Mindat Logo

Tsumebite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
System:MonoclinicColour:Emerald-green sometimes ...
Lustre:Adamantine, Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, WaxyHardness:
Member of:Brackebuschite Group
Name:
Named after the town of the type locality - Tsumeb, Namibia.


Brackebuschite Group. The phosphate analogue of Arsentsumebite.

A secondary mineral in polymetallic ore deposits. Chemically verified Tsumeb tsumebite is rare and most unanalyzed specimens so labeled are, most likely, arsentsumebite.

Classification of Tsumebite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.24-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BG.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
G : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.5:1
Dana 8th edition ID:43.4.2.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
4 : Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.15

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-4040.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Tsumebite

Type Locality:Tsumeb Mine (Tsumcorp Mine), Tsumeb, Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto), Namibia
Year of Discovery:1912
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SmithsoniteCerussiteAzurite

Physical Properties of Tsumebite

Lustre:Adamantine, Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Luster usually brilliant
Colour:Emerald-green sometimes bluis green; green in transmitted light.
Streak:White to faint green
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):6.13 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.22 g/cm3

Crystallography of Tsumebite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m {P1 1 21/m} {P21/m} {P1 21/m 1}
Space Group Setting:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 8.69Å, b = 5.78Å, c = 7.86Å
β = 111.87°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.503 : 1 : 1.36
Unit Cell Volume:V 366.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Crusts of intergrown crystals.
Twinning:Ubiquitous, with twin plane {122}, as trillings or more complex groups at times. Often thick tabular on {101} or {110}. {011} and {104} usually in oscillatory combination, producing a zig-zag suture in twins at times. {100} narrow and bright, {110} uneven or composite.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.70 (30)
3.92 (20)
3.24 (100)
2.94 (40)
2.90 (70)
2.72 (40)
2.62 (30)
2.27 (40)
Comments:ICDD 29-568

Optical Data of Tsumebite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.900 nβ = 1.920 nγ = 1.942
2V:Measured: 90° , Calculated: 90°
Birefringence:0.042
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.042

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v extreme
Optical Extinction:Inclined
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Faint.

Chemical Properties of Tsumebite

Formula:
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Essential elements:Cu, H, O, P, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, H, O, P, Pb, S

Relationship of Tsumebite to other Species

Member of:Brackebuschite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Arsenbrackebuschite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
Bearthite
Ca
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Brackebuschite
Pb
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Bushmakinite
Pb
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
Calderónite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
 
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Feinglosite
Pb
 
2
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)(H
 
2
O)
Gamagarite
Ba
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Goedkenite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Tokyoite
Ba
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BG.05Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BG.05Bearthite
Ca
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05Brackebuschite
Pb
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05Gamagarite
Ba
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05Goedkenite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPb
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(MoO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
,CrO
 
4
,GaO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BG.05Arsenbrackebuschite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05Feinglosite
Pb
 
2
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)(H
 
2
O)
8.BG.05Bushmakinite
Pb
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BG.05Tokyoite
Ba
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.05Calderónite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
 
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.10Mélonjosephite
CaFe
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
8.BG.15Tancoite
LiNa
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Tsumebite

Synonyms:
Preslite
Other Languages:
German:Tsumebit
Simplified Chinese:绿磷铅铜矿
Spanish:Tsumebita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent in UV
Other Information:Readily soluble in HCl and slowly soluble in HNO3.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tsumebite

Reference List:

- +
Busz (1912) Festschr. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforscher und Ärzte, Münster, 182-185.

Busz (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 526.

Rosický (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 521 (as Preslite).

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 147.

LaForge (1938) America Mineralogist: 23: 772.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 918-920.

American Mineralogist (1966) 51: 258, 267.

Internet Links for Tsumebite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Tsumebite on Google
  • Look for Tsumebite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Tsumebite on Webmineral
  • Look for Tsumebite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Tsumebite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Tsumebite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Tsumebite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Tsumebite specimens
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Find Tsumebite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Jobs:
  • Mining & Geology Jobs
  • Localities for Tsumebite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    [UKJMM 19:28]
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral province
        • El Salado
          • Diego de Almagro
            • Pampa Capitana
              • La Florida district
    Ruiz Fuller C.-Peebles F.; "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo 1988, Chile
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Kipushi
    No reference listed
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Kolitsch, U., Gröbner, J. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): Neufunde von Les Montmins, Allier, Frankreich. Lapis 34 (11), 24-32; 54 (in German). [unpublished analyses by N. Meisser and S. Ansermet]
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Waldshut
          • Birkendorf
            • Schlücht valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60. (in German)
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Gadernheim
    Lapis 2002(2), 13-30
          • Reichenbach
            • Borstein
            • Hohenstein
    Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
      • Spessart
        • Freigericht
          • Altenmittlau
    Lapis 1985(1), 13-16; Emser Hefte 1988(1), 56-64
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Siegerland
        • Niederfischbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Sassari Province
        • Ozieri
    Olmi, F., Sabelli, C., Santucci, A., Brizzi, G. (1995): I silicati e i vanadati di Ozieri (SS). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1995, 145-160
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
    Masayuki Ohnishi and Norimasa Shimobayashi (2009): Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R4-09.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Busz (1912) Festschr. Ges. Deutsch. Naturforscher und Ärzte, Münster, 182-185; Busz (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 526; Rosický (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 521 (as Preslite); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 919.
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Otavi
    Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G., Walter, F. & Wartha, R. (2013): Tsumebit von Gross Otavi, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 130-133.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Roughton Gill
    [UKJMM 16:4]
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
          • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
            • Morenci
              • Morenci Mine (Morenci pit; Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine; Morenci-Metcalf)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 919; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Mammoth District
          • Tiger
            • St. Anthony deposit
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
          • Manzanar Station area
    Mineral News Vol 16-5 Adams, Paul Microminerals From the Reward Mine, Inyo Co., California; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Pactolus
              • Mohawk Hill
    [Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
        • Soda Lake Mts
          • Baker
    www.mineralsocal.org
    • Montana
      • Beaverhead Co.
        • Argenta District
          • Argenta
            • Stapleton Gulch
    http://www.mineralnews.com/MinNews/MN18-2.html
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    Waisman D. (1992) Minerals of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23 No. 6, p. 477-483.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
    • Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
        • Pyramid District
          • Section 21 prospects
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Socorro Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
          • Bingham
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: January 30, 2014 07:27:29
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds