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Sterling Mine, Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 5' 1'' North , 74° 36' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.0836111111, -74.6047222222


The Sterling Mine (NOT the Sterling Hill Mine) is the consolidated mining properties in the Sterling Hill orebody, formerly owned by the New Jersey Zinc Co. Although prospecting occurred early in the history of the District, major mining efforts did not begin until about 1870. Although the mine openings are on Sterling Hill, the mine continued off of Sterling Hill, as the mine deepened. The mine achieved a depth of about 2,670 feet at the sump of the North orebody, under the center of the Wallkill River Valley. The main orebody is folded into the East vein, East leg of the West vein, and the West leg of the West vein. The transverse vein is comprised of a "red" ore component and a "black" ore component. The black ore contains significant arsenic in the form of löllingite. During late hydrothermal reworking, löllingite may have been a source of arsenic for the numerous secondary arsenates. The North orebody extends down from the 1,850-foot level to a point about 2,550 feet and is comprised of "red" ore containing locally abundant sussexite and sphalerite.

Mineral List

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Adelite

Aegirine

Akrochordite

Albite

Allactite

Alleghanyite

Almandine

Anandite

Andradite

Anhydrite

Annite

Anorthite

Aragonite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Aurichalcite

Austinite

Axinite-(Mn)

Azurite

Bariopharmacosiderite

Baryte

Bassanite

Baumhauerite

Bementite

Berthierite

Bianchite

'Biotite'

Birnessite

Bornite

Brandtite

Brochantite

Brucite

Bustamite

Calcite

'Calcozincite'

Canavesite

Caryopilite

Celestine

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcopyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chlorophoenicite

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Clinochlore

Clinochrysotile

Clinoclase

Clinohumite

Clinozoisite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copper

Corundum

Covellite

Cryptomelane

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Cyanotrichite

Descloizite

Devilline

Digenite

Diopside

Djurleite

Dolomite

Dravite

Duftite

Dypingite

Edenite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Euchroite

Eveite

Fayalite

var: Roepperite (of Brush)

Ferrimolybdite

Fluckite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorite

Fluorophlogopite

Forsterite

Fraipontite (TL)

Franklinite (TL)

Friedelite

Gahnite

Galena

Gerstmannite (TL)

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

Guérinite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Haidingerite

Halotrichite

Hastingsite

Hauckite (TL)

Hawleyite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Hetaerolite

'Heulandite'

Heulandite-Na

Hexahydrite

Hodgkinsonite

Holdenite

'Hornblende'

Humite

Hydrozincite

Johnbaumite

Kaolinite

Kolicite (TL)

Köttigite

'Köttigite-Parasymplesite Series'

Kraisslite (TL)

Kutnohorite

Laumontite

Lavendulan

Lawsonbauerite (TL)

Legrandite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Liroconite

Löllingite

Magnesiochlorophoenicite ?

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnussonite

Malachite

Manganocummingtonite

Manganohörnesite

Marcasite

Margarite

Mcallisterite

Mcgovernite (TL)

Meta-ankoleite

Metalodèvite

Metazeunerite

Microcline

Miguelromeroite (TL)

Mimetite

Molybdenite

Monohydrocalcite

Mooreite (TL)

Muscovite

var: Illite

Natrolite

Neotocite

Newberyite

Niahite

Nontronite

Norbergite

Ogdensburgite (TL)

Ojuelaite

Orthoserpierite

Otavite

Parabrandtite (TL)

Parasymplesite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phlogopite

Picropharmacolite

Piemontite

Powellite

Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyroaurite-2H'

Pyrochroite

Pyrophanite

Pyrosmalite-(Mn) (TL)

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

Realgar

Retzian-(La) (TL)

Retzian-(Nd) (TL)

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Rosasite

Rouaite (TL)

Sarkinite

Sauconite

'Schalenblende'

Scheelite

Scorodite

Seligmannite

Serpierite

Siderite

Sillimanite

Silver

Smithsonite

Sonolite

Spangolite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Cleiophane

Starkeyite

Sterlinghillite (TL)

