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Ilmenorutile

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Formula:
Fe
 
x
(Nb,Ta)
 
2x
· 4Ti
 
1-x
O
 
2
Colour:BlackHardness:6 - 6½
A variety of Rutile

A Nb-bearing Rutile (see also Niobian Rutile); compare also the Ta-bearing variety "strüverite".

Originally reported from Pit No. 59, Ilmen Mts, Chelyabinsk Oblast', Urals Region, Russia.

Classification of Ilmenorutile

Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.03-10

4 : Oxides & Hydroxides
D : Oxides with metal : oxygen = 1:2 (MO2 and related compounds)
03 : Rutile group, Ilmenorutile - Strüverite series
Dana 8th edition ID:4.4.1.2

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
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Type Occurrence of Ilmenorutile

Type Locality:Vein No. 140 (Selyankino village), Buldym Lake, Vishnevye Mts (Vishnyovye; Cherry), Chelyabinsk Oblast', Southern Urals, Urals Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1854

Physical Properties of Ilmenorutile

Colour:Black
Hardness (Mohs):6 - 6½

Chemical Properties of Ilmenorutile

Formula:
Fe
 
x
(Nb,Ta)
 
2x
· 4Ti
 
1-x
O
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Fex(Nb,Ta)2x·4Ti1-xO2
Essential elements:Fe, Nb, O, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Fe, Nb, O, Ta, Ti

Other Names for Ilmenorutile

Other Languages:
German:Ilmenorutil
Russian:Ильменорутил
Simplified Chinese:铌铁金红石
钛铁金红石
黑金红石
Traditional Chinese:鈮鐵金紅石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ilmenorutile

Reference List:

- +
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1964): 101: 142-172.

Metodicheskie Mineralogicheskie Issledovaniya (Nauka Press, Moscow): 39-50.

Burke, Ernest A.J. (2007) A Mass Discreditation of GQN Minerals. Canadian Mineralogist: 44(6): 1557-1560.

Internet Links for Ilmenorutile

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  • Specimens:The following Ilmenorutile specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Ilmenorutile

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    • Victoria
      • East Gippsland Shire
        • Omeo
          • Mt Wills Mining District
            • Glen Wills
    Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
        • Nanutarra Station
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
      • Mukinbudin Shire
        • Mukinbudin
    www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_best_shots/Pegmatites_shots.html.
      • Perenjori Shire
        • Karara Conservation Reserve
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
      • Upper Gascoyne Shire
        • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press Perth 2007
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
      • Yalgoo Shire
        • Noongal Station
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Koralpe
        • Deutschlandsberg
          • Wildbachgraben
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Upper Austria
      • Mühlviertel
        • Perg
          • St Georgen an der Gusen
    Brandstetter, G. & M. Reich (1998): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachr. 13, 11-25; Brandstetter, G. & Reich, M. (1999): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. Mineralien-Welt 10 (3), 12-18.
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Cerro Huañaquino
    Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
    Brazil
     
    • Ceará
      • Icozinho
    Revista Brasileira de Geociências 21(1):34-40 (1991).
    Burundi
     
    • Cibitoke Province
    Lehmann, B. & Timm, F. (1992): Primäre Gold-Mineralisation im Raum Ruhembe/NW-Burundi. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Geologie, 38, 107-108.
    Canada
     
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Mallery Lake
    Turner, W.A., Richards, J.P., Nesbitt, B.E., Muehlenbachs, K., and Biczok, J.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 442-457.
    • Ontario
      • Renfrew Co.
        • Lyndoch Township
    ontariominerals.com
    • Québec
      • Montréal
    TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Nanping Prefecture
        • Yanping District
    Wenying Wang, Yueqing Yang, Cheghu Chen, and Jinghuang Zhu (1999): Geology of Fujian 18(3)
    • Hubei Province
      • Shiyan Prefecture
        • Zhushan Co.
    Shi Li (1980): Geochimica 9(4), 345-355
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
    Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Kaiyi Wang, and Wilde, S.A. (2004): Ore Geology Reviews 25, 301-309.; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
      • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
        • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
          • Baerzhe complex
    Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Longnan Co.
    Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
    No reference listed
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
        • Sikait-Zabara region
    Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
    Finland
     
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Somero
    Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp
    France
     
    • Aquitaine
      • Pyrénées-Atlantiques
        • Aramits
          • Ance
    MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
    MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
    • Brittany
      • Côtes-d'Armor
        • Plounévez-Quintin
          • Trémargat
    Germain C., Guillou A. (1988), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-7
    • Corsica
      • Haute-Corse
        • Corte
    H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
    French Polynesia
     
