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Lindströmite

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Formula:
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
System:OrthorhombicColour:lead-grey
Hardness:3 - 3½
Name:After G. Lindström (1838-1916), mineral analyst, of the Riksmuseet, Sweden.
This page provides mineralogical data about Lindströmite.

Classification of Lindströmite

IMA status:Approved 1975
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.30-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.5.7

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.5

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Lindströmite

Type Locality:Gladhammar mines, Västervik, Småland, Sweden

Physical Properties of Lindströmite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:lead-grey
Streak:black
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 3½
Hardness Data:Measured
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal

Crystallography of Lindströmite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 56.08Å, b = 11.56Å, c = 4.00Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 4.851 : 1 : 0.346
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,593.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Prismatic [001], lacking terminal faces; striated [001].
Comment:SG Pbnm; cell parameters are slightly variable

Chemical Properties of Lindströmite

Formula:
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Essential elements:Bi, Cu, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cu, Pb, S

Relationship of Lindströmite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HB.05aAikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
2.HB.05aFriedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
2.HB.05aGladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
2.HB.05aHammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
2.HB.05bMeneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
2.HB.05aPekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
2.HB.05aEmilite
Pb
 
2.7
Cu
 
2.7
Bi
 
5.3
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPb
Cu
 
0.33
Pb
 
0.33
Bi
 
7.67
S
 
12
2.HB.05aSalzburgite
Pb
 
1.6
Cu
 
1.6
Bi
 
6.4
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPb
CuPb(Ni,Co)
 
0.3
Bi
 
3
Se
 
6
2.HB.05aPaarite
Pb
 
1.7
Cu
 
1.7
Bi
 
6.3
S
 
12
2.HB.10cEclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
2.HB.10bGiessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
2.HB.10bIzoklakeite
Pb
 
27
(Cu,Fe,Ag)
 
2
(Sb,Bi)
 
19
S
 
57
2.HB.10aKobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.10aTintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.15Benavidesite
Pb
 
4
(Mn,Fe)Sb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.15Jamesonite
Pb
 
4
FeSb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.20dBerryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
2.HB.20bBuckhornite
AuPb
 
2
BiTe
 
2
S
 
3
2.HB.20aNagyágite
Pb
 
5
Au(Te,Sb)
 
4
S
 
5-8
2.HB.20eWatkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
2.HB.20cMuseumite
[Pb
 
2
(Pb,Sb)
 
2
S
 
8
][(Te,Au)
 
2
]
2.HB.20eLitochlebite
Ag
 
2
PbBi
 
4
Se
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.1Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.4Gladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.22Andorite
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
5.7.41Berryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.44Cupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5

Other Names for Lindströmite

Synonyms:
IMA1975-005a
Other Languages:
German:Lindströmit
Russian:Линдстремит
Simplified Chinese:辉铋铜铅矿
Spanish:Lindströmita
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銅鉛礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindströmite

Reference List:

- +
Johansson (1924), Ark. Kemi: 9(8): 14.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 459-460.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 15-20.

Horiuchi, H. and Wuensch, B.J. (1977) Lindströmite, Cu3Pb3Bi7S15: its space group and ordering scheme for metal atoms in the crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 15: 527-535.

Topa, D., et al. (2008): Simultaneous structure refinement of two components of an exsolution intergrowth: crystal structures of the lindstromite-krupkaite pair. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 525-539.

Internet Links for Lindströmite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Lindströmite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Lindströmite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Felben valley
          • Scheelite deposit
    MinRec 33:352
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
    [www.ontariominerals.com]
            • Coleman Township
    Pring, A., Grguric, B.A., Criddle, A.J. (1998) Lindstromite from Cobalt, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1139-1148.
    Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
    China
     
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Nanjing Prefecture
        • Jiangning District
    Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
            • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Thiemendorf
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Shirakawamura
    S. Matsubara & R. Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
        • Zyryanovsk Rayon
          • Zyryanovsk complex
    Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
    Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Yécora
        • Yécora
    Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Okongava Ost Farm 72
    - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2005: Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Rędziny (Western Sudetes). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 165-168.
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Baia Borsa
    Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
    Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
          • Dzhida Basin
            • Zakamensk
              • Dzhida W-Mo District
    Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
    Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
    Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.; Baofu Han (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(4), 655-660
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
    Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
    Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
      • Brezno Co.
    Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
          • Sokolova dolina Valley
    Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
    Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
        • Vyšná Boca
    Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
    Sweden
     
    • Småland
      • Västervik
    Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
    USA
     
    • Montana
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
    Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
    • Nevada
      • Nye Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Round Mountain District
    [MinRec 22:181]
    • Utah
      • Beaver Co.
    Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
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