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Londonderry Li deposit (Londonderry Feldspar Quarry; Fraser's Find; Frazer's Find; Scahill's Quarry), Nepean, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 6' 48'' South , 121° 4' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -31.11355,121.07569
GeoHash:G#: qdqngpuwk
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


"At Londonderry, south of Coolgardie, a large microcline feldspar pegmatite dyke ... is a potential source of the lithium minerals lepidolite and petalite" (Geol. Austral. Ore Deposits, 1953, p. 76).

Located near Nepean, Bouchers, and Miriam deposits. A feldspar quarry located 19 km South of Coolgardie (Bridge & Pryce, 1974).

Specimens previously listed as "lepidolite" from this locality have all proved to be trilithionite. This was confirmed by EDS analysis.

Frasers Find on Mindat is the old name for the Londonderry deposit, named after Hugh Fraser who discovered it in 1909. The deposit has been listed on Mindat in the past incorrectly as Frazer's Find. Known in its early days of mining from 1929 as Scahill's Quarry.

The deposit contains two quarries and two large white mullock hills. It has been a source of many specimens over the years.

Mining first took place in 1929 by the Australian Glass Manufacturers Company for microcline feldspar. In 1947 the second quarry was opened for feldspar mining, while quarry 1 reverted to petalite mining. By 1948 the quarries had produced 37,535 tonnes of microcline, 72 tonnes of beryl and 320 kilograms of tantalite-columbite. Australian Glass Manufacturers Company was purchased by the Australian Consolidated Industries in 1974, then Unimil Pty Ltd purchased the quarry in 1980. They mined the deposit irregularly until 1987. The mine was nearly exhausted and they battled to find a market for the material which was often contaminated with other minerals. In 1986, Commercial Minerals Ltd purchased the quarries for $40,000 with the intention of switching their operations from the Mukinbudin Feldspar Quarries which were nearing exhaustion. After much exploratory work, the deposit was viewed as uneconomic, placed under care and maintenance, and then their licences surrendered in 1999. A small operation crushing mullock for road gravel continues at the site.

The pegmatite is complex accounting for the range of species. From the top down the zones are a border zone of fine-grained albite-quartz-garnet, albite-quartz-muscovite zone, microcline-quartz-muscovite zone in quarry 2, petalite quartz and petalite-quartz-albite-muscovite zone in quarry 1, albite-quartz-muscovite zone mixed with albite-quartz-beryl, quartz-microcline-Li-micas, albite-microcline-quartz-muscovite zone, and a footwall border zone of fine-grained albite-quartz-garnet.

Specimens of petalite are most likely from the mining process and are large cleavage blocks, transparent, white to pearly white. Petalite pseudomorphs are likely from the dumps, and are often misidentified by dealers, so a brief description follows, from most to least common.

Albite-quartz or albite (also known as hornstone) are fine-grained white rocks showing a crystal orientation to the c-axis of the original petalite cleavage. Quartz-cookeite and quartz-albite pseudomorphs are soft fine-grained in lilac, light green or multicoloured. Prehnite-quartz pseudomorphs are 80% prehnite, and by hand analysis look like solid prehnite, light green, transparent to 4 cm. Eucryptite-quartz pseudomorphs were first discovered here in 1963, are pale pink and more rarely dark glassy brown, and fluoresce a pale begonia colour under short-wave UV light. Eucryptite makes up the majority of some specimens. Rarest are spodumene-quartz pseudomorphs and are fine-grained and grey in colour.

Various other species are found, the descriptions of some found below. While the writer didn't find any, pictures exist of ixiolite black fan-shaped intergrown crystals from a centre point to 7 cm in length. Minor ferrocolumbite and ball zinnwaldite. White, light green, yellow and pinkish beryl crystals to 17 cm, although good crystals are rare. Purple ball trilithionite advertised usually just as lepidolite. Lepidolite is common in pegmatites of the region. Bavenite was discovered here in 1948 and initially misidentified as a new species duplexite. It pseudomorphs beryl crystals within a matrix of cleavelandite, and also as pearly white to light green fan-shaped interlocking crystals and finally in bow-tie format. Bityite is found associated with bavenite as grain sized reflective plates. Also discovered here in 1948 and misidentified as a new species bowleyite. Peter Bridge discovered moraesite in the mullock in 1956, as tufts of delicate needles, and at the time it was only the fourth known occurrence of the species. In 1977, Peter Bridge also discovered a new species from material collected in the 1940s, and together with Jiri Just analyzed the species but their paper was never published. In 1981, Marshukova et al. published a paper on the species and the IMA approved the name natanite (FeSn(OH)6). There are many other species in collections from these quarries.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Londonderry, Western Australia, Australia

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


41 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
'Apatite'
Reference: M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B. Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Eugene Carmichael collection. Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Jacobson, M.I. (1997) The Coolgardie Pegmatite Field. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 3:2, p.95.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Carroll. J (2002)
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'commodity:Feldspar'
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Pinch, W.W. (1978) Rare minerals report. Mineralogical Record, 9(2): 113-114.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Mushistonite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natanite
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection. Nestola, F., Mills, S.J., Periotto, B., Scandolo, L. (2013): The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3007-3017.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, R. W. (1992) Zeolites of the World, p.455,
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Topaz ?
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
Trilithionite
Formula: K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Specimens previously listed as "Lepidolite" from this locality have all proved to be trilithionite. This was confirmed by EDS analysis.
Reference: Peter Keller Collection
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mushistonite4.FC.10(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Natanite4.FC.10Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Moraesite8.DA.05Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Eastonite9.EC.20KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz ?9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Trilithionite9.EC.20K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
Biotite-
Lepidolite-
Pyrochlore-
Stilbite subgroup-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Zinnwaldite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)3
Mushistonite6.3.6.6(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Natanite6.3.6.3Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Moraesite42.6.1.1Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz ?52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Eastonite-KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Lepidolite'-
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Pyrochlore'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Trilithionite-K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
H NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
O NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Alkali-beryl)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
VVanadium
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Sn NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
BiBismuth
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 822471
mafic intrusive rocks 74263

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Mafic intrusive rocks, medium to coarse-grained; layered mafic to ultramafic intrusions - dolerite, gabbro, olivine gabbro, peridotite, pyroxenite, leucogabbro, quartz dolerite, quartz gabbro, gabbronorite

Comments: igneous mafic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3192291
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bridge, P.J. and Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 308, 847-849.
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., and Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
Edwards, A.B. (ed.) (1953) Geology of Australian ore deposits: fifth Empire Mining and Metallurgical Congress, Australia and New Zealand, 1953, a symposium arranged by a Committee of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1,290 pages.


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