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Hibbingite

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About HibbingiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Colour:
Colorless to pale green, becoming more yellow on oxidation
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named for the city of Hibbing, Minnesota
Hibbingite-Kempite series. Soluble in water and in ethanol.


Classification of HibbingiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1991
3.DA.10a

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
10.1.1.2

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
1 : A2(O,OH)3Xq

Physical Properties of HibbingiteHide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless to pale green, becoming more yellow on oxidation

Optical Data of HibbingiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Bireflectance:
observable
Dispersion:
relatively strong
Internal Reflections:
green, becoming red with oxidation

Chemical Properties of HibbingiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Common Impurities:
Mn,Si,Mg

Crystallography of HibbingiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.31 Å, b = 9.2 Å, c = 7.1 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.686 : 1 : 0.772
Unit Cell V:
412.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
platy habit

Type Occurrence of HibbingiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Drill core library, Department of Natural Resources, Hibbing, Minnesota
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Partially serpentized trocolitic rocks

Synonyms of HibbingiteHide

Other Language Names for HibbingiteHide

Relationship of Hibbingite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
BotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
HaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
IyoiteMnCuCl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
KapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
KempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
LeverettiteCu3Co(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3 : R3
MisakiiteCu3Mn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
Paratacamite-(Mg)Cu3(Mg,Cu)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3 : R3
Paratacamite-(Ni)Cu3(Ni,Cu)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3 : R3
TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Unnamed (Cu-Zn Chloride Hydroxide)CuZnCl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Forms a series with:

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

10.1.1.1AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HibbingiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Saini-Eidukat, B., Kucha, H. & Keppler, H. (1994): Hibbingite, gamma-Fe2(OH)3Cl, a new mineral from the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, with implications for the oxidation of Fe-bearing compounds and the transport of metals. American Mineralogist 79, 555-561.
New Minerals (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.

Internet Links for HibbingiteHide

Localities for HibbingiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 53- 54.
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Námešť nad Oslavou
        • Vícenice
Skála R., Frýda J., Sekanina J.: Mineralogy of the Vícenice octahedrite. Journal of the Geological Society, 2000, 45, 1-2, 175-192.
Denmark
 
  • Sjælland Region
Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
Vanhanen, E. (2001). Geology, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Fe-Co-Au-(U) deposits in the Paleoproterozoic Kuusamo Schist Belt, northeastern Finland (Vol. 399). Geological Survey of Finland.
Germany
 
  • Thuringia
    • Suhl
http://www.emc2012.org.uk//documents/Abstracts/Abstracts/EMC2012_0090.pdf
Mexico
 
  • Mexico
    • Jiquipilco (Xiquipilco)
Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Pitiquito
Buchwald, V. F. & Koch, C. B. (1995) Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2(OH)3Cl), a Chlorine-rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects: Meteoritics, vol. 30, no. 5, page 493. (Sept 1995)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Krai
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 53- 54.
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. V., Sereda, E. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Britvin, S. N., & Chukanov, N. V. (2013). Ferrovalleriite, 2 (Fe, Cu) S· 1.5 Fe (OH) 2: validation as a mineral species and new data. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(8), 637-647.
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 51- 52.
  • North-Western Region
    • Ryazanskaya Oblast'
      • Kasimov District
Pekov, I.V. et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 891-898.
USA
 
  • Georgia
    • Jenkins Co.
Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Hibbing
Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 51- 52.
  • Oregon
    • Clackamas Co.
      • West Linn
Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
  • Texas
    • Ector Co.
      • Odessa
Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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