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Astrophyllite

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Formula:
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH)
 
7
System:TriclinicColour:Bronze-yellow, golden ...
Lustre:Greasy, Pearly, Sub-MetallicHardness:3
Member of:Astrophyllite Group
Name:From the Greek άστρον ("astron") for "star" and φύλλον ("phyllon") for "leaf", in allusion to its habit of starburst-like sprays and micaceous cleavage.


Astrophyllite Group.

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Classification of Astrophyllite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/G.12-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.DC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
C : Inosilicates with branched 2-periodic single chains; Si2O6 + 2SiO3 Si4O12
Dana 8th edition ID:69.1.1.1

69 : INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
1 : Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.9.29

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti
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Type Occurrence of Astrophyllite

Type Locality:Låven (Skådön; Lamö; Lamanskjaer), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg
Year of Discovery:1844
Geological Setting of type material:Nepheline-syenite pegmatite

Occurrences of Astrophyllite

Geological Setting:Nepheline syenites and alkali granites.

Physical Properties of Astrophyllite

Lustre:Greasy, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Bronze-yellow, golden yellow, brown to reddish brown.
Streak:Golden
Hardness (Mohs):3
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Poor on {100}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3

Crystallography of Astrophyllite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Cell Parameters:a = 11.76Å, b = 5.36Å, c = 21.08Å
α = 90°, β = 94°, γ = 90°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.194 : 1 : 3.933
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,325.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:tabular, bladed, acicular
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Astrophyllite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.700 nγ = 1.730
2V:Measured: 70° to 90°, Calculated: 80°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.050

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:none
Pleochroism:Strong
Comments:X= deep red-orange
Y= orange-yellow
Z= lemon-yellow

Chemical Properties of Astrophyllite

Formula:
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH)
 
7
Simplified for copy/paste:(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)7Ti2Si8O24(O,OH)7
Essential elements:Fe, K, O, Si, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, K, Mn, Na, O, Si, Ti
Common Impurities:Nb,Ta,Zr,Al,Mg,Ca

Relationship of Astrophyllite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Kupletskite (see here)
Member of:Astrophyllite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Hydroastrophyllite
(H
 
3
O,K,Ca)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
5-65
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH)
 
31
Kupletskite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
Kupletskite-(Cs)
(Cs,K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
Magnesioastrophyllite
(Na,K)
 
4
Mg
 
2
(Fe,Fe,Mn)
 
5
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
Nalivkinite
Li
 
2
Na(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
Niobokupletskite
K
 
2
Na(Mn,Zn,Fe)
 
7
(Nb,Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
(O,F)
Niobophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
6
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH,F)
 
31
Sveinbergeite
Ca(Fe
2+
6
Fe
3+
 
)Ti
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
5
(H
 
2
O)
 
4
Tarbagataite
(K□)Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mn)
 
7
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
5
Zircophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
Common Associates:
Tritomite-(Ce)ThoriteMicroclineLeucophaniteCatapleiite
BiotiteAnniteAmphibole SupergroupAegirine
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.DC.05Hydroastrophyllite
(H
 
3
O,K,Ca)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
5-65
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH)
 
31
9.DC.05Kupletskite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
9.DC.05Magnesioastrophyllite
(Na,K)
 
4
Mg
 
2
(Fe,Fe,Mn)
 
5
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
9.DC.05Niobophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
6
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH,F)
 
31
9.DC.05Zircophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
9.DC.05Kupletskite-(Cs)
(Cs,K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
9.DC.05Niobokupletskite
K
 
2
Na(Mn,Zn,Fe)
 
7
(Nb,Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
(O,F)
9.DC.05Nalivkinite
Li
 
2
Na(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
9.DC.05Sveinbergeite
Ca(Fe
2+
6
Fe
3+
 
)Ti
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
5
(H
 
2
O)
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.9.1Natisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.2Lorenzenite
Na
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)O
 
3
14.9.3Lintisite
LiNa
 
3
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.4Davanite
K
 
2
TiSi
 
6
O
 
15
14.9.5Kazakovite
Na
 
6
Mn
2+
 
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)
14.9.6Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.7Ohmilite
Sr
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH) · 2-3H
 
2
O
14.9.8Lamprophyllite
(Sr,K,Ba)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(O,OH,F)
14.9.9Benitoite
BaTi(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
14.9.10Batisite
BaNaNaTi
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)O
 
2
14.9.11Fresnoite
Ba
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
14.9.14Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.17Bafertisite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(F,OH)
 
2
14.9.18Hejtmanite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(OH,F)
14.9.19Delindeite
(Na,K)
 
