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Vermilion Mine, Denison Township, Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 24' 56'' North , 81° 21' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.41556,-81.36139
GeoHash:G#: f0q0h9dqn
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Gold was discovered here in 1887 by Henry Ranger. The Vermilion mine was at first regarded as a gold mine, from the gold which was plentifully distributed in the gossan, and several thousand dollars worth was recovered.

It was in this gossan that Frank Sperry, chemist of the Canadian Copper Company, made the first identification of the arsenide of platinum, which was named "sperrylite" after the discoverer. Both the gossan and the solid ore were found to contain palladium as well as platinum, and 198.28 tons of ore, obtained in 1902, carried 4 ounces of palladium, 1.50 ounces of platinum, 0.33 ounce of gold, and 4 ounces of silver per ton.

In 1888 a 12-meter shaft was sunk by Robert Tough and J. Stobie. In 1898 three more shafts were sunk by the Canadian Copper Company. In 1902 diamond drilling and extraction of ore was carried out. In 1915 the original shaft was extended to 46 meters, with 44 meters of drifting and crosscutting on the 2nd level. The mine closed in 1917. Total recorded production was approx. 6500 tons of unknown grade. Sometime in the 1980's the dumps were removed and run through INCO's mill in Sudbury.

The orebody consisted of small irregular, high-grade shoots or veins varying from a few centimeters to 40 centimeters in diameter, distributed irregularly in fractured mafic metavolcanics (greenstones, quartzite, and norite) and metasediments. The longest ore shoot encountered was 12 meters long by 5 meters wide.

Lot 6, Concession 4.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Vermilion mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada

Regions containing this locality

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


52 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: http://www.ontariominerals.com
'Apatite'
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Reference: GAIT, R.L. & HARRIS, D.C. (1980): Arsenohauchecornite and tellurohauchecornite: new minerals in the hauchecornite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 877-878.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
'Biotite'
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.; K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003); American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lloyd Van Duzen
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145. Report of the Royal Ontario Nickel Commission 1917, p.155)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18; Rainer Mielke collection (SXRD-analysis Uwe Kolitsch)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18. P. 125.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada, P. 644.
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Very rare as grains to 1mm in white massive quartz adjacent a fault zone 5cm wide filled with violarite, chalcopyrite, grains of clear quartz, and the odd pyrite octahedron to 1mm.
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Hauchecornite
Formula: Ni9BiSbS8
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Molnar,Watkinson & Jones 2003
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Molnar,Watkinson & Jones 2003
Michenerite (TL)
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: HAWLEY, J.E. & BERRY, L.G. (1958): Michenerite and froodite, palladium bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 200-209. [TL1] CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & GAIT, R.I. (1973): Michenerite (PdBiTe) redefined and froodite (PdBi2) confirmed from the Sudbury area. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 903-912. CHILDS, J.D. & HALL, S.R. (1973): The crystal structure of michenerite, PdBiTe. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 61-65.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003); American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
'Monazite'
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2011
Naldrettite
Formula: Pd2Sb
Reference: Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D. P.G.
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: Pentlandite is very rare at the Vermilion Mine and occurs as 1-2mm thick stringers up to 1cm long in black biotite schist. It is also unusually silvery in color and does not show a parting. Violarite is the primary Ni mineral at the Vermilion whereas everywhere else in the Sudbury area pentlandite is and violarite is secondary.
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003); Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003); American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2013
Sperrylite (TL)
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Gait, R.I. (1982): Sperrylite from the type locality. Mineralogical Record 13: 159-160; Min Mag (1980) 43:877-878; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 11: 903-912.; Hawley, J.E. & Stanton, R.L. (1962): The Sudbury ores: their mineralogy and origin. Part II. The facts: The ores, their minerals, metals and distribution, Canadian Mineralogist 7, 30-145.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2014
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Molnar,Watkinson & Jones 2003
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Tennantite var: Annivite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
Violarite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: CLARK, F.W. & CATLETT, C. (1889): A platinoferrous nickel ore from Canada, Laspeyres’s (sic) polydymite. American Journal of Science 37, 372-374. SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Molnar,Watkinson & Jones 2003
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: K. Szentpeteri, Molnar,Watkinson & Jones (2003)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)2.BB.10Ni18Bi3AsS16
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hauchecornite2.BB.10Ni9BiSbS8
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Michenerite (TL)2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naldrettite2.AC.25dPd2Sb
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite ?2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite (TL)2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
var: Annivite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Violarite (TL)2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Annabergite'8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-tschermakite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
Biotite-
Bravoite-(Fe,Ni)S2
Chlorite Group-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Monazite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite ?2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite (TL)2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Michenerite (TL)2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite (TL)2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)3.2.5.4Ni18Bi3AsS16
Hauchecornite3.2.5.1Ni9BiSbS8
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite29.6.8.4(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
Ferro-tschermakite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Monazite'-
Naldrettite-Pd2Sb
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tennantite
var: Annivite
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
O Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
S ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MilleriteNiS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
S Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
Ni Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
As ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As SperrylitePtAs2
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
PdPalladium
Pd Frooditeα-PdBi2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd NaldrettitePd2Sb
Pd Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Sb NaldrettitePd2Sb
Sb Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
BiBismuth
Bi Tennantite (var: Annivite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2](As,Bi)4S13
Bi ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Frooditeα-PdBi2
Bi HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Orosirian
ⓘ Sudbury impact1850 ± 3 MaSudbury Complex (Sudbury irruptive; Sudbury nickel irruptive), Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 616126
Huronian Supergroup (2.2 Ga to 2450 Ma); Elliot Lake Group

