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Lindströmite

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Formula:
Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
lead-grey
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Name:
After G. Lindström (1838-1916), mineral analyst, of the Riksmuseet, Sweden.
This page provides mineralogical data about Lindströmite.

Classification of Lindströmite

Approved 1975
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.4.5.7

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.5

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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First Recorded Occurrence of Lindströmite

Physical Properties of Lindströmite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
lead-grey
Streak:
black
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 3½
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal

Crystallography of Lindströmite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 56.08Å, b = 11.56Å, c = 4.00Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.851 : 1 : 0.346
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,593.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic [001], lacking terminal faces; striated [001].
Comment:
SG Pbnm; cell parameters are slightly variable

Chemical Properties of Lindströmite

Formula:
Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Lindströmite to other Species

2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
2.HB.20aNagyágitePb5Au(Te,Sb)4S5-8
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8
5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
5.7.11JaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2aPb11Ag(As,Sb)18S36
5.7.22AndoritePbAgSb3S6
5.7.23Ramdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
5.7.31SterryiteAg2Pb10(Sb,As)12S29
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
5.7.36GustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
5.7.39Benjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39 ·
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13
5.7.44CupropavoniteAgCu2PbBi5S10
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21
5.7.47RathitePb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5

Other Names for Lindströmite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:辉铋铜铅矿
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銅鉛礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lindströmite

Reference List:
Johansson (1924), Ark. Kemi: 9(8): 14.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 459-460.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 15-20.

Horiuchi, H. and Wuensch, B.J. (1977) Lindströmite, Cu3Pb3Bi7S15: its space group and ordering scheme for metal atoms in the crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 15: 527-535.

Topa, D., et al. (2008): Simultaneous structure refinement of two components of an exsolution intergrowth: crystal structures of the lindstromite-krupkaite pair. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 525-539.

Internet Links for Lindströmite

Localities for Lindströmite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
MinRec 33:352
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
[www.ontariominerals.com]
          • Coleman Township
Pring, A., Grguric, B.A., Criddle, A.J. (1998) Lindstromite from Cobalt, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1139-1148.
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
China
 
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Shirakawamura
S. Matsubara & R. Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
      • Zyryanovsk Rayon
        • Zyryanovsk complex
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Yécora
      • Yécora
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2005: Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Rędziny (Western Sudetes). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 165-168.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Borsa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
        • Dzhida Basin
          • Zakamensk
            • Dzhida W-Mo District
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.; Baofu Han (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(4), 655-660
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Brezno Co.
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
        • Sokolova dolina Valley
Jaroslav PRŠEK and Martin Chovan (2001) Hydrothermal Carbonate and Sulphide Mineralization in the Late Paleozoic Phyllites (Bacúch, Nízke Tatry Mts.) Geolines 13:27-
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
      • Vyšná Boca
Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Västervik
Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Round Mountain District
[MinRec 22:181]
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York, pp. 1819.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
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