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About Lévyne-CaHide

(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.09 - 2.16
Crystal System:
Named by David Brewster in 1825 in honor of Serve-Dieu Abailard "Armand" Lévy [November 14, 1794 Paris, France - July 29, 1841 Pecq near Saint-Germain, France], French mineralogist and crystallographer, Paris University, France. Lévy used the nickname "Armand", partly as a personal preference and partly to avoid anti-antisemitism. The suffix indicates the dominant exchangeable cation.
Isostructural with:
The calcium-dominant member of the Levyne series.

Classification of Lévyne-CaHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
D : Chains of 6-membered rings – tabular zeolites
Dana 7th ed.:

Physical Properties of Lévyne-CaHide

4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Perfect on the {1011}
2.09 - 2.16 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.17 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Lévyne-CaHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.489 - 1.510 nε = 1.487 - 1.502
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002 - 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Lévyne-CaHide

(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca3(Si12Al6)O36 · 18H2O

Crystallography of Lévyne-CaHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.4 Å, c = 22.8 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.701
Unit Cell V:
3 ų

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of Lévyne-CaHide

Other Language Names for Lévyne-CaHide


Relationship of Lévyne-Ca to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Erionite-Ca9 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Erionite-Ca on mindat.org.
Erionite7 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Erionite on mindat.org.
Bellbergite3 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Bellbergite on mindat.org.
Cowlesite3 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Cowlesite on mindat.org.
Chabazite-Ca2 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Chabazite-Ca on mindat.org.
Phillipsite1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Phillipsite on mindat.org.
Pumpellyite-(Mg)1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Pumpellyite-(Mg) on mindat.org.
Hydroxylapatite1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Hydroxylapatite on mindat.org.
Thaumasite1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Thaumasite on mindat.org.
Wollastonite1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Wollastonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GD.05Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.10WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
9.GD.10Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GD.10Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
9.GD.10Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.15Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig.
9.GD.20Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
9.GD.20Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.25OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
9.GD.25Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.35MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
9.GD.35Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.45EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2OMon. 2/m
9.GD.55BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lévyne-CaHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brewster, D. (1825): Description of levyne, a new mineral species. Edinb. J. Sci., 2, 332-334.
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), 595.
Sheppard, R.A., A.J. Gude 3d, G.A. Desborough, and J.S. White, Jr. (1974) Levyne-offretite intergrowths from basalt near Beech Creek, Grant County, Oregon. Amer. Mineral., 59, 837-842.
Passaglia, E. and E. Galli (1974) Levynes and erionites from Sardinia, Italy. Contr. Mineral. Petrol., 43, 253-259
Merlino, S., E. Galli, and A. Alberti (1975) The crystal structure of levyne. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 22, 117-129.
Wise, W.S. and R.W. Tschernich (1976) The chemical compositions and origin of the zeolites offretite, erionite, and levyne. Amer. Mineral., 61, 853-863.
Mineralogical Magazine (1998): 62: 550.

