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Zincolivenite

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Formula:
CuZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
System:OrthorhombicColour:Green, greenish blue
Hardness:
Member of:Olivenite Group
Name:Named after its composition containing zinc and its relationship to Olivenite.


Olivenite Group.

Structurally distinct, intermediate member of the solid solution series between Olivenite and Adamite with a Zn:Cu ratio of (ideally) 1:1; Zn and Cu atoms are ordered on two differently coordinated sites in the crystal structure. Chukanov et al. (2007) suggest the following compositional ranges for zincolivenite: Cu0.5Zn1.5(AsO4)(OH)-Cu1.5Zn0.5(AsO4)(OH).

NOTE: prior to the approval of zincolivenite, 'zinc-olivenite' or 'Zn-olivenite' were also used for Zn-bearing olivenites with unspecified Zn:Cu ratios.

Arsenate analogue of Zincolibethenite.

Classification of Zincolivenite

IMA status:Approved 2006
Strunz 9th edition ID:8.BB.30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BB.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.6.5.6

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq
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Type Occurrence of Zincolivenite

Type Locality:Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza), Lavrion District Mines, Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium), Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika), Greece
General Appearance of Type Material:Prismatic crystals and radial intergrowths.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Mining Academy, Freiberg, Germany (catalogue No. 81475).
Geological Setting of type material:In the cavities of limonite ores.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
ScoroditePharmacoalumiteJarositeConichalciteArseniosiderite

Physical Properties of Zincolivenite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Green, greenish blue
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {010}, imperfect on {101}
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.34(15) g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.330 g/cm3

Crystallography of Zincolivenite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pnnm
Cell Parameters:a = 8.5839(15) Å, b = 8.5290(13) Å, c = 5.9696(9) Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 0.7
Unit Cell Volume:V 437.05 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Observed forms: {120} and {101}.
Comment:Pseudotetragonal metrics
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.00 (54)
4.860 (64)
3.002 (100)
2.690 (67)
2.662 (53)
2.456 (94)
2.437 (86)
1.604 (49)

Optical Data of Zincolivenite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.736(2) nβ = 1.784(2) nγ = 1.788(2)
2V:Measured: 30° (5), Calculated: 31.5°
Birefringence:0.052
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.052

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v, very strong
Optical Extinction:Parallel extinction.
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:X = light bluish green, Y = Z = light blue
Comments:Orientation: X = b, Y = a, Z = c

Chemical Properties of Zincolivenite

Formula:
CuZn(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
Simplified for copy/paste:CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Essential elements:As, Cu, H, O, Zn
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, H, O, Zn
Analytical Data:Average of 5 electron-microprobe analyses; water content by the Alimarin method. Sample from the type locality.
CuO (26.33)
ZnO (29.62)
FeO (0.55)
As2O5 (39.94)
P2O5 (0.41)
H2O (3.83)
Total (100.68)
Empirical Formula:
Cu
 
0.94
Zn
 
1.03
Fe
 
0.02
(AsO
 
4
)
 
0.98
(PO
 
4
)
 
0.02
(OH)
 
0.98
(H
 
2
O)
 
0.10

Relationship of Zincolivenite to other Species

Member of:Olivenite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Adamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
Auriacusite
Fe
3+
 
Cu
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)O
Eveite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
Libethenite
Cu
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
Olivenite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
Zincolibethenite
CuZn(PO
 
4
)(OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BB.05Amblygonite
LiAl(PO
 
4
)F
8.BB.05Montebrasite
LiAl(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.05Tavorite
LiFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.10Triplite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
8.BB.10Zwieselite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
8.BB.15Sarkinite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.15Triploidite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.15Wagnerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
8.BB.15Wolfeite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.15Stanĕkite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)O
8.BB.15Joosteite
Mn
2+
 
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)O
8.BB.15Hydroxylwagnerite
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.20Holtedahlite
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.20Satterlyite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
8.BB.25Althausite
Mg
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O)(F,☐)
8.BB.30Adamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.30Eveite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.30Libethenite
Cu
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.30Olivenite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.30Zincolibethenite
CuZn(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.30Auriacusite
Fe
3+
 
Cu
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)O
8.BB.35Paradamite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.35Tarbuttite
Zn
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.40Barbosalite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.40Hentschelite
CuFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.40Lazulite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.40Scorzalite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.40Wilhelmkleinite
ZnFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.45Trolleite
Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
8.BB.50Namibite
Cu(BiO)
 
2
(VO
 
4
)(OH)
8.BB.55Phosphoellenbergerite
Mg
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BB.60Urusovite
CuAl(AsO
 
4
)O
8.BB.65Theoparacelsite
Cu
 
3
(As
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
2
8.BB.70Turanite
Cu
 
5
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BB.75Stoiberite
Cu
 
5
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
8.BB.80Fingerite
Cu
 
11
(VO
 
4
)
 
6
O
 
2
8.BB.85Averievite
Cu
 
6
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
Cl
 
2
8.BB.90Lipscombite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
8.BB.90Richellite
CaFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
8.BB.90Zinclipscombite
ZnFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Zincolivenite

Synonyms:
IMA2006-047
Other Languages:
German:Zincolivenit
Zinkolivenit

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zincolivenite

Reference List:

- +
Mincheva-Stefanova, I., Panchev, B., Bonev, Iv. & Punev, L. (1965) X-ray diffraction determination of chemical composition of intermediate members of the olivenite-adamite series. Izv. Geol. Inst. Bulgar. Akad. Nauk 14, 91-106. (in Bulgarian.)