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Elliot Lake Group

Comments: Southern and Superior Province

Lithology: Mafic, intermediate and felsic metavolcanic rocks, intercalated metasedimentary rocks and epiclastic rocks

Reference: Ontario Geological Survey. 1:250 000 scale bedrock geology of Ontario. ISBN 978-1-4435-5705-4. Miscellaneous Release–Data 126 - Revision 1. [1]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185030
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cobalt Group

Comments: Southern Province

Lithology: Mudstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Aminoff, G. and Parsons, A.L. (1928) Crystal structure of sperrylite. University of Toronto Studies, Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, 27, 5-10.
Cabri, L.J., Harris, D.C., and Gait, R.I. (1973) Michenerite (PdBiTe) redefined and froodite (PdBi2) confirmed from the Sudbury area. Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 903-912.
Childs, J.D. and Hall, S.R. (1973) The crystal structure of michenerite, PdBiTe. Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 61-65.
Clark, F.W. and Catlett, C. (1889) A platinoferrous nickel ore from Canada, Laspeyres’s (sic) polydymite. American Journal of Science, 157, 372-374 [violarite].
Gait, R.I. (1982) Sperrylite from the type locality. Mineralogical Record, 13(3), 159-160.
Gait, R.L. and Harris, D.C. (1980) Arsenohauchecornite and tellurohauchecornite: new minerals in the hauchecornite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 877-878.
Hawley, J.E. and Berry, L.G. (1958) Michenerite and froodite, palladium bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 6, 200-209. [TL1]
Short, M.N. and Shannon, E.V. (1930) Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist, 15, 1-22.
Wells, H.L. (1889) Sperrylite, a new mineral. American Journal of Science, 137, 67-70.
Penfield, S.L. (1889) On the crystalline form of sperrylite. American Journal of Science, 137, 71-73.
Szentpeteri, K., Molnár, F., Watkinson, D.H., and Jones, P.C. (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada. In: Eliopoulos D. et al (eds) Mineral exploration and sustainable development. Proceedings of the 7th Biannual SGA Meeting, Athens, Greece, vol. 1., 643-646 [http://abyss.elte.hu/users/molnar/cikkek/SGA%202003%20Szentpetery%20et%20al..pdf].


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