Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Wardite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Henry Augustus Ward
Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Colourless, white, ...
Hardness:
5
Member of:
Name:
Named after Henry Augustus Ward (1834-1906), Professor of Natural Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA. He was also a collector and founder of Ward's Natural Science Establishment in Rochester, which deals in natural history objects.
Wardite Group.
The Al analogue of cyrilovite and the OH analogue of fluorowardite.

May be confused with pseudo-tetragonal-dipyramidal varieites of variscite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Wardite.

Classification of Wardite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.DL.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
L : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 2:1
42.7.8.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.8.3

19 : Phosphates
8 : Phosphates of Al and other metals
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4242.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Wardite

Year of Discovery:
1896
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Low-temperature phosphatic nodules in sedimentary rocks.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Wardite

Geological Setting:
Complex zoned pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Wardite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Opaque
Colour:
Colourless, white, lightly coloured blue to green, yellow-green, light yellow, brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, perfect.
Density:
2.81 - 2.87 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.805 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Wardite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P41 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.03(1) Å, c = 19.04(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.708
Unit Cell Volume:
V 940.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals dipyramidal, pseudo-octahedral, exhibiting forms {010}, {011}, {012}, {100}, and rarely {001}. Commonly striated perpendicular to [001]. Granular aggregates and crusts; subparallel aggregates of coarse fibers; radially-fibrous and concentrically banded spherulites.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.74 (10)
3.085 (6)
2.994 (7)
2.825 (4)
2.591 (7)
2.108 (4)
1.516 (5)

Optical Data of Wardite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.586 - 1.594 nε = 1.595 - 1.604
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Comments:
Basal sections of crystals from Montebras, France, are divided into four anomalously biaxial sections with Y = [101], Z = [001], and 2E (+) ranging up to 70°.

Chemical Properties of Wardite

Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Wardite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
FluorowarditeNaAl3(PO4)2F2(OH)2(H2O)2
Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
8.DL.05FoggiteCaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
8.DL.10CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
8.DL.10Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Nd)NdCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15Plumboagardite(Pb,REE,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)2(HAsO4,AsO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.15CalciopetersiteCaCu6(PO4)2(PO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
8.DL.20CheremnykhitePb3Zn3(VO4)2(TeO6)
8.DL.20DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
8.DL.20KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
8.DL.20Wallkilldellite-(Mn)Ca2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
8.DL.20Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
8.DL.25AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
19.8.1MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
19.8.2BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
19.8.4TancoiteLiNa2Al(PO4)(HPO4)(OH)
19.8.5Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
19.8.6TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.8.7Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
19.8.8FrancoanelliteK3Al5(PO4)2(HPO4)3 · 12H2O
19.8.9GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.8.10AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
19.8.11OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
19.8.12MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.8.14FoggiteCaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.8.15GatumbaiteCaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · H2O
19.8.16CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
19.8.17Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
19.8.19Lehiite
19.8.20Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
19.8.21EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(PO4)21(OH)7 · 26H2O
19.8.22KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
19.8.23MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
19.8.24PaulkerriteK(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O

Other Names for Wardite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Wardit
Russian:Вардит
Spanish:Wardita

Other Information

Other Information:
Completely soluble in acids with difficulty.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wardite

Reference List:
Davison (1896) American Journal of Science: 152: 154.

Larsen, E.S. and Shannon (1930) American Mineralogist: 15: 315.

Pough, F. (1937) American Museum, Nov. 1937, no. 932.

Larsen (1942) American Mineralogist: 27: 292.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 940-941.

American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 849-852.

Lindberg, M.L. (1957) Relationship of the minerals avelinoite, cyrilovite, and wardite. American Mineralogist: 42: 204–213.

Fanfani, L., A. Nunzi, and P.F. Zanazzi (1970) The crystal structure of wardite. Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 598-605.

Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1981): 104: 683.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 643.

Internet Links for Wardite

Specimens:
The following Wardite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Wardite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • San Alberto Department
      • Pampa de Achala
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2006) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 2, p 428 (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Duke Complex
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
        • Iron Knob
No reference listed
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Kapunda
Peter Elliott
  • Victoria
    • Buloke Shire
      • Wycheproof
W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
R Bottrill unpub XRD;
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Woodlands station
Nickel, E. H. et al. (2008): The Woodlands variscite-gold occurrence in the north Gascoyne region of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 27-36.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:176 (1997)
F. Walter, K. Ettinger: Carinthia II 191./111.:149-150 (2001)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Wolfsberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Freßnitzgraben
          • Alpl
F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Galiléia
        • Sapucaia do Norte
Sergio Varvello collection
      • Itambacuri
Rock Currier
    • Jequitinhonha valley
      • Itinga
        • Monte Belo
        • Taquaral
Paul Bongaerts
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Moore, P. B., & Ito, J. (1978). I, Whiteite, a new species, and a proposed nomenclature for the jahnsite-whiteite complex series; II, New data on xanthoxenite; III, Salmonsite discredited. Mineralogical Magazine, 42(323), 309-323.
          • Laranjeira
Cassedanne, J.P. & J.O. (1980): A find of crystallized Rose Quartz in Minas Gerais. Mineralogical Record 11: 377-379
          • Piauí valley
sergio varvello
  • Pará
    • Monte Alegre
      • Maicuru range
Lemos, V. P., & da Costa, M. C. (1989). Mineralogical aspects of the laterites of Maicuru. Sociedade Brasileira de Geoquimica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 531 p; 1989; p. 375-384; 13. International Geochemical Exploration Symposium. 2. Brazilian Geochemical Congress; Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 1-6 Oct 1989
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
Rob Lavinsky
[MinRec 23:Yukon 31]
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
          • Crosscut Creek
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
various added photos
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Patrice Queneau Collection
Gaël Trouilliez collection
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33; Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Aliste
Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com (2014)
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
Am Min 90:1887-1899
USA
 
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Idaho
    • Fremont Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et. al., 1998
    • Oxford Co.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
No reference listed
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Acworth
Hurlbut, C.S., Jr. (1952) Wardite from Beryl Mountain, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist 37, 849-852. This report was based on a mislabeled specimen actually from the Palermo #1 Pegmatite (Cornelius Hurlbut, Jr., personal communication, 1992).; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Min.:60:110,112 & 116.
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
      • Pilot Range
        • Lucin District
          • Lucin
            • Utahlite Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 941.; J. Marty (1995) Minerals of the Utahlite Claim (Edison and Bird Mine), Lucin, Box Elder County, Utah. Microprobe 8-2:4-10
    • Tooele Co.
      • Stansbury Mts
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 941.; American Mineralogist 27:443
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 941, 958, 976; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Copyright © mindat.org 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 29, 2015 18:30:15 Page generated: January 25, 2015 12:30:12