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Iron Monarch open cut, Iron Knob, Middleback Range, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 44' 40'' South , 137° 8' 21'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.74472,137.13944
GeoHash:G#: r41t8xjbh
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


An open pit iron mine (now abandoned).
Famous for a wealth of well-crystallised phosphates.

Recently (2013) Arrium Mining (part of the BHP group), was given permission to re-open both the Iron Monarch and Iron Princess open cut pits, to retrieve an estimated (@YEJ2013) 9.2Mt @ 60.6% Fe - Iron Monarch, and (@YEJ2013) 8.6Mt @ 57.8% Fe - Iron Princess.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Iron Monarch, Iron Knob, South Australia, Australia
Iron Monarch open cut, Iron Knob, South Australia, Australia

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


164 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Allactite
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pilkington, E.S., Segnit, E.R., Watts, J., and Francis, G. (1979) Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 93-95.; England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (BSE image of alunite crystals on goethite from the locality on p. 130).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
'Apatite'
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: South Australian Museum Collection
Arsenoclasite
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
'Biotite'
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; [MinRec 29:164]
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Bracewellite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: No reference listed
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Francisite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Reference: Amer.Min.(1990) 75, 1421-1425; Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39. ; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Gatehouseite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1993) 57, 309-313; NM 90-94 (1997); HB4 (2000); Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Peter Elliott (pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 2011)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein.; England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (BSE image of alunite crystals on goethite from the locality on p. 130).
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313; Quast, K. (2012). Some surface characteristics of six hematite ores from the Middleback Range area, South Australia. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing, 1(2), 73-83.; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Min Rec 12:106n, 22:(387); Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Kleemanite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Francis, G., and Segnit, E. R. (1981). Lepidocrocite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Aust. Min. NO. 36, 187-8.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Quast, K. (2012). Some surface characteristics of six hematite ores from the Middleback Range area, South Australia. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing, 1(2), 73-83.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Description: Glyn Francis in his book, 'Minerals of Iron Monarch' lists Manganite as: "Pseudomorphs of pyrolusite after manganite were common in the western and northern side of the orebody, particularly between RL216 and RL150. Crystals reached up to 5cm in length, but were commonly less than 1cm, and covered areas of fractures and cavities up to 40cm across. In 1983, a search to find manganite which had not been altered was undertaken, and even though material was collected from every locality in the quarry, and any material that had even a slightly different habit was obtained, ALL material was found to be altered to pyrolusite. In 1987, the Mn-carbonate area on RL130 was exposed, small (less than 1mm) crystals of unaltered manganite had grown in cavities with calcite and rhodochrosite near the western edge of this zone. These black lustrous crystals represent the only valid manganite found anywhere in Iron Monarch, and manganite can be classed locally as a rare mineral.
Reference: Francis, G.L., (2010), Minerals of Iron Monarch, Onesteel, Whyalla, South Australia.
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch.
Metaswitzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Habit: flat-lying blades to several mm
Colour: pearly lilac
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch. OneSteel, Whyalla, Australia, 165 pp; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Middlebackite (TL)
Formula: Cu2C2O4(OH)2
Reference: Pring, A., Kolitsch, U. and Francis, G. (2000): Additions to the mineralogy of the Iron Monarch deposit, Middleback Ranges, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 6, 9-23. [as "UK05"]; Elliott, P. (2016): Middlebackite, IMA 2015-115. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016; Mineralogical Magazine 80. [http://mineralchallenge.net/carbon-mineral-challenge-update-spring-2016-four-new-minerals-found/]
Millisite
Formula: (Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; [MinRec 29:164]
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Pring A, Gatehouse B M, Birch W D (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 75, 1421-1425
Nissonite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Paravauxite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Quast, K. (2012). Some surface characteristics of six hematite ores from the Middleback Range area, South Australia. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing, 1(2), 73-83.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reference: A. Pring, U. Kolitsch and G. Francis (2000): Additions to the mineralogy of the Iron Monarch deposit, Middleback Ranges, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 6, 9-23; Pring, A. (1998): Selenides and sulfides from Iron Monarch, South Australia. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1998, 36-48; Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1989): Pyrobelonite, arsenoklasite, switzerite and other recent finds at Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 4, 49-55; Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; Pring, A., Slade, P. G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Shigaite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 56, 417-19; Segnit, E. R. & Francis, G. (1983): Secondary phosphate minerals from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 1, 243-50.; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: Glyn Francis lists Manganite as: "Pseudomorphs of pyrolusite after manganite were common in the western and northern side of the orebody, particularly between RL216 and RL150. Crystals reached up to 5cm in length, but were commonly less than 1cm, and covered areas of fractures and cavities up to 40cm across. In 1983, a search to find manganite which had not been altered was undertaken, and even though material was collected from every locality in the quarry, and any material that had even a slightly different habit was obtained, ALL material was found to be altered to pyrolusite. In 1987, the Mn-carbonate area on RL130 was exposed, small (less than 1mm) crystals of unaltered manganite had grown in cavities with calcite and rhodochrosite near the western edge of this zone. These black lustrous crystals represent the only valid manganite found anywhere in Iron Monarch, and manganite can be classed locally as a rare mineral.
Reference: Glyn Francis book; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313; Quast, K. (2012). Some surface characteristics of six hematite ores from the Middleback Range area, South Australia. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing, 1(2), 73-83.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Quast, K. (2012). Some surface characteristics of six hematite ores from the Middleback Range area, South Australia. International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing, 1(2), 73-83.
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: No reference listed
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: A. Pring et al.: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1401-1410 (2005)
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: No reference listed
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Seamanite
