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Jinchuan Ni-Cu-PGE deposit (Baijiajuzi Ni-Cu-PGE deposit), Jinchuan District, Jinchang, Gansu, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Jinchuan Ni-Cu-PGE deposit (Baijiajuzi Ni-Cu-PGE deposit)Deposit
Jinchuan DistrictDistrict
JinchangPrefecture
GansuProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):金川镍铜铂族元素矿 (白家咀子镍铜铂族元素矿), 金川区, 金昌市, 甘肃省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 28' North , 102° 10' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.46667,102.16667
GeoHash:G#: wqbdufekx
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


The Proterozoic Jinchuan intrusion is located at the margin of the Sino-Korean massif. It intruded into late Archean metasedimentary rocks consisting of gneisses, chlorite-quartz schists, banded marbles and migmatites. The intrusion occurs as a NW oriented lens, over 6000 m long, approximately 200–300 m wide and more than 1100 m thick. The primary magma was a high-MgO basalt.

The intrusion chiefly consists of five rock types. In order of decreasing abundance these are lherzolite, dunite, plagioclase lherzolite, olivine websterite and websterite. It is subdivided in an upper layer (consisting of ultramafic cumulate: dunite and olivine-rich lherzolite), a lower layer (consisting of olivine-poor lherzolite, plagioclase lherzolite and websterite) and a marginal layer (consisting of websterite and chlorite-tremolite schists).

The deposit is divided into four segments by E–W to NE–SW trending strike-slip faults. Each of these segments comprises a mine; these are referred to as mines III, I, II and IV, from west to east. Most of the intrusion (mines I and II) is exposed, except for two isolated parts (mines III and IV) that are covered by Quaternary alluvium.

The sulfide ore bodies are situated in the middle and lower regions of the intrusion, with the major orebodies of Mines I and II accounting for more than 90% of the known Ni–Cu reserves in the deposit. Sulfide minerals generally increase in abundance towards the base of the complex. Nickel sulfides are the dominant ores; they are disseminated to net-textured, with sulfide contents ranging from 1-40% by volume. Massive sulfide ore is rare.

