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Violarite

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About ViolariteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, light gray, or steel gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From Latin "viola", violet, alluding to the color of the mineral, especially if viewed with a reflected-light microscope.

Classification of ViolariteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.8

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.11.8

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of ViolariteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, light gray, or steel gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
4½ - 5½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect

Optical Data of ViolariteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of ViolariteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Ni3+2S4
IMA Formula:
FeNi2S4
Common Impurities:
Co,Cu

Crystallography of ViolariteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.51 Å
Unit Cell V:
860.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8

Type Occurrence of ViolariteHide

Other Language Names for ViolariteHide

Varieties of ViolariteHide

BeyrichiteThe original material has been shown to probably be violarite replacing millerite; other specimens are mixtures of other minerals (Milton and Axelrod, 1955).

Relationship of Violarite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
12 photos of Violarite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
11 photos of Violarite associated with Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
10 photos of Violarite associated with PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4
6 photos of Violarite associated with GalenaPbS
5 photos of Violarite associated with MilleriteNiS
4 photos of Violarite associated with PyriteFeS2
3 photos of Violarite associated with SperrylitePtAs2
2 photos of Violarite associated with NickelineNiAs
2 photos of Violarite associated with PyrrhotiteFe7S8
1 photo of Violarite associated with CobaltiteCoAsS

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.1.1LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.2CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.3FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.4TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.5BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.6SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.7PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.9TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.10.1.10GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.11DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.12InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.13KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.14Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.10.1.15Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.16Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.17MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.10.1.20CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ViolariteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Clark, F.W. & Catlett, C. (1889) A platinoferrous nickel ore from Canada, Laspeyres’s (sic) polydymite. American Journal of Science: 37: 372-374.
Lindgren, W. & Davy, W.M. (1924) Nickel ores from the Key West mine, Nevada. Economic Geology: 19 309-319.
Short, M.N. & Shannon, E.V. (1930) Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist: 15: 1-22.
Milton, C. and Axelrod, J. M. (1955) Beyrichite, a discredited species. American Mineralogist: 40: 757-770.
Berry, L.G. and R.M. Thompson (1962) X-ray powder data for the ore minerals. Geological Society of America Mem: 85: 77-78.
Canadian Mineralogist (1969) 6: 629-643.
Misra, K.C. and M.E. Fleet (1974) Chemical composition and stability of violarite: Economic Geology: 69: 391-403.
Dunn, J.G., & V.L. Howes (1996) The oxidation of violarite: Thermochimica Acta: 282/283: 305-316.
Grguric, B.A. (2002) Hypogene violarite of exsolution origin from Mount Keith, Western Australia: field evidence for a stable pentlandite-violarite tie line: Mineralogical Magazine: 66: 313-326.
Tenailleau, C., Pring, A., Tschmann, B., Brugger, J., Grguric, B. and Putnis, A. (2006) Transformation of pentlandite to violarite under mild hydrothermal conditions: American Mineralogist: 91: 706-709.

Internet Links for ViolariteHide

Localities for ViolariteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Logar
    • Mohammad Agha District (Muhammad Agha District)
      • Aynak Cu deposit (Mes Aynak)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Vestfold Hills
Egorova, M. S., Semenovb, V. S., & Alekseeva, N. L. (2015). Low Sulfide PGE Mineralization in Ring Layered Intrusion, Westfall Oasis, Antarctica. GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS, 57(8).
Argentina
 
