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Seligmannite

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Formula:
PbCuAsS
 
3
System:OrthorhombicColour:Lead gray, dark lead ...
Hardness:3
Member of:Bournonite Group
Name:Named in 1901 by Heinrich Adolf Baumhauer in honor of Gustav Seligmann [May 31, 1849 Koblenz, Germany - June 28, 1920 Koblenz, Germany] mineral collector, amateur crystallographer, mineralogical author, and banker. Gustav Seligman was awarded the honorary Ph. D. in mineralogy by the University of Bonn.

Classification of Seligmannite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.16-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.GA.50

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
Dana 7th edition ID:3.4.3.1
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.3.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.1

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Seligmannite

Type Locality:Lengenbach Quarry, Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld), Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland
Year of Discovery:1901

Physical Properties of Seligmannite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Lead gray, dark lead gray, black
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):3
Hardness Data:Measured
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on the {001}, {100}, and {010}
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):5.38 - 5.44 g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.43 g/cm3

Crystallography of Seligmannite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pmmn
Cell Parameters:a = 8.13Å, b = 8.71Å, c = 7.63Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.933 : 1 : 0.876
Unit Cell Volume:V 540.85 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals equant; short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}. {110} often with multiple striae (Binntal) parallel [001], [11¯0], [11¯1¯]. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Twinning:Twinning on {110} very common. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Comment:Other source gives Pn21m, a = 8.076(2), b = 8.737(5), c = 7.634(3) A.
Crystal Atlas:
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Seligmannite - Thick tabular {001}

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Optical Data of Seligmannite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong
Colour in reflected light:Rose-white

Chemical Properties of Seligmannite

Formula:
PbCuAsS
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:PbCuAsS3
Essential elements:As, Cu, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, Pb, S
Common Impurities:Ag,Zn,Fe,Sb

Relationship of Seligmannite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Bournonite (see here)
Member of:Bournonite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.GA.05Proustite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
2.GA.05Pyrargyrite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.10Pyrostilpnite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.10Xanthoconite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
2.GA.15Samsonite
Ag
 
4
MnSb
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.20Skinnerite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.20Wittichenite
Cu
 
3
BiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lapieite
NiCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.25Mückeite
NiCu(Bi,Sb)S
 
3
2.GA.25Malyshevite
PdCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lisiguangite
PtCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.30Aktashite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Gruzdevite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
Sb
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Nowackiite
Cu
 
6
Zn
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.35Laffittite
AgHgAsS
 
3
2.GA.40Routhierite
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.40Stalderite
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.45Erniggliite
Tl
 
2
SnAs
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.50Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.50Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.4Gladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
5.7.5Lindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.22Andorite
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
5.7.41Berryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.44Cupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5

Other Names for Seligmannite

Other Languages:
German:Seligmannit
Russian:Зелигманит
Simplified Chinese:硫砷铅铜矿
砷车轮矿
Spanish:Seligmannita
Traditional Chinese:硫砷鉛銅礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Seligmannite

Reference List:

- +
Baumhauer (1901), Ak. Berlin, Ber.: 110.

Solly (1903) Mineralogical Magazine: 13: 337.

Solly (1906) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 186.

Prior (1910) Mineralogical Magazine: 15: 385.

Solly (1912) Mineralogical Magazine: 16: 282.

Palache, C. (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 402.

Frondel, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 25.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 411-412.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 131: 397-417.

Mineralogical Record (1986): 17: 261-268.

