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Kainosite-(Y)

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Formula:
Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
chestnut brown, straw ...
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
Named by Nordenskiöld (1886) from the greek καινος, uncommon, in allusion to its unusual chemical composition
This page provides mineralogical data about Kainosite-(Y).

Classification of Kainosite-(Y)

Approved
9.CF.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
F : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
60.2.1.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
2 : Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
17.4.10

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates
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Type Occurrence of Kainosite-(Y)

Year of Discovery:
1885

Physical Properties of Kainosite-(Y)

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
chestnut brown, straw yellow, colorless
Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{110}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.52 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.542 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Kainosite-(Y)

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.05Å, b = 14.33Å, c = 6.77Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.911 : 1 : 0.472
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,266.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Kainosite-(Y)

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.662 - 1.665 nβ = 1.682 - 1.689 nγ = 1.687 - 1.692
2V:
Measured: 40° , Calculated: 38° to 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025 - 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of Kainosite-(Y)

Formula:
Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Kainosite-(Y) to other Species

9.CF.05AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
9.CF.15ClinophosinaiteNa12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4
9.CF.15Phosinaite-(Ce)Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
9.CF.20StrakhoviteNaBa3(Mn,Mn)4Si6O19(OH)3
9.CF.25Cerchiaraite-(Mn)Ba4Mn4Si6(O,OH,Cl)26
17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
17.4.3Paraspurrite
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other Names for Kainosite-(Y)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Effervesces slowly in cold dilute HCl
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kainosite-(Y)

Reference List:
Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. Kainosit, et nytt mineral från Hitterö i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8, 143-146

Schetelig, J. (1922): Kainosit. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 124-127

Giuseppetti, G., Tadini, C., and Oddone, M. (1989) Cenosite-(Y) from Baveno, Novara (Italy): crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 153-164.

American Mineralogist (1964): 49: 1738.

G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.

Internet Links for Kainosite-(Y)

Localities for Kainosite-(Y)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Obersulzbach valley
        • Hopffeld area
Preite, D. (2012): Die Mineralien des Hopffeldgrabens im Obersulzbachtal, Österreich. Mineralien Welt. 23 (1), 49-53
        • Seebach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
    • Lanark Co.
      • North Burgess Township
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31C16SW00017
Am. Min. (1930) 15:205-219
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Gowganda area
          • Haultain Township
George Robinson 1990
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Sept-Rivières RCM
Louise Corriveau (Date Modified: 2008-12-08) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny The Manitou district a Canadian iron oxide copper-gold deposit setting. Geological Survey of Canada
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Hogarth, D.D., Chao, G.Y., Plant. G.A. & Steacy, H. R. (1974): Caysichite, a new silico-carbonate of yttrium and calcium. Canadian Mineralogist.12: 293-298
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.349-371 (1996); A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, Jue Xu, Jianmin Yang, Chunji Xue, and Shenghao Yan (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 478-484.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Kangasala
Reijo Alviola analytical data
France
 
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Tarentaise valley
        • Ruitor massif
          • Sainte-Foy
De Ascencao Guedes R. et al. (2003), Découverte de kainosite-(Y) au glacier de l'Invernet, Sainte-Foy, Haute-Tarentaise, Savoie, Le Règne Minéral, n°54, pp: 11-17
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Haslach
        • Urenkopf
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Les Grandes Jorasses Massif
        • Ferret Valley
Lapis 2004 number 7/8 pp. 37-51
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Veny Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
No reference listed
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
        • Ortieul
- Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    • Torino Province
      • Luserna San Giovanni
Probed EDX-PXRD M.E. Ciriotti - G. Blass
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
      • Ossola Valley
        • Montecrestese
'Apatite' - Monazite-(Ce) - Synchysite-(Y) - Kainosite-(Y)) sono analizzate
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • San Vito
        • Idda Mt.
Stara P., Astolfi M. (1990) - San Priamo - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, fasc. 1, pp. 51-63
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • Calangianus
- Gamboni, A., Gamboni, T., Pileri, P. (1997): Su alcuni minerali del massiccio granitico del monte Limbara zona "Furru e Conca", comune di Calangianus. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1997, 123-134. Gamboni, A. & Bonacina, E. (2006): Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara: calcioancylite-(Ce) e kainosite-(Y) di Furru e Conca, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania, Sardegna nord-orientale. Micro (località), 1/2006, 137-140.
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Gamboni, A. (2003): Cala Francese - La Maddalena (SS). Micro (località), 2003, 11-20
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Sarentine Alps (Sarntal Alps)
        • Fortezza (Franzensfeste)
          • Grasstein
Folie, K. & Rocchetti, I. (2004): Grasstein – ein Fundort für interessante Mineralien in Südtirol. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (4), 50-64.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Nakatsugawa City
          • Hirukawa
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.); ex-Okamoto collection, now (2015) on display at Hakusekikan museum, Hirukawa.
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kameoka City
Tsuruta et al. (2005) Chigaku Kenkyu, 54, 89-93.
Malawi
 
