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Mixite

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Formula:
BiCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
System:HexagonalColour:pale green, blue-green, ...
Lustre:VitreousHardness:3 - 4
Member of:Mixite Group
Name:Named by Albrecht Schrauf in honor of Anton Mixa [November 23, 1838 Pribram, Czech Republic - July 21, 1906 Pribram, Czech Republic], a mining engineer and administrater in government service through the Austria-Hungary Empire and who was Czech mining director of Příbram at Jáchymov, Czech Republic.


Mixite Group.

A rare secondary mineral in the oxidized zones of copper-bismuth deposits.

Classification of Mixite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.53-90
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DL.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
L : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.5.1.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.6.5

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
6 : Arsenates of Bi
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Type Occurrence of Mixite

Type Locality:Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal), Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal), Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge), Karlovy Vary Region, Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen), Czech Republic
Year of Discovery:1879
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SmaltiteBismutiteBismuth

Occurrences of Mixite

Geological Setting:Secondary mineral in oxidationn zone of copper-bismuth deposits.

Physical Properties of Mixite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Silky in aggregates.
Colour:pale green, blue-green, emerald-green, white; light green to colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:Pale bluish green
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Density (measured):3.79 - 3.83 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.04 g/cm3

Crystallography of Mixite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Class (H-M):6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:P63/m
Cell Parameters:a = 13.646(2) Å, c = 5.92Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.434
Unit Cell Volume:V 954.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Crystals acicular, elongated along [0001] and deeply striated vertically. Commonly occurs matted or as radial aggregates with a partial concentric fibrous structure or cross-fiber veinlets.

Optical Data of Mixite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.743 - 1.749 nε = 1.810 - 1.830
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.067

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:O = Colourless
E = Bright green

Chemical Properties of Mixite

Formula:
BiCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6·3H2O
Essential elements:As, Bi, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Bi, Cu, H, O

Relationship of Mixite to other Species

Member of:Mixite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Agardite-(Ce)
CeCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Agardite-(Dy)
(Dy,La)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Agardite-(La)
(La,Ce)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Agardite-(Nd)
NdCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Agardite-(Y)
(Y,Ca)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Calciopetersite
CaCu
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Goudeyite
(Al,Y)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Petersite-(Ce)
Cu
 
6
Ce(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
·3H
 
2
O
Petersite-(Y)
(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Plumboagardite
(Pb,REE,Ca)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Zálesíite
(Ca,Y)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
Common Associates:
SmaltiteMalachiteErythriteBismutiteBismuth
BaryteAtelestite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DL.05Foggite
CaAl(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DL.10Cyrilovite
NaFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DL.10Millisite
(Na,K)CaAl
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
9
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.10Wardite
NaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Nd)
NdCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Y)
(Y,Ca)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,HAsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Ce)
CeCu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Agardite-(La)
(La,Ce)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Goudeyite
(Al,Y)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Petersite-(Y)
(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Zálesíite
(Ca,Y)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Plumboagardite
(Pb,REE,Ca)Cu
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.15Calciopetersite
CaCu
 
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DL.20Cheremnykhite
Pb
 
3
Zn
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(TeO
 
6
)
8.DL.20Dugganite
Pb
 
3
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(TeO
 
6
)
8.DL.20Kuksite
Pb
 
3
Zn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(TeO
 
6
)
8.DL.20Wallkilldellite-(Mn)
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
8.DL.20Wallkilldellite-(Fe)
(Ca,Cu)
 
4
Fe
2+
6
(AsO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 18H
 
2
O
8.DL.25Angastonite
CaMgAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.6.1Rooseveltite
Bi(AsO
 
4
)
20.6.2Preisingerite
Bi
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
O(OH)
20.6.3Arsenobismite
20.6.4Atelestite
Bi
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)O(OH)
20.6.6Walpurgite
(BiO)
 
4
(UO
 
2
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O

Other Names for Mixite

Other Languages:
German:Mixit
Russian:Миксит
Simplified Chinese:砷铋铜矿
Spanish:Mixita
Traditional Chinese:砷鉍銅石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mixite

Reference List:

- +
Frenzel (1875) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 42 (as Chlorotile).

Schrauf (1880) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 4: 278.

Hillebrand and Washington (1888) American Journal of Science: 35: 298.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 111.

Gordon (1925) Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia: 77: 1.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 943-944.

Walenta, K. (1960) Chlorotil und Mixit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 223–236 (in German).