  • San Luis Province
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
FERRACUTTI, G.; BJERG, E. and MOGESSIE, A.. Precious and base metals in Las Águilas, Sierra de San Luis: Mineralogy, genesis and evolution. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.3, pp. 434-446.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buccleuch Co.
      • Brungle
Degeling P.R. (1982) Wagga Wagga 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI 55-15) Mine Data Sheets and Metallogenic Study. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Harden Co.
      • Coolac
Ashley, P. M. (1975): Opaque mineral assemblage formed during serpentinization in the Coolac ultramafic belt, New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 22, 91-102.
    • Wynyard Co.
      • Tumblong
Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Barrow Creek
Ahmad, M., Munson, T.J. (2013), The Geology and Mineral Resources of the Northern Territory, Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Government, Ch. 10 Davenport Province, Special Publication 5, 2013
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
Riley, J. F. (1980). Ferroan carrollites, cobaltian violarites, and other members of the linnaeite group:(Co, Ni, Fe, Cu) 3S4. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(330), 733-739.
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
Riley, J. F. (1980). Ferroan carrollites, cobaltian violarites, and other members of the linnaeite group:(Co, Ni, Fe, Cu) 3S4. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(330), 733-739.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 973
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
    • West Coast municipality
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
      • Zeehan district
- Reid R. Keays & Simon M. Jowitt (2013): The Avebury Ni deposit, Tasmania: A case study of an unconventional nickel deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 4-17.
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Walhalla
G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Woods Point
Bussat, F, (1980) Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria, The Australian Mineralogist No. 31, July 1980, pp. 147-152.
  • Western Australia
    • Boddington Shire
      • Boddington
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
    • Coolgardie Shire
Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Nickel, E.H., Bridge, P.J. (1977) Nickelblödite, Na₂Ni(SO₄)₂.4H₂O, a new mineral from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, March 1977, Vol.41 pp.37-41.
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Pryce, M. W. and Just, J. (1974): Glaukosphaerite: A New Nickel Analogue of Rosasite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 737-743
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
AM 70 (1985), 419; Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
        • St. Ives gold camp
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
      • Lanfranchi Nickel Mine
Marston, R.J., (1984): Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin, 14.
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
      • Spargoville
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
      • Widgiemooltha
Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
http://www.mincor.com.au/kambalda_nickel_operations/overview.phtml
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Dundas Shire
      • Lake Johnston
Maggie Hays Nickel Mineralization, Lake Johnston, Western Australia; W. Clayton, C. Stott, R.H. Mazzucchelli; CRC LEME 2005
      • Norseman
Cox, R. (1974) Geochemical soil surveys in exploration for nickel-copper sulphides at Pioneer, near Norseman, Western Australia, Special Publication No.2, 5th International Geochemical Exploration Symposium Vancouver BC Canada 1-4 April 1974 p.437. Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Mabel Downs Station
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Bardoc
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
John Barry (1974) Geochemistry of the Scotia Nickel Deposit PhD thesis University of Adelaide
      • Bulong Goldfield
Moeskops, P. davis, G.(1977): Unusual Sulphide replacement Textures in Altered Olivine Rich rocks of the Bulong Complex near Kalgoorlie Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Dec 1977):41: 487-492
      • Cowarna Downs Station
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
      • Kanowna Goldfield
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291 pages. Baensch, A. (2000) The Mineralogy of the Massive Sulphides in the High Grade Silver Swan Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposit. With an emphasis on the distribution of arsenic and cobalt mineralisation. BSc. thesis, Curtin University of Technology, 225 pages.; Barnes, S. J., Wells, M. A., & Verrall, M. R. (2009). Effects of magmatic processes, serpentinization, and talc-carbonate alteration on sulfide mineralogy and ore textures in the Black Swan disseminated nickel sulfide deposit, Yilgarn Craton. Economic Geology, 104(4), 539-562.
      • Mount Monger Goldfield
        • Mount Monger
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Kondinin Shire
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    • Laverton Shire
      • Duketon Goldfield
        • Mulga Queen Community Area (Nurra Kurramunoo)
Sulfides and Sulfarsenides from the Rosie Nickel Prospect, Duketon Greenstone Belt, Western Australia; B Godel, I Gonzalez-alvarez, S Barnes, SJ Barnes, P Parker, J Day, Economic Geology, Mar-Apr 2012, V107, No2, pp275-294
      • Laverton
http://www.poseidonresources.com/laverton-project
http://www.poseidonresources.com/laverton-project
    • Leonora Shire
      • Leinster
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn160
Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Mutton, P., Peters, B. (2004), The Waterloo and Amorac Nickel Deposits. Western Australia: A Geophysical Case History, ASEG, (1) pp1-8, 2004
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Economic Geology; October 1981; v. 76; no. 6; p. 1686-1697
      • Yakabindie Station
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
Marshall, A.E. (2001) Low temperature-low pressure ('epithermal') vein deposits of the North Pilbara granite-greenstone terrane, Western Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Department of Industry, Science & Resources, AGSO Record 2000/1.
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Sandstone Shire
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits,Honeymoon Well Complex, Western Australia; M Gole and M Woodhouse, Journal of the Virtual Explorer; ISSN 1441-8142 Vol 1 paper 2, 2000
Gole, M., Woodhouse, M.(2000), Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits Honeymoon Well Complex Western Australia, (ed) Gordon Lister, Geological Research for the Exploration Industry, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, electronic edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol 1, Paper 2, 2000
Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
      • Mount Keith
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hirt
          • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Horn District
      • Brunn an der Wild
        • Dietmannsdorf an der Wild
Kolitsch, U. (2019): 2130) Baryt, Grossular, Hercynit, Hydroxylapatit, Ilmenit, Klinochlor, Klinozoisit, Limonit, Pentlandit, Phlogopit, Pyrit, Rutil, Sapphirin, Spinell, Troilit(?), Violarit, Xenotim-(Y), Zirkon und eine Fe-Cu-Ca-Al(-Mg)-S-O-Phase aus dem Serpentinitbruch bei Dietmannsdorf an der Wild im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 289-291 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1937) Amesit(?), Baryt, Bornit, Chalkopyrit, Chromit, Hercynit, Hollingworthit, Ilmenit, Irarsit, Klinochlor, Laurit, Magnetit, Millerit, Pentlandit, Polydymit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Rutil, Sperrylith, Spinell, Violarit und Xenotim-(Y)(?) von Wolfsbach im nördlichen Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 246-249 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Fusch an der Grossglocknerstrasse
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2018): 2080) Annabergit, Aragonit, Arseniosiderit(?), Chalkopyrit, Galenit, Hörnesit, ein Mineral der Kaolinitgruppe, Limonit, Polybasit, Polydymit, Pyrrhotin, Scheelit, Zn-Tetraedrit, Vaesit, Violarit und Zincochromit von der Brennkogel-Nordflanke, Fuschertal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 216-218 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
      • Mittersill
        • Haidbachgraben
Schwabl, S., Melcher, F., Grill, H.A. (2015): First occurrence of platinum-group minerals in Salzburg: the Haidbachgraben Cu-Ni-Co deposit, Pinzgau. Poster, MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 161, 117.
      • Uttendorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Breitenau am Hochlantsch
        • Hochlantsch
Bojar, H.-P. (1998)
    • Liezen District
      • Landl
        • Gams bei Hieflau
Grachev, A.F. (Ed) (2009) The K/T boundary of Gams (Eastern Alps, Austria) and the nature of terminal Cretaceous mass extinction. The Geological Survey of Austria in cooperation with the Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Vienna, 199 pages, doi:10.2205/2009-GAMSbook (electronic version); Geologische Bundesanstalt [Austria], Abhandlungen (2009), 63, 199 pages (printed version).
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Axams
Vavtar, F. (1995): Erzmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Silberpentlanditen der Cu-Fe-Erzparagenese von Axams (Stubaikristallin, Tirol, Österreich). Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck 20, 313-334.
    • Innsbruck
Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2022) Boulangerit, Ullmannit und Violarit und weitere Mineralien in einer historischen Jamesonit-Stufe von Wilten (Wiltau), Innsbruck, Nordtirol. Pp. 234-236 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
    • Lienz District
      • Virgen valley
        • Prägraten am Großvenediger
          • Dorferbach valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Charleroi
        • Mont-sur-Marchienne
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Botswana
 
