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Sarkinite

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Formula:
Mn22+(AsO4)(OH)
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Red, rose-red ...
Hardness:
4 - 5
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1885 by Stens Anders Hjalmar Sjögren from the Greek σάρκιυος, "sarkinos," for "made of flesh," alluding to its reddish color and greasy luster.
Isostructural with:

Classification of Sarkinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.BB.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.6.3.3

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq
20.8.1

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
8 : Arsenates of Mn
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3535.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Sarkinite

Year of Discovery:
1885
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Sarkinite

Greasy
Colour:
Red, rose-red reddish-yellow, yellow; light rose or yellow in transmitted light.
Streak:
Red to yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 5
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100} distinct.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
4.08 - 4.18 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured values on Långban material.

Crystallography of Sarkinite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.7795(13) Å, b = 13.6127(14) Å, c = 10.2188(11) Å
β = 108.834(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.939 : 1 : 0.751
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,682.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Morphology:
Crystals commonly thick tabular {100} and somewhat elongated [010; also occurs as short prismatic [010] crystals, or shortened along this axis and tabular. {100} and {001} are often uneven and {001} is striated [100]. Aggregates into rudely spherical forms at times. Granular.
Comment:
For synthetic material.

Optical Data of Sarkinite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.793 nβ = 1.807 nγ = 1.809
2V:
Measured: 83° , Calculated: 40°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.016
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Absorption X > Z > Y.

Chemical Properties of Sarkinite

Formula:
Mn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Sarkinite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)
JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(PO4)(OH,O)
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
8.BB.55PhosphoellenbergeriteMg14(PO4)6(HPO4,CO3)2(OH)6
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)O
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe23+(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
20.8.2EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
20.8.3ArsenoclasiteMn52+(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.8.4FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
20.8.5JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
20.8.6AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
20.8.7KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
20.8.8SynadelphiteMn92+(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
20.8.9SterlinghilliteMn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2O
20.8.10GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.8.11Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
20.8.12Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.8.13FluckiteCaMn2+(HAsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.14BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.15ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.8.16Wallkilldellite-(Mn)Ca2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
20.8.17BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
20.8.18Manganberzeliite(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
20.8.19Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
20.8.20VillyaelleniteMnMn2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
20.8.21Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
20.8.22GrischuniteNaCa2Mn52+Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2O

Other Names for Sarkinite

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sarkinite

Reference List:
Igelström, L.J. (1865): Kondroarsenit, ett nytt mineral från Pajsbergs jern-och manganmalmsgrufva i Wermland. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar. 22, 3-4. (as Kondroarsenit).

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York (as Chondrarsenite).

Igelström (1884) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 7: 237 (as Xanthoarsénite).

Igelström (1885) Ak. Stockholm, Öfv.: 42: 257 (as Polyarsenite).

Igelström (1885) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 8: 369 (as Polyarsenite).

Sjögren, A. (1885): Sarkinit, ett nytt manganarseniat frän Pajsbergs Jern och mangan-malmsgrufva i Filipstads bergslag. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 724-726

Flink, G. & Hamberg, A. (1888): Om kristalliserad sarkinit (polyarsenit) från Harstigsgrufvan vid Pajsberg. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 10, 380-387

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 779.

Sjögren (1906) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 28: 401.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 130.

Goldschmidt, V. (1922) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 8: 9.

Flink (1924) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 46: 661.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 201.

Hägele (1938) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 267.

Richmond (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 466.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 855-857.

Mineralogical Magazine (1969): 43: 681.

Dal Negro, A., Giuseppetti, G. and Martin Pozas, J. M. (1974): Crystal structure of sarkinite. TTschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 21, 246-260.

Stock, N., Stucky, G. D. and Cheetham, A. K. (2002): Synthesis and characterization of the synthetic minerals villyaellenite and sarkinite, Mn5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2•6H2O and Mn2(AsO4)(OH). Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 628, 357-362.

Internet Links for Sarkinite

Localities for Sarkinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
Abrecht, J. (1990) An As-rich manganiferous mineral assemblage from the Ködnitz Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria): Geology, mineralogy, genetic considerations, and implications for metamorphic Mn deposits. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 363-375.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Castellaro, F. (2005): Sarkinite a Cassagna. Prie, 1, 108.
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Palenzona, A., Balestra, C., Marchesini, M. (2002): La geigerite della miniera di Monte Nero (Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2002, 75-76.
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki
Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kato, A., Matsuyama, F., Mouri, T. and Suzuki, Y. (2001): Arseniopleite from the Gozaisho mine, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 27, 51-62. ; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Atasu
Kayupova, M. M. (1963): Mineralogy of the Dzhumart iron-manganese deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1963 (6), 57-80.
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Holtstam, D. & Langhof, J. eds. (1999): Långban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers. Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, p. 89
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Sjögren, A. (1885): Sarkinit, ett nytt manganarseniat frän Pajsbergs Jern och mangan-malmsgrufva i Filipstads bergslag. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 724-726;Flink, G. & Hamberg, A. (1888): Om kristalliserad sarkinit (polyarsenit) från Harstigsgrufvan vid Pajsberg. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 10, 380-387; Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 681.
Igelström, L.J. (1865): Kondroarsenit, ett nytt mineral från Pajsbergs jern-och manganmalmsgrufva i Wermland. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar. 22, 3-4; Flink, G.& Hamberg, A. (1888): Om kristalliserad sarkinit (polyarsenit) från Harstigsgrufvan vid Pajsberg. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 10, 380-387
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Igelström, L.J. (1886): Polyarsenit och hæmatostibiit. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8: 179-181; Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 640; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857.; Moore, P. B. (1967). Welinite, a new mineral from LAngban. Arkiv fOr Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 407-411.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.; Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2011): I minerali dell'Alpe Tanatz. Passo dello Spluga (Grigioni, Svizzera). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2011, 90-99
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache, C., et al: Am.Min.:23:527-530 (1938); Dunn(1995):Pt5:680.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn, P.J.: Min.Mag.:43:681 (1980); Dunn(1995):Pt5:680.
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