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Sulphur

Sussexite

'Sussexite-Szaibelyite Series'

Synadelphite

Szaibélyite

Talc

Tennantite

Tephroite (TL)

Tetrahedrite

Thortveitite

Tilasite

Todorokite

Torreyite (TL)

'UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn' (FRL)

Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranospinite

'Uvite'

Vesuvianite

Villyaellenite

Wallkilldellite (TL)

Wendwilsonite (TL)

Willemite

var: Troostite

Wollastonite

Woodruffite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

var: Voltzite

Yeatmanite

Yukonite

Zincite (TL)

Zinkenite

Zircon

Znucalite


226 valid minerals. 22 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Bauer, L.H. & Berman, H.(1929), American Mineralogist: 14: 103 (abstract) (Torreyite).

Bauer, L.H. & Berman, H. (1929), American Mineralogist: 14: 165-172 (Torreyite).

Palache, Charles (1935), USGS Professional Paper 180: 25, 26, 28, 35-36, 39, 41, 47-48, 50-52, 55, 57, 59, 68, 77, 83-87, 89-90, 91, 98, 115 & figure 19-6, 122, 123, 128, 129, 130.

American Mineralogist (1937): 22(2): 11 (abstract) (Yeatmanite).

Palache, C., et al (1938), American Mineralogist: 23: 527-530 (Yeatmanite).

Palache, Charles (1941), Contributions to the mineralogy of Sterling Hill, New Jersey: Morphology of graphite, arsenopyrite, pyrite and arsenic: American Mineralogist: 26(12): 709-717.

Prewitt-Hopkins, J. (1949), American Mineralogist: 34: 589-595 (Mooreite, Torreyite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 369, 575, 726, 780, 787.

Frondel, Clifford & Bauer, Lawson (1953), American Mineralogist: 38: 755-760 (Pyrosmalite-Mn).

Frondel, Clifford (1953), American Mineralogist: 38: 761-769 (Woodruffite).

Chukrov, F.V. (1956), Kora Vyvetrivania: 2: 107-123 (abstract in American Mineralogist: 44: 208) ("Zinalsite").

Metsger, et al (1958), Geological Society of America Bulletin: 69: 775-788 (Gahnite).

Gaines, R.V. (1959), American Mineralogist: 44: 199-200 (Brandtite).

Frondel, C., et al (1960), American Mineralogist: 45: 871-875.

Frondel, Clifford, et al (1960), American Mineralogist: 45: 1167-1173 (Todorokite).

Hendricks, J (1960), Notes on the minerals of Franklin & Sterling Hill.

Frondel, Clifford (1961), Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi Stockholm: 2: 571 (Magnussonite).

Frondel, Clifford & Ito, J. (1965), American Mineralogist: 50: 502-503 (Sussexite).

Frondel, Clifford, et al (1966), American Mineralogist: 51: 1388-1393 (Microcline).

Frondel, Clifford (1967), American Mineralogist: 52: 617-634 ("Voltzite").

Cook, D.K. (1969), American Mineralogist: 54: 1392-1398.

Finney, J.J. (1969), American Mineralogist: 54: 973-975 (Mooreite).

Frondel, Clifford (1970), American Mineralogist: 55: 1051-1054 (Uraninite).

Mineralogical Record (1970): 1: 86 (Willemite).

Baum, J.L. (1972), The Picking Table: 13(1): 4-6 (Wollastonite).

Burns, R.G. & Huggins, F.E. (1972), American Mineralogist: 57: 967-985 (Fayalite).

Frondel, C. (1972), The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist.

Cook, D.K. (1973), Recent Work on the Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record: 4: 62-66.

Mineralogical Record (1974): 5: 74 (Willemite).

Moore, P.B. & Araki, T. (1977), American Mineralogist: 62: 51-59 (Gerstmannite).

Chukrov, et al (1978), On Structural varieties of todorokite, Academii Nauk S.S.S.R. Izvestia, Ser. Geol.: 12: 86-95 (Todorokite).

