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Rist Mine (North America Emerald Mine), Hiddenite, Alexander Co., North Carolina, USA

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 54' North , 81° 5' West (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km

An Alpine-cleft emerald mine.
Originally known as the Rist Mine, but also known as American Gems Mine, LKA International Emerald Mine, and recently (since 1995), the North American Emerald Mine. (Labels may be abbreviated NAEM = North American Emerald Mine.)

This locality is the type location for the chromian spodumene called hiddenite named for William E. Hidden and the town is named for the variety.

This location is the most important North American emerald locality.

Mineral List

33 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Rocks & Minerals: 60: 65.

Wise, M. (2009): Chabazite in Spodumene-bearing Alpine-type Fissure Veins from Hiddenite, North Carolina, USA. Mineralogy and Petrology, 96, 213-220.

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