  • Zomba District
Lapis 29(1), 37-38 (2004)
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
P. Kartashov et al. (2002) Can. Mineral. 40, 1641-1648
P.M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
    • Gjerstad
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 173
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
      • Krøderen Lake
Bjørlykke, H. (1960): Årsberetning for 1959. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 211, Årbok 1959, p. 249
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Finnøy
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Rana
Grauch et al. (1994): Høgtuvaite, a new beryllian member of the aenigmatite group fom Norway, with x-ray data on aenigmatite. Canadian Mineralogist. 32: 439-448.
    • Tysfjord
      • Drag
        • Eivollen
Sverdrup, T. L. (1968): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 37. Yttrofluorite-yttrocerite-cerfluorite in norwegian pegmatites. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 245-252
        • Lapplægeret
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Raade, Sæbø, Austrheim & Kristiansen (1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
    • Kragerø
      • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
Knut Eldjarn collection
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 102
    • Skien
      • Kilebygda
Larsen, A.O. (1993): Gruver og skjerp i Skien. Stathelle 1993. 72p
  • Vest-Agder
    • Flekkefjord
      • Hidra (Hitterø)
        • Hæstad
Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. Kainosit, et nytt mineral från Hitterö i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8, 143-146
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Keivy Mountains
          • Western Keivy Massif
A.V. Voloshin, Ya.A. Pakhomovskii Minerals and mineralformation evolution in amazonite pegmatites of Kola peninsula, - Leningrad, Nauka, 1986, pp.168.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Prepolar Ural
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
        • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
          • Saranpaul
Burlakov, J. V. (1995): Dodo: Alpine Klüfte im Polar-Ural. Lapis. 20 (3), 13-26, 35
[MinRec 30:465]
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
  • Madrid
Min. Mag. 70(4),397-404(2006)
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Sjögren, H.(1897): Kainosit från Kogrufvan på Nordmarksfältet. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 19: 54-60; Amer. Min. (1930) 15:205-219
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
      • Grimsel area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
        • Oberaar lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
      • Guttannen
        • Handegg
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
        • Nalps Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 236.
  • Uri
    • Reuss Valley
      • Göschenen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Morcles
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Goms
      • Oberwald
S Wolfsried collection
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
        • Emosson
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Visp
      • Baltschieder Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle Of Skye
        • Broadford
        • Luib
S. Rust collection; UKJMM 26:23-26
      • Strontian
UKJMM 26:23-26
UKJMM 26:23-26; UKJMM Vol.29 p.15
UKJMM 26:23-26
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
        • Granite Mountain area
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Fremont Co.
AmMin 47:328
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 14-15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite District
Grant Martin's Collection
  • Idaho
    • Boundary Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:247
      • Moyie - Yaak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Am Min (1964) 49:1736-1741
  • Maine
    • Hancock Co.
      • Mount Desert
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 2, Addenda.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
USGS Open File report 2010-5220
        • Moriah Township
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2005NE/finalprogram/abstract_83497.htm
    • Hamilton Co.
      • Long Lake
[MinRecord 31:420]
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
      • Hickory
K. Wood collection
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
      • Leesburg
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 458; American Mineralogist, V.73, p.1191-1194
Mineral and/or Locality  
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