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System:IsometricColour:Dark green-amber
Name:Named in 1955 by A. R. Graham in allusion to the mineral's chemical composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Cerianite-(Ce).

Classification of Cerianite-(Ce)

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.31-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DL.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
Dana 8th edition ID:

4 : AX2
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.7.2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
7 : Oxides of Group III metals other than Al
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Type Occurrence of Cerianite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Dominion Gulf Company claims, Lackner Township, Sudbury District, Ontario, Canada
General Appearance of Type Material:Octahedrons
Geological Setting of type material:Carbonatite/nepheline syenite

Physical Properties of Cerianite-(Ce)

Colour:Dark green-amber

Crystallography of Cerianite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fm3m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.42(1) Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 159.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Cerianite-(Ce)

Simplified for copy/paste:(Ce4+,Th)O2
Essential elements:Ce, O
All elements listed in formula:Ce, O, Th

Relationship of Cerianite-(Ce) to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DL.05Aeschynite Group
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +

Other Names for Cerianite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:方铈石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cerianite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
GRAHAM, A.R. (1955): Cerianite, CeO2: a new rare earth oxide mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 560-564.

Internet Links for Cerianite-(Ce)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Localities for Cerianite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    • Catamarca
      • Belén Department
    COLOMBO, Fernando; LIRA, Raúl and PANNUNZIO MINER, Elisa V.. Mineralogical Characterization Of Topaz From Miarolitic Pegmatites And W-Bearing Greisen In The A-Type El Portezuelo Granite, Papachacra (Catamarca Province). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.2, pp. 194-200
    • San Luis
      • Rodeo de los Molles
    Lira, R., Viñas, N.A., Ripley, E.M. y Barbieri, M., 1999. El yacimiento de tierras raras, torio y uranio Rodeo de Los Molles, San Luis. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 987-997.
    • New South Wales
      • Gough Co.
    Bernie & Margaret Day collection
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
    PA Wulser personal data
    • Western Australia
      • Laverton Shire
        • Mount Weld Station
    Trans. Inst. Mining Metall.(Sect. B:Applied Earth Sci.) 104, 203-208(1995)
    • Salzburg
      • Hallein
        • Adnet
          • Limestone quarries
    Kolitsch, U. & Pristacz, H., jr. (2013): 1811) Cerianit und Hollandit von Adnet, Salzburg. Pp. 123-125 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
    • Vorarlberg
      • Montafon
        • Vandans
    Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1855) Ankerit, Aragonit, Cobaltit, Dolomit, Elektrum, Florencit-(Ce), Gersdorffit, Jarosit, Magnesit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), Monazit-(La), Tellurobismuthit(?) und weitere Mineralien aus dem unteren Rellstal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 91-92 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    • Santa Cruz Department
      • Velasco Province
    Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz, 1998); Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
    • Minas Gerais
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Poços de Caldas
    Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
    • Pará
      • Carajás mineral province
        • Parauapebas
    Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 84-95
    • Bujumbura Rural Province
    Lehmann, et al. (1994): REE mineralization at Gakara, Burundi. Evidence for anomalous upper mantle in the western Rift Valley. Geochimicae et Cosmochimica Acta, 58 (2), 985-992
    • Manitoba
    Am. Min. 85, 898-911(2000)
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
    SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    D. Robert Pinckston, Dorian G. W. Smith (1995) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:516-532; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • South of Ridge Lake Area
    SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
      • Haliburton Co.
        • Cardiff Township
    Reiner Mielke 2011, WDS by Pavel W. Kartachov
      • Sudbury District
        • Lackner Township
    GRAHAM, A.R. (1955): Cerianite, CeO2: a new rare earth oxide mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 560-564.
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Liuzhou Prefecture
        • Rong'an Co.
          • Huashan Sn ore field
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
    • Guizhou Province
      • Bijie Prefecture
        • Zhijin Co.
    Huixin Jin, Hua Wang, and Junqi Li (2007): Chinese Journal of Rare Metals 31(3).
    • Hebei Province
      • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
        • Huailai Co.
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
            • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Mianning Co.
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Pargas (Parainen)
        • Iniö
    Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Alavus
    Ilkka Mikkola collection
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70.
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Eich
    Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2001
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    [Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 11, 87-90, 1982] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-369
