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Dark green-amber
Member of:
Named in 1955 by A. R. Graham in allusion to the mineral's chemical composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Cerianite-(Ce).

Classification of Cerianite-(Ce)

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures

4 : AX2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
7 : Oxides of Group III metals other than Al URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Cerianite-(Ce)

General Appearance of Type Material:
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Carbonatite/nepheline syenite

Physical Properties of Cerianite-(Ce)

Dark green-amber

Crystallography of Cerianite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.42(1) Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 159.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Cerianite-(Ce)

All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cerianite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
4.DL.05Aeschynite Group

Other Names for Cerianite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:方铈石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerianite-(Ce)

Reference List:
GRAHAM, A.R. (1955): Cerianite, CeO2: a new rare earth oxide mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 560-564.

Internet Links for Cerianite-(Ce)

Localities for Cerianite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
  • Catamarca
    • Belén Department
COLOMBO, Fernando; LIRA, Raúl and PANNUNZIO MINER, Elisa V.. Mineralogical Characterization Of Topaz From Miarolitic Pegmatites And W-Bearing Greisen In The A-Type El Portezuelo Granite, Papachacra (Catamarca Province). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.2, pp. 194-200
  • San Luis
    • San Martín department
      • Las Chacras
        • Rodeo de los Molles district
Lira, R., Viñas, N.A., Ripley, E.M. y Barbieri, M., 1999. El yacimiento de tierras raras, torio y uranio Rodeo de Los Molles, San Luis. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 987-997.
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
Bernie & Margaret Day collection
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
PA Wulser personal data
  • Western Australia
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Weld Station
Trans. Inst. Mining Metall.(Sect. B:Applied Earth Sci.) 104, 203-208(1995)
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein
      • Adnet
        • Limestone quarries
Kolitsch, U. & Pristacz, H., jr. (2013): 1811) Cerianit und Hollandit von Adnet, Salzburg. Pp. 123-125 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Vandans
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1855) Ankerit, Aragonit, Cobaltit, Dolomit, Elektrum, Florencit-(Ce), Gersdorffit, Jarosit, Magnesit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), Monazit-(La), Tellurobismuthit(?) und weitere Mineralien aus dem unteren Rellstal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 91-92 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Velasco Province
Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz, 1998); Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 84-95
  • Bujumbura Rural Province
Lehmann, et al. (1994): REE mineralization at Gakara, Burundi. Evidence for anomalous upper mantle in the western Rift Valley. Geochimicae et Cosmochimica Acta, 58 (2), 985-992
  • Manitoba
Am. Min. 85, 898-911(2000)
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
D. Robert Pinckston, Dorian G. W. Smith (1995) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:516-532; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
Reiner Mielke 2011, WDS by Pavel W. Kartachov
    • Sudbury District
      • Lackner Township
GRAHAM, A.R. (1955): Cerianite, CeO2: a new rare earth oxide mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 560-564.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Liuzhou Prefecture
      • Rong'an Co.
        • Huashan Sn ore field
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Bijie Prefecture
      • Zhijin Co.
Huixin Jin, Hua Wang, and Junqi Li (2007): Chinese Journal of Rare Metals 31(3).
  • Hebei Province
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Huailai Co.
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Pargas (Parainen)
      • Iniö
Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Alavus
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2001
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 11, 87-90, 1982] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-369
      • Mendig
        • Niedermendig
          • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Tschörtner, J., Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors, 2006
  • Tolna Co.
    • Geresdi Hills
      • Mórágy
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Guastoni, A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2009 (1), 38-48.
        • Villadossola
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Urals
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
          • Befitina
Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ambositra District
        • Manandriana Commune
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Zomba District
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Gómez Palacio
      • Sierra de Bermejillo
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Parapara
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • Nassarawa State (Nasarawa State)
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Iveland
      • Birkeland
Collection of Iveland Municipality # IKM_427
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, pp. 51 and 85).
Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
      • Kåbuland
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 85).
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 86; Yoklavich, J.L.(2010): Crystallization and reaction sequences in a NYF pegmatite: a case study from the Hundholmen locality, Norway. Undergraduate Research Thesis, Texas Tech University, 14p.
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Nordmarka
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 86
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Bergstøl, S.; Jensen, B.B. & Neumann, H. (1977): Tveitite, a new calcium yttrium fluoride. LITHOS 10: 81-87
  • Concepción Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 206 (BMNH, London, 1987)
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
USGS Professional Paper 1765
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
            • Ducat ore field
Filimonova, L.G., and Chugaev, A.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(6), 489-498.
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • ZF Mgcawu District
      • Kakamas
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Lappland
Aksel Österlöf collection and NR Museum in Stockholm.
Xray Uppsala Univ. , in AÖ coll and NRM
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Finhaut
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Arusha Region
Zaitsev, A.N., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Siidra, O.I., Spratt, J., Williams, C.T., Stanley, C.J., Petrov, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Polyakova, E.A. (2011): Fluorine-, yttrium- and lanthanide-rich cerianite-(Ce) from carbonatitic rocks of the Kerimasi volcano and surrounding explosion craters, Gregory Rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, (in press).
  • Lugans'k Oblast'
    • Nagolnyi Kryazh (Nagolnyi Range)
Dudar, T. V.; Shumlyanskii, V. A. (1999): Gold-bearing gersdorffite-freibergite mineral association at the low ore level in the Bobrikovo deposit. Dopovidi Natsional'noi Akademii Nauk Ukraini 1999 (3), 124-127.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ord Mts
        • Ord District
          • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mine; Osborn Mine; Rio Vista Mine)
Margerum, W. (2003) The Brilliant Claim. The 783rd meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California (May 2003 bulletin)
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Dean Allum specimen
      • Stove Mountain (Cookstove Mountain)
Müller, M. M., Kleebe, H.-J., Lauterbach, S. and Zito, G. (2011): Crystallographic orientation relationship between bastnaesite, fluocerite and cerianite observed in a crystal from the pikes peak pegmatites. Z. Kristallogr. 226 (2011) 467-475.
    • Teller Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bethlehem
Rocks & Minerals Vol.65 No.4; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Sierra Co.
      • Paramount Canyon
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Thomas Range
        • Starvation Canyon (Searles Canyon)
Min Rec (2006) 37:311-317
  • Virginia
    • Amherst Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Roseland
Rocks & Min.:60:165.
    • Nelson Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Hà Giang Province
Ishihara, S., Tran, T. A., Watanabe, Y., & Tran, T. H. (2010). Chemical characteristics of lead-zinc ores from North Vietnam, with a special attention to the In contents. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan, 61(9/10), 307-323.
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