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Idaite

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Formula:
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
Very close to Cu5.5FeS6.5 according to Sugaki et al. (1975).
System:HexagonalHardness:2½ - 3½
Name:Named for the type locality, the Ida mine in Namibia.


Stannite Group.

A lamellar decomposition product of bornite, commonly associated with fine
spindles of chalcopyrite; apparently of secondary origin, a first product of enrichment.

May be confused with nukundamite.
Chemically related to bornite.

Classification of Idaite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.22-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CB.15a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.9.14.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.1.29

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Idaite

Type Locality:Ida Mine, Walvis Bay District (Walvisbaai), Erongo Region, Namibia
Year of Discovery:1958

Physical Properties of Idaite

Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3½

Crystallography of Idaite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 3.90Å, c = 16.95Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 4.346
Unit Cell Volume:V 223.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Comment:Space group unknown.

Chemical Properties of Idaite

Formula:
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6


Very close to Cu5.5FeS6.5 according to Sugaki et al. (1975).
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu5FeS6
Essential elements:Cu, Fe, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Fe, S

Relationship of Idaite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CB.05aColoradoite
HgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyite
CdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabar
HgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
2.CB.05aSphalerite
ZnS
2.CB.05aStilleite
ZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemannite
HgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZn
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
3
Zn
 
5
S
 
10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite
(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
2.CB.10aEskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
2.CB.10aGallite
CuGaS
 
2
2.CB.10bHaycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
2.CB.10aLenaite
AgFeS
 
2
2.CB.10bMooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10bPutoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10aRoquesite
CuInS
 
2
2.CB.10bTalnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16
2.CB.10aLaforêtite
AgInS
 
2
2.CB.15aČernýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aFerrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aHocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
2.CB.15bMohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
2.CB.15aPirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
2.CB.15aStannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15cStannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
2.CB.15aVelikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn
Cu
 
8
(Fe,Zn)
 
3
Ge
 
2
S
 
12
(?)
2.CB.20Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
2.CB.20Mawsonite
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
2.CB.30Colusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Germanite
Cu
 
13
Fe
 
2
Ge
 
2
S
 
16
2.CB.30Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
2.CB.30Ovamboite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu,Zn)
 
6
W
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Maikainite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu)
 
6
Mo
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.35aHemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite
(Fe,Pb)
 
3
(Ge,Fe)
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35aRenierite
(Cu,Zn)
 
11
(Ge,As)
 
2
Fe
 
4
S
 
16
2.CB.35aVinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite
(Pb,Fe)
 
3
Ge
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaite
Cu
 
6
GeWS
 
8
2.CB.40Lautite
CuAsS
2.CB.45Cadmoselite
CdSe
2.CB.45Greenockite
CdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45Rambergite
MnS
2.CB.45Buseckite
(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.55bIsocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
2.CB.65Argentopyrite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.65Sternbergite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.70Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
2.CB.75Vulcanite
CuTe
2.CB.80Empressite
AgTe
2.CB.85Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.1.1Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
3.1.2Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
3.1.3Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.4Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
3.1.5Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.6Spionkopite
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
3.1.7Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
3.1.8Covellite
CuS
3.1.9Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.10Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.11Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
3.1.12Yarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
3.1.13Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
3.1.14Klockmannite
CuSe
3.1.15Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
3.1.16Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
3.1.17Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
3.1.18Vulcanite
CuTe
3.1.19Bambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
3.1.20Lautite
CuAsS
3.1.21Mgriite
Cu
 
3
AsSe
 
3
3.1.22Cubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.23Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
3.1.24Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
3.1.25Chalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
3.1.26Mooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.27Haycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
3.1.28Isocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.30Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
3.1.31Putoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.32Orickite
2CuFeS
 
2
· H
 
2
O
3.1.33Eskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
3.1.34Chaméanite
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
As(Se,S)
 
4
3.1.35Talnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16

Other Names for Idaite

Synonyms:
Orange bornite
Other Languages:
German:Idait
Simplified Chinese:铁铜蓝
伊达矿
Spanish:Idaita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Idaite

Reference List:

- +
Frenzel, G. (1958): Ein neues Mineral: Idait. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh.,
142 (in German).

Frenzel, G. (1959): Ein neues Mineral: Idait, natürliches Cu5FeS6. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Abh., 93, 87–114 (in German).

American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.

Rice, C. M., Atkin, D., Bowles, J. F. W. and Criddle, A. J. (1979): Nukundamite, a new mineral, and idaite. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 193-200.

Sugaki, A. Shima, H. Kitakaze, A. and Harada, H. (1975): Isothermal phase relations in the system Cu-Fe-S under hydrothermal conditions at 350°C and 300°C. Econ. Geol., 70, 806-823.

