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About GeversiteHide

Professor Traugott Wilhelm Gevers
Light grey
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
10.97 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named by E.F. Stumpfl in 1961 in honor of Traugott Wilhelm Gevers (23 April 1900, New Hanover, Natal (now South Africa) - 1991), geologist who worked in Namibia for the Geological Survey of South Africa and later a professor at the University of Witwatersrand. Pronounced GĒ-VERZAIT.
Compare UM1975-17-Sb:PdPt. A possible Pd analogue is known as 'UM1978-21-Sb:Pd'.

Classification of GeversiteHide

First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.

12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of GeversiteHide

Light grey
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
VHN50=726 - 766 kg/mm2 - Vickers
10.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of GeversiteHide

Colour in reflected light:
Light gray

Chemical Properties of GeversiteHide


Crystallography of GeversiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.428 Å
Unit Cell V:
265.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Tiny grains

Type Occurrence of GeversiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National School of Mines, Paris, France.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Ultramafic platinum deposits

Other Language Names for GeversiteHide

Simplified Chinese:锑铂矿

Relationship of Geversite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Froodite2 photos of Geversite associated with Froodite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite2 photos of Geversite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Paolovite2 photos of Geversite associated with Paolovite on mindat.org.
Silver2 photos of Geversite associated with Silver on mindat.org.
Niggliite2 photos of Geversite associated with Niggliite on mindat.org.
Cabriite2 photos of Geversite associated with Cabriite on mindat.org.
Breithauptite1 photo of Geversite associated with Breithauptite on mindat.org.
Sudburyite1 photo of Geversite associated with Sudburyite on mindat.org.
Mooihoekite1 photo of Geversite associated with Mooihoekite on mindat.org.
Stannopalladinite1 photo of Geversite associated with Stannopalladinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Ni,Co,Fe)S2 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Sb)2 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Platinum ore

References for GeversiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Stumpfl, E.F. (1961) Some new platinoid-rich minerals, identified with the electron microanalyser. Mineralogical Magazine: 32: 833-847.
Fleischer, M. (1961) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 46: 1513-1520.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Brese, N.E., Schnering, H.G. (1994) Bonding trends in pyrites and a reinvestigation of the structures of PdAs2, PdSb2, PtSb2 and PtBi2. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie: 620: 393-404.

Internet Links for GeversiteHide

Localities for GeversiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
Johan, Z., Ohnenstetter, M., Slansky, E., Barron, L.M., Suppel, D. (1989) Platinum mineralization in the Alaskan-type intrusive complexes near Fifield, New South Wales, Australia. Part 1. Platinum-group minerals in clinopyroxenites of the Kelvin Grove prospect, Owendale intrusion. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40:4, 289-309.
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1937) Amesit(?), Baryt, Bornit, Chalkopyrit, Chromit, Hercynit, Hollingworthit, Ilmenit, Irarsit, Klinochlor, Laurit, Magnetit, Millerit, Pentlandit, Polydymit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Rutil, Sperrylith, Spinell, Violarit und Xenotim-(Y)(?) von Wolfsbach im nördlichen Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 246-249 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Styria
    • Leoben
      • St Stefan ob Leoben
        • Mitterberg
Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
Malitch, K. N., & Knauf, V. V. (2002). Diversity of PGM assemblages at Kraubath: a case study of mantle-derived chromitites from the Eastern Alps, Austria. In 9th International Platinum Symposium (Abstracts).
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J. A., Thalhammer, O. A., & Angeli, N. (2012). Platinum-group minerals in chromitites of the Niquelândia layered intrusion (Central Goias, Brazil): Their magmatic origin and low-temperature reworking during serpentinization and lateritic weathering. Minerals, 2(4), 365-384.
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Wadi Allaqi District
        • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
  • Lapland
    • Rovaniemi
Guice, G. L., Törmänen, T., Johanson, B., & Lahaye, Y. (2017). Offset-type PGE mineralisation in the Sotkavaara Intrusion, northern Finland: an association with zones of low-cr clinopyroxenite. Applied Earth Science, 126(2), 61-62.; Guice, G. L., Törmänen, T., Karykowski, B. T., Johanson, B., & Lahaye, Y. (2017). Precious metal mineralisation in the Sotkavaara Intrusion, northern Finland: Peak Pt, Pd, Au and Cu offsets in a small intrusion with poorly-developed magmatic layering. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 701-718.
    • Sodankylä
Lamberg, P., Välimaa, J., Parkkinen, J., & Kojonen, K. (2005). Structural, geochemical and magmatic modelling of the early Proterozoic Keivitsa Ni-Cu-PGE deposit in Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract. In 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume.; Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume; Ojala V.J., Weihed P. Eilu P. and Iljina, M. (Eds) 2007. Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield: Field trip guidebook. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 54, 98 pages, 52 figures and 7 tables.
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
  • Odisha
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
  • Sagaing Region
    • Monywa District
Hagen, D., Weiser, T., & Htay, T. (1990). Platinum-group minerals in Quaternary gold placers in the upper Chindwin area of northern Burma. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 265-286.
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Vik
      • Stølsheimen
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., Kolotilina, T. B., Vishnevsky, A. V., & Benedyuk, Y. P. (2013). PGE mineralization of dunite-wehrlite massifs at the Gutara-Uda interfluve, Eastern Sayan. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 162-175.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
No reference listed
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Northern Karelia
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Rudashevskii N S, Men'shikov Y P, Lentsi A A, Shumskaya N I, Lobanova A B, Goncharov G N, Tutov A G (1982) Vozhminite, (Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, 480-485.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Lake Onega
      • Burakovskii Layered Complex
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.; Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., Krause, J., Dvornik, G. P., Stanley, C., & Bindi, L. (2013). Platinum-group minerals (PGM) nuggets from alluvial-eluvial placer deposits in the concentrically zoned mafic-ultramafic Uktus complex (Central Urals, Russia). European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 519-531.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.); Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Danyushevsky, L. V., Nikolaev, G. S., Fiorentini, M. L., Gilbert, S., ... & Malyshev, A. (2016). Cu–Ni–PGE fertility of the Yoko-Dovyren layered massif (northern Transbaikalia, Russia): thermodynamic modeling of sulfide compositions in low mineralized dunite based on quantitative sulfide mineralogy. Mineralium Deposita, 51(8), 993-1011.
South Africa (TL)
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 32, 833-847; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Lydenburg
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Minerals of South Africa; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Klerksdorp
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Minerals of South Africa
  • Iringa Region
Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
  • Kagera Region
    • Ngara District
Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
  • Scotland
    • Shetland
      • Unst
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Badanina, Inna Yu. and Malitch, Kreshimir N. and Lord, Richard A. and Belousova, Elena A. and Meisel, Thomas C. (2015) Closed-system behaviour of the Re-Os isotope system recorded in primary and secondary platinum-group mineral assemblages : evidence from a mantle chromitite at Harold's Grave (Shetland ophiolite complex, Scotland). Ore Geology Reviews, 75. pp. 174-185
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Census Area
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Mineral and/or Locality  
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