  • North-East District
    • Francistown District
      • Selebi-Phikwe belt (Selbi-Pikwe)
Maier, W.D., Barnes, S.-J., Chinyepi, G., Barton, Jr., J.M., Eglington, B., and Setshedi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 37-60.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Campo Formoso
Mota-e-Silva, J., Prichard, H.M., Suárez, S., Ferreira Filho, C.F., Fisher, P.C. (2016): Supergene alteration of platinum-group minerals and formation of Pd-Cu-O and Pd-I-O compounds in the Limoeiro Ni-Cu-(PGE) deposit, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 755-778; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13550 (2017)
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína kimberlite field
      • Juína
Kaminsky, F.V., Wirth, R., Schreiber, A. (2013): Carbonatitic inclusions in deep mantle diamond from Juina, Brazil: new minerals in the carbonate-halide association. Can. Mineral. 51, 669-688.
Kaminsky, F. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Wirth, R. (2015). A primary natrocarbonatitic association in the Deep Earth. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-12.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Fortaleza de Minas
Brenner et al (1990) Econ Geol 85:904-920
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
    • Gotse Delchev
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Nixon, G. T., & Smyth, W. R. (1998). Ni–Cu sulfide mineralization in the Turnagain Alaskan-type complex: a unique magmatic environment. Geological Survey of British Columbia, Paper, 1.
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E., 2014. Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-CuPGE deposit, Hope, B.C. In: Geological Fieldwork 2013, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 2014-1, pp. 141-156.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Tulameen River
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Manitoba
    • Bird River area
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
C. J. A. Coats, H. R. Stockford, and R. Buchan (1979) Geology of the Maskwa West nickel deposit, Manitoba Can Mineral, 17:309-318
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1394-1413
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.165-168.; Ritchie, Paul M. H. (1973) A study of the copper-nickel-zinc deposit of Bird River Mines Co. Ltd., Southeastern Manitoba. MS Thesis University of Manitoba.; E. H. Nickel (1972) Nickeliferous smythite from some Canadian occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 11:514-519
    • Lynn Lake District
R. G. Arnold and O. P. Malik (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Can Mineral, 12:320-326; Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
GOOD, D.J. & NALDRETT, A.J. (1993) Geology and distribution of platinum-group elements, Bucko Lake Intrusion, Thompson belt, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 31, 45-60
R. G. Arnold and O. P. Malik (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Can Mineral, 12:320-326
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
      • Ospwagan Lake & Paint Lake area
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
R. G. Arnold and O. P. Malik (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Can Mineral, 12:320-326
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint Stephen Parish
http://dnre-mrne.gnb.ca/MineralOccurrence/
http://dnre-mrne.gnb.ca/MineralOccurrence/
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • Betts Cove
Sabina (2003) 118.
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
L. J. Hulbert and D. C. Gregoire (1993) Re-Os isotope systematics of the Rankin Inlet Ni ores; an example of the application of ICP-MS to investigate Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization and the potential use of Os isotopes in mineral exploration. Can Mineral, 31:861-876
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Montcalm Township
Barrie, C.T., Naldrett, A.J., Davis, D.W., (1990) Geochemical constraints on the genesis of the Montcalm gabbroic Complex and Ni–Cu deposit, western Abitibi Subprovince, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 28,451–474.; MDI Number: MDI42B09NE00007
      • Timmins area
        • Bartlett Township and Geikie Township
Naldrett A J, Gasparrini E, Buchan R, Muir J E (1972) Godlevskite (ß–Ni7S6) from the Texmont mine, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist 11, 879-885
        • Dundonald Township
J. E. Muir and C. D. A. Comba (1979) The Dundonald deposit; an example of volcanic-type nickel-sulfide mineralization. Can Mineral 17:351-359
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 3-11; Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
    • Nipissing District
Bennett, G. (1978) Geology Of The Northeast Temagami Area. Ontario Geological Survey, Report 163, 128 pages plus maps, at pp. 79.
MDI Number: MDI31M04SW00022
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Broder Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Capreol Township
White, C. J. (2012). Low-Sulfide PGE-Copper-Nickel Mineralization From Five Prospects Within The Footwall Of The Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. PhD thesis. University of Toronto (Canada).
      • Denison Township
Reiner Mielke 2017
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
CLARK, F.W. & CATLETT, C. (1889): A platinoferrous nickel ore from Canada, Laspeyres’s (sic) polydymite. American Journal of Science 37, 372-374. SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
      • Drury Township
American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Garson Township
Richard Gunter specimen; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Levack Township
American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; A. R. Graham, R. Buchan, C. R. Lee (1964) Millerite at Strathcona Mine, Sudbury District: AAPG Bulletin Abstract 48:527
      • Maclennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
R. G. Arnold and O. P. Malik (1974) Violarite in some nickel ores from Lynn Lake and Thompson, Manitoba, and Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Can Mineral, 12:320-326
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
      • Scadding Township
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Sudbury: Nickel Capital of the World. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 79-84; 157-158.
      • Wisner Township
Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1005-1028.; Ames, D. E., McClenaghan, M. B., Averill, S., & Milkereit, B. (2007). Footwall-hosted Cu-PGE (Au, Ag), Sudbury Canada: towards a new exploration vector. Exploration 07, Exploration in the New Millennium, 1013-1017.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., McDonald, A.M. & Good, D.J. (2017) Insights into the extreme PGE enrichment of the W Horizon, Marathon Cu-Pd deposit, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Canada: Platinum-group mineralogy, compositions and genetic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 90:723-747.
      • Crooks Township
MDI Number: MDI52A03SW00015
      • Greenwich Lake Area
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI000000000958
      • Hagey Township
R.J. Traill 1983; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp. 659-663 (1978)
      • Lac des Iles Area
Louis J. Cabri and J.H. Gilles Laflamme (1979) Mineralogy of Samples from the Lac Des Iles Area, Ontario. Canmet Report 79-27; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • Pays Plat Lake Area
E. H. Nickel (1972) Nickeliferous smythite from some Canadian occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 11:514-519
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Cobalt: the Silver City. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 85-91; 159-161.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
            • Marbridge No. 1 mine
Mineral Record (1976) 7:4 pp174-178
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mineralogical Record (1976): 7(4): 174-178.
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
Sabina (2003) 186.
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Latulipe-et-Gaboury
E. H. Nickel (1972) Nickeliferous smythite from some Canadian occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 11:514-519
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Montmagny RCM
        • St-Fabien-de-Panet
Sabina (1992) GSC Misc. Report 46, 62 Econ Geology (1993)88:123-138
  • Saskatchewan
    • Lac La Ronge
Peddada, A.R. (1973) Petrology of the Nemeiben Lake ultraramafic body (Saskatchewan) and associated nickel-sulphide deposits. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 144.; MacFarlane, N. D., & Mossman, D. J. (1981). The opaque minerals and economic geology of the Nemeiben ultramafic complex, Saskatchewan, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 16(3), 409-424.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Yukon Minfile (115G 024); Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
    • Jiuquan
      • Subei Co.
Jianguo Yang, Lei Wang, Xiaohong Wang, Xie Xie, and Zhengguang Qie (2012): Geological Bulletin of China 31(2/3), 448-454
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County
        • Baotan
          • Baotan Cu-Ni ore field
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.; Linsu Lü, Jingwen Mao, Jun Liu, Gang Chen, Zuoheng Zhang, Guiqing Xie, and Ruiting Wang (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(4), 397-416
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Kaiyang County
Maozhong Min and Xiangyun Wang (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(2); Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97
    • Zunyi
      • Bozhou District
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Bin Chang, and Hanjie Wen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(4), 439-446; Jie Zhou, Kai Hu, and Jianren Mao (2009): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 24(2), 111-116
  • Hainan
    • Changjiang Co.
Jinjie Yu, Junping Ren, Fuxiong Chen, Yonghui Wang, Jiang Liang, and Linrui Che (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 884-898
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Tongbai County
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
  • Hunan
    • Yongzhou
      • Lanshan Co.
Maozhong Min and Xiangyun Wang (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(2)
    • Zhangjiajie
      • Cili Co.
Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Alxa Right Banner (Alashan Youqi)
Dongqing Xu, Daming Bai, and Rongguang Li (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 76-80; Xu Dongqing, Jiang Sihong, Zhang Jianhua, Hu Peng, Zhao Yongfa, Wang Yuecheng, and Lai Xinrong (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 231-242
    • Hohhot City (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan County
Guojun Liu and Jianping Wang (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(1), 17-20; Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Jilin
    • Jilin
      • Panshi City
Zicheng Chen (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(10), 1-10
    • Tonghua
      • Tonghua Co.
Zicheng Chen (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(10), 1-10
  • Qinghai
    • Haidong
      • Hualong Hui Autonomous County
Yinghan Liu (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(2), 11-15; Yongbao Gao, Wenyuan Li, Xie Xie, Zhaowei Zhang, Zhouping Guo, Jiangwei Zhang, and Kan Li (2012): Geological Bulletin of China 31(5), 763-772