2
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Al)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite
(Ba,Na)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(OH,F)
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.23Chevkinite
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
3
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite
(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)
 
4
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.25Tisinalite
Na
 
3
H
 
3
(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi
 
6
(O,OH)
 
18
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.26Neptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
8
O
 
24
)
14.9.27Manganoneptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
8
O
 
24
]
14.9.28Kupletskite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite
(H
 
3
O,K,Ca)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
5-65
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH)
 
31
14.9.31Magnesioastrophyllite
(Na,K)
 
4
Mg
 
2
(Fe,Fe,Mn)
 
5
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
14.9.32Baratovite
KCa
 
7
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Li
 
3
Si
 
12
O
 
36
F
 
2
14.9.34Aenigmatite
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)O
 
2
14.9.35Schorlomite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
((Si,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
14.9.36Tinaksite
K
 
2
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti[O|Si
 
7
O
 
18
(OH)]
14.9.37Janhaugite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Ti,Zr,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
14.9.38Koashvite
Na
 
6
(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si
 
6
O
 
18
· H
 
2
O

Other Names for Astrophyllite

Synonyms:
AastrophylliteAsterophylliteAstrofillite
Other Languages:
German:Astrophyllit
Aastrophyllit
Asterophyllit
Astrophengit
Japanese:星葉石
Russian:Астрофиллит
Simplified Chinese:星叶石
Spanish:Aastrophyllita
Asterophyllita
Astrophyllita
Traditional Chinese:星葉石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Astrophyllite

Reference List:

- +
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22, 673-678

Scheerer, T. (1854): Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung. 13, 239-240

Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 198 (2/122), 107-138

Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16,.1-663.

Zhesheng Ma, Guowu Li, Nicheng Shi, Huyun Zhou, Danian Ye, and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2001): Structure refinement of astrophyllite. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 44(6), 508-516.

Piilonen, P., Lalonde, A., McDonald, A., Gault, R, Larsen, A. (2003): Insights into Astrophyllite-group minerals. I. Nomenclature, composition and development of standardized general formula, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 41, 1-26

Acta Crystallographica: 22: 673-678.

Internet Links for Astrophyllite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Astrophyllite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Astrophyllite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
    No reference listed
        • Poços de Caldas
    Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
    • Paraná
      • Tijucas do Sul
        • Morro Redondo complex
    Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
    • Santa Catarina
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    No reference listed
    • New Brunswick
      • Queens Co.
    Martin, R F, Payette, C (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
        • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
    GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm.; Badham 91978), Davidson (1978 & 1983)
    • Québec
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
    Wallace et al. (1990) Can. Min. 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Piilonen et al. (2003) Can. Min. 41, 1 & 27 Martin D. (1975), Studies of astrophyllite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. B.Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
      • Montréal
    Finley (1930)
    Lacroix (1890)
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Nunavik
    BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
    • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
    Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60
    • Yukon Territory
      • Watson Lake Mining District
    Geol, Survey of Canada database
    Chile
     
    • Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region
      • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
    Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
    China
     
    • Sichuan Province
      • Panzhihua Prefecture
        • Yanbian Co.
    Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
    Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nyingtri Prefecture (Linzhi Prefecture)
        • Mêdog Co. (Motuo Co.)
          • Mount Namjagbarwa (Mount Nanjiabawa)
    Yan Liu, Zhesheng Ma, Xiuling Han, Huyun Zhou, Peishan Zhang, and Dalai Zhong (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(4), 338-340
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
        • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
    Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352
    Greenland
     
    • Kitaa Province (West Greenland)
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narssârssuk (Narsarsuk)
            • Narsaarsuup Qaava
    OT. Ljostad photo & specimen
    Montgomery, A. (1974): An American Mineralogist Part IV. Mineralogical Record 5 (3), 115-127
    [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
            • Head of Kangerdluarssuq
    Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167. Reitzels Forlag København. 251 p.
        • Nunarssuit Island
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/emi/ag-markl/pages/marks/pages/abstracts/EUG2001.html
        • Quagdlimiut
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    Guinea
     
    Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
    Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
    Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Tarbagatai Range
        • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Kent.htm
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Osh Oblast
      • Alai Range (Alay Range)
        • Sokh Valley
          • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Zeravshan range
        • Matcha massif
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Malawi
     
    • Balaka District
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Wooley (2001)
    • Zomba District
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
    Mongolia
     
    • Gobi Desert
    N.V. Vladykin data
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Khénifra Province
        • Tamazeght Mountain Range
    Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Brandberg Area
    Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
    Nigeria
     