Formula: Mn2+3[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39. ; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39. ; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Switzerite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Description: All switzerite from Iron Monarch is found to be metaswitzerite (Pring et al (2000). Switzerite is no longer a valid species at Iron Monarch (Francis 2010)
Reference: Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch. OneSteel, Whyalla, Australia, 165 pp; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Triploidite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein; Pring A, Birch W D (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 309-313
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: [MinRec 12:106]; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Reference: www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Frost, Ray L. & Xi, Yunfei (2012) A vibrational spectroscopic study of the phosphate mineral Wardite NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4•2(H2O). Spectrochimica Acta Part A : Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 93, pp. 155-163. ; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Waterhouseite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8
Reference: A. Pring et al.: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1401-1410 (2005)
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
Weberite
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
'Whiteite'
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Whiteite-(MnMnMg) (TL)
Formula: MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Found at the eastern side of the Iron Monarch Quarry (130 m level).
Reference: Elliott, P. (2016) Whiteite- (MnMnMg), IMA 2015-092. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 202. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 12:106]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bohdanowiczite'2.JA.20AgBiSe2
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Eucairite2.BA.50AgCuSe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Guanajuatite2.DB.05Bi2Se3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
'Bismoclite'3.DC.25BiOCl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Weberite3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Bracewellite'4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Francisite (TL)4.JG.25Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Beyerite'5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Bismutite'5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Seamanite6.AC.65Mn2+3[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Allactite'8.BE.30Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
'Arsenoclasite'8.BD.10Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
'Autunite'8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
'Bermanite'8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Calderónite'8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Faustite8.DD.15(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Gatehouseite (TL)8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kleemanite (TL)8.DC.17ZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metaswitzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Millisite8.DL.10(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Nissonite8.DC.05Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Paravauxite8.DC.30Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrobelonite8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Switzerite ?8.CE.25(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Triploidite8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Waterhouseite (TL)8.BE.85Mn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Braunite'9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Pennantite9.EC.55Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Middlebackite (TL)-Cu2C2O4(OH)2
Psilomelane-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Whiteite-
Whiteite-(MnMnMg) (TL)-MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Eucairite2.4.6.2AgCuSe
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Guanajuatite2.11.2.4Bi2Se3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
ø = 2
Bohdanowiczite3.7.1.2AgBiSe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Bracewellite6.1.1.5CrO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Weberite11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Francisite (TL)34.6.6.1Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Metaswitzerite40.3.5.2Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Switzerite ?40.3.5.4(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)2Zq
Allactite41.2.1.1Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Arsenoclasite41.4.1.1Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Gatehouseite (TL)41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyrobelonite41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Triploidite41.6.3.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Millisite42.7.9.1(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Nissonite42.7.5.1Cu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Faustite42.9.3.3(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)42.11.2.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kleemanite (TL)42.11.12.2ZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Paravauxite42.11.14.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Seamanite43.4.5.1Mn2+3[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Pennantite71.4.1.8Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)72.4.1a.2Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Calderónite-Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Middlebackite (TL)-Cu2C2O4(OH)2
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Psilomelane'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Waterhouseite (TL)-Mn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8
'Whiteite'-
Whiteite-(MnMnMg) (TL)-MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H BracewelliteCrO(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
H Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
H Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SassoliteH3BO3
H SeamaniteMn32+[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H WaterhouseiteMn72+(PO4)2(OH)8
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BBoron
B SassoliteH3BO3
B SeamaniteMn32+[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnataseTiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BracewelliteCrO(OH)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O FrancisiteCu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
O Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O QuartzSiO2
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SassoliteH3BO3
O SeamaniteMn32+[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O WaterhouseiteMn72+(PO4)2(OH)8
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
FFluorine
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Na Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Mg Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Al Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
P ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P SeamaniteMn32+[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P WaterhouseiteMn72+(PO4)2(OH)8
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl FrancisiteCu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr BracewelliteCrO(OH)
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
Mn ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn SeamaniteMn32+[B(OH)4](PO4)(OH)2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Mn WaterhouseiteMn72+(PO4)2(OH)8
Mn Whiteite-(MnMnMg)MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Cu EucairiteAgCuSe
Cu FrancisiteCu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MiddlebackiteCu2C2O4(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu UmangiteCu3Se2
Cu VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
As ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
SeSelenium
Se BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se EucairiteAgCuSe
Se FrancisiteCu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Se GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se UmangiteCu3Se2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag EucairiteAgCuSe
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Bi FrancisiteCu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl
Bi GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 904953
Middleback Subgroup