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud City (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mountains
          • Wutumeiren
Wei Du, Jinlan Ling, Wei Zhou, Zixi Wang, Zhaode Xia, Mingzhe Xia, Yazhou Fan, and Changyi Jiang (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(4), 713-726
  • Shaanxi
    • Baoji
      • Taibai County
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252; Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
    • Hanzhong
      • Mian County
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Xueming Wang, Mengxiong Chen, Mei Li, and Furang Li (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(6), 34-38; Ruiting Wang, Ying He, Zhongli Tang, Dongsheng Wang, and Minwu Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 1041-1044
  • Shanxi
    • Yuncheng
      • Yuanqu Co.
        • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
          • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE deposit
Xieyan Song, Meifu Zhou, Zhimin Cao, Min Sun, and Yunliang Wang (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38, 831-843
    • Panzhihua
      • Yanbian County
Lu, J., Wang, N., Schmidt, S. (1989): Ore minerals: An experimental approach and new observations. IV. Nickel containing sulfides and related experimentation. Natural occurrences of Mss in the Fe-Ni-S ternarv svstem. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh.: 160: 46-50 (and 63-69 for references); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 434
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
        • Qieganbulake complex
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Guofan Liu, Guangbin Zhu, Jinduo Chen, Zhenjun Yang, and Shuang Qin (2005): Geology and Resources 14(1), 28-32
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Baishiquan ore district
Kui-Shou Ding, Ke-Zhang Qin, Ying-Xia Xu, He Sun, Xing-Wang Xu, Dong-Mei Tang, Qian Mao, and Yu-Guang Ma (2007): Mineral Deposits [Kuangchuang Dizhi] 26(1), 109-119.
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Zhifu Wang, Fei Wu, Kebing Tang, Shanshan Li, Xiaojie Shi, Liang Zhang, Zhixuong Tan, Fang Wang (2012): Xinjiang Geology 30(3), 307-311
Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Jingwen Mao, Sanzhong Li, Zhen Yan, and Qigui Mao (2006): Ore Geology Reviews 28, 308-328.
Zhuangzhi Qian, Tao Sun, Zhongli Tang, Changyi Jiang, Ke He, Mingzhe Xia, and Jianzhong Wang (2009): Geological Review 55(6), 873-884; Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
He Sun, Kezhang Qin, Jinxiang Li, Xingwang Xu, Jinzhu San, Kuishou Ding, and Weidong Hui (2006): Geology in China 33(3), 606-617; Kuishou Ding, Kezhang Qin, Yingxia Xu, He Sun, Xingwang Xu, Dongmei Tang, Qian Mao, and Yuguang Ma (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 109-119
Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Xiaoming Peng, Weidong Hui, and Quanxin Qin (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(1), 61-73; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877; Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Ao, S., Zhang, J., Qu, W., & Du, A. (2010). In-situ U–Pb, Hf and Re–Os isotopic analyses of the Xiangshan Ni–Cu–Co deposit in Eastern Tianshan (Xinjiang), Central Asia Orogenic Belt: constraints on the timing and genesis of the mineralization. Lithos, 120(3), 547-562.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Haiyang Zou, Tagen Dai, and Xiangzhao Hu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 565-568; Jincang Hua (2006): Sichuan Nonferrous Metals 2006(4), 26-29
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu County
Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108; Shengwei Wang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhenwen Liao, Bangguo Zhou, Maojin Luo, Yang Guo, Xiaofang Jiang, Huaping Zhu, Dong Ma, and Zhanwu Shen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1259-1276
    • Honghe
      • Jinping County
Chuanjie Pu, Dexian Qin, Hong Nian, Xueshu Zhang, Pirajno, F., and Zhuguo Fan (2007): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 26(4), 374-383.; Kaiji Yu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 19-25
    • Pu'er
      • Zhenyuan County
        • Laowangzhai orefield
          • Zhenyuan Mine
Zhang, H., Chai, P., Zhang, H., Hou, Z., Chen, S., Sun, Y., & Peng, Q. (2019). Two‐Stage Sulfide Mineral Assemblages in the Mineralized Ultramafic Rocks of the Laowangzhai Gold Deposit (Yunnan, SW China): Implications for Metallogenic Evolution. Resource Geology.
    • Qujing
      • Zhanyi District
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.; Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gill, B. C., Gazel, E., & Madrigal, P. (2016). Sulfur and carbon geochemistry of the Santa Elena peridotites: Comparing oceanic and continental processes during peridotite alteration. Lithos, 252, 92-108.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Šluknov
Vavřín, J. and Frýda, J. (1988) Pt-Pd-As-Te mineralizace na ložiskách měďnato-niklových rud z Kunratic a Rožan na Šluknovsku. Vestnik Ceskeho Geologickeho Ustavu: 73(2): 177-180.; Laufek, F., Drábek, M., Skála, R., Haloda, J., Táborský, Z., and Císařová, I. (2007) Vavřínite, Ni2SbTe2, a new mineral species from the Kunratice Cu–Ni sulfide deposit, Czech Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist: 45(5): 1213-1219.; http://geolib.geology.cz/cgi-bin/gw?ST=03&SID=00C788D51F&L=00&KDE=037&RET=Pt-Pd-As-Te+mineralizace+na+lo%C5%BEisk%C3%A1ch+m%C4%9B%C4%8Fnato-niklov%C3%BDch+rud+z+Kunratic+a+Ro%C5%BEan+na+%C5%A0luknovsku+%5C%5CAN3278000000034344%5C
Vavřín, J. and Frýda, J. (1988) Pt-Pd-As-Te mineralizace na ložiskách měďnato-niklových rud z Kunratic a Rožan na Šluknovsku. Vestnik Ceskeho Geologickeho Ustavu: 73(2): 177-180.; Haluzova, E., Ackerman, L., Pasava, J., Jonasova, S., Svojtka, M., Hrstka, T., and Veselovsky, F. (2015) Geochronology and characteristics of Ni-Cu-(PGE) mineralization at Rozany, Lusatian Granitoid Complex, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences: 60(4): 219-236.; http://geolib.geology.cz/cgi-bin/gw?ST=03&SID=00C788D51F&L=00&KDE=037&RET=Pt-Pd-As-Te+mineralizace+na+lo%C5%BEisk%C3%A1ch+m%C4%9B%C4%8Fnato-niklov%C3%BDch+rud+z+Kunratic+a+Ro%C5%BEan+na+%C5%A0luknovsku+%5C%5CAN3278000000034344%5C
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Kruuse Fjord
Econ Geol (1997) 92:490-501
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
Helmy, H. M. (2005). Melonite group minerals and other tellurides from three Cu–Ni–PGE prospects, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Ore Geology Reviews, 26(3-4), 305-324.
      • Wadi Allaqi District
        • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benishangul-Gumuz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
  • Oromia Region
    • Megado
A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Sotkamo
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kuusilampi - ZINC Database
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    • Suomussalmi
http://tupa.gtk.fi/karttasovellus/mdae/raportti/4_Hietaharju.pdf
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Sirkka kaivos - Gold Database
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Soretiavuoma N - Gold Database
    • Koillismaa Complex
Kojonen, K. and Iljina, M. 2001. Platinum-Group Minerals in the Early Proterozoic Kuusijärvi Marginal Series, Koillismaa Layered Igneous Complex, Northeastern Finland. In A. Piestrzynski et al. (eds). Proceedings of the sixth Biennial SGA-SEG meeting, Balkema Publishers, Lisse, pp 653-656
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
    • Sodankylä
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Pahtavaara - Gold Database
  • North Karelia
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Pudasjärvi
Karinen, Tuomo 2010. The Koillismaa intrusion northeasten Finland - evidence for PGE reef forming processes in the layered series. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 404
  • Northern Savonia
    • Leppävirta
Kojonen, Kari, Johansson, Bo and Pekkala, Lasse (2002) Leppävirran Rytkyn Ni-Cu sulfidimalmiaiheen malmimineraaleista. GTK:n arkistoraportit M41/3241/2002/1.
  • Ostrobothnia
    • Malax
Ervamaa, Pentti 1962.The Petolahti nickel-copper-pyrrhotite ore, Finland
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Sastamala
      • Vammala
Häkli,T.; Vormisto, K. 1985. The Vammala nickel-copper deposit in: The nickel-copper deposits of the Baltic Shield and Scandinavian Caledonides. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 333, 273-286.
  • South Karelia
    • Taipalsaari
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Telkkälä - NICKEL Database
  • Southern Savonia
    • Puumala
Tulokas, Tapani 1972.Puumalan nikkelimalmista.Outokumpu OY:n malminetsintä raportit 3/49 09/Tapani Tulokas/72
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Forssa
Kärkkäinen, Niilo, Leväniemi, Hanna, Kojonen, Kari, Huhta, Pekka, Tiainen, Markku (2016) Lempään gabbron nikkelimineralisaation tutkimus Forsassa vuosina 2013-2016. GTK, Malmivarannot, Raportti 63/2016.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Saint-Beauzire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Chilhac
          • Le Pouget - La Magdeleine area
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • Raon-l'Etape
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997, 27-28
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Alzen
Inventaire mineralogique de l'Ariege ( Edition BRGM 1984)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
          • Horbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen
      • Bürdenbach
[var: Beyrichite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p71]
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Obermoschel
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
  • Saxony
    • Bautzen District
      • Sohland an der Spree
Löffler, H.K. (1973): Einige Erkenntnisse zur Deutung der Pyrrhotin/Pentlanditvorkommen vom Typ: Sohland an der Spree (Oberlausitz).- Zeitschr. f. geologische Wissenschaften 1, 1619-1631
    • Vogtlandkreis
      • Limbach
Tröger, S. (2012): Der Steinbruch Reimersgrün im Sächsischen Vogtland. Lapis 37 (10), 32-39.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Km 3
            • Km 3 mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Vas County
    • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
WDS: Norbert Zajzon
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • East (Purbi) Singhbhum District
      • Mosaboni
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn460
S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
  • Maharashtra
    • Gondpipri complex
Dora, M., Singh, H., Kundu, A., Shareef, M., Randive, K., & Joshi, S. (2014). Tsumoite (BiTe) and associated Ni-PGE mineralization from Gondpipri mafic-ultramafic complex, Bastar Craton, Central India: mineralogy and genetic significance. Open Geosciences, 6(4), 506-517.
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).; Mishra, B., & Hazarika, P. (2016). Rare greenockite (CdS) within the chromite–PGE association in the Bangur Gabbro, Baula-Nuasahi Complex, Eastern India. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 1327-1334.
Prichard, H. M., Mondal, S. K., Mukherjee, R., Fisher, P. C., & Giles, N. (2018). Geochemistry and mineralogy of Pd in the magnetitite layer within the upper gabbro of the Mesoarchean Nuasahi Massif (Orissa, India). Mineralium Deposita, 53(4), 547-564.
Iran
 
