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Zincolivenite

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Formula:
CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Green, greenish blue
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named after its composition containing zinc and its relationship to Olivenite.
Olivenite Group.

Structurally distinct, intermediate member of the solid solution series between Olivenite and Adamite with a Zn:Cu ratio of (ideally) 1:1; Zn and Cu atoms are ordered on two differently coordinated sites in the crystal structure. Chukanov et al. (2007) suggest the following compositional ranges for zincolivenite: Cu0.5Zn1.5(AsO4)(OH)-Cu1.5Zn0.5(AsO4)(OH).

NOTE: prior to the approval of zincolivenite, 'zinc-olivenite' or 'Zn-olivenite' were also used for Zn-bearing olivenites with unspecified Zn:Cu ratios.

Arsenate analogue of Zincolibethenite.

Classification of Zincolivenite

Approved 2006
8.BB.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.6.5.6

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-31502.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Zincolivenite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
Prismatic crystals and radial intergrowths.
Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Mining Academy, Freiberg, Germany (catalogue No. 81475).
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
In the cavities of limonite ores.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Zincolivenite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Green, greenish blue
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}, imperfect on {101}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.34(15) g/cm3 (Measured)    4.330 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Zincolivenite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnnm
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.5839(15) Å, b = 8.5290(13) Å, c = 5.9696(9) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.006 : 1 : 0.7
Unit Cell Volume:
V 437.05 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Observed forms: {120} and {101}.
Comment:
Pseudotetragonal metrics
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.00 (54)
4.860 (64)
3.002 (100)
2.690 (67)
2.662 (53)
2.456 (94)
2.437 (86)
1.604 (49)

Optical Data of Zincolivenite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.736(2) nβ = 1.784(2) nγ = 1.788(2)
2V:
Measured: 30° (5), Calculated: 31.5°
Birefringence:
0.052
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.052
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v, very strong
Optical Extinction:
Parallel extinction.
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = light bluish green, Y = Z = light blue
Comments:
Orientation: X = b, Y = a, Z = c

Chemical Properties of Zincolivenite

Formula:
CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Average of 5 electron-microprobe analyses; water content by the Alimarin method. Sample from the type locality.
CuO (26.33)
ZnO (29.62)
FeO (0.55)
As2O5 (39.94)
P2O5 (0.41)
H2O (3.83)
Total (100.68)
Empirical Formula:
Cu0.94Zn1.03Fe0.02(AsO4)0.98(PO4)0.02(OH)0.98(H2O)0.10

Relationship of Zincolivenite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(PO4)(OH,O)
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
8.BB.55PhosphoellenbergeriteMg14(PO4)6(HPO4,CO3)2(OH)6
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)O
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe23+(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2

Other Names for Zincolivenite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zincolivenite

Reference List:
Mincheva-Stefanova, I., Panchev, B., Bonev, Iv. & Punev, L. (1965) X-ray diffraction determination of chemical composition of intermediate members of the olivenite-adamite series. Izv. Geol. Inst. Bulgar. Akad. Nauk 14, 91-106. (in Bulgarian.)

Toman, K. (1978) Ordering in olivenite-adamite solid solutions. Acta Crystallogr., B34, 715-721.

Walenta, K. & Greil, P. (1979) Pseudotetragonaler Cuproadamin. - Chem. Erde 38, 218-222.

Braithwaite, R. S. W (1983) Infrared spectroscopy analysis of the olivenite-adamite series, and of phosphate substitution in olivenite. Mineral. Mag., 47, 51-57.

Chisholm, J. E. (1985) Cation segregation and oxygen-hydrogen stretching vibration of the olivenite-adamite series. Phys. Chem. Mineral. 12, 185-190.

Wieser, T. & Zabinski, W. (1986) Copper arsenate and sulphate minerals from Miedzianka near Kielce (Poland). Mineralogica Polonica 17 (1), 17-42. [optical properties of intermediate members]

Katerinopoulos, A. (1996) Adamite from the Lavrion mines. Oryktos Ploutos 99, 21-28. (in Greek.)

Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus (2006) Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland): Mineralogia Polonica 37, 101-111.

Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007) Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.

Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009) Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).