    • Tuamotu-Gambier
      • Tuamotu Archipelago (Tuamotus)
        • Mururoa Lagoon
          • Françoise
    Ch. Wagner et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 523-534.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Vilshofen
    Habel, M. (2011): Neufunde aus dem östlichen Bayerischen Wald (VIII). Mineralien Welt. 22 (1),80-87
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
              • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
        • Niederzissen
          • Glees
    Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Biesig
    T. Witzke & T. Giesler (2001): Neufunde aus Sachsen (VII): Bazzit, Bertrandit, Euxenit-(Y), Powellit und andere aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz.- Lapis 26 (1), 43-48
        • Weißenberg
          • Döbschütz
    T. Witzke & T. Giesler (2001): Neufunde aus Sachsen (VII): Bazzit, Bertrandit, Euxenit-(Y), Powellit und andere aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz.- Lapis 26 (1), 43-48
      • Vogtland
        • Klingenthal
          • Kielberg
    Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Vigezzo Valley
            • Druogno
              • Orcesco
    Mattioli V. (1987) - Novità mineralogiche in Val d'Ossola - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, pp.1-11
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Campo nell'Elba
    Mineralogical Record, 16 (5), 353-363.
    P. Orlandi, P.B. Scortecci (1985) - Minerals of the Elba pegmatites. - Min. Rec., 16: 353-363
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Fukushima Prefecture
          • Koriyama
    Igawa, M. & Kimura, K. (1937), Nihon Kagakukaisha, 58, 644-648.
    • Shikoku Island
      • Kochi Prefecture
        • Tosashimizu City
    Imaoka & Nakajima (1991) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 58.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
    Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Analamanga Region
        • Ankazobe Pegmatite Field
          • Ankazobe District
    Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Antsirabé 2 District
          • Sahanivotry Manandona Commune
    Besairie H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, p. 71
        • Betafo District
          • Fidirana Commune
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 231
          • Mahaiza Commune
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871.
          • Tritriva Commune
    Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse.
        • Faratsiho District
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Minéralogie de Madagascar. Tome I. Paris. p 225-231 + planche 8
        • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
          • Sahatany Valley
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
    Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ambositra District
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p, p.231
    • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
      • Betsiboka Region
        • Tsaratanàna District
          • Berere Pegmatite Field
    Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
    Malawi
     
    • Zomba District
    Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21
    Malaysia
     
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p322]
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Uvs Aimag
      • Zavkhan Soum
    http://web.archive.org/web/20050613081149/http://www.mram.mn/orduud-r.htm
    Mozambique
     
    • Nampula Province
      • Nampula
    António Manuel Ináçio Martins photo and specimens.
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
    North Korea
     
    • Kangwon Province
      • Cholwon-gun
        • Kalmal-myon
          • Kuntal-li
    Hideo Tsuda: "Supplement to "Minerals of Korea"" (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
    Norway
     
    • Akershus
      • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
        • Minnesund
    Kvamsdal, L.O., Eldjarn, K. (2006): Mineralene i smaragdgruvene ved Byrud gård, Minnesund, Norge. STEIN 33 (4), 4-20
    • Aust-Agder
      • Arendal
        • Tromøy
    Schetelig, J.(1913): Mineralogische Studien, I, Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 2: 3-37
    Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6. 1-162 [p.44]
        • Landsverk
    Andersen (1931, p. 91); Neumann (1985, p. 72).
        • Undeland (Unneland)
    Schetelig, J. (1922): Thortveitit- Ein scandiumsilikat, (Sc, Y)2Si2O7. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 51-87
    Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6. 1-162 [p.45]
        • Eptevann
    Schetelig, J. (1913): Mineralogische Studien, I. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 2: 3-37 (p. 11)
        • Frikstad
    Barth, T.F.W. (1931). Feltspat III. Forekomster i Iveland og Vegusdal i Aust-Agder og i flere herreder i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse nr 128b, 111-150; Neumann (1985, p. 72).
        • Håverstad
    Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
    Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
    Neumann, H. (1961): The scandium content of some Norwegian minerals and the formation of thortveitite, a reconnaissance survey. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 47: 197-210: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 72
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 72).
        • Ljosland
          • Knipan (Knipane)
    Schetelig, J. (1922): Thortveitit- Ein scandiumsilikat, (Sc, Y)2Si2O7. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 51-87
        • Omdal
    Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
        • Støledalen
    Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
        • Tveit
    Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München; Müller, A., Kearsley, A., Spratt, J. and Seltmann, R. (2012): Petrogenetic implications of magmatic garnet in granitic pegmatites from Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 50,1095-1115
    Schetelig, J. (1913): Mineralogische Studien, I. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 2: 3-37.[ p.11]; Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
      • Risør
        • Søndeled
    Schetelig, J. (1913): Mineralogische Studien I. 2. Ilmenorutil. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 2: 11-13
      • Tvedestrand
    Brøgger, W.C. (1906): Die Mineralien der Südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge, I. Niobate, tantalate, titanate und titanoniobate. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1906, 6,[on ilmenorutile p. 46]
    • Nordland
      • Hamarøy
        • Finnøy
    Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
      • Tysfjord
    Dittrich, H. (1980): Die pegmatite von Drag an Tysfjord-Norwegen. Aufschluss 31: 103-111
    • Telemark
      • Drangedal
        • Tørdal
    Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
      • Tokke
    Jan Andersen specimen (analyzed by A.O.Larsen & A.Åsheim)
    Portugal
     