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
            • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Tschörtner, J., Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors, 2006
    • Tolna Co.
      • Geresdi Hills
        • Mórágy
    Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
    • West Bengal
      • Purulia District
    Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
    • Lombardy
      • Varese Province
        • Ceresio Valley
    Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    Guastoni, A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2009 (1), 38-48.
          • Villadossola
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
      • Urals
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Antsiranana Province
      • Diana Region (Northern Region)
        • Ambanja District
          • Ampasindava Peninsula
            • Befitina
    Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ambositra District
          • Manandriana Commune
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Zomba District
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Gómez Palacio
        • Sierra de Bermejillo
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Dornogovi Aimag
      • Hövsgöl
    Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    New Zealand
    • North Island
      • Parapara
    Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Nassarawa State (Nasarawa State)
    Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41-46.
    • Aust-Agder
      • Iveland
        • Birkeland
    Collection of Iveland Municipality # IKM_427
    Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, pp. 51 and 85).
    Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
    Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
        • Kåbuland
    Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 85).
    • Nordland
      • Tysfjord
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 86; Yoklavich, J.L.(2010): Crystallization and reaction sequences in a NYF pegmatite: a case study from the Hundholmen locality, Norway. Undergraduate Research Thesis, Texas Tech University, 14p.
    • Oppland
      • Lunner
        • Nordmarka
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 86
    • Telemark
      • Drangedal
        • Tørdal
    Bergstøl, S.; Jensen, B.B. & Neumann, H. (1977): Tveitite, a new calcium yttrium fluoride. LITHOS 10: 81-87
    • Concepción Department
    Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 206 (BMNH, London, 1987)
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Magadanskaya Oblast'
        • Kolyma River Basin
          • Ducat District
            • Omsukchan
              • Ducat ore field
    Filimonova, L.G., and Chugaev, A.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(6), 489-498.
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Khanka Lake
    V.V. Seredin data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Tisovec
    Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
    South Africa
    • Northern Cape Province
      • ZF Mgcawu District
        • Kakamas
    Minerals of South Africa
    South Korea
    • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
      • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
        • Joongwon-gun
          • Mt. Eorae
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Lappland
    Aksel Österlöf collection and NR Museum in Stockholm.
    Xray Uppsala Univ. , in AÖ coll and NRM
    • Västmanland
      • Skinnskatteberg
        • Riddarhyttan
    Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Le Trient Valley
        • Finhaut
    Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Arusha Region
    Zaitsev, A.N., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Siidra, O.I., Spratt, J., Williams, C.T., Stanley, C.J., Petrov, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Polyakova, E.A. (2011): Fluorine-, yttrium- and lanthanide-rich cerianite-(Ce) from carbonatitic rocks of the Kerimasi volcano and surrounding explosion craters, Gregory Rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, (in press).
    • Lugans'k Oblast'
      • Nagolnyi Kryazh (Nagolnyi Range)
    Dudar, T. V.; Shumlyanskii, V. A. (1999): Gold-bearing gersdorffite-freibergite mineral association at the low ore level in the Bobrikovo deposit. Dopovidi Natsional'noi Akademii Nauk Ukraini 1999 (3), 124-127.
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Ord Mts
          • Ord District
            • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mine; Osborn Mine; Rio Vista Mine)
    Margerum, W. (2003) The Brilliant Claim. The 783rd meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California (May 2003 bulletin)
    • Colorado
      • El Paso Co.
        • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Dean Allum specimen
        • Stove Mountain (Cookstove Mountain)
    Müller, M. M., Kleebe, H.-J., Lauterbach, S. and Zito, G. (2011): Crystallographic orientation relationship between bastnaesite, fluocerite and cerianite observed in a crystal from the pikes peak pegmatites. Z. Kristallogr. 226 (2011) 467-475.
      • Teller Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Bethlehem
    Rocks & Minerals Vol.65 No.4; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • New Mexico
      • Catron Co.
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Sierra Co.
        • Paramount Canyon
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • Thomas Range
          • Starvation Canyon (Searles Canyon)
    Min Rec (2006) 37:311-317
    • Virginia
      • Amherst Co.
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
        • Roseland
    Rocks & Min.:60:165.
      • Nelson Co.
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Hà Giang Province
    Ishihara, S., Tran, T. A., Watanabe, Y., & Tran, T. H. (2010). Chemical characteristics of lead-zinc ores from North Vietnam, with a special attention to the In contents. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan, 61(9/10), 307-323.
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