  • South Khorasan Province
    • Birjand County
Abedi, A. (1999): Ore minerals in serpentinized rocks of the ophiolite complex in southeastern Birjand (Iran). Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii 41(5), 455-461 (in Russian).
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F. (2006). Xonotlite della Val Lanterna, Valmalenco (SO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (4), 254-255.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
  • Sicily
    • Syracuse Province
      • Buscemi
Manuella, F.C. (2011) Vein mineral assemblage in partially serpentinized peridotite xenoliths from Hyblean Plateau (south-eastern Sicily, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 80, 2, 247-266.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Fumo Valley
- D'Agnolo M. (1966): Manifestazioni uranifere connesse ad arenarie permiane nel Trentino sud-occidentale. In: Atti del Symposium Internazionale sui Giacimenti Minerari delle Alpi, Trento-Mendola, 11-18 settembre 1966. Regione Trentino-Alto Adige e CCIA, Arti Grafiche Saturnia, Trento, Vol. 2, 253-271. - Ravagnani D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani e i loro minerali. Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Ed., Milano, 188 pp.
      • Roncegno
Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013) : La miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Rosignano Marittimo
Bettini, G., Benucci, V., Cosmi, S. and Biagioni, C. (2018) Pentlandite. I campioni cristallizzati di Nibbiaia, Livorno. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42 (2), 142-144.
Japan
 
