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Cesàrolite

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Formula:
Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Colour:
Steel-grey
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1920 by Henri Jean Francois Buttgenbach and C. Gillet in honor of Giuseppe Raimondo Pio Cesàro [September 7, 1849 Naples, Italy - June 20, 1939 Comblain-au-Pont, Belgium], Professor of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Liége.
This page provides mineralogical data about Cesàrolite.

Classification of Cesàrolite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.FG.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
G : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; unclassified
7.6.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
6 : (AB)5X8
7.11.27

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Cesàrolite

Year of Discovery:
1920

Physical Properties of Cesàrolite

Sub-Metallic, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-grey
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
5.29 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Cesàrolite

Morphology:
Friable, coke-like masses; botryoidal crusts.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.40 (40)
3.21 (10)
2.194 (100)
2.087 (80)
1.760 (50)
1.563 (50)
1.406 (30)

Optical Data of Cesàrolite

Type:
Anisotropic
Comments:
In polished sections the crusts are nwardly isotropic and outwardly composed of anisotropic spherules.

Chemical Properties of Cesàrolite

Formula:
Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cesàrolite to other Species

4.FG.05JangguniteMn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
4.FG.15Kimrobinsonite(Ta,Nb)(OH)5-2x(O,CO3)x ; x near 1.2
7.11.1RomarchiteSnO
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
7.11.9Jeanbandyite(Fe2+,Mn2+)[Sn4+(OH)6]
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
7.11.13Magnesionigerite
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2
7.11.15BrunogeieriteFe22+Ge4+O4
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2O
7.11.20MassicotPbO
7.11.21LithargePbO
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2Fe3+11-xMnx2+O19-2x, x = 1/3
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
7.11.32SenaitePb(Ti,Fe,Mn)21O38

Other Names for Cesàrolite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cesàrolite

Reference List:
Buttgenbach and Gillet (1920), Soc. géol. Belgique, Ann.: 43: 239.

American Mineralogist (1920): 5: 211.

Orcel and Pavlovitch (1932), Bull. soc. min.: 54: 108.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 744.

Burkart-Baumann, I., Ottemann, J. and Nicolini, P. (1967) Mineralogische Untersuchungen an Jordanit, Semseyit und Cesarolith von drei tunesischen Blei-Zink-Lagerstätten. Chemie der Erde 26, 256-270. (in German).

Post, J. E. (1994): X-ray and neutron diffraction study of coronadite and cesarolite. IMA 16th General Meeting, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 4-9, 1994, Abstracts Volume, 334.

Internet Links for Cesàrolite

Localities for Cesàrolite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1784) Cesàrolith aus der Oxidationszone von Waitschach bei Hüttenberg, Kärnten. Pp. 97-98 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
C.Auer (2014)
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
P. Tomazic, F. Bernhard, U. Kolitsch und G. Knobloch (2012): Mineralogie eines historischen Bergbaues auf Eisen und Silber am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 4-9.
Bulgaria
 
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
      • Madan ore field
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Sejkora, J., Škovíra, J., Čejka, J. & Plášil, J. (2009): Cu-rich members of the beudantite-segnitite series from the Krupka ore district, the Krušné hory Mountains, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 54, 355-371.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Gard
      • Saint-Laurent-le-Minier
Minéralogie de la mine des malines (Daniel Gol, Alain Martaud, Nicolas Meisser, Pascal Chollet) - Le regne minéral, H.S. XVI, pp 49-86.
- Gol, D, Martaud, A., Meisser, N. & Chollet, P. (2010): Minéralogie des Malines, Gard. Le Règne Minéral, HS XVI, 49-88.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
      • Lunel
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Lourdes
Queneau Patrice Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Szár Hill
      • Szabadbattyán
Szakáll: Minerals of Szár Hill, 2004
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 103.
Tunisia (TL)
 
  • Al Kåf Governorate (El Kef; Le Kef)
    • Tajerouine
      • Slata Pb-Zn deposit
Ann.Soc.Geol. Belgique (1920) 43, 239
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Roughton Gill
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. The first British occurrence of cesarolite at Eaglebrook Mine, Ceulanymaesmawr, Ceredigion, Wales. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 36-38.
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
Cotterell, T, F. (2007) Cesrolite From Frongoch Mine, Devils Bridge, Wales. Russell Soc Jour. 10
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 159; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides, supplement, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1-51.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 159.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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