Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kibblehouse Quarry, Perkiomenville, Marlborough Township, Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Kibblehouse QuarryQuarry
Perkiomenville- not defined -
Marlborough TownshipTownship
Montgomery Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 19' 25'' North , 75° 28' 12'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Green Lane500 (2017)1.5km
Woxall1,318 (2017)2.3km
Spring Mount2,259 (2017)5.4km
Red Hill2,383 (2017)5.6km
Schwenksville1,398 (2017)7.5km


A stone quarry originally owned by Mr. R.K. Kibblehouse.

The Kibblehouse Quarry is excavated in hornfels, thermally metamorphosed mudrocks, on the western flank of the Sassamansville anticline. The stratigraphic section exposed in the quarry is just above the Perkasie member, a prominent black lacustrian unit in the middle Passaic formation, and just below the Sassamansville diabase sill. The rocks were originally predominantly red sediments but are now very dark maroon to nearly black. A subordinate number of beds were less iron-rich and, in some cases, more calcareous. These lithologies are now shades of brownish or greenish gray.

Because little of the sediment exposed in the quarry was very calcareous and because it was beneath the diabase it was not as severely altered as some hornfels in the Newark Basin. There are no “spotted slates”. Most of the changes are more subtle and include recrystallization of the hematite pigment to specularite or, much less commonly, magnetite. Recrystallization of the clay minerals is also a major change. However, most of the secondary minerals postdate the recrystallization of the rock to hornfels and result from subsequent hydrothermal circulation.

Intrusion of diabase imposed a steep thermal gradient in the nearby sediments. This gradient drove convective circulation of connate formation brines. Because of the low permeability of the Passaic formation mudstones and hornfels fluid circulation was focused into the available network of fractures. At Kibblehouse Quarry the mineral assemblages in fracture filling veins reflect a wide range of temperature.

Although Kibblehouse Quarry has long been Pennsylvania’s best known locality for zeolite minerals it also became known, in the 1970’s, for cobaltite and other related sulphides. These minerals were restricted to a single bed that was greenish gray and quite flinty and occurred as sharply euhedral crystals both in veins and replacing the hornfels. Cobaltite has been found elsewhere in the region. Cobaltite, in pyrite, was widespread at the Cornwall and Grace iron mines. Because of the association of cobalt and the diabase some writers have proposed the diabase as the likely source of the cobalt. However, much of the secondary mineral deposition in the Newark Basin involved connate formation brines and distinctly postdates the period of volcanism and intrusion that occurred at the very beginning of the Jurassic, circa 201 Ma.

Redbed type copper deposits are common in the Newark Basin. The metal concentrating processes that leach copper from the sediment and produce redbed copper ores can also concentrate and transport other metals including cobalt and nickel (Rose and Bianchi-Mosquera, 1993). For several reasons the sediments are a much more likely source of metals than the diabase. It is likely that the principal role of the diabase was to provide the heat to drive fluid circulation.



Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


34 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania; Rocks & Min.: 22: 803-804.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Habit: Massive, microscopic grains in hornfels
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Habit: typical, occasionally exhibit striated faces
Colour: clove to reddish brown
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Habit: diamond shaped plates
Colour: silvery
Description: uncommon, small silvery diamond shaped plates in hornfels with traces of brown sphalerite.
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 39; Thomas, Charles (Nov, 1952), "Micros, What and Where," Keystone Newsletter; Montgomery, A. (Oct, 1968), PM(70), Keystone Newsletter; Montgom
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: small brassy grains, some crystals
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192 Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 16:136-137; 17:341..
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Habit: Small masses
Colour: blue-green
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Habit: Octahedrons and Cubo-octahedrons (Gyer, Smith Barnnes); Pyritohedrons (W. Cummings)
Colour: Bright Sivlery
Description: Bright silvery Octahedrons and Cubo-octahedrons as small crystals in green grey hornfels, larger crystals up to 1/4 inch in calcite veins from the North-West wall. A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192 Occurs as small pyritohedral crystals embedded in diabase matrix. Collected personally by Warren Cummings.
Reference: Warren Cummings, Geologist; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 25-26; Lapham, Davis M. & Barnes, John H. (1971), "Unusual Mins. Found in PA," PA Geol., Vol 2(6): 2-3; Montgom A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Copper
Formula: Cu
Habit: small sheets & masses
Description: Uncommon, small sheets and masses in Hornfels.
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Colour: very pale green with glassy luster
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 22: 803-804.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: coatings (with cobaltite)
Colour: pink
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: small purple crystals
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Habit: very small, deeply striated prisms
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 44-45; Montgomery, A. (Jan & Oct, 1974), PM(133) & (142); Grant, Raymond W. (1974), "PA Min. Species as of Aug, 1974," PM (141).; A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
'Heulandite subgroup'
Habit: twinned crystals
Colour: colorless to yellowish
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 22: 803-804. A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 25-26, 39, 44-45, 54; Montgomery, Arthur (Jul & Aug, 1973) PA Mins. (PM), PM(127) & (128).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Habit: clear/colorless, stubby rectangular crystals, tabular crystals and green to grey cleavages (with heulandite or cobaltite)
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
'Pumpellyite'
Habit: crystal prisms in calcite
Colour: pale sea-green
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10: 111; 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
Pyrolusite ?
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: tiny cleavages in hornfels
Colour: red-brown
Reference: A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Bill Lorah - PA collector/dealer.
Stilbite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 10:111; 16:136-137; 17:341; 22: 803-804.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Na9.GE.10(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Stilbite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
KPotassium
K Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3188857
Mesozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2728669
Brunswick Formation

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Brunswick Formation

Description: Reddish-brown mudstone, siltstone, and shale, containing a few green and brown shale interbeds; red and dark-gray, interbedded argillites near base. Youngest beds in Brunswick may be Jurassic in age.

Comments: Original map source: Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Miles, C.E., and Whitfield, T.G., compilers, 2001, Bedrock Geology of Pennsylvania, edition: 1.0, digital map, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{mudstone}, Minor:{siltstone,shale}, Incidental:{argillite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Thomas, Charles (Nov, 1952), "Micros, What and Where," Keystone Newsletter.
Lapham & Geyer (1965) Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania.
Montgomery, A. (Oct, 1968), Pennsylvania Minerals (70), Keystone Newsletter.
Lapham, Davis M. & Barnes, John H. (1971), "Unusual Minerals Found in Pennsylvania," Pennsylvania Geology, Vol 2(6): 2-3.
Grant, R.W. (Jul, 1972) Pennsylvania Minerals (115) Keystone Newsletter.
Montgomery, A. (Jun 1972), "Pennsylvania Minerals," (PM)(114), Keystone Newsletter (KN).
Montgomery, A. (Jun, 1973), Pennsylvania Minerals (126).
Montgomery, Arthur (Jul & Aug, 1973) Pennsylvania Minerals (PM), PM (127) & (128).
Grant, Raymond W. (1974), "Pennsylvania Mineral Species as of August, 1974," Pennsylvania Minerals (141).
Montgomery, A. (Jan & Oct, 1974), Pennsylvania Minerals (133) & (142).
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of Pennsylvania, Inc.: 19 & 25-26, 39, 44-45, 54.
A. Geyer, R. Smith III, J. Barnes (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania: 189-192
Rocks & Minerals: 10: 111.
Rocks & Minerals: 16: 136-137.
Rose, A.W. and Bianchi-Mosquera, G.C., 1993, Adsorption of Cu, Pb, Zn, Co, Ni and Ag on Goethite and Hematite: Control on Metal Mobilization from Red Beds into Stratiform Copper Deposits, Economic Geology, V. 88, p. 1226 – 1236.
Rocks & Minerals: 17: 341.
Rocks & Minerals: 22: 803-804.
Warren Cummings, Geologist, New Jersey Department of Transportation (pers. comm. C. Lemanski - 2001).


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 23, 2019 04:04:03 Page generated: May 15, 2019 15:05:54
Go to top of page