Internet Links for Idaite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Idaite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Idaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
    El Gorsey, A., Yabuki, H., Ehlers, K., Woolum, D. & Pernicka, E. (1988). Qingzhen and Yamato-691: A tentative alphabet for the EH chondrites. Proceedings NIPR Symposium Antarctic Meteorites 1, 65-101.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
      • Sañogasta District
    Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
      • Sierra de Famatina
        • La Mejicana District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    • Mendoza
      • Malargüe Department
        • Pampa Amarilla District
          • Agua Botada
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
    • Salta
      • Organullo Mining District
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    • Santa Cruz
      • Macizo del Deseado
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Atlantic Ocean
     
    • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
      • Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field (TAG)
    Mozgova, N.N., Borodaev, Y.S., Stepanova, T.V., Cherkashev, G.A., and Zhirnov, E.A. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(1), 1-18.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Kennedy Co.
        • Condobolin district
    Base Metal Mineralisation at Mineral Hill Central Western New South Wales, by L. McClatchie 1971 - Memoirs of the Geological Survry of N.S.W. No. 11.
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Oberwart
        • Stadtschlaining
    Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.; Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1981): Die Mineralien der Antimonitlagerstätte Schlaining, Burgenland. Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 2 NF., Nr. 3, 18-22.
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Zirknitz
            • Kleine Zirknitz valley
              • Kluidscharte
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Bucklige Welt
    Tufar, W. (1967): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 106, 334-351.; Huber, S. and Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp. (in German)
    Hackenberg, M. (2003): Bergbau im Semmeringgebiet. Arch. f. Lagerst.forsch. Geol. B.-A., 24, 5-97.
        • Katzelsdorf
    Tufar, W. (1966): N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 105, 203-210.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Fieberbrunn
    Vohryzka, K. (1968): Die Erzlagerstätten von Nordtirol und ihr Verhältnis zur alpinen Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 111, 3-88.; Steiner, M., Tropper, P., Vavtar, F., Kaindl, R. & Krismer, M. (2010): Balkanite from the Cu ore deposit Röhrerbühel, Kitzbühel (N-Tyrol, Austria). N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 187, 207-215.
        • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
          • Stubai valley
            • Unterberg valley
              • Habicht
    Vavtar, F. (1986): Das Zinn-Kupfer-Erzvorkommen am Glücksgrat (Stubai-Kristallin). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 35, 287-298.
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Stavelot Massif
    Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Stavelot Massif
    Michel Bloindieau
          • Cahai (Cahay)
    Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Blagoevgrad Oblast
      • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
        • Rhodope Mts
    Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Elshitsa
    Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 219-229.
        • Levski
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
    Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
    Goble R J (1980) Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28, The Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518
    • Québec
      • Bas-Saint-Laurent
        • Témiscouata RCM
          • Lac Témiscouata
    Mineralium Deposita 44 (2009) 285-301
      • Montérégie
        • Acton RCM
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:936-943.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
        • Escondida
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Elqui Province
        • El Indio deposit
    Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Guiyang Prefecture
        • Qingzhen Co.
    Lin, Y. & El Goresy, A. (2002) A comparative study of opaque phases in Qingzhen (EH3) and MacAlpine Hills 88136 (EL3): Representatives of EH and EL parent bodies, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (4): 577-599 (April 2002)
    • Hunan Province
      • Changsha Prefecture
        • Liuyang Co.
    Zhengqin Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(2), 148-154
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
    Zhengqin Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(2), 148-154
    Cyprus
     
    • Nicosia District (Lefkoşa District; Lefkosia District)
      • Skouriotissa
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 1013-1018.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Musoshi
    J. Cailteux, F. Dimanche : "Examen des oxydes de fer et titane dans l'environnement du gisement de cuivre de Musoshi (Shaba, République du Zaïre)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 378-382.
    Fiji
     
    • Vanua Levu
      • Nukundamu
    Economic Geology; 1996; v. 91; no. 1; p. 204-212
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kalajoki
        • Rautio
    Nurmi, P.A., Front, K., Lampio, E. & Nironen, M. 1984. Etelä-Suomen svekokarjalaiset porfyyrityyppiset molygdeeni- ja kupariesiintymät, niiden granitoidi-isäntäkivet ja litogeokemiallinen etsintä. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 67, 88 s.
      • Ranua
    Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Le Mayet-de-Montagne
          • Laprugne
    Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéreaux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier,
      • Haute-Loire
        • Brioude
          • Paulhac
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Langeac
          • Barlet
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Crozon
          • Telgruc-sur-Mer
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
    • Corsica
      • Haute-Corse
        • Corte
          • Ghisoni
    H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
          • Moïta
    H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
    • Franche-Comté
      • Haute-Saône
        • Château-Lambert
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    No reference listed
      • Lozère
        • Marvejols
          • St Léger-de-Peyre
    Galvier J. et al. (1997), La mine de Sainte Lucie, Lozère (France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 18, pp: 5-36; Mineralogical Record 2011 42:0-32
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    No reference listed
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
        • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
          • Belvédère
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
        • Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
          • Roure
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
        • Saint-Véran area
    A. Sinojmeri, M. Ohnenstetter, Z. Johan : "Nouvelles données sur la clausthalite et les tellurures du gisement de Saint Véran (Hautes Alpes)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1987
        • Villar d'Arène
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Menzenschwand
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
            • Heubach valley
              • Trillengrund
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Marktredwitz
            • Pechbrunn
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Spessart
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Sommerkahl
    No reference listed
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Mühltal
          • Nieder-Ramstadt
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Sieber
    Heider, J. (2014): Die Selenidmineralisation der Grube Henriette. Aufschluss, 65, 216-226.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony-Anhalt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    India
     