Moore, P. & Ito, J. (1978), American Mineralogist: 63: 938-940 (Kraisslite).

Parker, F. J. (1978), Mineralogical Record: 9: 385-386 (Tilasite).

Dunn, Pete J. (1979), Mineralogical Record: 10: 160-165.

Dunn, Pete J., et al: (1979), American Mineralogist: 64: 708-712. (Kolicite).

Dunn, P.J., et al (1979), American Mineralogist: 64: 949-952 (Lawsonbauerite, Torreyite).

Hill, R.J. (1979), Australian Mineralogist: 26: 126-128 (Mooreite).

American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 483-487 (Kolicite).

Dunn, Pete J. (1980), Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 681 (Sarkinite).

Dunn, P.J. & Leavens, P.B. (1980), American Mineralogist: 65: 196-199 (Yeatmanite).

Dunn, P.J. & Nelen, J.A. (1980), American Mineralogist: 65: 957-960 (Kraisslite).

Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., and Sturman, B.D. (1980) Hauckite, Fe3 3+(Mg,Mn)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81, a new mineral from Sterling Hill, New Jersey. American Mineralogist: 65: 192-195.

Dunn, P.J. (1981), American Mineralogist: 66: 182-184 (Sterlinghillite).

Dunn, P.J. (1981) Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 235-236 (Akrochordite).

Dunn, P.J. (1981), Mineralogical Record: 12: 369-370 (Ogdensburgite).

Dunn, P.J. (1981), Mineralogical Record: 12: 371 (Willemite).

Dunn, P.J. (1981), Mineralogical Record: 12: 373-375 (Holdenite).

Dunn, P.J. & Leavens, P.B. (1981), Mineralogical Record: 12: 371-372 (Pyroaurite).

The Picking Table (1981): 22(1): 2 (Guerinite).

Dunn, P.J. & Sturman (1982), American Mineralogist: 67: 841-845 (Retzian-(Nd)).

Mineralogical Record (1982): 13: 35-38.

Parker, F. J. & Troy, J. (1982), Mineralogical Record: 13: 35-38 (Kraisslite).

Parker, F. (1983), The Picking Table: 24(2): 8 (Laumontite).

Peters, et al (1983), Minerals of the Buckwheat dolomite, Franklin, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record: 14: 183-194.

Reilly, L.C. (1983), Senior thesis, Yale University (Clinohumite).

Dunn, P.J., et al (1984), Mineralogical Magazine: 48: 533-535 (Retzian-(La)).

Dunn, P.J. & Ramik, R.A. (1984), American Mineralogist: 69: 800-802 (Magnussonite).

Parker, F.J. & Smith, B.E. (1984), The Picking Table: 25(1): 2 (Ferrimolybdite).

Petersen, et al (1984), A highly magnesian alleghanyite from Sterling Hill, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record: 15: 299-302.

Craig, J.R., et al (1985), Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 491-494 (Pyrophanite).

Dunn, Pete J. (1985), American Mineralogist:70: 379-387 (Clinohumite).

Francis, Carl A. (1985), American Mineralogist: 70: 182-185.

Peacor, D. & Dunn, Pete J. (1985), Mineralogical Record: 16: 121-124.

Bayliss, P. & St. J. Warne, S. (1987), Powder Diffraction: 2: 225-226 (Haidingerite).

Dunn, P.J., et al (1987), American Mineralogist: 72: 217-221 (Wendwilsonite).

Dunn, P.J., et al (1987), Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Abhandlungen: 157: 113-119 (Parabrandtite).

Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 360 (Fluckite).

Peacor, et al (1987), American Mineralogist: 72: 319-328 (Kutnohorite).

The Picking Table (1987): 28(2): 3 (Fluckite, Otavite).

Tracy, R.J., et al (1987), Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union: 68(16): 467 (abstract).

Mineralogical Record (1988): 19: 273-275.

Dunn, Pete J. and Frondel, Clifford (1990), an Uncommon Margarite / corundum assemblage from Sterling Hill, New Jersey, Mineralogical Record: 21: 425-427.