World's third largest Ni deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


67 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Li Xianhua, Su Li, Song Biao, and Liu Dunyi (2004): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(4), 420-422
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Zhongli Tang (1990): Geoscience 4(4), 55-65
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
'Apatite'
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Chusi Li, Zhanghua Xu, de Waal, S.A., Ripley, E.M., and Maier, W.D. (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39, 159-172.
'Biotite'
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Barnes, S.J. and Zhong-Li, T. (1999): Economic Geology 94(3), 343-356
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Qijia Zang and Keqiao Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 1-5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Qijia Zang and Keqiao Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 1-5
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
'Garnierite'
Reference: Shimpei Kano, Kuoxiong Sun, and Tsuyoshi Kitamura (1988): Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University 44(1), 15-30
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Qijia Zang and Keqiao Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 1-5
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Gold var: Platinian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pt)
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Economic Geology 87, 1475-1495 (1992)
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Chusi Li, Zhanghua Xu, de Waal, S.A., Ripley, E.M., and Maier, W.D. (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39, 159-172.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Chusi Li, Zhanghua Xu, de Waal, S.A., Ripley, E.M., and Maier, W.D. (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39, 159-172
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Zhongli Tang (1990): Geoscience 4(4), 55-65
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chusi Li, Zhanghua Xu, de Waal, S.A., Ripley, E.M., and Maier, W.D. (2004): Mineralium Deposita 39, 159-172.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Marakushev, A.A. (1999): Earth Science Frontiers 1999(1), 618.; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1475-1495
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30.; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1475-1495
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Platinum-rich
Reference: Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Description: Platinum-rich
Reference: Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Shimpei Kano, Kuoxiong Sun, and Tsuyoshi Kitamura (1988): Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University 44(1), 15-30
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Barnes, S.J. and Zhong-Li, T. (1999): Economic Geology 94(3), 343-356
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30.; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1475-1495
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Marakushev, A.A. (1999): Earth Science Frontiers 1999(1), 618; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1475-1495; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Minzhi Yang (2006): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 21(1), 1-9
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Shimpei Kano, Kuoxiong Sun, and Tsuyoshi Kitamura (1988): Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University 44(1), 15-30
'UM1989-25-S:FeNi'
Formula: Fe(Ni,Co)S2
Reference: Lu, J., Wang, N., Schmidt, S. (1989): Ore minerals: An experimental approach and new observations. IV. Nickel containing sulfides and related experimentation. Natural occurrences of Mss in the Fe-Ni-S ternarv svstem. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh.: 160: 46-50 (and 63-69 for references); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 434
'Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)'
Formula: (Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
'Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl
Reference: Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Kano Shimpei, Kitamura Tsuyoshi, Kitakaze Arashi, and Sun Kuoxiong (1990): Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University, 45(2), 99-104; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Economic Geology (1992) 87, 1475-1495; Rongfu Jiang (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38; Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
var: Platinian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pt)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrian Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Chlorite Group-
Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)-
Chrysolite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Garnierite-
Hypersthene-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
UM1989-25-S:FeNi-Fe(Ni,Co)S2
Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)-(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)-(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Maslovite2.12.3.12PtBiTe
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Chromite
var: Ferrian Chromite
-Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
'Chrysolite'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnierite'-
Gersdorffite
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
-(Ni,Co)AsS
Gold
var: Palladian Gold
-(Au,Pd)
var: Platinian Gold-(Au,Pt)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'UM1989-25-S:FeNi'-Fe(Ni,Co)S2
'Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)'-(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
'Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)'-(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
NaSodium
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S StibniteSb2S3
S TroiliteFeS
S UM1989-25-S:FeNiFe(Ni,Co)S2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
ClChlorine
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cl Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl
KPotassium
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Chromite (var: Ferrian Chromite)Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe UM1989-25-S:FeNiFe(Ni,Co)S2
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Co UM1989-25-S:FeNiFe(Ni,Co)S2
NiNickel
Ni Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Ni DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni UM1989-25-S:FeNiFe(Ni,Co)S2
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As SperrylitePtAs2
SeSelenium
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Frooditeα-PdBi2
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd Gold (var: Palladian Gold)(Au,Pd)
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Pd Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
Pd Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
Ag Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
SbAntimony
Sb GeversitePtSb2
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te MaslovitePtBiTe
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te TelluriumTe
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
Te Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt GeversitePtSb2
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt MaslovitePtBiTe
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pt Gold (var: Platinian Gold)(Au,Pt)
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au Gold (var: Palladian Gold)(Au,Pd)
Au Gold (var: Platinian Gold)(Au,Pt)
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Frooditeα-PdBi2
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Bi MaslovitePtBiTe
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi Unnamed (Ag-Pd Telluride Bismuthide)(Ag,Pd)(Te,Bi)
Bi Unnamed (Pd-Bi Chloride)(Pd,Pt)x(Bi,Te)yCl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3186908
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ruiqi Wang (1977): Occurrence of mackinawite and valleriite in a Cu-Ni sulfide deposit. Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47 (in Chinese).
Bilun Luo (1979): Classification of PGE deposit types and their prospecting directions. Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15 (in Chinese).
Qijia Zang and Keqiao Chen (1985): Djerfisherite discovered for the first time in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 1-5.
Enhuan Jia (1986): Geological characteristics of the Jinchuan Cu-Ni sulfide deposit in Gansu Province. Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shimpei Kano, Kuoxiong Sun, and Tsuyoshi Kitamura (1988): Constituent Minerals and Textures of Nickel-Copper Sulfide Ores from the Jinchuan Deposit, China. Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University 44(1), 15-30 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Zhongli Tang (1990): Minerogenetic model of the Jinchuan copper and nickel sulfide deposit. Geoscience 4(4), 55-65 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shimpei Kano, Tsuyoshi Kitamura, Arashi Kitakaze, and Kuoxiong Sun (1990): Valleriite, a Hybrid Layer Structure Mineral, from the Jinchuan Deposit, China. Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University, 45(2), 99-104.
Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2.
Economic Geology 87, 1475-1495 (1992).
Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): In situ quantitative analyses for PGE and Au in sulfide minerals of the Jinchuan Ni-Cu deposit by accelerator mass spectrometry. Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30.
Guo, W.W. and Dentith, M.C. (1997): Geophysical signature of the Jinchuan Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Gansu Province, China. Exploration and Mining Geology 6(3), 223-231.
Marakushev, A.A. (1999): Petrological models of chromite, platinum and sulfide ore formations. Earth Science Frontiers 1999(1), 618.
Barnes, S.J. and Zhong-Li, T. (1999): Chrome spinels from the Jinchuan Ni-Cu sulfide deposit, Gansu Province, People's Republic of China. Economic Geology 94(3), 343-356.
Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Occurrence state and distribution of platinum group elements in the Jinchuan Cu-Ni sulphide deposit. Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28.
Minwu Liu and Ying He (2003): A study of deep segregation and ore-forming process of Jinchuan nickel-copper sulfide deposit. Mineral Deposits 22(3), 301-308 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Rongfu Jiang (2003): Discussion on exploration orientation in the depth of Jinchuan mining area. Geology and Prospecting 39(5), 35-38.
Chusi Li, Zhanghua Xu, de Waal, S.A., Ripley, E.M., and Maier, W.D. (2004): Compositional variations of olivine from the Jinchuan Ni–Cu sulfide deposit, western China: implications for ore genesis. Mineralium Deposita 39, 159-172.
Li Xianhua, Su Li, Song Biao, and Liu Dunyi (2004): SHRIMP U-Pb zircon age of the Jinchuan ultramafic intrusion and its geological significance. Chinese Science Bulletin 49(4), 420-422.
Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 740 pp.
Ripley, E.M., Sarkar, A., and Chusi Li (2005): Mineralogic and Stable Isotope Studies of Hydrothermal Alteration at the Jinchuan Ni-Cu Deposit, China. Economic Geology 100(7), 1349-1361.
Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Genesis of the Jinchuan PGE deposit, China: evidence from fluid inclusions, mineralogy and geochemistry of precious elements. Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.
Linsu Lü, Jingwen Mao, Jun Liu, Gang Chen, Zuoheng Zhang, Guiqing Xie, and Ruiting Wang (2007): Geological characteristics, geochronology and tectonic settings of Neoproterozoic magmatic Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposits in China. Mineral Deposits 26(4), 397-416 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhenhua Zhao and Handong Qian (2008): Geochemical REE study of two kinds of ores in Jinchuan copper-nickel sulfide deposit. Mineral Deposits 27(5), 613-621 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jinjin Jiang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Zhiqiang Fu, Liang Wang, Jianquan Lu, Qixing Ai, and Hui Li (2013): Siderophile and chalcophile element geochemistry of no. 58 orebody in Jinchuan Cu-Ni sulfide deposit and its geological significance. Mineral Deposits 32(5), 941-953 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liang Wang, Liemeng Chen, Xieyan Song, Jinjin Jiang, Zhiqiang Fu, Yushan Wang, and Xiaoping Pan (2014): Geochemical characteristics of platinum group and chalcophile elements in No. 2 orebody of Jinchuan Cu-Ni sulfide deposit. Mineral Deposits 33(4), 727-741 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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