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Heulandite-Ba

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Formula:
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless to white, ...
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1822 by Henry James Brooke in honor of Johann Heinrich "John Henry" Heuland [March 21, 1778 Beyreuth, Germany - November 16, 1856 Hastings, Sussex, England, UK], a mineral collector and mineral dealer living in England and for the suffix indicating dominant Ba.
The barium analogue of Heulandite-Ca, Heulandite-K, Heulandite-Na, and Heulandite-Sr.

Classification of Heulandite-Ba

Approved 2003
9.GE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
E : Chains of T10O20 Tetrahedra
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Type Occurrence of Heulandite-Ba

Physical Properties of Heulandite-Ba

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless to white, Pale yellowish-white, Pale beige
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on the {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.35 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Heulandite-Ba

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.738Å, b = 17.856Å, c = 7.419Å
β = 116.55°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.993 : 1 : 0.415
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,102.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.94 (66)
5.12 (59)
4.65 (66)
3.978 (97)
3.181 (56)
2.973 (100)
2.807 (65)

Optical Data of Heulandite-Ba

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.506 nβ = 1.506 nγ = 1.515
2V:
Measured: 38° , Calculated: 34°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of Heulandite-Ba

Formula:
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Heulandite-Ba to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.10Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
9.GE.10Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
9.GE.15Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
9.GE.15StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O

Other Names for Heulandite-Ba

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Heulandite-Ba

Reference List:
Merkle, A.B., and M. Slaughter (1968), Determination and refinement of the structure of heulandite: American Mineralogist: 53: 1120-1138.

Alberti, A. (1972), On the crystal structure of the zeolite heulandite: Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.

Comodi, P., G.D. Gatta, & P.F. Zanazzi (2001), High-pressure structural behavior of heulandite: European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 247-255.

Larsen, Alf Olav; Nordrum, Fred Steinar; Döbelin, Nicola; Armbruster, Thomas; Petersen, Ole V.; Erambert, Muriel (2005), Heulandite-Ba, a new zeolite species from Norway: European Journal of Mineralogy, January 2005, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 143-154(12).

Internet Links for Heulandite-Ba

Localities for Heulandite-Ba

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Alberta
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.254
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Pardubice Region
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
Japan
 
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
Minakawa et al (2002) Strontian and Barian heulandite in sandy stone from the Shimanto formation and Izumi formation, Shikoku. (2002 annual meeting of JAMPEG, 282)
Norway (TL)
 
  • Buskerud
    • Flesberg
      • Svene
        • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
          • Vinoren Silver Mine Field
            • Vinoren Southern Mines
Larsen, A.O., Nordrum,F.S., Döbelin, N., Armbruster, T., Petersen, O.V. & Erambert, M.(2005): Heulandite-Ba, a new zeolite species from Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 143-153
    • Kongsberg
      • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
        • Overberget Mining Field
Larsen, A.O., Nordrum,F.S., Döbelin, N., Armbruster, T., Petersen, O.V. & Erambert, M.(2005): Heulandite-Ba, a new zeolite species from Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 143-153; Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- additional data and summary. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 98-112
  • Oppland
    • Sel
      • Sjoa
Larsen, A.O., Nordrum,F.S., Döbelin, N., Armbruster, T., Petersen, O.V. & Erambert, M.(2005): Heulandite-Ba, a new zeolite species from Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 143-153
    • Valdres
      • Vang
Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- additional data and summary. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 98-112
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