    • Faro District
      • Monchique
        • Monchique
          • Nave
    Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by SEM-EDS.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Polar Yakutia
    S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Vitim Plateau
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Tuva Republic
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Ilmen Mts
            • Ilmen Natural Reserve
    Dana 7:I:761.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p322]
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
            • Buldym Lake
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Saudi Arabia
     
    • Mintaqah Tabuk
      • Midyan
    Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
    Sierra Leone
    Specimen obtained via Vandal King from old MM collection.
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
        • Hnilec
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
        • Sutherland
    Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
      • ZF Mgcawu District
    Minerals of South Africa
    South Korea
     
    • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
      • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
        • Joongwon-gun
          • Mt. Eorae
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
      • Yangpyong-gun
        • Yangdong-myon
    Hideo Tsuda: "Supplement to "Minerals of Korea"" (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Córdoba
        • Hornachuelos
    Calvo B., Gonzalez del Tanago Chanrai J.,Gonzalez del Tanago y del Rio J., (1991), "Los minerales y la mineria de la Sierra Albarrana y su entorno", ENRESA. Madrid, 203 pp
    Sweden
     
    • Norrbotten
      • Pajala
        • Naakajärvi
    Falk, L. & Einarsson, Ö. (1988): Kvartsfyndigheterna vid Naakajärvi. Grävning och hammarborrningsrapport. Datum: 1988-08-25. Sveriges Geologiska AB, Rapport ID-nr: PRAP 88044
    • Småland
      • Oskarshamn
    Zetterqvist, A. (1991): Imenorutil nytt mineral för Sverige.(1991): B & M Notiser. Berg & Mineral (Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 2, p.12
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
      • Pamir Mts
        • Pyandzh River Valley
          • Kukh-i-Lal (Kukhilal; Kuhi-lal)
            • Gem spinel Deposit
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    Williamson, B.J., Stanley, C.J., and Wilkinson, J.J. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 119-128.
    Ukraine
     
    • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
      • Priazovie
        • Eliseevka
          • Eliseevskoe pegmatite field
    Lazarenko E.K. e.a. Mineralogy of Priazovie, - Kiev, "Naukova Dumka", 1981, p. 432.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • Iditarod District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
        • Innoko District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
        • McGrath District
    US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF); Alaska Geological Survey Public-data F i l e 86-15
    • Arizona
      • Mohave Co.
        • Aquarius Mts (Aquarius Range; Peacock Range)
    Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:236-237; Brown, TJ, "Geology & Geochemistry of the Kingman Feldspar, Rare Metals and Wagon Bow Pegmatites" (2010). University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1280.
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Magnet Cove
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • California
      • Tulare Co.
    Anthony R. Kampf;
    • Colorado
      • Chaffee Co.
        • La Plata District (Winfield District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Dailey District (Jones Pass District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; USGS Open-File Report 80-661
      • El Paso Co.
        • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Fremont Co.
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Lake Co.
        • Climax District
          • Climax
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park Co.
    Van King
        • Tarryall Springs District (Puma City)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Saguache Co.
        • Marshall Pass District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Albany
    King, V. (ed.), 2009, Maine feldspar, Families, and Feuds
    • Massachusetts
      • Essex Co.
        • Gloucester
    P. Cristofono collection
    • New Hampshire
      • Carroll Co.
        • Conway
          • Redstone
    Caruso, Louis; Simmons, Gene (1985). Uranium and microcracks in a 1,000-meter core, Redstone, New Hampshire (Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp.1-17)
    • Virginia
      • Augusta Co.
        • Parnassus
    Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
    • Wisconsin
      • Marathon Co.
        • Nine Mile pluton
    Cordura, W http://www.uwex.edu/wgnhs/Mineral%20Index/Minerals/ilmenorutile.htm
        • Wausau pluton
          • "Rotten granite" quarries
    www.uwrf.edu/~wc01
    Thomas Buchholz, 1999 "Minerals of a Wausau Pegmatite, Marathon County, Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals, vol .74 #4, p. 254 - 258.
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