American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 1039.

Mereiter, K., and A. Preisinger (1986) Kristallstrukturdaten der Wismutminerale Atelestit, Mixit, und Pucherit. Anzeiger der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Anzeiger: 123: 79–81 (in German).

Journal of the Czech Geological Society, Prague (1997): 42(4): 37.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 380.

Internet Links for Mixite

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  • Look for Mixite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Mixite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project[Link Broken?]
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Mixite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Find Mixite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Mixite specimens
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Mixite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Specimens:The following Mixite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Mixite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • San Juan
      • Calingasta Department
        • Calingasta
    Lapis 8(4), 25 (1983)
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
            • Yudnamutana District
    Personal collection of Mark Willoughby
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Clarendon
    Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
    • Western Australia
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Rudall River District
    Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
    Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Äußere Wimitz
    G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G. & Auer, C. (2010): 1618) Bleihaltiger Agardit-(La) und Brookit von der Äußeren Wimitz, St. Veit an der Glan, Gurktaler Alpen. P. 203 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Santa Catalina
          • Guanaco (Huanaco)
    V. Sapienza collection
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    No reference listed
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 944; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991), 487.
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 54
        • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
          • Slavkovský Les Mtn
    Sejkora, J., Gabasova, A., Novotna, M. (1997): Mixite from Smrkovec near Marianské Lazné. Bull.Mineral.-Petrol.Odd.Nar.Muz.(Praha), 4-5, 185-187
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Dubí (Eichwald)
    Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
          • Krupka (Graupen)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    Jiří Sejkora, Petr Pauliš, Radana Malíková, Miroslav Zeman & Václav Krtek (2013): Supergenní minerály As ze štoly č. 2 Preisselberg, rudní revír Krupka (Česká republika) [Supergene As minerals from the Gallery No. 2, Preisselberg, the Krupka ore district (Czech Republic)]. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 21, 201-209.
            • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
          • Munster
    Thierry Brunsperger.
          • Wintzenheim
    J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
          • Zimmerbach
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997; Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Carantec
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Padern
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, Bulletin de l'Association Française de Microminéralogie, 1985, N° 3, pp. 3-6.
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    [Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
    Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • Upper Moselle Valley
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
        • Val-d'Ajol
          • Faymont
            • Les Roches valley - Bois de la Vèche area
    J.C. Escande, Z. Johan, J. Lougnon, P. Picot, F. Pillard : "Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 398-399.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    Georges Favreau - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
        • Najac
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N°7, p127-128
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    [UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
    CLAUDE Jean Marie Collection and trouvaille personnelle
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Alpirsbach
    Aufschluss 1986(11), 370ff.
        • Bad Rippoldsau
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Baiersbronn
          • Schönegründ
    No reference listed
        • Calw
          • Neubulach
    P Haas collection
        • Freudenstadt
          • Hallwangen
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 944.
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
          • Hinterohlsbach
    No reference listed
        • Hausach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Hornberg
          • Niederwasser
    Schrenk, D. (2000): Die Minerale des Steinbruchs 'Blessing' bei Hornberg. Erzgräber, 14 (1), 10-17.
        • Nordrach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Offenburg
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Pforzheim
          • Würm
    Lapis, 18 (2), 13-24
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
            • Burgfelsen
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 944.
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 1513-1518. 1996
            • Wüstenbächle
    Aufschluss 1981(5), 176
        • Schiltach
          • Stammelbach valley
    [Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
        • Zell am Harmersbach
          • Biberach
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Harmersbach valley
            • Schottenhöfe
    No reference listed
      • Odenwald
        • Schriesheim
          • Ursenbach
    PETITJEAN collection
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Hösbach
            • Sailauf
              • Hartkoppe
    see locality page
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Gadernheim
    Am Min 79:764-765.
          • Reichenbach
            • Borstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN;
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    [MinRech 27:465]
            • Hohenstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
    Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
            • Teufelsstein
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Wernigerode
          • Hasserode
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Johanngeorgenstadt District
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
        • Schmiedeberg
    Thomas Witzke
        • Schneeberg District
    Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen.
          • Neustädtel
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Beierfeld
    Lapis, 16 (6), 13-20+58.
          • Langenberg
            • Graul
              • Gottes Geschick Vereinigt Feld Mine
    http://www.dergraul.de
      • Vogtland
        • Oelsnitz
    Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
        • Zobes-Bergen District
          • Zobes U deposit
            • Mechelgrün
    Matthies, A. (2009): Mechelgrün im Sächsischen Vogtland: Uranmineralien als Haldenfunde. Lapis 34 (3), 41-43.
    • Thuringia
      • Vogtland
        • Hirschberg
          • Ullersreuth
    T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
    Germany & Czech Republic
     
    • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
    Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101.; Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Bureš, B. & Dvořák, Z. (2009): Nové mineralogické nálezy na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 23-30 (in Czech with English abstract).
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
              • Hilarion area
    No reference listed
    Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28.
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    Geoda 2012/I.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Bagnolo Piemonte
          • Ortieul
    Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio", Ed., Alba, 366 pp.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Viù Valley
            • Usseglio
    Boscardin M.,Gaetani E.,Mattioli V. (1994)-Olivenite ed altre novità di Punta Corna,Valle di Viù,Piemonte-Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,Milano-Fasc. 2,pp 113-121
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fiemme Valley
          • Predazzo
    Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
    • Tuscany
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Nakatsugawa City
            • Hirukawa
              • Tohgane mine (Togane mine)
    Matsubara et al (1992) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 87, 147-148.
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. del Oro
        • Santa María del Oro (El Oro)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 944.
    • Zacatecas
      • Mun. de Concepción del Oro
        • Concepción del Oro
    Panczner(1987).
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    VIÑALS, J., CALVO, M., and MARTÍ, J. (2004): Parnauita, paratacamita y otros minerales secundarios de Cerro Minado, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 2, 5, 47-49.(in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
    • Extremadura
      • Badajoz
        • Valle de la Serena
    Sainz de Baranda Graf, B. (2013): El Complejo Minero San Nicolás, Valle de la Serena (Badajoz). Revista de Minerales, V-3.
    • Madrid
      • Colmenarejo
    Jimenez R., Joda L., Jorda R., Prado P. (2004) - Madrid: la mineria metallica desde 1417 hasta nuestros dias. Bocamina, n°14, pp: 52-89.
    • Murcia
      • Mazarrón-Águilas
        • Pastrana
    Lapis 2002(11), 29
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Villahermosa del Rio
          • San Rafael claim
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Saint-Luc
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 56; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Le Trient Valley
        • Les Marécottes
    - Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
              • Clitters United Mines
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Lapis 11(2), 29-32 (1986)
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Austell District
          • St Stephen-in-Brannel
            • St Stephen
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
          • Tywardreath
    Peter Trebilcock, collected August 2009
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear-Gwithian
            • Fraddam
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Hayle
            • Great Wheal Alfred (Alfred Consols)
    Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Southern Fells
            • Waberthwaite
    [MinRecord 29:164]; BMS Collection
    • Scotland
      • Dumfries & Galloway (Kirkcudbrightshire)
        • Needle's Eye
    BMS Database; R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Tombstone Hills
          • Tombstone District
    Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6.
      • Gila Co.
        • Dripping Spring Mts
          • Banner District
            • Christmas area
              • Christmas
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 301.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Galiuro Mts
          • Table Mountain District
            • Table Mountain area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 301.
        • Mammoth District
          • Tiger
            • St. Anthony deposit
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 301; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 301.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
    Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.; Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.
            • Cerro Gordo
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 267.
            • Cerro Gordo Peak
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 323.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Pactolus
              • Mohawk Hill
    www.mineralsocal.org
    • Colorado
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Ralston Buttes District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Table Mountain District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Bolivia
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Rock Hill District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Bell District
    Rocks and Minerals Volume 74 Number 6
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    Jensen, M. (1985) The Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record: 16, 57-72.
    Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • New Mexico
      • Hidalgo Co.
        • Peloncillo Mts
          • San Simon District
    R&M 77:5 p298-305
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Dana 6:1092; Dana 7:II:579.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Dana 6:1092.
            • Eureka
    [MinRecord 29:177]
            • Gold Chain Mine
    Marty, J., Kampf, A. R., Housley, R. M., Mills, S. J. & Weiß, S.. (2010). Seltene neue Tellurmineralien aus Kalifornien, Utah, Arizona und New Mexiko (USA). Lapis, 35 (12), 42-51; 66. [p. 49]
            • Mammoth
    Collected by Brent Thorne
    Dana 6: 1092; Dana 7:II:562; Rocks & Min.: 63:130.
    Robert O. Meyer collection, self collected.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    collected by Brent Thorne
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne
      • Utah Co.
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
    R&M 68:6 p381-393
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