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Coronadite

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Formula:
Pb(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
System:MonoclinicColour:Dark grey, black
Hardness:4½ - 5
Member of:Coronadite Group > Hollandite Supergroup
Name:
After Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (ca. 1500-1554), a famous Spanish explorer of the American southwest.


Chemically related to (the Pb-richer) cesàrolite.

Classification of Coronadite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.08-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DK.05a

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
K : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; tunnel structures
Dana 8th edition ID:7.9.1.4

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
9 : AB8X16
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.11.28

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Coronadite

Type Locality:Horse-Shoe shaft (Horseshoe Mine), Coronado Mine (Coronado Mining Co. property; Arizona Copper Co. group [in part]), Coronado vein, Copper Plate Gulch, Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District), Shannon Mts, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Smithsonian R2012, 86040
Year of Discovery:1904

Occurrences of Coronadite

Geological Setting:In hydrothermal veins or hot springs, as a weathering product in manganese deposits, bedded sedimentary deposits.

Physical Properties of Coronadite

Lustre:Sub-Metallic, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Dark grey, black
Streak:Brown-black
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Density (measured):5.246 - 5.505 g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.45 g/cm3

Crystallography of Coronadite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.938(1) Å, b = 2.8678(5) Å, c = 9.834(2) Å
β = 90.39(2)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 3.465 : 1 : 3.429
Unit Cell Volume:V 280.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Massive. Botryoidal crusts with a fibrous structure.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.466 (60)
3.104 (100)
2.400 (40)
2.205 (40)
2.155 (20)
1.836 (20)
1.542 (50)
Comments:Very similar to cryptomelane.

Optical Data of Coronadite

Type:Biaxial
Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong
Dispersion:r > v strong
Colour in reflected light:Nearly galena-white
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:Dark brown to gray

Chemical Properties of Coronadite

Formula:
Pb(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Essential elements:Mn, O, Pb
All elements listed in formula:Mn, O, Pb
Common Impurities:Fe,Al,H2O

Relationship of Coronadite to other Species

Member of:Coronadite Group > Hollandite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Cryptomelane
K(Mn
4+
7
Mn
3+
 
)O
 
16
Ferrihollandite
Ba(Mn
4+
6
Fe
3+
2
)O
 
16
Hollandite
Ba(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
Manjiroite
Na(Mn
4+
7
Mn
3+
 
)O
 
16
Strontiomelane
Sr(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
Common Associates:
WadPyrolusiteHollandite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DK.05Akaganeite
β-Fe
3+
 
O(OH,Cl)
4.DK.05aCryptomelane
K(Mn
4+
7
Mn
3+
 
)O
 
16
4.DK.05aHollandite
Ba(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
4.DK.05aManjiroite
Na(Mn
4+
7
Mn
3+
 
)O
 
16
4.DK.05bMannardite
Ba(Ti
4+
6
V
3+
2
)O
 
16
4.DK.05bPriderite
K(Ti
4+
7
Fe
3+
 
)O
 
16
4.DK.05bRedledgeite
Ba(Ti
4+
6
Cr
3+
2
)O
 
16
4.DK.05bHenrymeyerite
Ba(Ti
4+
7
Fe
2+
 
)O
 
16
4.DK.05aStrontiomelane
Sr(Mn
4+
6
Mn
3+
2
)O
 
16
4.DK.10Romanèchite
(Ba,H
 
2
O)
 
2
Mn
 
5
O
 
10
4.DK.10Todorokite
(Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)
 
6
O
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.11.1Romarchite
SnO
7.11.2Cassiterite
SnO
 
2
7.11.4Schoenfliesite
Mg[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.5Burtite
Ca[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.6Vismirnovite
Zn[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.7Wickmanite
Mn
2+
 
[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.8Tetrawickmanite
Mn
2+
 
[Sn
4+
 
(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.9Jeanbandyite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)[Sn
4+
 
(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.10Natanite
Fe
2+
 
[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.11Mushistonite
(Cu,Zn,Fe
2+
 
)[Sn(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S
(Al,Fe,Zn)
 
2
(Al,Sn)
 
6
O
 
11
(OH)
7.11.13Magnesionigerite
7.11.14Argutite
GeO
 
2
7.11.15Brunogeierite
Fe
2+
2
Ge
4+
 
O
 
4
7.11.16Stottite
Fe
2+
 
[Ge
4+
 
(OH)
 