    • Plateau State
    Am Min 51:299-323
    OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
        • Younger ring complex
    Wooley (2001) p.242
    Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Kongsberg
    Bonin, B. & Sørensen, H. (2003): The granites of the Mykle region in the southern part of the Oslo igneous province, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 441: 17-24
      • Øvre Eiker
        • Gunhildrud
    Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
    • Oppland
      • Lunner
        • Nordmarka
    Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1980): Rare Fluorides from a soda granite in the Oslo Region, Norway. Mineralogical Record, 11, 83-91
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langesundsfjorden
    Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
          • Siktesøya
    Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43(2), 3- 34
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Farris
    Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
          • Lågendalen
    Sæbø, P.( 1966): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no.35. The first occurences of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 335-348; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Langesundsfjorden
    Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216
    Svein A. Berge observation 1992
    Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Knut Edvard Larsen, observation on site May 2007
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2383
          • Barkevik area
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-2379)
    Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field aug.2012
    Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216; Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
    Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien Welt 7(4):21-100
    Svein A. Berge collection ( first find by Frode Andersen 1989)
    Svein A. Berge collection (find 1978)
    Ragnar Hansen & Svein A. Berge observation 1975
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
    Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
    Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100.
    Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm collection # 19130633; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
    Scheerer, T. (1854): Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung. 13, 239-240 ; Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 198 (2/122), 107-138
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
          • Vesle Arøya
    Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
    Flink, G. (1899): Über einige seltene Mineralien aus der Gegend von Langesund in Norwegen. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Uppsala 4, 16-27; Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71
    Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
        • Tvedalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
      • Sandefjord
        • Vesterøya
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
      • Tjøme
        • Færder
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Pakistan
     
    • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
      • Peshawar
        • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
    The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
    Portugal
     
    • Azores District
      • San Miguel Island
    [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888] [Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999 ]
    Ternes, B. (1999): Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24 (1), 20-42
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
      • Tuva Republic
    Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
        • Sangilen Upland
    Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Keivy Mountains
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
          • Khibiny Massif
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
              • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
    A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209.
              • Astrophyllite Stream
    Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
    Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. e.a. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), pp. 59-67 (in Rus.).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    P.M. Kartashov data; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
            • Koashva Mt
    Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
    P Haas collection
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
            • Rypnetsk Mt.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Sokolova, E., & Cámara, F. (2008). Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20(2), 253-260.
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
          • Lovozero Massif
    Y. P. Men'shikov et al.: Am. Min. 91:922-928 (2006)
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg District
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Azov Sea Region
        • Mariupol'skii Massif (Oktyabr'skii)
          • Dmitrievka village
    Pekov I.V., Belovitskaja Ju.V., Kartashov P.M. e.a. New data on perraultite (Priazovie), - ZVMO, 1999, 3, pp.112-120
          • Mazurovskoe Zr deposit
    • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
    “Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
    Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
    Smith, A. (1996) Collecting Arkansas Minerals
    • Colorado
      • El Paso Co.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-307314.html
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 122; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Paul J. Broyles
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Gross, E. and Heinrich, E., 1966, Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa Area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado. II. Pegmatites, American Mineralogist, v. 51, p. 299-323.
    reference: "Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado II. Lamprophyres and Mineral Deposits" By E. B. Gross and E. WM. Heinrich - The American Mineralogist, Vol 51, Sept-Oct, 1966
    Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Maine
      • Kennebec Co.
        • Litchfield
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
      • York Co.
    Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
    • Massachusetts
      • Essex Co.
    Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    P Cristofono collection , 2009
        • Rockport
    Sears, J. H. (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, p. 241.; Toulmin, Priestley, 1957, v. 42, p.912-915.
      • Norfolk Co.
    Pirsson, L.V. (1910): Note on the Occurrence of Astrophyllite in the Granite at Quincy, Massachusetts (AmJourSci 29:215-216)
        • Sharon
    Whitehead, Walter L. (1913): The Geology of the Rattlesnake Hill Granite of Sharon, Massachusetts (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy).
    • Montana
      • Jefferson Co.
    The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
          • Goldflint Mountain
    W.C van Laer, in preparation
    van Laer, in preparation
    • New Hampshire
      • Carroll Co.
    Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH: Part III, Minerals & Mines
          • North Conway
    Rocks & Min 80:245; Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
        • Moultonborough
    Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
      • Coos Co.
    Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.
    Rocks & Min 80:249
    Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
    • Rhode Island
      • Providence Co.
        • Cumberland
    Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
    Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
    Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, University of Rhode Island, Kingston
    • Virginia
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Golden Horn Batholith
    Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.51
    Saul Krotki
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