Francis, Carl A. (1990), The Picking Table: 31(2): 4-6 (Clinochrysotile).

Johnson, C.A. (1990), PhD dissertation, Yale University (Biotite).

Parker, F. J. & Guy, R.E. (1990), The Picking Table: 31(1): 6-9 (Pyrosmalite-Mn).

Bostwick, Richard C. (1991), The Picking Table: 32(2): 4-6 (Znucalite).

Tracy, R.J. (1991), Ba-rich Micas from the Franklin Marble, Lime Crest and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, American Mineralogist: 76: 1683-1693.

Jenkins, Robert E. (1992), The Picking Table: 33(2): 12-13.

Criddle, A.J. & Stanley, C.J. (1993), Quantitative Data File for Ore Minerals, Chapman & Hall, London, 635pp. (Zinkenite).

Jenkins, Robert E. II (1993), The Picking Table: 34(2): 6-11 (Duftite).

Grice, J.D. & Dunn, P.J. (1994), Mineralogical Magazine: 58: 333-336 (Sonolite).

Jaszczak, John A. (1994), Famous graphite crystals from Sterling Hill, New Jersey: The Picking Table: 35(2).

Jenkins, Robert E. II (1994), The Picking Table: 35(1): 16-24.

Jenkins, Robert E. II & Misiur, S. (1994), Mineralogical Record: 25: 95-102; erratum: Ibid., 25: 386.

Cianciulli, J. (1995), The Picking Table: 36(1): 27 (Fraipontite).

Dunn, Pete J. (1995), Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 3: 336-342, 346, 347, 348-350, 357, 360, 361, 362, 363, 369, 375-376, 378-380, 382, 384-399, 400, 401, 404, 405, 407, 414, 418, 421, 424, 434, 438-439, 442, 449, 450, 453, 454, 454, 455, 459.

Dunn, Pete J. (1995), Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 4: 463, 465, 468, 469, 470, 478, 485, 486, 490, 491-492, 498-499, 500-501, 505, 507-508, 509, 513, 514, 517, 520-521, 522, 523, 526, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 538, 539-543, 544, 546, 552, 553-555, 556, 558-565, 566, 578, 580-581, 584, 586, 590-591, 592, 596-597, 601-603, 605, 606, 608-609, 613, 614, 615-616, 617, 618, 619-620, 621, 622-624, 625, 626.

Dunn, Pete J. (1995), Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 5: 627, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634, 635-636, 637-638, 639-640, 641, 642, 644, 645, 650, 651, 653, 655, 656-657, 658, 659, 665-666, 667-668, 669, 670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, 676, 677, 678-680, 682-683, 684, 683, 684, 685,

Sarp, et al, Riviéra Scientifique (2001): 85: 3-12 (15 October, 2001) (Rouaite).

Verbeek, Earl R. and Nikischer, Tony (2010) Changes to the Mineral Species List in 2010, The Picking Table: 52(1): 15 (Miguelromeroite).

Cooper, M.A., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2012), The crystal structure of kraisslite, [4]Zn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16, from the Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, Sussex County, New Jersey, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 2819-2836.

Kampf, A.R. (2009): Miguelromeroite, the Mn analogue of sainfeldite, and redefinition of villyaellenite as an ordered intermediate in the sainfeldite-miguelromeroite series. American Mineralogist, 94, 1535-1540.

Van Fleet, James A. and Verbeek, Earl R.(2013) "Fluorescent Chrysotile From Sterling Hill, New Jersey." The Picking Table: Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society 54, no. 1 : 17-21.

The Picking Table: 17(2): 4.

Valentino, A.J., et al, Economic Geology: 85: 1941-1946 (Pyrophanite).

Ondrush, P. & Veselovsky, F. (authors) confirmed analysis on Sterling Mine material, personal communication with C.S. Lemanski, Jr.

External Links

http://www.fluomin.org/uk/guideFranklin.php [List of fluorescent minerals from Franklin]

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