6
]
7.11.17Carboirite
FeAl
 
2
(GeO
 
4
)O(OH)
 
2
7.11.18Otjisumeite
PbGe
 
4
O
 
9
7.11.19Bartelkeite
PbFe
2+
 
Ge
 
3
O
 
8
7.11.20Massicot
PbO
7.11.21Litharge
PbO
7.11.22Minium
Pb
 
3
O
 
4
7.11.23Plattnerite
PbO
 
2
7.11.24Scrutinyite
alpha-PbO
 
2
7.11.25Murdochite
PbCu
 
6
O
 
8-x
(Cl,Br)
 
2x
where x<=0.5
7.11.26Macedonite
PbTiO
 
3
7.11.27Cesàrolite
Pb(Mn
4+
 
)
 
3
O
 
6
(OH)
 
2
7.11.29Quenselite
PbMnO
 
2
(OH)
7.11.30Plumboferrite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
11-x
Mn
2+
x
O
 
19-2x
, x = 1/3
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite
(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)
 
12
O
 
19
7.11.32Senaite
Pb(Ti,Fe,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38

Other Names for Coronadite

Other Languages:
German:Coronadit
Russian:Коронадит
Simplified Chinese:铅硬锰矿
方锰铅矿
Spanish:Coronadita
Traditional Chinese:鉛硬錳礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Manganese ore

References for Coronadite

Reference List:

- +
Lindgren and Hillebrand (1904), American Journal of Science: 1: 448.

Lindgren and Hillebrand (1905), USGS Bulletin 262: 42.

Lindgren and Hillebrand (1907), Zs. Kr.: 43: 380.

Lindgren (1933), American Mineralogist: 18: 548.

Frondel, C. and Heinrich (1942), American Mineralogist: 27: 48.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 742-743.

Hewett, Donnel Foster (1971): Coronadite – modes of occurrence and origin: Economic Geology: 66: 164-177.

American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 913-917.

Internet Links for Coronadite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Coronadite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Coronadite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Coronadite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
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  • Specimens:The following Coronadite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Coronadite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Bligh Co.
    Ashley, P.M., and Willott, B.R. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 16-33.
      • Durham Co.
        • Moonan Brook
          • Moonan
    Geochemical, mineralogical and biogeochemical characterisation of abandoned metalliferous mine sites, Southern New England Orogen. In Flood P.G (ed.) Regional Geology, tectonics and metallogenesis, New England Orogen 1-3 Forum, 1999, Department of Earth Science U.N.E. Australia.
      • Robinson Co.
        • Cobar
    L.B. Gilligan and J.G. Byrnes Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000
          • Kaloogleguy
    L.B. Gilligan and J.G. Byrnes Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    No reference listed
    DSW collection
    Minerals of Broken Hill, Australian Mining and Smelting Ltd, 1982 ISBN 0 909221189 p78
    Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.; Smithsonite: Think Zinc (2010) Extra Lapis English No. 13; Elliott, P. (2010). Crystal Chemistry of Cadmium Oxysalt and associated Minerals from Broken Hill, New South Wales (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Adelaide).
          • MMM Mine
    Birch & van der Hayden 1997. AJM 3(1)
    • Northern Territory
      • Victoria-Daly Shire
        • Grove Hill
    No reference listed
    • Queensland
    [MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
        • Mount Isa district
    Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Leigh Creek
            • Puttapa
    Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineral. Rec. 22, 449-456.
    Econ. Geol. 67: 1146-1167(1972); Journ. Geol. Soc. Aust. 18, 165-171 (1971)
          • Mt Babbage area (Inlier)
    PA Wulser personal data
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Clarendon
    Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
    • Tasmania
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
    N.R. Kemp and R.S. Bottrill : "Crocoite : mine is from which mine", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
    No reference listed
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
    Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Gregory Ranges District
    Jones, S., McNaughton, n.j., Grguric, B., 2013. Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews. 50, 52-82.
      • Leonora Shire
        • Ten Mile Outcamp
    Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
      • Mukinbudin Shire
    Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia, 1999
      • Port Hedland Shire
        • Wodgina Mine (Wodgina pegmatite)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-04 Magellan nonsulfide Pb and polymetallic Abra: Two stratabound giant deposits
        • Wiluna
    Pirajno, F., Burlow, R. and Huston, D. (2010): The Magellan Pb deposit, Western Australia; a new category within the class of supergene non-sulphide mineral systems. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 101-113.
      • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
        • Kununurra
    Mafic-Hosted Secondary Mineralisation from the Shangri-La Pb-Ag-Au-Cu Mine, Kimberley, Western Australia; P Downes, A Bevan, D Costeo, M Verrall; Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol 16, nov 2011, pp 15-24
    Austria
     