Internet Links for Lévyne-CaHide

Localities for Lévyne-CaHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Buckland Co.
England, B.M. (2002) Zeolites and associated minerals from the Krui Valley, Merriwa, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, 61-71.
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Jindivick
Birch, W. D. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria, p. 98; W.D.Birch 1987. Zeolites from Jindivick, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist, July 1987, pp. 15-19; Haupt,J. (1989) Chapter 4: South Gippsland,59-65 in: Birch, W.D. (Ed.) Zeolites of Victoria,101 pp, Melbourne, 1989
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Hepburn Shire
      • Clunes
Henry, D. A (1988): Minerals from the Clunes Gold Field. Austral. Mineral. 3 (3), 43-52.
W.D.Birch 1979. Levyne from Clunes, Victoria; a new occurrence. The Australian Mineralogist, Aug 1979 pp. 119-120
Czech Republic
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Česká Kamenice
-P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková(2014):Cowlesit a doprovodná mineralizace z vrchu Hackenberg u České Kamenice.Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národní muzeum Praha-2/2014
P. Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková,O.Pour and F.Fediuk(2015)-Tschernichite,Garronite-Ca and associated zeolite mineralization from Jehla near Česká Kamenice(Czech Republic).Bulletin miner.-petrolog. odď.National muz. Prag,23,2,2015.
L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,P.Fuchs: Zapomenutá zeolitová lokalita Eschlers Bergel u Kunratic u České Kamenice. čas.Minerál 6/2013
Denmark (TL)
  • Faroe Islands
    • Sandoy Island
Brewster, D. (1825): Description of levyne, a new mineral species. Edinb. J. Sci., 2, 332-334; Merlino, S., Galli, E. and Alberti, A. (1975): The crystal structure of levyne. Tschermaks. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 22, 117-129
    • Streymoy Island
Zeolite Colletion of Volker Betz. Analysis by Erick Keck.
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Hentschel, G., (1980): Weitere bemerkenswerte Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 8, 169-172] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
  • Capital Region
    • Kjósarhreppur
Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
        • Reynivallaháls
          • Snasar
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (according to Weisberger & Selbekk (2009) the levyne in this area is levyne-Ca)
  • Eastern Region
    • Djúpavogshreppur
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Western Region
    • Borgarbyggð
      • Hvammur
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Westfjords
    • Ísafjarðarbær
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Súðavíkurhreppur
Personally collected by Günter Frenz, analyzed with raman and EDX
  • Maharashtra
    • Pune District
      • Pimpri-Chinchwad
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Levanto
Bracco R., Castellaro F., Kolitsch U., 2005. Levyna-Ca e altre zeoliti da Costa Sopramare, Levanto (La Spezia, Liguria). Micro, (notizie mineralogiche), 2005 (2): 55-64.
  • Sardinia
    • Oristano Province
Passaglia E., Artioli G. and Gualtieri A. (1998) : Crystal chemistry of the zeolites erionite and offretite. Amer. Mineral. 83, pagg. 577-589.
    • South Sardinia Province
Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .; Stoppa, F., & Schiazza, M. (2014). Extreme chemical conditions of crystallisation of Umbrian Melilitolites and wealth of rare, late stage/hydrothermal minerals. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 6(4), 549-564.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
"Minerali del Vicentino - La natrolite" M. Boscardin, S. Pegoraro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana n. 1 / 2000 pp. 4-11
  • Fukushima
Matsuyama, F. (2001)
  • Shimane
    • Oki Islands
      • Nishinoshima
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Brașov
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Harghita
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S., Almási, E., Köllı, A., Sajó, I., Vezzalini, G. (2006): New data about the minerals of the copper ore deposit at Balan (East Carpathians) and of limestone xenolithes from basalt at Racosu de Jos (Persani Mts.), Romania. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 5, p. 112. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_05/pdf/szakalls1.pdf]; Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Campo de Calatrava volcanoes
        • Almagro
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
        • Bolaños de Calatrava
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Island Magee
Walker, G.P.L. (1959) Mineralogical Magazine 32(246), p. 202-217.
    • Co. Londonderry
      • Limavady
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Golden District
        • Golden
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Alum Mountain District (Alum District)
        • Gila Hot Springs
Patrick Haynes
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Patrick haynes
  • Oregon
    • Clackamas Co.
      • Milwaukie
Wise, W.S. and Tschernich, R.W (1976) The chemical compositions and origin of the zeolites offretite, erionite, and levyne. American Mineralogist, V 61, pp. 853-863.
    • Columbia Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Grant Co.
      • Mount Vernon
Gatta, G.D., Comodi, P., Zanazii, P.F. & Ballaran, T.B. (2005): Anomalous elastic behavior and high-pressure structural evolution of zeolite levyne. American Mineralogist. 90:645-652
    • Wheeler Co.
      • Spray
Alan Goldstein
Mineral and/or Locality  
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