Toman, K. (1978) Ordering in olivenite-adamite solid solutions. Acta Crystallogr., B34, 715-721.

Walenta, K. & Greil, P. (1979) Pseudotetragonaler Cuproadamin. - Chem. Erde 38, 218-222.

Braithwaite, R. S. W (1983) Infrared spectroscopy analysis of the olivenite-adamite series, and of phosphate substitution in olivenite. Mineral. Mag., 47, 51-57.

Chisholm, J. E. (1985) Cation segregation and oxygen-hydrogen stretching vibration of the olivenite-adamite series. Phys. Chem. Mineral. 12, 185-190.

Wieser, T. & Zabinski, W. (1986) Copper arsenate and sulphate minerals from Miedzianka near Kielce (Poland). Mineralogica Polonica 17 (1), 17-42. [optical properties of intermediate members]

Katerinopoulos, A. (1996) Adamite from the Lavrion mines. Oryktos Ploutos 99, 21-28. (in Greek.)

Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus (2006) Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland): Mineralogia Polonica 37, 101-111.

Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007) Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.

Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009) Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).

Internet Links for Zincolivenite

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  • Localities for Zincolivenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Uwe Kolitsch collection (EDS-analysed)
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
        • Arnoldstein
          • Feistritz an der Gail
    Steir.Mineralog 25/2011, p.34-38.
      • Karawanken
        • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
          • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
    Puttner, M. (1990a): Eine Tennantit-Vererzung mit Arsenaten im Rijavitza-Graben bei Eisenkappel. Carinthia II, 180./100.: 237-240.
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
              • Reith
                • Unterstein
    Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Die Mineralien des Silberbergstollens bei Unterstein, Reith bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Lapis 35 (5), 37-41; 58.
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Brixen im Thale
    Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1649) Aragonit, Theisit, Zinkolivenit und ein neues Cu-Zn-As-(S)-O-H-Mineral vom Bergbau Ottneralm (Traholz), Brixen im Thale, Salzburg. Pp. 235-237 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Tierra Amarilla
          • Pampa Larga district
    Samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
    Sample analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.s
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
    Sejkora, J., Škovíra, J. & Škoda R. (2008): Zinkolivenit z rudního revíru Krupka, Krušné hory (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 16 (1), 24-29 (in Czech with English abstract).
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3 2010 Les Mineraux de la Mine de Falgayrolles ( Aveyron ) - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information)
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
            • Weiler
    Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37.
        • Münstertal
          • Staufen
            • Grunern
    Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information)
        • Todtnau
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal XRD + optics); Lapis 32 (6) 12 (ad); Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information); Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Braunlage
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Oder valley
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Rösrath
          • Hoffnungsthal
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
      • Siegerland
        • Burbach
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    • Thuringia
      • Saalfeld
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
    Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28. [includes analysis of one zincolivenite as defined in 2007]
    Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    Tony Peterson collection
              • Hilarion area
    K Brenko
              • Jean Baptiste Mine
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    Gebhard, G. (1983): Nickel-Adamin - eine neue Adamin-Varietät aus Lavrion / Griechenland. Lapis, 8 (12), 31-32. [as "Ni-bearing cuproadamite"]; Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    Italy
     
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Vignola-Falesina
    Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information); Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Franus, W. (2006): Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Rędziny (West Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, 37, 101-110.
    • Świętokrzyskie
      • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
        • Kielce District
          • Chęciny
    WIESER, T. & ZABINSKI, W. (1986): Copper arsenate and sulphate minerals from Miedzianka near Kielce (Poland). Mineralogica Polonica 17 (1), 17-42.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
    Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
          • El Pinar de Bédar
    Viñals, J., Calvo, M. and Martí, J. (2008). Minerales de Pb y Cu en las minas de Pinar de Bédar, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 3 (5), 6-13
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    GRÖBNER, J. and KOLITSCH, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37.
        • Tíjola
    Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
      • Granada
        • Baza
    Solá, Calvo & Viñals
    • Catalonia
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Ripollès
          • Camprodon
            • Rocabruna
    Joan Rosell
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
    Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
          • San Rafael claim
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Müstair Valley
        • Ofen pass area
    Gröbner, J. (2014): Die Mineralien des Bergbaus an der Buffalora und ein Barytfund am Piz Daint am Ofenpass, Engadin. Bergknappe 124, 18-23.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Bagnes Valley
        • Bruson
    Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    http://oro.open.ac.uk/20941/
      • Cumbria
        • South Eastern Region (Westmorland)
          • North Pennines
            • Kirkby Stephen
              • Cote Garth
    Braithwaite, R.S.W, Green, D. I, and Tindle, A.G. (2009). the Distribution Of Adamite And Zincolivenite In Britain And Ireland, Journal Of The Russell Society, Volume 12: 3 -9
    • Wales
      • Powys (Radnorshire)
        • Old Radnor
          • Wethel
    Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
    USA
     
    • Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
            • Gold Hill
              • Gold Hill Mine (Western Utah Mine)
    Patrick Haynes, ID via Tony Kampf. I am not positive of the methods he used.
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    Georges FAVREAU collection
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