Internet Links for Zincolivenite

Localities for Zincolivenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Uwe Kolitsch collection (EDS-analysed)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Arnoldstein
        • Feistritz an der Gail
Steir.Mineralog 25/2011, p.34-38.
    • Karawanken
      • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
        • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
Puttner, M. (1990a): Eine Tennantit-Vererzung mit Arsenaten im Rijavitza-Graben bei Eisenkappel. Carinthia II, 180./100.: 237-240.
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
            • Reith
              • Unterstein
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Die Mineralien des Silberbergstollens bei Unterstein, Reith bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Lapis 35 (5), 37-41; 58.
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Brixen im Thale
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1649) Aragonit, Theisit, Zinkolivenit und ein neues Cu-Zn-As-(S)-O-H-Mineral vom Bergbau Ottneralm (Traholz), Brixen im Thale, Salzburg. Pp. 235-237 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
Sample analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.s
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
Sejkora, J., Škovíra, J. & Škoda R. (2008): Zinkolivenit z rudního revíru Krupka, Krušné hory (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 16 (1), 24-29 (in Czech with English abstract).
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3 2010 Les Mineraux de la Mine de Falgayrolles ( Aveyron ) - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information)
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Walenta, K. & Wimmenauer, W. (1961): Der Mineralbestand des Michaelganges im Weiler bei Lahr (Schwarzwald). Jh. Geol. Landesamt Baden-Württemberg, 4, 7-37.
      • Münstertal
        • Staufen
          • Grunern
Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information)
      • Todtnau
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal XRD + optics); Lapis 32 (6) 12 (ad); Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information); Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Braunlage
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Rösrath
        • Hoffnungsthal
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
    • Siegerland
      • Burbach
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Heymann, J. (1982): Al-Adamin. LAPIS 7 (3), 26-28. [includes analysis of one zincolivenite as defined in 2007]
Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
Tony Peterson collection
            • Hilarion area
K Brenko
            • Jean Baptiste Mine
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Gebhard, G. (1983): Nickel-Adamin - eine neue Adamin-Varietät aus Lavrion / Griechenland. Lapis, 8 (12), 31-32. [as "Ni-bearing cuproadamite"]; Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Vignola-Falesina
AMI UK service (2009)
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Masutomi Museum specimen and analyses (Kyoto)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Lapis 32 (12) 58 (Steffen Möckel information); Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Franus, W. (2006): Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Rędziny (West Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, 37, 101-110.
  • Świętokrzyskie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
      • Kielce District
        • Chęciny
WIESER, T. & ZABINSKI, W. (1986): Copper arsenate and sulphate minerals from Miedzianka near Kielce (Poland). Mineralogica Polonica 17 (1), 17-42.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
Chukanov, N.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pasero, M., Merlino, S., Möckel, S., Rabadanov, M.Kh., Belakovskiy, D.I. (2007): Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): A new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Section, 415A, 841-845.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37 (in German).
        • El Pinar de Bédar
Viñals, J., Calvo, M. and Martí, J. (2008). Minerales de Pb y Cu en las minas de Pinar de Bédar, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 3 (5), 6-13
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
GRÖBNER, J. and KOLITSCH, U. (2009): Zinkolivenit: Neue Fundstellen in Europa. Lapis 34 (3), 35-37.
      • Tíjola
Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
    • Granada
      • Baza
Solá, Calvo & Viñals
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Müstair Valley
      • Ofen pass area
Gröbner, J. (2014): Die Mineralien des Bergbaus an der Buffalora und ein Barytfund am Piz Daint am Ofenpass, Engadin. Bergknappe 124, 18-23.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
http://oro.open.ac.uk/20941/
    • Cumbria
      • South Eastern Region (Westmorland)
        • North Pennines
          • Kirkby Stephen
            • Cote Garth
Braithwaite, R.S.W, Green, D. I, and Tindle, A.G. (2009). the Distribution Of Adamite And Zincolivenite In Britain And Ireland, Journal Of The Russell Society, Volume 12: 3 -9
  • Wales
    • Powys (Radnorshire)
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
List provided by Paul Adams at SCMS 2015.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
            • Gold Hill Mine (Western Utah Mine)
Patrick Haynes, ID via Tony Kampf. I am not positive of the methods he used.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
Georges FAVREAU collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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