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Riffelhorn (incl. Gagenhaupt; Gakihaupt), Gorner glacier area, Zermatt, Matt Valley, Zermatt - Saas Fee area, Valais, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Riffelhorn (incl. Gagenhaupt; Gakihaupt)- not defined -
Gorner glacier areaArea
Zermatt- not defined -
Matt ValleyValley
Zermatt - Saas Fee areaArea
ValaisCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 58' 53'' North , 7° 45' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Zermatt6,629 (2016)4.4km
Täsch831 (2016)9.8km
Breuil-Cervinia753 (2014)11.1km
Randa421 (2016)13.2km
Paquier995 (2014)15.3km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Riffelhorn (einschl. Gagenhaupt; Gakihaupt), Gornergletschergebiet, Zermatt, Mattertal, Gebiet Zermatt - Saas Fee, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


Elevation: 2928 m; Swiss coordinates 624´745 / 92´255.
Located above the Riffel Alp, at the western end of the Gornergrat. This locality entry includes the Gagenhaupt (Gakihaupt), a low ridge on the northeast side of the Riffelhorn.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


2 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 114.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gerard van der Veldt collection
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Colour: Emerald green
Description: The emerald green garnets from this area contain 33 mol-% uvarovite, 26-30 mol-% andradite and 36-40 mol-% grossular in their compositions. They often are mistakenly identified as uvarovites.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Uvarovite ?9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Uvarovite ?51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
OOxygen
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
CaCalcium
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
CrChromium
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3137739
Upper Penninic Nappes

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: ophiolite complex

Lithology: Meta-basalt group, meta-peridotite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2366998
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metamagmatite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Serpentinite, talc schist

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192543
Paleozoic volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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