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Tolbachite

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About TolbachiteHide

Formula:
CuCl2
Colour:
Brown to golden-brown
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Large Fissure Tolbachik eruption near Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia.

Classification of TolbachiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1982
3.AB.05

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
B : M:X = 1:2
9.2.8.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2
8.2.2

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu

Pronounciation of TolbachiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of TolbachiteHide

Colour:
Brown to golden-brown

Chemical Properties of TolbachiteHide

Formula:
CuCl2

Crystallography of TolbachiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.89 Å, b = 3.31 Å, c = 6.82 Å
β = 122.3°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.082 : 1 : 2.06
Unit Cell V:
131.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TolbachiteHide

Synonyms of TolbachiteHide

Other Language Names for TolbachiteHide

Relationship of Tolbachite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ChloromagnesiteMgCl2Hex.
Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ScacchiteMnCl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprite2 photos of Tolbachite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.AB.FluorocronitePbF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.10CocciniteHgI2Tet.
3.AB.15SellaiteMgF2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
3.AB.20ChloromagnesiteMgCl2Hex.
3.AB.20Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.20ScacchiteMnCl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.AB.25FluoriteCaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25FrankdicksoniteBaF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.25StrontiofluoriteSrF2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AB.30Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42Trig. 3 : R3
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Y)NaCaYF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Ce)Na(REExCa1-x)(REEyCa1-y)F6Trig.
3.AB.35Polezhaevaite-(Ce)NaSrCeF6Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

9.2.8.1EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.2.1NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.2.5ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.2.7MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
8.2.8CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
8.2.9AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
8.2.10ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.2.11MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.13PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TolbachiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1983), 270, 415-417.
American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 408.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 187-189.

Internet Links for TolbachiteHide

Localities for TolbachiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Oblast'
    • Tolbachik volcano
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
DAN-SSSR,(1983) 270, 415-417; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Second scoria cone
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 398; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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