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Fujioka City
American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Hiyama Subprefecture
      • Hiyama District
        • Kaminokuni
Ishiyama, D. et al (1982) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 6, #2, 149-171.
    • Tokachi Subprefecture
      • Hiroo District
        • Hiroo-mura
Bamba, Takeo (1981) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits and Ores from the Oshirabetsu Mine, Tokachi Province, Hokkaido. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 19, no. 4, Februaly, 1981, pp. 415-438.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kamaishi City
Yoshihide Shiga (1983) Fe-Ni(-Co)-S- minerals in the Hayachine ultramafic rocks of the Kamaishi mining district, Northeastern Japan. Mining Geology 33:23-38
    • Kuji City
D Ishiyama, et al (2000) J. Min. Coll. Akita Univ., Ser. A, 3, no. 3, 105-127.
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Mine city
Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Abay
      • Maksut
Prokopyev, I.R., Izokh, A.E., Borisenko, A.S., Naumov, E.A., and Seltmann, R. (2010): Presented at the 11th International Platinum Symposium, June 21-24, 2010.
Mexico
 
  • Sinaloa
    • Badiraguato Municipality
      • Alisito
Panczner(1987):95-391.; American Mineralogist 28:257-271
New Zealand
 
  • Tasman Region
    • Aorere Goldfield
      • Richmond Hill
New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1999, Vol. 42: 189-204; Grapes, R. H., and G. A. Challis. "Gersdorffite with pentlandite, violarite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite, northwest Nelson, New Zealand." New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 42, no. 2 (1999): 189-204.
    • Pokororo
Gill, K.R., Johnston, M.R. (1970) The geology and nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation in the Graham Valley, North-West Nelson. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:2, 477-494.
    • Takaka
Challis, G.A., Grapes, R., Palmer, K. (1995) Chromian muscovite, uvarovite, and zincian chromite: products of regional metasomatism in Northwest Nelson, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(6), 1263-1284. Grapes, R.H., Challis, G.A. (1999) Gersdorffite with pentlandite, violarite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite, northwest Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42:2, 189-204.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Ichon County
      • Pangyo-myon
        • Yongdang-ni
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Chohsen Kohgyoh, 8, 10; Matsukuma, H. (1943) Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 30, 4.
    • Kosong County
      • Sudong-myon
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Chohsen Kohgyoh, 8, 10; Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, 24, 10.
North Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo Municipality
Đorđević, T., Kolitsch, U., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T. & Boev, B. (2017): Anomalous As-enrichment in gersdorffite in a realgar-rich environment: Lojane, Macedonia. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 163, 38 (abs.).
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Hurdal
Ihlen, P.M. (1978): Ore deposits in the north-eastern part of the Oslo region and in the adjacent Precambrian areas. In Neumann, E.-R- & Ramberg, I.B. (Eds.) Petrology and Geochemistry of Continental Rifts, 277-286
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Åvesland
Nixon, F. (1969) A/S Sulfidmalm Evje Iveland Project - Catalogue of Sulphide prospects. Bergvesenet rapport BV 994, 54p.
      • Flåt
Bjørlykke, H. (1947): Flåt nickel mine. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 168b, 1-39.
    • Tvedestrand
      • Østerå
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
  • Hedmark
    • Tynset
Thompson, J.F.H., Nixon, F. & Sivertsen, R. (1980): The geology of the Vakkerlien nickel prospect, Kvikne, Norway. Bull. Geol.Soc. Finland., 52, 3-21.
  • Rogaland
Riley, J.F. (1980): Ferroan Carrollites, Cobaltian Violarites, and Other Members of the Linnaeite Group: (Co,Ni,Fe,Cu)3S4. Mineralogical Magazine 43: 733-739; Jean-Clair Duchesne (editor)(2001): The Rogaland Intrusive Massifs - an excursion guide. NGU Report 2001.029
    • Karmøy
      • Ulvøya
Riley, J.F. (1980): Ferroan Carrollites, Cobaltian Violarites, and Other Members of the Linnaeite Group: (Co,Ni,Fe,Cu)3S4. Mineralogical Magazine 43: 733-739
  • Telemark
    • Bamble
      • Bamble Nickel Mines
        • Nystein
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
    • Kragerø
      • Valberg
Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 109-114
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Kautokeino
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. (p. 32).
    • Kvænangen
      • Burfjorddalen
Strand, G. S. (1975): Melonite (NiTe2) from the Middavarre Copper Deposit. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 61. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55: 299-302
    • Tromsø
      • Kvaløya
        • Kvaløya northeast
Pryadunenko, A., & Kullerud, K. (2015). Economical Potential of an Ultramafic Rock at the Kvaløya Island, North Norway. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 19-27). Springer, Cham.
  • Vestland
    • Osterøy
Bjørlykke, H. (1949): Hosanger Nikkelgruve. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 172, 1-38 + map.
Bjørlykke, H. (1949): Hosanger Nikkelgruve. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 172, 1-38
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Kohistan District (Abasin Kohistan; Indus Kohistan)
Miller, D., & Loucks, R. R. (1991). Platinum-group Element Mineralization in the Jijal Layered Ultramafic-mafic Complex, Pakistani Himalayas. Economic Geology, 86:1093-1102.
    • Swat District (Swat Valley)
Arif, M. (2003): Sulphides and sulpharsenides in the emerald-hosting rocks from the Indus suture zone in Swat, NW Pakistan. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 83, 261-271.
Arif, M. & Moon, C. J. (2007) Nickel-rich chromian muscovite from the Indus suture ophiolite, NW Pakistan: Implications for emerald genesis and exploration. Geochemical Journal, 41:475-482
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Central Luzon Region
      • Zambales Province
        • Santa Cruz
South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
    • Suwałki Co.
Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
Russia
 
