Km-3 Mine, Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium), Lavrion District Mines, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||37° 43' 8'' North , 24° 2' 1'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||37.71889,24.03361|
|Köppen climate type:||Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate|
A small ancient mine working a Ni deposit west of the town of Lavrion, situated close to the "Km 3" milepost on the road from the town of Lavrion to the village of Agios Konstantinos (formerly Kamareza), around 2.5 km from each.
One of the most famous localities within the Lavrion district, known for the world's best annabergite specimens, with bright green crystals reaching 1 cm. Most well-crystallized specimens are the Mg-rich variety termed "cabrerite" (obsolete name), showing bright apple-green color.
Specimens can still be found in the dumps.
This locality actually consists of several individual places where different minerals can be found. A planned future revision will separate these into distinctive localities.
The literature mentions also unnamed adits "in the vicinity of km-3" (e.g. Hanke, 1998), in one of which gordaite was found.
Notes on the mineral list: Glaukosphaerite has been described by Schnorrer & Breitenbach (1996). However, specimens of "glaukosphaerite" from this locality which have been fully analysed have turned out to be rosasite. It is therefore in doubt whether most of the glaukosphaerite in collections actually are correctly identified.
70 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
145 - 201.3 Ma
|Jurassic intrusive and metamorphic terranes|
Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)
Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.
Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. 
Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.