    • Tyrol
      • East Tyrol
        • Kals valley
    Neinaveie, M. H. (1979): Schichtgebundene Metallanreicherungen in den Schieferhüllen und in der Matreier Zone Osttirols. Unpubl. Dissertation, Universität Innsbruck, xx pp.
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Esteban Arce Province
    Field collected by Alfredo Petrov.
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
    [MinRec 21:133]
    Brazil
     
    • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Parelhas
    [MinRec 29:196]
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Dobrev, S., Vassileva, M., & Kolkovski, B. (2004). Hetaerolite from Madjarovo Au-base-metal deposit, Eastern Rhodopes. In Annual Scientific Conference of the Bulgarian Geological Society “Geology 2004 (pp. 16-17).
    • Smolyan Oblast
      • Rhodope Mts
        • Madan ore field
    Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Annual Report No. 13, 43-45.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
    Econ Geol (1991) 86:1222-1237
        • Sierra Gorda District
          • Caracoles
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • El Loa Province
        • Escondida
    Arancibia, G., Matthews, S.J., Cornejo, P., Pérez de Arce, C., Zuluaga, J.I., and Kasaneva, S. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 505-516.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Longyan Prefecture
        • Liancheng Co.
          • Liancheng Mn deposit
    Nanlai Zheng, Xingli Mao, and Jiansheng Ding (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 17-20; Huacai Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(10), 6-11; Shouquan Zhu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(12), 57
    • Guangdong Province
      • Foshan Prefecture
        • Gaoming District
    Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
      • Meizhou Prefecture
        • Mei Co.
    Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
      • Qingyuan Prefecture
        • Lianzhou Co. (Lian Co.)
    Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
    • Hubei Province
      • Huangshi Prefecture
        • Yangxin Co.
    Junping Dong (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 21-24, 44
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
        • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
    Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5
      • Ulaan Chab League (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
        • Chahar Right Front Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Qianqi)
    Wang Chen, Ziying Sun, Guojun Liu, Jinwa Wang, and Jianping Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(1), 26-29
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Fuzhou Prefecture
        • Dongxiang Co.
    Tiegen Liu, Yuzhou Qiu, and Lin Ye (1996): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 16(3), 278-283
      • Shangrao Prefecture
        • Yanshan Co. (Qianshan Co.)
          • Yongping
    Nianqiang Yang, Kemu Chen, and Kejiao Chen (1981): Geological Review 46(3), 265-268
    • Yunnan Province
      • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
        • Lanping Co.
    Liyan Zhang and Xihui Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(6), 36-40; Fuguang Zhao (2007): Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 23(6), 20-25
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Gert Schöneborn collection (to be analysed)
    Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
      • Cantal
        • Aurillac
          • Maurs
      • Haute-Loire
        • La Chaise-Dieu
          • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Paulhaguet
          • Mazerat-Aurouze
            • Aurouze
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Puy-Guillaume
          • Lachaux
    Poughon A. (1962) - Les minéraux uranifères français, T2
    Chollet Pascal collection
    J. Chervet, G. Branche : "Contribution à l'étude des minéraux secondaires d'uranium français", ENSP Nancy, 1955
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Loire
        • La Pacaudière
          • Le Crozet
    Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Titisee-Neustadt
          • Eisenbach
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. - Lapis 20 (5), 33-38.
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Bötzingen
    Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
      • Kraichgau
        • Bruchsal
          • Rollenberg railway tunnel
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Grafenwöhr
          • Freihung
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Zellerfeld veins
    Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
    Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
        • Neunkirchen
          • Salchendorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Neuwied
            • Dernbach
    Mineralien-Welt, 4 (5), 41-48
    • Saxony
      • Glauchau
        • Callenberg
    Lapis, 16 (9), 13-26.
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Milos Island (Melos)
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
    Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1999): Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 34-52.
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
          • Sounion area
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll,2008
    India
     
    • Karnataka
      • Bellary District
        • Bellary-Hospet iron belt
          • Sandur
    Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
    Indonesia
     