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Middleback Subgroup

Description: Jaspilite; quartzite; gneiss; quartz-mica schist; dolomitic marble

Comments: sedimentary non-carbonate chemical or biochemical; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary non-carbonate chemical or biochemical

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3192844
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Gawler Craton

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mines, SA, Energy, SA, Australia, GS & Sa, PI (1955) The Geology and Iron Ore Resources of the Middleback Ranges Area - Bulletin 33, Primary Industries and Resources SA, Adelaide.
Johnson, J.E. and Scrymgour, J.M. (1975) Minerals of South Australia, Extract from South Australian Yearbook 1975. Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Pilkington, E.S., Segnit, E.R., Watts, J., and Francis, G. (1979) Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 93-95.
Ludbrook, N.H. (1980) A Guide to The Geology and Mineral Resources of South Australia. Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Record of mines (1980) Summary card No:29, Port Augusta SI 5304.
Drexel, J.F. (1982) Mining in South Australia: A Pictorial History. South Australian Department of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia.
Noble R.J., Just, J., and Johnson J.E. (1983) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983. Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Segnit, E.R. and Francis, G. (1983) Secondary phosphate minerals from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, 1, 243-250.
Dallow, L. (1983) Fossickers Guide to Gold, Minerals and Gemstones of South Australia. Graphinity Pty. Ltd, Victoria, Australia.
Pring, A., Francis, G., and Birch, W.D. (1989) Pyrobelonite, arsenoklasite, switzerite and other recent finds at Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, 4, 49-55.
Pring, A., Gatehouse, B.M., and Birch, W.D. (1990) Francisite, Cu3Bi(SeO3)2O2Cl, a new mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 75, 1421-1425.
England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (BSE image of alunite crystals on goethite from the locality on p. 130).
Pring, A., Francis, G., and Birch, W.D. (1992) Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, 6, 31-39.
Pring, A., Slade, P.G., and Birch, W.D. (1992) Shigaite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56, 417-19.
Pring, A. and Birch, W.D. (1993) Gatehouseite, a new manganese hydroxy phosphate from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 309-313.
Pring, A. (1998) Selenides and sulfides from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1998, 36-48.
Pring, A., Kolitsch, U. and Francis, G. (2000) Additions to the mineralogy of the Iron Monarch deposit, Middleback Ranges, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 6, 9-23.
Pring, A., Kolitsch, U., and Birch, W.D. (2005) Description and unique crystal structure of waterhouseite, a new hydroxy manganese phosphate species from the Iron Monarch deposit, Middleback Ranges, South Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 1401-1410.
Francis, G.A. (2010) Minerals of Iron Monarch. OneSteel, Whyalla, Australia.
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3002.

External Links



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