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Tsumcorite

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Formula:
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
System:MonoclinicColour:Yellow-brown, red-brown, ...
Hardness:
Member of:Tsumcorite Group
Name:
Named after its type locality, the Tsumeb Corporation (Tsumcor) mine, Tsumeb, Namibia

Classification of Tsumcorite

IMA status:Approved 1969
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.31-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CG.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:1
Dana 7th edition ID:40.2.9.1
Dana 8th edition ID:40.2.9.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.5.14

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Tsumcorite

Type Locality:Tsumeb Mine (Tsumcorp Mine), Tsumeb, Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto), Namibia
Year of Discovery:1969

Physical Properties of Tsumcorite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Yellow-brown, red-brown, orange
Streak:Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Tsumcorite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.124Å, b = 6.329Å, c = 7.577Å
β = 115.3°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.442 : 1 : 1.197
Unit Cell Volume:V 395.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2

Optical Data of Tsumcorite

Type:Biaxial
Dispersion:dispersion not observed

Chemical Properties of Tsumcorite

Formula:
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb(Zn,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2·2(H2O,OH)
Essential elements:As, H, O, Pb, Zn
All elements listed in formula:As, Fe, H, O, Pb, Zn

Relationship of Tsumcorite to other Species

Member of:Tsumcorite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Cabalzarite
Ca(Mg,Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Ca(Co,Fe
3+
 
,Ni)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Cobalttsumcorite
Pb(Co,Fe
3+
 
,Ni)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Ca(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Gartrellite
Pb(Cu,Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Kaliochalcite
KCu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
[(OH)(H
 
2
O)]
Krettnichite
(Pb,Sr)(Mn
3+
 
,Co)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Lotharmeyerite
Ca(Zn,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Lukrahnite
Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Manganlotharmeyerite
Ca(Mn
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Mawbyite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Mounanaite
PbFe
3+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,F)
Natrochalcite
NaCu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Nickelschneebergite
(Bi
3+
 
,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Nickeltsumcorite
Pb(Ni,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· (H
 
2
O,OH)
 
2
Phosphogartrellite
Pb(Cu,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Rappoldite
Pb(Co,Ni,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Schneebergite
(Bi
3+
 
,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
Thometzekite
Pb(Cu,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Yancowinnaite
PbCuAl(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
OH · H
 
2
O
Zincgartrellite
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CG.05Cassidyite
Ca
 
2
(Ni
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Collinsite
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Fairfieldite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Gaitite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Messelite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Parabrandtite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Talmessite
Ca
 
2
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.05Hillite
Ca
 
2
(Zn,Mg)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2 H
 
2
O
8.CG.10Brandtite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.10Roselite
Ca
 
2
(Co
2+
 
,Mg)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.10Wendwilsonite
Ca
 
2
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.10Zincroselite
Ca
 
2
Zn(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.10Rruffite
Ca
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.15Ferrilotharmeyerite
Ca(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Lotharmeyerite
Ca(Zn,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.15Mawbyite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Mounanaite
PbFe
3+
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,F)
8.CG.15Thometzekite
Pb(Cu,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.15Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Ca(Co,Fe
3+
 
,Ni)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.15Cabalzarite
Ca(Mg,Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Krettnichite
(Pb,Sr)(Mn
3+
 
,Co)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Cobalttsumcorite
Pb(Co,Fe
3+
 
,Ni)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.15Nickellotharmeyerite
Ca(Ni,Fe
3+
 
,Co)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.15Manganlotharmeyerite
Ca(Mn
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Schneebergite
(Bi
3+
 
,Ca)(Co,Ni,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.15Nickelschneebergite
(Bi
3+
 
,Ca)(Ni,Co,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
8.CG.20Gartrellite
Pb(Cu,Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.20Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.20Zincgartrellite
Pb(Zn,Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.20Rappoldite
Pb(Co,Ni,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.20Phosphogartrellite
Pb(Cu,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
,AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.20Lukrahnite
Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.CG.25Pottsite
HPbBi(VO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.CG.35Nickeltalmessite
Ca
 
2
Ni(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.5.1Cafarsite
Ca
 
5.9
Mn
 
1.7
Fe
 
3
Ti
 
3
(AsO
 
3
)
 
12
· 4-5H
 
2
O
20.5.2Schultenite
Pb(HAsO
 
4
)
20.5.3Duftite
PbCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.4Bayldonite
PbCu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
20.5.5Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
20.5.6Arsendescloizite
PbZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.7Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.5.8Thometzekite
Pb(Cu,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
20.5.9Caryinite
(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.5.10Ludlockite
PbFe
3+
4
As
3+
10
O
 
22
20.5.11Gabrielsonite
PbFe(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.5.12Carminite
PbFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
20.5.13Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
20.5.15Jamesite
Pb
 
2
Zn(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
10
20.5.16Mawbyite
Pb(Fe
3+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2(OH,H
 
2
O)
20.5.17Arsenbrackenbuschite
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
40.2.9.2Helmutwinklerite
Pb(Zn,Cu)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Tsumcorite

Synonyms:
IMA1969-047
Other Languages:
German:Arsenbleinierit
Tsumcorit
Russian:Цумкорит
Spanish:Arsenbleinierita
Tsumcorita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tsumcorite

Reference List:

- +
Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37. [as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate]

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971): 304-309.

American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1558.

Walenta, K. (1976): Tsumcorit aus der Grube Michael im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Aufschluß, 27, 373-379. (in German)

Acta Crystallographica: B29: 2789-2794.

European Journal of Mineralogy (1998): 10: 179-206.

Internet Links for Tsumcorite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Tsumcorite on Webmineral
  • Look for Tsumcorite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Tsumcorite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Tsumcorite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Tsumcorite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Search for Tsumcorite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Tsumcorite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Specimens:The following Tsumcorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Tsumcorite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    [UKJMM 19:28]
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Leigh Creek
            • Puttapa
    Elliott, P., Pring, A. & Birch, W. D. (1988): Tsumcorite from Puttapa, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 3 (2), 67-69.
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    Bulgaria
     
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Padern
    Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    No reference listed
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    No reference listed
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60. (in German)
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
            • Weiler
    Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37. [as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate]; Walenta, K. (1976): Tsumcorit aus der Grube Michael im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Aufschluß, 27, 373-379. (in German); Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    WALENTA, K. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara 7. Folge. - Lapis 22 (11), 37-47; KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. BLASS, G., GRAF, H.-W. & PRING, A. (2005): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (II): Dreyerit, Gasparit-(Ce), Klinobisvanit, Kobaltkoritnigit, Metatyuyamunit, Roscoelith, Sengierit, Vésigniéit und Wakefieldit. Lapis 30 (9), 35-39; 58.
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Müsen
    Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Westerwald
        • Linz am Rhein
          • Kalenborn
            • Kasbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
    Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209.
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
    Branko Rieck collection
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37. [as unnamed Pb-Zn-arsenate]; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971): 304-309; American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1558; NJMM (1985), 446; EJM 10 (1998), 179.
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Grootfontein District
    Stieglitz, B. and Stieglitz, H. (1995): Die Vanadium-Erzlagerstätte am Berg Aukas, Namibia. Lapis, 20 (9), 26-32 (in German) [no information on identification method]; several collections (mislabeled descloizite, see http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,304581,304581#msg-304581)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Córdoba
        • Villanueva de Córdoba
    Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
    USA
     
    • Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    Joe Marty collection (Tony Kampf analysis)
    • South Dakota
      • Lawrence Co.
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    Rocks & Min.: 60:111.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
    R&M 68:6 p406-416
            • Mammoth
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
              • Gold Hill Mine (Western Utah Mine)
    Excalibur Mineral specimen
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Ophir District
            • Dry Canyon area
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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