-212; Sturiale, C. (1963) Rinvenimento di alcune zeoliti in ialoclastiti presso Palagonia (distretto eruttivo Ibleo -Sicilia). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 19, 209-212.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Ferretti, P., Gualtieri, A., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2015): Cava Pralongo. Nuove segnalazioni dalle pegmatiti della Valle del Vanoi (Canal San Bovo, Trento). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 49, 3 (3-2015), 164-185.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campo nell'Elba
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
        • San Piero in Campo
G. Grattarola (1879) - Note mineralogiche. Orizite e pseudo-natrolite, due nuove specie del sottordine delle zeoliti (trovate nell'isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Proc. Verb., 4: 226-232; Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
Japan
 
  • Aomori Prefecture
    • Kuroishi City
Onuki et al (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 311-317.
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Annaka City
Gunma university Academic Information Repository, 48, 47-59 (2000)
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Hishikari mine (Hishikari gold mine)
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
  • Kanagawa Prefecture
    • Ashigarashimo District
      • Yugawara
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Alfredo Petrov collection
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Nagasaki Prefecture
    • Hirado City
Late 19th century Dr. F. Krantz specimen.
  • Niigata Prefecture
    • Jōetsu City
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Kamo district
      • Kawazu
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
      • Matsuzaki
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Yamanashi Prefecture
Kato, A. (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, #27, 412-413.
Jersey
 
  • St Lawrence
    • Waterworks Valley
Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 504-506.
Jordan
 
  • Irbid Governorate
    • Maqarin area
Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.
Middle East
 
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
New Zealand
 
  • Canterbury Region
    • Ashburton District
      • Rangitata Valley
J. Thornton in Micro-Scope, February 1993
North America
 
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Ancient Lavas: Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 136-145; 182-183.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Knut Eldjarn collection
  • Oslo
    • Vestre Aker
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp., p. 244
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Radków
        • Suszyna
Websky, M. (1867): Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 20, 144.
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Piast Mine
Kapuscinski T. (1992) - On the occurence of stilbite in gabbro of the Nowa Ruda massif, Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Polonica vol.23 nr2
    • Świdnica County
      • Gmina Strzegom
        • Strzegom
Ivan A. Novikov
Russia
 
  • Crimea
Tischenko A. data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
Ďuďa,R., Mrázek,Z., Košuth,M., 1984: Postmagmatická zeolitová mineralizácia Cérovej vrchoviny. Min.Slovaca, 16,2,157 - 172
    • Žarnovica District
      • Hodruša-Hámre
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Tulčík
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
  • North West
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 204;
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria
        • Agaete
          • Risco Faneque
- Betz, V. (2009) Der Westen von Gran Canaria - ein Fundbericht, Lapis 34, Heft 9, 25-36
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
        • Val Bregaglia
          • Val Forno
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
    • Moesa Region
      • Calanca Valley
        • Calanca
          • Arvigo
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
  • Ticino
    • Riviera
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Fiesch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 104.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Matterdale
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
        • Loch Na Keal
No reference listed
    • Highland
      • Eilean á Chèo
        • Isle of Skye
          • Minginish
            • Carbost
              • Talisker
No reference listed
          • Sligachan
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Petersburg Borough
      • Kupreanof Island
The Canadian Mineralogist; June 1997; v. 35; no. 3; p. 691-698
  • California
    • Colusa Co.
      • Coast Ranges
Moiseyev, A.N. (1968) The Wilbur Springs quicksilver district (California), example of a study of hydrothermal processes by combining field geology and theoretical geochemistry. Economic Geology: 63: 173; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 378.
    • Los Angeles Co.
Mineral News v.14 no.9
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Jenni, Clarence M. (1957), Crestmore and its minerals: Gems & Minerals, No. 236: 64, 66 (May, 1957); Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 372.
      • Lakeview Mountains
        • Nuevo
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 177; Seaman (1976), Pegmatite Minerals of the World; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 380.
    • Ventura Co.
      • Santa Monica Mountains
        • Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy
          • Sandstone Peak
http://www.mineralsocal.org/scfm/california/v.htm
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
      • Silver Cliff Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Hinsdale Co.
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.154.
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
Pawloski, John A. (1965): Two Intersting Zeolites from Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals: 40(7): 494.; Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992): Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press, Phoenix: 154.
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Watertown
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. Taylor Associates/Mineralogical Press, Danbury.
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.154
  • Georgia
    • Muscogee Co.
      • Columbus
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Hawaii
    • Honolulu County
      • Oahu Island
        • Koolau Range (Koolau caldera)
          • Kailua
Fujishima, K.Y. and Fan, P-F (1977) Hydrothermal mineralogy of Keolu Hills, Oahu, Hawaii. American Mineralogist, 62, 574-582.
MinRec 15:95-97; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.114
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 65, 115
Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 369-385.
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pah Rah Range (Pah Rah Mts)
R&M 79:1 p44-54
  • New Jersey
    • Passaic Co.
      • Paterson
Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
  • New York
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.88
      • Bedford
Pough, Frederick H. (1936) Bertrandite and epistilbite from Bedford, New York. American Mineralogist: 21(4) 264-265.
  • Oregon
    • Columbia Co.
      • Goble
Micro Probe Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1987; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 117
    • Hood River Co.
Marshall W. Gannett and Keith E. Bargar; 1981 Volcanic stratigraphy and secondary mineralization of USGS Pucci geothermal test well, Mount Hood, Oregon, Open-File Report 81-1330.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Lost Creek Reservoir
K. Starnes, personal ID, 1986
    • Josephine Co.
      • Sailor Diggings Mining District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 211.
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
      • Leesburg
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Clark Co.
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 4
    • Cowlitz Co.
      • Kalama area
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, Geoscience Press, Inc., 563 pages. Micro Probe (1995) 8-3 pp 15-19
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 71
Tschernich, Rudy W. (1996) Zeolites from Kalama, Cowlitz County, Washington. Micro Probe 8-3 pp 15-19
Micro Probe Vol.7 No.9 Spring '94
      • Toutle
        • Elk Mountain
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
        • Signal Peak
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
      • Wolf Point
Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 10
Micro Probe; Volume 1X, Number 1, pgs 2-6
    • Kittitas Co.
      • Swauk Mining District
        • Liberty
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.87; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World
    • Lewis Co.
      • Kosmos
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.87;Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World
    • Skamania Co.
      • Lewis River
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
 
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