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Duttonite

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About DuttoniteHide

03053120014947601751543.jpg
Clarence Edward Dutton
Formula:
V4+O(OH)2
Colour:
Pale brown
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.24 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for Clarence Edward Dutton (May 15, 1841 – January 4, 1912), an American geologist and US Army officer.
This page provides mineralogical data about Duttonite.


Classification of DuttoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1956
4.HE.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
H : V[5,6] Vanadates
E : Phyllovanadates
6.2.7.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
2 : X(OH)2
7.12.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
12 : Oxides of V, Nb and Ta

Physical Properties of DuttoniteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Pale brown
Comment:
Becomes greenish on alteration
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Good to perfect on {001}
Density:
3.24 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DuttoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.810(3) nβ = 1.900(3) nγ = 2.010
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.200
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v moderate
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= pale pinkish brown
Y= pale yellow-brown
Z= pale brown

Chemical Properties of DuttoniteHide

Formula:
V4+O(OH)2

Crystallography of DuttoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.80(2) Å, b = 3.95(1) Å, c = 5.96(2) Å
β = 90.67(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.228 : 1 : 1.509
Unit Cell V:
207.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crusts and masses of six sided pseudo-orthorhombic crystals.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009204DuttoniteEvans H T, Mrose M E (1958) The crystal structures of three new vanadium oxide minerals Acta Crystallographica 11 56-581958Peanut mine, Montrose County, Colorado, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral foemed by low temperature hydrothermal alteration of vanadium minerals.

Type Occurrence of DuttoniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University 134144
Reference:
Thompson, M.E., Roach, C.H., Meyrowitz, R. (1956) Duttonite, new vanadium mineral from Peanut mine, Montrose County, Colorado. Science: 123: 990-990.

Other Language Names for DuttoniteHide

German:Duttonit
Spanish:Duttonita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Duttonite associated with BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2O
1 photo of Duttonite associated with PascoiteCa3(V10O28) · 17H2O
1 photo of Duttonite associated with Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
1 photo of Duttonite associated with ChervetitePb2(V2O7)
1 photo of Duttonite associated with FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.HE.05MelanovanaditeCa(V5+,V4+)4O10 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.HE.10ShcherbinaiteV5+2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
4.HE.15HewettiteCaV6O16 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
4.HE.15MetahewettiteCaV6O16 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
4.HE.20BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2OMon.
4.HE.20Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2OMon.
4.HE.20Corvusite(Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2OMon.
4.HE.20Fernandinite(Ca,K)(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.HE.20Straczekite(Ca,K,Ba)(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 3H2OMon.
4.HE.25HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3Mon.
4.HE.30DoloresiteV4+3O4(OH)4Mon. 2/m
4.HE.40CavoiteCaV4+3O7Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.12.1Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)Orth.
7.12.2 ScherbinaiteV5+2O5
7.12.3ParamontroseiteV4+O2Orth.
7.12.4HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3Mon.
7.12.6DoloresiteV4+3O4(OH)4Mon. 2/m
7.12.7LenobliteV4+2O4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.12.8NavajoiteFe3+V5+9O24 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.12.9VanoxiteV4+4V5+2O13 · 8H2O
7.12.10BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2OMon.
7.12.11Corvusite(Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2OMon.
7.12.12SimplotiteCaV4+4O9 · 5H2OMon.
7.12.13KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.12.14SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
7.12.15BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
7.12.16TivaniteV3+TiO3(OH)Mon.
7.12.17MannarditeBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I41/a
7.12.18KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
7.12.19CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.12.20NolaniteV3+8Fe3+2O14(OH)2Hex.
7.12.21VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.12.22TantiteTa2O5Tric.
7.12.23Kimrobinsonite(Ta,Nb)(OH)5-2x(O,CO3)x ; x near 1.2Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DuttoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Thompson, M.E., Roach, C.H., Meyrowitz, R. (1956) Duttonite, new vanadium mineral from Peanut mine, Montrose County, Colorado. Science: 123: 990-990.
Fleischer, M. (1956) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 41: 958-960.
Thompson, M.E., Roach, C.H., Meyrowitz, R. (1957) Duttonite, a new quadrivalent vanadium oxide from the Peanut Mine, Montrose County, Colorado. American Mineralogist: 42: 455-460.
Evans, H.T. Jr., Mrose, M.E. (1958) The crystal structures of three new vanadium oxide minerals. Acta Crystallographica: 11A: 56-58.

Internet Links for DuttoniteHide

Localities for DuttoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • Coronel Felipe Varela department
      • Guandacol
de Brodtkorb, M. K. (1982). Vanadium Oxides in the Urcal Deposit, Argentina. In Ore Genesis (pp. 221-229). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Mpassa
      • Franceville
Cesbron, F., Vachey, H. (1970) La lenoblite, nouvel oxyde hydraté de vanadium (IV). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 93: 235-241.; Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56(3-4): 631-640 (635).
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
Chenoweth, W. L. (1994). The Location and Production History of the Chimney No. 1 Uranium-Vanadium Mine, Apache County, Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Report 94-B
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170; Mineralogical Magazine 1984 48 : 289-293
  • Colorado
    • Montrose Co.
      • Uravan Mining District
        • Bull Canyon
Thompson, M.E., Roach, C.H., Meyrowitz, R. (1956) Duttonite, new vanadium mineral from Peanut mine, Montrose County, Colorado. Science: 123: 990-990.; Fleischer, M. (1956) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 41: 958-960.; Thompson, M.E., Roach, C.H., Meyrowitz, R. (1957) Duttonite, a new quadrivalent vanadium oxide from the Peanut Mine, Montrose County, Colorado. American Mineralogist: 42: 455-460.; Clark (1993) Hey's Mineral Index.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Slick Rock Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Am Min (1958) 43:16-24
  • New Mexico
    • San Juan Co.
      • Shiprock District
        • Eastside mines
NMBGMR Open-file Report - 466
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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