LIVE REPORT! The 46th Annual Friends of Mineralogy Pacific Northwest Chapter Mineral Symposium - last updated 1 hour ago. Click here to watch.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Tolbachite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About TolbachiteHide

Formula:
CuCl2
Colour:
Brown to golden-brown
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Large Fissure Tolbachik eruption near Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia.

Classification of TolbachiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1982
3.AB.05

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
B : M:X = 1:2
9.2.8.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2
8.2.2

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu

Pronounciation of TolbachiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of TolbachiteHide

Colour:
Brown to golden-brown

Chemical Properties of TolbachiteHide

Formula:
CuCl2

Crystallography of TolbachiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.89 Å, b = 3.31 Å, c = 6.82 Å
β = 122.3°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.082 : 1 : 2.06
Unit Cell V:
131.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TolbachiteHide

Synonyms of TolbachiteHide

Other Language Names for TolbachiteHide

Relationship of Tolbachite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ChloromagnesiteMgCl2Hex.
Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ScacchiteMnCl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Tolbachite associated with CupriteCu2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.AB.FluorocronitePbF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.10CocciniteHgI2Tet.
3.AB.15SellaiteMgF2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
3.AB.20ChloromagnesiteMgCl2Hex.
3.AB.20Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.20ScacchiteMnCl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.25FluoriteCaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25FrankdicksoniteBaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25StrontiofluoriteSrF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.30Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42Trig. 3 : R3
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Ce)Na(REExCa1-x)(REEyCa1-y)F6Trig.
3.AB.35Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

9.2.8.1EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.2.1NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.2.5ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.2.7MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
8.2.8CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2OOrth.
8.2.9AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
8.2.10ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.2.11MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.13PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TolbachiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1983), 270, 415-417.
American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 408.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 187-189.

Internet Links for TolbachiteHide

Localities for TolbachiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz Arranz, A., Medina García, J., Rull Pérez, F., Calaforra, J. M., ... & De Waele, J. (2018). Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
DAN-SSSR,(1983) 270, 415-417; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Second scoria cone
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 398; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2019 20:44:15 Page generated: October 20, 2019 09:02:50
Go to top of page