LIVE REPORT! The 49th Treasures of the Earth Show - Albuquerque, New Mexico - last updated 9 minutes ago. Click here to watch.
Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Km-3 Mine, Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium), Lavrion District Mines, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 43' 8'' North , 24° 2' 1'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.71889,24.03361
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

A small ancient mine working a Ni deposit west of the town of Lavrion, situated close to the "Km 3" milepost on the road from the town of Lavrion to the village of Agios Konstantinos (formerly Kamareza), around 2.5 km from each.

One of the most famous localities within the Lavrion district, known for the world's best annabergite specimens, with bright green crystals reaching 1 cm. Most well-crystallized specimens are the Mg-rich variety termed "cabrerite" (obsolete name), showing bright apple-green color.
Specimens can still be found in the dumps.

This locality actually consists of several individual places where different minerals can be found. A planned future revision will separate these into distinctive localities.
The literature mentions also unnamed adits "in the vicinity of km-3" (e.g. Hanke, 1998), in one of which gordaite was found.

Notes on the mineral list: Glaukosphaerite has been described by Schnorrer & Breitenbach (1996). However, specimens of "glaukosphaerite" from this locality which have been fully analysed have turned out to be rosasite. It is therefore in doubt whether most of the glaukosphaerite in collections actually are correctly identified.

Mineral List

70 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

145 - 201.3 Ma

ID: 3186246
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

252.17 - 298.9 Ma

ID: 3131052
Permian schist

Age: Permian (252.17 - 298.9 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Schist group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.

External Links

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 18, 2018 00:10:57 Page generated: February 26, 2018 18:48:20
Go to top of page