  • Adygea
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
  • Amur Oblast
Gvozdev, V. I., Goryachev, N. A., Vakh, A. S., Fedoseev, D. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2013). Mineral composition of gold-bearing veins and typomorphic features of their minerals in the Kirovskoe deposit (Upper Amur region). Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 7(6), 403.
Peskov, A. Y., Didenko, A. N., & Guryanov, V. A. (2018). Paleoproterozoic Evolution of Mafic–Ultramafic Magmatism of the Kun-Manie Ore Field (Aldan-Stanovoy Shield): Evidence from Paleomagnetic Data. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 12(5), 341-353.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37; Woodl, B. L., & Popov, N. P. (2006). The Giant Sukhoi Log Gold Deposit, Siberia. Russian Geology and Geophysics Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 315-341; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Ognitite, NiBiTe, a new mineral species, and cobaltian maucherite from the Ognit ultramafic complex, Eastern Sayans, Russia (electronic preprint)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Gritsenko, Y.D., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 590-598.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Geology of Ore Deposits (2009) 50:755-762
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Orsoev, D.A. [Орсоев, Д.А.] (1985): Mineralogy of copper-nickel ores of the Lovnoozero deposit (Kola peninsula) [Минералогия сульфидных медно-никелевых руд Ловноозерского местророждения (Кольский полуостров)]. Candidate's degree thesis, USSR Academy of Sciences, Apatity, 253 pp. (in Russian).
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monche tundra intrusion
Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
    • Northern Karelia
Rudashevskii N S, Men'shikov Y P, Lentsi A A, Shumskaya N I, Lobanova A B, Goncharov G N, Tutov A G (1982) Vozhminite, (Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, 480-485.
Чернявский, А. В., Волошин, А. В., & Войтеховский, Ю. Л. (2013). ЗОЛОТОРУДНЫЕ ПРОЯВЛЕНИЯ ПАНАРЕЧЕНСКОЙ ВУЛКАНО-ТЕКТОНИЧЕСКОЙ СТРУКТУРЫ, КОЛЬСКИЙ РЕГИОН: ТИПЫ МИНЕРАЛИЗАЦИИ. МАТЕРИАЛЫ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ КОНФЕРЕЦИИ, 197.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
Zaikov, V.V., and Melekestseva, I.Y. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 151-174.
  • Permskaya Oblast
    • Gornozavodskii area
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Primorsky Krai
Kazachenko, V. T., Perevoznikova, E. V., Miroshnichenko, N. V., Karabtsov, A. A., & Solyanik, V. A. (2006, July). Metalliferous sediments of the Triassic cherty formation in the Ol’ga ore district of primorye: Tin-noble metal ores of a new genetic type. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 409, No. 2, pp. 847-852). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Lake Onega
      • Burakovskii Layered Complex
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Northern Karelia
Лавров, О. Б. (2013). Благороднометальная минерализация Cu-S руд Кааламского массива. In Золото Фенноскандинавского щита. Материалы межд. конф. Петрозаводск (p. 112).
  • Ryazan Oblast
    • Kasimov District
P.M. Kartashov data; Chukanov N V, Pekov I V, Levitskaya L A, Zadov A E (2009) Droninoite, Ni3Fe3+Cl(OH)8·2H2O, a new hydrotalcite-group mineral species from the weathered Dronino meteorite. Geology of Ore Deposits 51, 767-773
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan
USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p26
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Beryozovsky
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Tuva
    • Kaa-Khemsky District
Gas’kov, I. V. (2008). New data on the correlation of skarn and gold mineralization at the Tardan deposit (northeastern Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 49(12), 923-931.
  • Tyumen Oblast
Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Revúca District
      • Ploské
        • Hámor - Forovo
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
Háber,M., 1980: Mineralogische – geochemische und paragenetische Erfoschung hydrotermaler Gänge im Gebiet zwischen Prakovce und Kojšov (SGR). Záp.Karpáty – sér. Miner.,petrograf.,geochém., metalog., 7 – 131
Ferenc, Š., Uher, P., Spišiak, J., Šimonová, V. (2016): Chromium- and nickel-rich micas and associated minerals in listvenite from the Muránska Zdychava, Slovakia: products of hydrothermal metasomatic transformation of ultrabasic rock. Journal of Geosciences: 61: 239-254; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13130 (2016)
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Capricorn District
Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
    • Merensky Reef
Minerals of South Africa; Schwellnus, J. S. I., Hiemstra, S. A., & Gasparrini, E. (1976). The Merensky Reef at the Atok platinum mine and its environs. Economic Geology, 71(1), 249-260.
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Heinrich, E. (1970) The Palabora Carbonatitic Complex - a Unique Copper Deposit. Can Mineral 10:585-598
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
Minerals of South Africa
Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Junge, M., Oberthür, T., & Melcher, F. (2014). Cryptic variation of chromite chemistry, platinum group element and platinum group mineral distribution in the UG-2 chromitite: an example from the Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology, 109(3), 795-810.
  • Northern Cape
    • Pixley ka Seme
      • Siyancuma
        • Griekwastad
Gutzmer, J., Banks, D.A., Luders, V., Hoefs, J., Beukes, N.J. and von Bezing, K.L. (2003): Ancient sea-floor alteration of basaltic andesites of the Ongeluk Formation, South Africa: implications for the chemistry of Paleoproterozoic seawater. Chemical Geology 201, 37-53
South Korea
 