    • Sulawesi Island (Celebes Island)
      • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
        • Gowa
    Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
    Iran
     
    • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    Jörg Reichert, A metallogenetic model for carbonate-hosted non-sulphide zinc deposits based on observations of Mehdi Abad and Irankuh, Central and Southwestern Iran, Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 2007
    • South Khorasan Province
      • Nehbandan
    Vachik Hairapetian collection
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Silvermines District
    No reference listed
    • Co. Wicklow
      • Glendasan
    XRD & electron probe analysis by Drs Green & Tindle.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Chiusella Valley
            • Traversella
    SEM/EDS 18/09/2001 MNHN-Paris
          • Léssolo
            • Cálea
    Luigi Chiappino data
    • Sardinia
      • Nuoro Province
        • Gadoni
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
    Tanida et al. (1983) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 1.
      • Oshima peninsula
        • Hiyama Subprefecture
          • Kaminokuni
    Nambu et al. (1981) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 76, 132.
    Jordan
     
    • Wadi Arabah (Wadi Araba)
    Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 21:101-117.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Kosovo
     
    • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Kosovska Mitrovica
        • Trepča valley
          • Trepča complex
    Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
        • Santa Eulalia District
          • East Camp
    Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Michoacan
      • Mun. de Coalcomám
    Ref.: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, volumen 17, número 2, p.143-153 (2000)
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Moctezuma
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2009)
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
        • Taouz
          • Tadaout
    Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.336)2)
      • Khénifra Province
        • Midelt
          • Mibladen Mining District
    Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p. 259-60)
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Imini area
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:65-79
    Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
    Namibia
     
    • Karas Region
      • Lüderitz District
        • Rosh Pinah
    Cairncross, B. and Fraser, A. (2012) The Rosh Pinah lead-zinc mine. Roacks & Minerals, 87 (5), 398-407.
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Norway
     
    • Oppland
      • Lunner
        • Grua
          • Grua Mining District
    Harald Folvik (2005): Mineralene på Skjerpemyr. STEIN 32 (1), 4-9 (in norwegian)
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Castelo de Paiva
        • Raiva
    self-find Nuno Afonso
    • Beja District
      • Almodôvar
        • Almodôvar
    Pedro Alves collection
      • Moura
        • Sobral da Adiça
    Ko Jansen collection
    • Bragança District
      • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
        • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
    F. Noronha et al. (1998) Mineralizações filonianas de chumbo-atimónio do NE de Portugal. Algumas notas para o seu conhecimento. Cumunicações do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro. Tomo 84, fasc. 1: B75-B78
    • Guarda District
      • Sabugal
        • Bendada
    Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
    Romania
     
    • Suceava Co.
      • Suceava district
        • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
    Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Uchaly
            • Il'insky ore field
    Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altaiskii Krai
        • Rudnyi Altai
    Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
        • Brezno
    Ozdín D., 2003: Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Nízkych Tatier. Manuscript (Dissertation thesis), Archive of Dpt. of Mineralogy and Petrology, Fac. of Natural Sc., Bratislava, 1-194.
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
      • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 200; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
          • Huebro
    Dr. César Menor analysis
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
            • Cerro de los Guardias
    Georges FAVREAU collection
    Cesar Menor-Salván
    G. Leal, Antonio Arribas, Miguel A. Fernandez, Joachim Grobner, Francisco Hernandez (2005): Rodalquilar : El oro del Cabo del Agata. Bocamina, 15, 14-79.
      • Jaén
        • Linares-La Carolina District
          • Linares
    Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
    • Asturias
    - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Ciudad Real
        • Minas de Horcajo
    Borja Sainz de Baranda, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia (2004) El Horcajo. Paraiso de los fosfatos. Bocamina, 13: 30-68
      • Toledo
        • Madridejos
          • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
    Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
          • Cerros de La Perdiguera
    Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
    Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
    • Castile and Leon
      • León
        • Sobrado
    Calvo, M., Tornos, F. and García, G. (2002). Toral de los Vados. Flores de cinc en la mina "Antonina". Bocamina, (10), 46-73
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Priorat
          • Bellmunt del Priorat
    Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
    • Galicia
      • Pontevedra
        • Porriño
    Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
    EDS by Th. Raber, XRD by N. Meisser (2014)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Co. Durham
        • North Pennines
          • Weardale
            • Cowshill
    B Young,, E K Hyslop and R A Fairbairn . Journal of the Russell Soc 6(2), 97 (1996)
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
            • Roughton Gill
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
    No reference listed
      • Somerset
        • Cranmore
    Turner, R. (2006): A mechanism for the formation of the mineralized Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 629-653.
    Ukraine
     
    • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
    Kowalski, W., & Śmietańska, I. (1983). Gorceixite from a Barite-fluorite Deposit at Stanisławów (Kaczawskie Mts.). Mineralogia Polonica, 13(1), 3-16.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
          • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
            • Gleeson
              • Costello Mine group (Costello claims)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 312.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188.
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
          • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
            • Copper Plate Gulch
              • Coronado vein
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Lindgren, W. & Hillebrand (1904); Lindgren (1905); Guild, (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Fairbanks, E.E. (1923), Mineragraphic notes on manganese minerals, Am.Min.: 8: 209; Frondel, C. & E.W. Heinrich (1942), New data on hetaerolite, hydrohetaerolite, coronadite and hollandite, Am.Min.: 27: 48-56; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 40.
    AmMin.: 27 (1942): 48; AmMin.: 74 (1989): 913; Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997).
            • Morenci
    Van King
      • Maricopa Co.
        • Big Horn Mts
          • Osborn District
            • Tonopah
              • Belmont Mountain
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144.
      • Mohave Co.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ, 3rd. ed.: 188; Mouat, M.M. (1962), Mn Oxides from the Artillery Mts area, AZ, Am.Min.: 47: 744-757.
          • Artillery Peak
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252, 279.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 252, 351.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Mineral Mountain District
          • Superior area
            • Reymert Canyon
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165, 188, 252.
        • Pinal Mts
          • Pioneer District
            • Superior
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Short, M.N., et al (1943), Geology and ore deposits of the Superior mining area, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 151; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1-51; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 94.
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Santa Rita Mts
          • Tyndall District
            • Cottonwood Canyon
              • Amado
                • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                  • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189; Min.Rec.: 14: 299-306.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
          • Lookout District (Modoc District)
            • Lookout City
    Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10076654.
    Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24, 26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168.
    Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-36; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168.
    Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond, Jr. (1943), The manganese oxide minerals; a preliminary report: Economic Geology: 38: 283; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160.
        • Owlshead Mts
    California Division of Mines and geology SR125 "Mines and Mineral Resources of Death Valley National Monument, California"
        • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
          • Cottonwood Mts
            • Panamint Butte
    Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 24-26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 160.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Baker
    EDS confirmed by Bob Housley.
        • Barstow
          • Lead Mountain
    Dr Robert Housley using SEM-EDS
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Santa Cruz
    Mineralogical Record: 17:315
    • Colorado
      • El Paso Co.
        • Cheyenne District (St. Peters Dome District)
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Dean Allum specimen
      • Saguache Co.
        • Crystal Hill District
          • La Garita
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Rocks & Minerals (July-August, 2002)
    • Michigan
      • Baraga Co.
        • Huron River
    Rocks & Minerals 82:298-308
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    Colldection of J. Dagenais
          • Scratch Awl Mine (Scratch All Mine; Silver Prince; Cliff; Salmon; Blackmail Mine)
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
    • Nevada
      • Clark Co.
        • Las Vegas District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Douglas Co.
        • Wellington Hills
          • Silver Glance District (Wellington District)
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Candelaria District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • New Hampshire
      • Carroll Co.
        • Wakefield
    Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005)
    • New Mexico
      • Luna Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Santa Fe Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    R & J DeMark Minerals of the Carnahan Mine, Santa Fe County New Mexico 10th New Mexico Mineral Symposium 1989
      • Sierra Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Socorro Co.
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
        • Hansonburg District
          • Bingham
    [MinRecord 30:337]
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; Virgil W. Lueth, Richard M. Chamberlin, and Lisa Peters (2004) Age of mineralization in the Luis Lopez manganese district, Socorro County, New Mexico, as determined by 40Ar/39Ar dating of cryptomelane. NMBGMR Bulletin 160 pp239-249
    USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553; NMBMMR OFR 186
    USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
    R&M 68:6 p406-416
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Prof Paper 1024
    • Virginia
      • Craig Co.
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Kotlyarov, V.A., Fadina, I.B. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 583-589.
    Zambia
     
    • Central Province
      • Serenje District
        • Serenje
    Handbook of Mineralogy Vol II p399
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