Internet Links for Seligmannite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Seligmannite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Seligmannite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Seligmannite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
      • Incahuasi Valley
    ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Völkermarkt
        • Rammersdorf
          • Dragonerfels
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Puttner, M. (2002): Witherit von Mairist bei St. Donat; Gold aus dem Schottenauer Graben, Hüttenberg; Koninckit von Oberbuchach, Gailtal sowie Bournonit und Chalkostibit vom Dragonerfels-Bergstein (Kärnten) - ein Nachtrag. Carinthia II, 192./112., 255-260.
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Semmering
    Hackenberg 2003
    • Salzburg
      • Golling
        • Grubach
          • Moosegg
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Tomás Frías Province
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    ATANASSOVA, S. THE PRESERVED MINERAL DIVERSITY OF SEDMOCHISLENITSI DEPOSIT, VRATSA ORE REGION.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Woodstock
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Manitoba
      • Snow Lake District
    A. E. Bence and L. C. Coleman (1963): Temperatures of formation of the Chisel Lake sulphide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba. Can. Mineral. 7, 663-666.
    Richard Gunter Collection
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    Harris (1989)
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    China
     
    • Hubei Province
      • Huangshi Prefecture
        • Daye Co.
    Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
    • Sichuan Province
      • Panzhihua Prefecture
        • Yanbian Co.
    Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
    Croatia
     
    • Trgovska Gora Mts
    Šoštarić, S. B. et al. (2009): Mineral. Petrol. 97, 111-128.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
          • Vrančice
    [Lapis 1995, 12, p.13-24]
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Pyhäjärvi
    Pasi Eilu (2002) Documentation of Zn deposits in Finland and the FINZINC database. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Geological Survey of Finland
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • La Chaise-Dieu
          • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Paulhaguet
          • Josat
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Wiesloch
    Greece
     
    • Macedonia Department
      • Chalkidiki Prefecture
        • Cassandra Mines
          • Stratoni operations
    Nebel, M. L., Hutchinson, R. W., & Zartman, R. E. (1991). Metamorphism and polygenesis of the Madem Lakkos polymetallic sulfide deposit, Chalkidiki, Greece. Economic Geology, 86(1), 81-105.
    • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
      • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
        • Molaoi
    http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 1277-1282, 1986; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60; Voudouris, P., Papavasiliou, C., Melfos, V. (2005): Silver mineralogy of St. Philippos deposit (NE Greece) and its relationship to a Te-bearing porphyry-Cu-Mo mineralization. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 155-160.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Recsk
    Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    Iran
     
    • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
      • Sardasht
    Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Moyne
    Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Stazzema
            • Ponte Stazzemese
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Fauske
        • Sulitjelma
          • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
    Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
      • Hemnes
        • Bleikvassli
    Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
    Peru
     
    • Ancash Department
      • Recuay Province
        • Ticapampa District
    Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Castrovirreyna Province
    Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens; Min Rec 39:95-99
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    • Lima Department
      • Cajatambo Province
    Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    • Pasco department
      • Pasco province
        • Cerro de Pasco
    P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
    Serafimovski, Todor and Tasev, Goran (2003) The Plavica epithermal polymetallic system: mineralogical and geochemical data. Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development, Eliopoulos et al. (eds), 1 (1). pp. 523-526.
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Deva
    Wagner F E, Sawicki J A, Friedl J, Mandarino J A, Harris D C, Cabri L J (1994) 197Au Mössbauer study of the gold–silver ditellurides sylvanite, krennerite and calaverite, The Canadian Mineralogist 32, 189-201
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
    Sitzungsber.Akad.Wiss.Berlin (1901) 6, 110-117
    U. Kolitsch und F. C. A. de Wit (1996): Die Mineralien vom Messerbach im Binntal. Lapis 21 (9), 23-31; 58. (in German)
        • Giessen
    Walter Gabriel (2005). Mineralien der Grube Lengenbach im Binntal / Wallis (CH) und weiteren Fundstellen im Dolomit des Binntales. Münchenstein
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Gorlovka
        • Novyi Donbass
    [World of Stones 12:20]
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Galena District (Henson Creek District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Montana
      • Powell Co.
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
      • Silver Bow Co.
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; "Butte, Montana, Minerals, Mines and History", The Mineralogical Record, Vol 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 2002
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
    Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
      • White Pine Co.
        • White Pine District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt4:553-554.
    • Utah
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
    AmMin 13:402
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