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Strathcona Mine, Levack Township, Sudbury District, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Strathcona MineMine
Levack TownshipTownship
Sudbury DistrictDistrict
OntarioProvince
CanadaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 38' North , 81° 23' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rayside-Balfour16,050 (2013)13.7km
Cartier302 (2013)14.7km
Chelmsford500 (2010)15.1km
Greater Sudbury157,857 (2014)34.0km


A nickel mine located in Levack Township. Ore is in the Sudbury nickel irruptive. Workings are deeper than 3,000 feet (> 1,000 meters).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sudbury Complex (Sudbury irruptive; Sudbury nickel irruptive), Sudbury District, Ontario, CanadaComplex

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

69 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Li, C. & Naldrett, A.J. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 31-44.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Royal Ontario Museum
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Large twinned crystals to 4.0 cm
Reference: http://www.canadianrockhound.com/2002/01/cr0206105_topten.html; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Electrum' ?
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
Hauchecornite
Formula: Ni9BiSbS8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Am.Min.(1994), 79, 555-561; Saini-Eidukat, B., Rudashevsky, N. S., Polozov, A. G. (1996) Occurrence of Hibbingite in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota, and in the Noril'sk Complex and Korshunovskoe Iron Ore Deposit, Russia [abstract]; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, 1996; v. 42, part 1, p. 53- 54.
'Hornblende'
Reference: C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Richard Gunter and Falconbridge internal analysis report
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Insizwaite
Formula: Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Description: From ontariominerals.com: "submicroscopic grains, Strathcona Deposit, Sudbury; CM V31#1,pp.31-44"
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'K Feldspar'
Reference: A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I. M. & Douma, S L. (2003) Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE ore mineralogy compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI). Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Description: "Periclase" is extremely susceptible to hydration when exposed to normal atmosphere and readily forms a brucite pseudomorph.
Reference: Royal Ontario Museum
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; C. Li and A. J. Naldrett (1993) High chlorine alteration minerals and calcium-rich brines in fluid inclusions from the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 88:1780-1796; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:1584-1598; Econ Geol (1994) 89:647-655; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979)
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)
Formula: Ni9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Type Locality:
Reference: GAIT, R.I. & HARRIS, D.C. (1972): Hauchecornite - antimonian, arsenian and tellurian varieties. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 819-825. GAIT, R.I. & HARRIS, D.C. (1980): Arsenohauchecornite and tellurohauchecornite: new minerals in the hauchecornite group. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 877-878.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
Reference: Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
'UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd'
Formula: ~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
Reference: Li, C., and Naldrett, A.J. (1993): Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper Zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Can. Mineral.: 31,31-44; in: Jambor, J.L., and Vanko, D.A. (1993): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1317
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum' ?1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Hauchecornite2.BB.10Ni9BiSbS8
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Insizwaite2.EB.05aPt(Bi,Sb)2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)2.BB.10Ni9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Hibbingite3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn'-(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
'UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd'-~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Niggliite1.2.10.1PtSn
Paolovite1.2.6.1Pd2Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Mawsonite2.9.3.1Cu6Fe2SnS8
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Insizwaite2.12.1.15Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Hauchecornite3.2.5.1Ni9BiSbS8
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)3.2.5.3Ni9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Hibbingite10.1.1.2Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum' ?-(Au, Ag)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
'UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn'-(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
'UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd'-~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
H UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
CCarbon
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O PericlaseMgO
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
O UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SSulfur
S TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S MilleriteNiS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
S SphaleriteZnS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S HawleyiteCdS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ClChlorine
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Cl UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
Cl UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
FeIron
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe UM1989-05-ClOH:FeMn(Fe,Mn)(OH)Cl ?
NiNickel
Ni TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Cu MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
PdPalladium
Pd Frooditeα-PdBi2
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd PaolovitePd2Sn
Pd SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O
AgSilver
Ag EmpressiteAgTe
Ag SilverAg
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
CdCadmium
Cd HawleyiteCdS
SnTin
Sn NiggliitePtSn
Sn MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
Sn PaolovitePd2Sn
SbAntimony
Sb HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
TeTellurium
Te TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Te AltaitePbTe
Te EmpressiteAgTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
PtPlatinum
Pt InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pt NiggliitePtSn
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
BiBismuth
Bi TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
Bi InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
Bi HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Frooditeα-PdBi2
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi UM1993-03-Cl:BiHOPd~Pd5Bi4(Cl,OH)5•7H2O

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Orosirian
ⓘ Sudbury impact1850 ± 3 MaSudbury Complex (Sudbury irruptive; Sudbury nickel irruptive), Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 614571
Sudbury Igneous Complex (1850 Ma)

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Sudbury Igneous Complex

Comments: Southern and Superior Province

Lithology: Granophyre

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3187904
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Sudbury Igneous Complex

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Naldrett, A.J. and Kullerud, G. (1967) A study of the Strathcona mine and its bearing on the origin of the nickel-copper ores of the Sudbury district, Ontario. Journal of Petrology: 8: 453-531.
Chyl, L.L. and Crocket, J.H. (1976) Partition of platinum, palladium, iridium, and gold among coexisting minerals from the deep ore zone, Strathcona mine, Sudbury, Ontario. Economic Geology: 71: 1196-1205.
Abel, M.K., Buchan, R., Coats, C.J.A., and Penstone, M.E. (1979) Copper mineralization in the footwall complex, Stratcona mine, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 275-285.
Springer, G. (1989) Chlorine-bearing minerals and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313.
Li, C. & Naldrett, A.J. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 31-44.
Li, Chusi, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993) Concentrations of platinum-group elements and gold in sulfides from the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 523-531.
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I. M. & Douma, S L. (2003) Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE ore mineralogy compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI). Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787.

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