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Joaquinite-(Ce)

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Formula:
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
Hardness:5 - 5½
Member of:Joaquinite Group
This page provides mineralogical data about Joaquinite-(Ce).

Classification of Joaquinite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.08-80
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.CE.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
Dana 8th edition ID:60.1.1a.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.9.12

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti
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Type Occurrence of Joaquinite-(Ce)

Type Locality:California State Gem Mine (Dallas Gem Mine; Benitoite Mine; Benitoite Gem Mine; Gem Mine), Dallas Gem Mine area, San Benito River headwaters area, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA

Physical Properties of Joaquinite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½

Optical Data of Joaquinite-(Ce)

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.748 - 1.754 nβ = 1.760 - 1.767 nγ = 1.762 - 1.823
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.014 - 0.069

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r < v marked

Chemical Properties of Joaquinite-(Ce)

Formula:
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F)·H2O
Essential elements:Ba, Ce, Fe, H, Na, O, Si, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Ba, Ce, F, Fe, H, Na, O, Si, Ti

Relationship of Joaquinite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Joaquinite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.CE.05Papagoite
CaCu[H
 
3
AlSi
 
2
O
 
9
]
9.CE.10Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near
9.CE.15Baotite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
Si
 
4
O
 
28
Cl
9.CE.20Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
9.CE.20Taramellite
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.20Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mn
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite
(Na,◻)
 
8
Nb
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aKorobitsynite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3-4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5-6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-K
K
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Na
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca
(Na,Ca,K)
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mg(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Fe
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-Ba
Na
 
2
K
 
2
Ba(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Fe
K
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-Fe
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-6 H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Ba
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Ca
Ca(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-Zn
NaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn
(Ba,K)
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Sr
Sr(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na
(Na,Sr,K,Ca)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
·nH
 
2
O n ~ 8
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
8
K
 
8
Mg
 
8
Ti
 
16
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
8
(O,OH)
 
16
· nH
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Ca
K
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Na
K
 
2
Na
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-Mn
K
 
2
CaMn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
·6-8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe
(K,Ba)
 
4
Fe(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 12H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Komarovite
(Ca,Mn)Nb
 
2
[O
 
3
|Si
 
2
O
 
7
] · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite
(Na,Ca,H)
 
2
Nb
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
(OH,F)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.9.1Natisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.2Lorenzenite
Na
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)O
 
3
14.9.3Lintisite
LiNa
 
3
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.4Davanite
K
 
2
TiSi
 
6
O
 
15
14.9.5Kazakovite
Na
 
6
Mn
2+
 
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)
14.9.6Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.7Ohmilite
Sr
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH) · 2-3H
 
2
O
14.9.8Lamprophyllite
(Sr,K,Ba)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(O,OH,F)
14.9.9Benitoite
BaTi(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
14.9.10Batisite
BaNaNaTi
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)O
 
2
14.9.11Fresnoite
Ba
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
14.9.14Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.17Bafertisite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(F,OH)
 
2
14.9.18Hejtmanite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(OH,F)
14.9.19Delindeite
(Na,K)
 
2
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Al)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite
(Ba,Na)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(OH,F)
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.23Chevkinite
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
3
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite
(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)
 
4
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.25Tisinalite
Na
 
3
H
 
3
(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi
 
6
(O,OH)
 
18
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.26Neptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
8
O
 
24
)
14.9.27Manganoneptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
8
O
 
24
]
14.9.28Kupletskite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
14.9.29Astrophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH)
 
7
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite
(H
 
3
O,K,Ca)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
5-65
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH)
 
31
14.9.31Magnesioastrophyllite
(Na,K)
 
4
Mg
 
2
(Fe,Fe,Mn)
 
5
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
14.9.32Baratovite
KCa
 
7
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Li
 
3
Si
 
12
O
 
36
F
 
2
14.9.34Aenigmatite
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)O
 
2
14.9.35Schorlomite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
((Si,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
14.9.36Tinaksite
K
 
2
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti[O|Si
 
7
O
 
18
(OH)]
14.9.37Janhaugite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Ti,Zr,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
14.9.38Koashvite
Na
 
6
(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si
 
6
O
 
18
· H
 
2
O

Other Names for Joaquinite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
German:Joaquinit-(Ce)
Russian:Джоакинит-(Ce)

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Joaquinite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles & William Frederick Foshag (1932), The chemical nature of joaquinite: American Mineralogist: 17: 308-312.

Cannillo, E., F. Mazzi & G. Rossi (1972), The structure type of joaquinite: Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 17: 233-246.

American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 1762-1769.

Laird, J. & A.L. Albee (1972): Chemical composition and physical, optical, and structural properties of benitoite, neptunite and joaquinite: American Mineralogist: 57: 85-102.

Dowty, E. (1975): Crystal structure of joaquinite: American Mineralogist: 60: 872-878.

Rossman, G.R. (1975) Joaquinite: the nature of its water content and the question of four-coordinated ferrous iron. American Mineralogist: 60: 435-440.

American Mineralogist: 67: 809-816.

Internet Links for Joaquinite-(Ce)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Joaquinite-(Ce) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Joaquinite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
    GSC locality database; L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.
    NICKEL, E.H., ROWLAND, J,F. and CHARETTE, D.J. (1964) Niobophyllite – the niobium analogue of astrophyllite; a new mineral; Nickel, E.H., J.F. Rowland, and D.J. Charette (1964) Niobophyllite - the niobium analogue of astrophyllite; a new mineral from Seal Lake, Labrador. Can. Mineral., 8, 40-52.
    GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
    [Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
          • Kuannersuit plateau (Kvanefjeld)
            • Kvanefjeld Mt
    Semenov, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group. American Mineralogist. 52, 1762-1769; Semenov, E. (2001): Notes on Ephesite, Terskite, Na-Komarovite, Ceriopyrochlore-(Ce), Joaquinite-(Ce) and other minerals from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 123-125
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Hosszúhetény
    www.geomania.hu
        • Pécs
    http://www.minerofil.hu/uj1999a.php?nyelvezet=angol
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Magnet Cove
    Barwood, H (1995), Benitoite and Joaquinite in Arkansas, Min.News: 11(5):2, 5.
    Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
        • Little Rock
    Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
    • California
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
                • Hernandez
                  • Clear Creek
    Mineralogical Research Company
    Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
            • San Benito River headwaters area
              • Dallas Gem Mine area
    Louderback, George Davis & Walter C. Blasdale (1909), Benitoite, its mineralogy, paragenesis and mode of occurrence: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 5: 376; Palache, Charles & William Frederick Foshag (1932), The chemical nature of joaquinite: American Mineralogist: 17: 308-312; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102, 234; Wise, W.S & Gill, R.H. (1977): Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 470.; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
                • North of the Dallas Gem Mine
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.
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