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Christian Gottlob Gmelin
Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Colorles, white, reddish ...
Member of:
Named by David Brewster in 1825 in honor of the mineralogist and professor of chemistry, Christian Gottlob Gmelin [October 12, 1792- May 13, 1860] of the University of Tübingen, Germany.
The sodium-dominant member of the Gmelinite series.

Classification of Gmelinite-Na


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
D : Chains of 6-membered rings – tabular zeolites URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Gmelinite-Na

Occurrences of Gmelinite-Na

Geological Setting:
In basalts and pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Gmelinite-Na

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colorles, white, reddish white, salmon-red, yellowish, greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Distinct on {1010}
2.02 - 2.17 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.098 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Gmelinite-Na

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.78(2) Å, c = 10.03(5) Å
a:c = 1 : 0.728
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,649.42 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Pyrimidal, tabular, rhombohedral
Pernetration common on {1011}
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Gmelinite-Na

Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nω = 1.476 - 1.494 nε = 1.474 - 1.480
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002 - 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
May be anomalously biaxial.

Chemical Properties of Gmelinite-Na

Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Gmelinite-Na to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GD.05Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
9.GD.05Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
9.GD.10WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
9.GD.10Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
9.GD.10Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
9.GD.15Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
9.GD.15Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
9.GD.20Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
9.GD.20Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
9.GD.20Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
9.GD.20Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
9.GD.25OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
9.GD.25Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
9.GD.35MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
9.GD.35Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
9.GD.45EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
9.GD.55BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O

Other Names for Gmelinite-Na

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钠菱沸石
Traditional Chinese:鈉菱沸石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gmelinite-Na

Reference List:
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1978): 310-324.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1982): 145-155.

Internet Links for Gmelinite-Na

Localities for Gmelinite-Na

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Tasmania
    • Moina District (Middlesex District)
Sutherland, F. & Bottrill, R.(2004): Zeolites of western Tasmania. Australian Jornal of Mineralogy 10:2 pp 59-72
  • Victoria
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
Min Rec 17:6 p377-379
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
HOWE, A.B. (1876) Gmelinite from Nova Scotia, American Journal of Science, 719-720.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.201,204
HOWE, A.B. (1876) Gmelinite from Nova Scotia, American Journal of Science, 719-720.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L. & Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. [Unpubl. data = gmelinite-Na]
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth Collection - gmelinite-Na confirmed by XRD & microprobe; Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
  • Larnaca District (Larnaka District; İskele District)
Prüfer, P. (2011): Mineralien der Insel Zypern (2). Der Aufschluss 62, 175-186 (in German).
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Děčín (Tetschen)
Bárta J, Rychlý R. Nález gmelinitu na lokalitě Dobranka u Děčína. Čas. Mineral. Geol. 24, 434. Praha; Bárta J, Rychlý R. Nález gmelinitu na lokalitě Dobranka u Děčína. Čas. Mineral. Geol. 1979, 24, 434. Praha
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Ilímaussaq complex
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V.,Husdal, T.A., Kononkova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012): Carlgieseckeite-(Nd), NaNdCa3(PO4)3F, a new belovite-group mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 571-580
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Zalahaláp
GEODA, 2000; Kónya, P. and Szakáll, S. (2011): Occurrence, composition and paragenesis of the zeolites and associated minerals in the alkaline basalt of a maar-type volcano at Haláp Hill, Balaton Highland, Hungary. Mineral. Mag. 75, 2869-2885.
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Northern Iblean plateau
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
Edinburgh J. Sci. (1825) 2, 262; Can. Mineral. (1997) 35, 1571
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Sado Island
Chiba et al (1995) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 21, 61-69.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
Kuwano, N. & Matsueda, H. (1982) Geoscience Magazine, 33, 79-84.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
          • Alluaiv Mt
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Island Magee
Walker, G.P.L. (1959) Min. Mag. 32(246), p. 202-217.
      • Larne
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District
        • Boron
          • Kramer Borate deposit
            • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corp.; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)
Am Min 90:1186-1191
  • Oregon
    • Grant Co.
      • North Fork John Day River
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