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Seligmannite

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Formula:
PbCuAsS3
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Lead gray, dark lead ...
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named in 1901 by Heinrich Adolf Baumhauer in honor of Gustav Seligmann [May 31, 1849 Koblenz, Germany - June 28, 1920 Koblenz, Germany] mineral collector, amateur crystallographer, mineralogical author, and banker. Gustav Seligman was awarded the honorary Ph. D. in mineralogy by the University of Bonn.

Classification of Seligmannite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.GA.50

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
Dana 7th ed.:
3.4.3.1
3.4.3.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.1

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Seligmannite

Year of Discovery:
1901

Physical Properties of Seligmannite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Lead gray, dark lead gray, black
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on the {001}, {100}, and {010}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.38 - 5.44 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.43 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Seligmannite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pmmn
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.13Å, b = 8.71Å, c = 7.63Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.933 : 1 : 0.876
Unit Cell Volume:
V 540.85 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals equant; short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}. {110} often with multiple striae (Binntal) parallel [001], [11¯0], [11¯1¯]. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Twinning:
Twinning on {110} very common. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Comment:
Other source gives Pn21m, a = 8.076(2), b = 8.737(5), c = 7.634(3) A.

Crystallographic forms of Seligmannite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Seligmannite - Thick tabular {001}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Seligmannite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
Rose-white

Chemical Properties of Seligmannite

Formula:
PbCuAsS3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Zn,Fe,Sb

Relationship of Seligmannite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Bournonite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
BournonitePbCuSbS3
SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3
2.GA.25LapieiteNiCuSbS3
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
2.GA.30GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12
2.GA.35LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
2.GA.40RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
2.GA.40StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3
2.GA.50SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
5.7.11JaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueritePb11Ag(As,Sb)18S36
5.7.22AndoritePbAgSb3S6
5.7.23Ramdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
5.7.31SterryiteAg2Pb10(Sb,As)12S29
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
5.7.36GustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
5.7.39Benjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39 ·
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13
5.7.44CupropavoniteAgCu2PbBi5S10
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21
5.7.47RathitePb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5

Other Names for Seligmannite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:硫砷铅铜矿
砷车轮矿
Spanish:Seligmannita
Traditional Chinese:硫砷鉛銅礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Seligmannite

Reference List:
Baumhauer (1901), Ak. Berlin, Ber.: 110.

Solly (1903) Mineralogical Magazine: 13: 337.

Solly (1906) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 186.

Prior (1910) Mineralogical Magazine: 15: 385.

Solly (1912) Mineralogical Magazine: 16: 282.

Palache, C. (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 402.

Frondel, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 25.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 411-412.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 131: 397-417.

Mineralogical Record (1986): 17: 261-268.

Internet Links for Seligmannite

Specimens:
The following Seligmannite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Seligmannite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • El Quevar
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    • Incahuasi Valley
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Völkermarkt
      • Rammersdorf
        • Dragonerfels
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Puttner, M. (2002): Witherit von Mairist bei St. Donat; Gold aus dem Schottenauer Graben, Hüttenberg; Koninckit von Oberbuchach, Gailtal sowie Bournonit und Chalkostibit vom Dragonerfels-Bergstein (Kärnten) - ein Nachtrag. Carinthia II, 192./112., 255-260.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Semmering
Hackenberg 2003
  • Salzburg
    • Golling
      • Grubach
        • Moosegg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Tomás Frías Province
Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
Bulgaria
 
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Woodstock
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Manitoba
    • Snow Lake District
A. E. Bence and L. C. Coleman (1963): Temperatures of formation of the Chisel Lake sulphide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba. Can. Mineral. 7, 663-666.
Richard Gunter Collection
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Harris (1989)
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
  • Sichuan Province
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Yanbian Co.
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Croatia
 
  • Trgovska Gora Mts
Šoštarić, S. B. et al. (2009): Mineral. Petrol. 97, 111-128.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Vrančice
[Lapis 1995, 12, p.13-24]
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Pyhäjärvi
Pasi Eilu (2002) Documentation of Zn deposits in Finland and the FINZINC database. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Geological Survey of Finland
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Paulhaguet
        • Josat
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Wiesloch
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
        • Stratoni operations
Nebel, M. L., Hutchinson, R. W., & Zartman, R. E. (1991). Metamorphism and polygenesis of the Madem Lakkos polymetallic sulfide deposit, Chalkidiki, Greece. Economic Geology, 86(1), 81-105.
  • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
    • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
      • Molaoi
http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 1277-1282, 1986; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60; Voudouris, P., Papavasiliou, C., Melfos, V. (2005): Silver mineralogy of St. Philippos deposit (NE Greece) and its relationship to a Te-bearing porphyry-Cu-Mo mineralization. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 155-160.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Sardasht County
      • Sardasht
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Moyne
Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Ponte Stazzemese
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
Peru
 
  • Ancash Department
    • Recuay Province
      • Ticapampa District
Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Castrovirreyna Province
Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens; Min Rec 39:95-99
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
  • Lima Department
    • Cajatambo Province
Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
Serafimovski, Todor and Tasev, Goran (2003) The Plavica epithermal polymetallic system: mineralogical and geochemical data. Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development, Eliopoulos et al. (eds), 1 (1). pp. 523-526.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Wagner F E, Sawicki J A, Friedl J, Mandarino J A, Harris D C, Cabri L J (1994) 197Au Mössbauer study of the gold–silver ditellurides sylvanite, krennerite and calaverite, The Canadian Mineralogist 32, 189-201
  • Maramureș Co.
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., Dill, H. G., Buzgar, N. & Apopei A. I. (2015): Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfosalts from Baia Sprie ore deposit (Romania) — New bismuth minerals occurrence. Ore Geology Reviews 65, 132-147.
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Sitzungsber.Akad.Wiss.Berlin (1901) 6, 110-117
U. Kolitsch und F. C. A. de Wit (1996): Die Mineralien vom Messerbach im Binntal. Lapis 21 (9), 23-31; 58. (in German)
      • Giessen
Walter Gabriel (2005). Mineralien der Grube Lengenbach im Binntal / Wallis (CH) und weiteren Fundstellen im Dolomit des Binntales. Münchenstein
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Central Donbass
[World of Stones 12:20]
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Galena District (Henson Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Montana
    • Powell Co.
Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; "Butte, Montana, Minerals, Mines and History", The Mineralogical Record, Vol 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 2002
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:553-554.
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
AmMin 13:402
Mineral and/or Locality  
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