  • Gyeonggi Province
    • Kanghwa-gun
      • Yangas-myon
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, 24, 10.
    • Yeoncheon County
      • Wangjing-myon
        • Nodong-ni
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Chohsen Kohgyoh, 8, 10.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Las Herrerías
Navarro, A., & Cardellach, E. (2009). Mobilization of Ag, heavy metals and Eu from the waste deposit of the Las Herrerias mine (Almería, SE Spain). Environmental geology, 56(7), 1389-1404.
    • Málaga
      • Benahavís
Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Monesterio
Tornos, F., Galindo, C., Casquet, C., Pevida, L.R., Martínez, C., Martínez, E., Velasco, F., and Iriondo, A. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 737-769.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Cedeira
        • Teixidelo
Monterrubio, S. y Lunar, R. (1990). Mineralogía y química de los sulfuros de Ni-Fe-Cu asociados a las rocas ultramaficas de macizo de Herbeira (complejo de Cabo Ortegal, La Coruña). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 13-1, 47-48.
Monterrubio, S. y Lunar, R. (1990). Mineralogía y química de los sulfuros de Ni-Fe-Cu asociados a las rocas ultramaficas de macizo de Herbeira (complejo de Cabo Ortegal, La Coruña). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 13-1, 47-48.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Falun
      • Smedsbo
No reference listed
  • Norrbotten County
    • Boden
No reference listed
    • Kiruna
      • Vittangi
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten County
    • Norsjö
Mikael Jansson () Platinagruppens mineral vid nickeloch kopparmineraliseringarna kring Njuggträskliden
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Kresten,P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Albula Region
      • Albula Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 428.
          • Marmorera lake
Volker Dietrich (1972) Die sulfidischen Vererzungen in den Oberhalbsteiner Serpentiniten. Beitrage zur Geologie der Schweiz. Geotechnische Serie 49.
  • Ticino
    • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 255
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Geisspfad area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.
Tanzania
 
  • Kagera Region
    • Ngara District
Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Turkey
 
  • Bursa Province
    • Tavşanlı Zone
      • Orhaneli
Kabiru, M., Kumral, M., Kocaturk, H., Gumus, L., & Kaya, M. (2017, April). Geochemical, Petrological and Mineralogical Investigation of Nickeliferous Laterite Goynukbelen, Turkey. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 19, p. 13102).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Garrigill
    • Northumberland
      • Newbrough
  • Scotland
    • Shetland
      • Unst
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
UKJMM No5
Ukraine
 
  • Odessa Oblast
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Nechaev S & Pastukhov V (2001) Links between the Proterozoic anorthosite-rapakivigranite plutons and ore-forming events in the Ukrainian Shield (ores of titanium, uranium, rare metal and gold). in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Hoonah-Angoon Census Area
      • Juneau Mining District
        • Glacier Bay District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arkansas
    • Benton Co.
      • Rogers
Rocks & Min.: 63:106.
  • California
    • San Diego County
      • Julian Mining District
        • Julian
Short, Maxwell Naylor & E.V. Shannon (1930), Violarite and other rare nickel sulfides: American Mineralogist: 15: 8; Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30: 370; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report No. 3, 309 pp.: 196; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 70; Dana 7: I: 264; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
        • Gold Hill
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Rocks & Min.: 16:413; 22;205.; American Mineralogist 28:257-271
    • Larimer Co.
      • Masonville Mining District
        • Buckhorn Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Torrington (Wolcottville)
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.275
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
Rocks & Minerals Vol. 70, No. 4, p.256
Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Maine
    • Piscataquis Co.
      • Katahdin Iron Works
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Louisville
Econ Geol (1989) 84:663-675
      • Sykesville
        • Finksburg
Candela, Philip A., Wylie, Ann G., and Burke, Todd M. (1989) Genesis of the Ultramafic rock-associated Fe-Cu-Co-Zn-Ni deposits of the Sykesville District, Maryland Piedmont, Economic Geology, v 84, p. 663-675.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Dracut
Short, M. N. and Shannon, Earl V. (1930). Violarite and other rare nickel sulphides (American Mineralogist 15:1-22.
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
Dean Rossell and Steven Coombes ,April 29, 2005, THE GEOLOGY OF THE EAGLE NICKEL-COPPER DEPOSIT MICHIGAN, USA ; Kennecott Minerals Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • Cook Co.
American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
Desautels, P., Patelke, R., Maunula, T., & Belluz, N. (2007). Technical Report on the Northmet Deposit, Minnesota, USA.
  • Missouri
    • St. Louis Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • Montana
    • Garfield Co.
V.V. Sharygin et al. , Scientific Journal Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept. 2003, Vol. 44, N°9.
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Lost Mountain
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
USGS Prof Paper 1038; USGS Prof Paper 694; Canadian Mineralogist(1974) 12, 399-403
    • Sweet Grass Co.
Andersen, A. K., Zientek, M. L. and Parks, H. L.(2018) Base-metal and PGE Distribution in the Iron Mountain Area of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain Mining District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mountains
        • Bunkerville Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Bart Township
        • Gap
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 77.
  • Virginia
    • Floyd Co.
      • Lick Fork
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Wisconsin
    • Iowa Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley Mining District
Heyl, A., C. Milton & J. Axelrod (1959) Nickel minerals from near Linden, Iowa County, Wisconsin: American Mineralogist: 449 9+10): 995-1009
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 271.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 271.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 271.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309, 310 p.
    • Lafayette Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley Mining District
        • Benton
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 198
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • New Rambler Mining District
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Vietnam
 
  • Sơn La Province
    • Bac Yen District
      • Ban Phuc
Can Min 39, (2), 2001, 573-589
Zambia
 
  • North-Western Province
    • Mwinilunga District
Exploration and Mining Geology; July 2000; v. 9; no. 3-4; p. 277-287; DOI: 10.2113/0090277 / Economic Geology, August 1, 2003; 98(5): 893 - 909
  • Southern Province
    • Mazabuka District
      • Munali Intrusive Complex
Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland Central
    • Bindura District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.337-349 (1979)
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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