    • Madhya Pradesh
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Indonesia
     
    • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
      • Papua Province
        • New Guinea
          • Carstensz Mts
            • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
              • Ertsberg Complex
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Malenco Valley
            • Lanterna Valley
              • Lanzada
                • Scerscen Valley
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Masino Valley
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Aurina Valley (Ahrnbach Valley)
          • Predoi (Prettau)
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    (microprobe analysis of specimen field collected by Alfredo Petrov)
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Walvis Bay District (Walvisbaai)
    American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    New Caledonia
     
    • Northern Province
      • Diahot River Valley
    Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
    Briggs, R. M. (1975). Structure, metamorphism and mineral deposits in the Diahot region, northern New Caledonia. Thesis (PhD-Geology), University of Auckland, 1975.
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Drammen
        • Konnerud
    Krause, H. (1965): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway, no. 33. Idaite, Cu5FeS6, from Konnerud near Drammen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 45, 417-421; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 29
    • Finnmark
      • Alta
    Krause, H. 1965: Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 33. Idaite, Cu5FeS6, from Konnerud near Drammen. Norges Geologisk Tidsskrift. 45, 417-421 (p.417); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 29.
    • Nord-Trøndelag
      • Grong
        • Godejorda
    Bergstöl, S. & Vokes, F.M. (1974): Stromeyerite and mackinstryite from the Godejord polymetallic sulfide deposit, central Norwegian Caledonides. Mineralium Deposita 9, 325-337
    • Nordland
      • Tysfjord
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp (p. 29).
    • Rogaland
      • Suldal
    Frenzel, G. (1960): Idait und "blaubleibender Covellin". Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 93:87-132 (+ 5 plates)
    • Sør-Trøndelag
      • Oppdal
    Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
    Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
    • Svalbard
      • Spitsbergen
    Cook, N. & Kjærnet, T. (2008): Mineralogy and paragenesis of selected base metal deposits, NW Spitsbergen, Svalbard. 33rd International Geological Congress (2008), Session AAA-11 Metallogeny of the Arctic region. Abstracts
    • Telemark
      • Kviteseid
        • Morgedal
    Dons, J.A. (1963): De prekambriske bergarter i Telemark, I. Gruber og skjerp innen gradteigskart E36V Kviteseid. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 216, 79p (p. 56-57)
    Pacific Ocean
     
    • East Pacific Rise
    Econ Geol (1985) 80:221-249
    Papua New Guinea
     
    Noku, S.K., Akasaka, M. & Matsueda, H. (2011): The Crater Mountain Deposit, Papua New Guinea: Porphyry-related Au-Te System. Resource Geology, 61, 63-75.
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
            • Bato Tabio
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Southern Tagalog Region
        • Batangas Province
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    • Mazowieckie
      • Warszawa
    Manecki, 2001. in Geological Quarterly Vol. 45-03 (Polish Geological Institute)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    [Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
    Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
    Slovakia
     
    • Bratislava Region
      • Malacky Co.
    - Ferenc Š. & Rojkovič I., 2001: Copper mineralization in the Permian basalts of the Hronicum Unit, Slovakia. Geolines, 13, 22-27.
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
    Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
    Sweden
     
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
          • Marmorera lake
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 223.
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Albigna Valley
    Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 223.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Vissoie
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Niğde Province
        • Bolkardağ Range
          • Madenköy
    Çağatay, A., and Arman, B. (1989): Geological Bulletin of Turkey 32, 15-20.
    • Marmara Region
      • Balikesir Province
        • Ayvalık
    Oyman, T. (2010): Geochemistry, mineralogy and genesis of the Ayazmant Fe–Cu skarn deposit in Ayvalik, (Balikesir), Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 175-201.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Somerset
        • Clevedon
    BMS Database
      • Warwickshire
        • Nuneaton
    UKJMM 26:43-51
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Valdez-Cordova Borough
        • Nizina District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    USGS OFR 99-342
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
          • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
            • Morenci
    Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
    • California
      • Plumas Co.
        • Diamond Mts
          • Last Chance District
            • Adams Peak
    Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
      • Shasta Co.
        • Klamath Mts
          • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
            • Backbone District
              • Mammoth Butte
                • Copper Crest group
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310642.
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Summit Co.
        • Monte Cristo Area
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Maryland
      • Carroll Co.
        • Sykesville
    Mines of the Washington D.C Area
    • Montana
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Troy District
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1899-1931
    • New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Utah
      • Piute Co.
        • Tushar Mts
          • Cottonwood Creek
            • Mount Baldy District
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1932-1952
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