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Penguin Mine (Penguin silver mine), Penguin, Central Coast municipality, Tasmania, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Penguin Mine (Penguin silver mine)Mine
Penguin- not defined -
Central Coast municipalityMunicipality
TasmaniaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 6' 59'' South , 146° 5' 18'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Penguin4,042 (2014)1.4km
Sulphur Creek425 (2015)6.0km
Ulverstone9,604 (2014)9.3km
Cuprona164 (2014)10.2km
Gawler575 (2014)10.3km


A small abandoned silver-lead-copper mine on the foreshore about 1km east of Penguin, with a filled shaft still visible.

Host rocks are Cambrian brecciated volcanics, of the Mt Read Volcanics Formation. Mineralisation comprises small sulphide veins and stockworks, with chlorite, dolomite, quartz, albite and epidote. Sulphides include galena, sphalerite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and arsenopyrite. The mineralisation is also anomalous in Co and Ni.

The mine was found by James "Philosopher" Smith (who later found Mt Bischoff) in the 1860s (one of the first base metal mineral deposits recorded in Tasmania), and worked till about 1903. There is little mineralisation visible in the present outcrops, bar a little copper staining and pyrite. Some loose boulders in the vicinity of the shaft do contain some interesting mineralisation, with galena, arsenopyrite, sphalerite and other sulphides. The sulphides show some secondary mineralisation, including some pink very finely fibrous cobal-bearing koettigite. This loose material presumably came from the near-filled shaft at the high water mark, or possibly another filled shaft further in land. It is under investigation at present.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Thylacine Province, Tasmania, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: M Latham collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Harcourt Smith, J. (1898) Report on the Penguin and Dial Range mineral fields. Mineral Resources Tasmania, MRT Document OS-133.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Harcourt Smith, J. (1898) Report on the Penguin and Dial Range mineral fields. Mineral Resources Tasmania, MRT Document OS-133.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: M Latham collection
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Co & Ni bearing
Reference: R Bottrill, unpub. data, 2018
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 829290
mafic volcanic rocks 38495

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Description: Volcanic rocks, predominantly mafic; basalt, trachyte, trachybasalt, trachyandesite, leucitite, basanite, nephelinite, limburgite, rhyolite, tuff and high level intrusives; rare volcaniclastic sediments

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Tertiary
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 3191514
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Comments: East Australia Cainozoic Volcanic Belt

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
FitzGerald, F.G. (1993) Pasminco Exploration, EL 9/92 Dial Range Annual Report, July 1992 - June 1993. Mineral Resources Tasmania TCR 93-3447.
Harcourt Smith, J. (1898) Report on the Penguin and Dial Range mineral fields. Mineral Resources Tasmania, MRT Document OS-133.
Burns, K.L. (1964) Geological Survey Explanatory Report, One Mile Geological Map Series, K/55-6-29, Devonport. Tasmania Department of Mines, MRT Document ER8115N.
Hall, K.M., Taylor, C.P. (1968) Investigation of Five Aeromagnetic Anomalies, E.L. 15/65, Sheffield, Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania, Company Report - Onshore 68-0502.
Twelevetrees, W.H. (1905) Report on North-West Coast mineral deposits. Mineral Resources Tasmania, MRT Document OS-231.
Tasminex N.L. (1972) Exploration Licence 9/72, Dial Range Area, Prospecting Report. Mineral Resources Tasmania, Company Report - Onshore 72-0898.
Hewitt, W.V. (1968) Geophysical Survey Penguin Beach EL 15/65 Sheffield, Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania, Company Report - Onshore 68-0521.
R Bottrill, 2018 Unpub. MRT report.

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