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The Ethiudna Mines, Mt Victor Plumbago Station, Olary Province, South Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 2' 59'' South , 139° 50' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.04972,139.83778
GeoHash:G#: r473wjdbb
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


The Ethiudna Mines, are a small group of (mainly copper) mines, which although originally listed as separate leases, were ultimately combined into one lease. They included ‘The Main Shaft’, ‘Central’, ‘Pipers’, ‘East’ and an officially un-named ‘Wollastonite deposit’.

As the mines are in such close proximity, and cover only a small area (57000 square metres), many fossickers may not even realise when they have moved from one lease to the next. For this reason we are listing this group of mines under the title ‘The Ethiudna Mines’, and listing each mine separately as a sub-locality. This way, specimens can still be posted, even if the exact lease is unknown by the collector. Obviously if the correct lease is known, please list your photos under the correct site.

Although not listed as such, it may be possible for any, or all minerals listed here to be found at any of 'The Ethiudna Mines'

Note: A small Cobalt bearing locality to the east of this group, ‘Ethiudna East Cobalt Mine’, is distinctly different from this locality. The cobalt bearing specimens are almost entirely restricted to this site, and only trace amounts are generally found in the ‘The Ethiudna Mines’.

The co-ordinates give here are for the 'Ethiudna Main Shaft'

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

49 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
'Agardite'
Reference: J Bosworth, Minsoc SA 1993 Excursion Report
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Grguric, B.A. (1992) The petrology, geochemistry and fluid history of calc-silicate rocks and associated primary Cu-Co mineralisation in the Ethiudna Mines area, Olary Province, South Australia. Unpublished Honours thesis, University of Adelaide.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: No reference listed
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
'Cupro-Asbolane'
Reference: No reference listed
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Noble, R. J., Just, J. and Johnson, J. E. (1983): Catalogue of South Australian Minerals.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: J Bosworth, Minsoc SA 1993 Excursion Report
'Jeffersonite'
Formula: Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 978
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: J Bosworth, Minsoc SA 1993 Excursion Report; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 978; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Grguric, B.A. (1992) The petrology, geochemistry and fluid history of calc-silicate rocks and associated primary Cu-Co mineralisation in the Ethiudna Mines area, Olary Province, South Australia. Unpublished Honours thesis, University of Adelaide.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Grguric, B.A. (1992) The petrology, geochemistry and fluid history of calc-silicate rocks and associated primary Cu-Co mineralisation in the Ethiudna Mines area, Olary Province, South Australia. Unpublished Honours thesis, University of Adelaide.; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: http://brokenhillmineralclub.wikispaces.com/Field+Trips+2008
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: J Bosworth, Minsoc SA 1993 Excursion Report
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: J Bosworth, Minsoc SA 1993 Excursion Report
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Grguric, B.A. (1992) The petrology, geochemistry and fluid history of calc-silicate rocks and associated primary Cu-Co mineralisation in the Ethiudna Mines area, Olary Province, South Australia. Unpublished Honours thesis, University of Adelaide.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 978; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
'Scapolite'
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 978
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 973; Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Conichalcite'8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Cornwallite'8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Chloritoid'9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinoenstatite'9.DA.10MgSiO3
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Danalite' ?9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-
'Cupro-Asbolane'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hornblende-
Jeffersonite-Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Psilomelane-
Scapolite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite ?76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Agardite'-
'Apatite'-
'Cupro-Asbolane'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Jeffersonite'-Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Psilomelane'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni NickelNi
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Statherian
1600 - 1800 Ma



ID: 826529
Saltbush Subgroup

Age: Statherian (1600 - 1800 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Saltbush Subgroup

Description: Psammopelite, schistose; psammite layers, locally graded; minor tourmalinite; Mn-coticules and iron formation near base

Comments: metasedimentary siliciclastic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Metasedimentary siliciclastic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184292
Paleoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Broken Hill Camp; Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Quartzite; granulite grade orthogneiss/paragneiss/metavolcanic gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gee, L.C.E. & Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Campana, B., & King, D., (1958), Regional Geology and Mineral Resources of the Olary Province - Bulletin 34, Primary Industries and Resources SA, Adelaide.
Waterhouse, J. D. (1971). The geology of the Walparuta and Ethiudna Mine areas, Olary Province, South Australia.
Record of mines (1980), Summary card No:59, Olary S 5402
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Numbers: 973, 974, 975, 979, & 1051

External Links


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