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Sobolevskite

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Formula:
PdBi
Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness:
4
Member of:
Name:
Named after Petr Grigorevich Sobolevski (1781-1841), Russian metallurgist. A student of the platinum deposits of the Russian Urals.
Member of two isomorphic series: Sobolevskite-Kotulskite Series and Sobolevskite-Sudburyite Series.

A possible intermediate member of the second series is coded as 'UM1985-01-Bi:PdSb'. A potential Bi analogue is known: 'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'.


Classification of Sobolevskite

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
2/C.20-110
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
3.12.40

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Type Occurrence of Sobolevskite

Physical Properties of Sobolevskite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness (Mohs):
4

Crystallography of Sobolevskite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.23Å, c = 5.69Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.345
Unit Cell Volume:
V 88.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Sobolevskite

Formula:
PdBi

Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Pt,Ag

Relationship of Sobolevskite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Sudburyite (see here)
Forms a series with Kotulskite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Achávalite(Fe,Cu)Se
BreithauptiteNiSb
FrebolditeCoSe
KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Langisite(Co,Ni)As
NickelineNiAs
Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05AchávaliteFeSe
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSb
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSe
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x~0.4)
2.CC.05LangisiteCoAs
2.CC.05NickelineNiAs
2.CC.05SederholmiteNiSe
2.CC.05StumpflitePtSb
2.CC.05SudburyitePdSb
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoS
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteCuNiSb2
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe7S8
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x = 0 to 0.3)
2.CC.10TroiliteFeS
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAs
2.CC.15ModderiteCoAs
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
2.CC.15WestervelditeFeAs
2.CC.20MilleriteNiS
2.CC.20MäkineniteNiSe
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Pt,Ni,Fe)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)1+xS (x = 0-0.07)
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2
2.CC.35aBraggitePtS
2.CC.35bCooperitePtS
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.1SeinäjokiteFeSb2
3.12.2LauriteRuS2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4AnduoiteRuAs2
3.12.5RuarsiteRuAsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Cu,Pb,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8CuprorhodsiteCuRh2S4
3.12.9KonderitePbCu3Rh8S16
3.12.10BowieiteRh2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12HollingworthiteRhAsS
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x~0.4)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3Te
3.12.23MerenskyitePdTe2
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2(As0.75Hg0.25)
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8As3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34SudburyitePdSb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd5+x(Sb,As)2-x (x=0.1-0.2)
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.41FrooditePdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.45BraggitePtS
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCuPt2S4
3.12.48MoncheitePt(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54GenkinitePt4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePtSb
3.12.56InsizwaitePtBi2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58OmeiiteOsAs2
3.12.59OsarsiteOsAsS
3.12.60KashiniteIr2S3
3.12.61InaglyitePbCu3Ir8S16
3.12.62CuproiridsiteCuIr2S4
3.12.63IridarseniteIrAs2
3.12.64IrarsiteIrAsS
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Sobolevskite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:铋钯矿
Spanish:Sobolevskita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sobolevskite

Reference List:
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1975): 104: 568-579.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 1054.

American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 813.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 302: 1112-1117 (in Russian).

Internet Links for Sobolevskite

mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3700.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Sobolevskite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Mazagão
      • Vila Nova
Canadian Mineralogist 39:377-396
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
Gervilla, F., & Kojonen, K. (2002). The platinum-group minerals in the upper section of the Keivitsansarvi Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, northern Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 377-394.
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Rødøy
      • Selsøyvik
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
Kucha H., Plimer I.R., Stumpfl E. F. 1998: Geochemistry and mineralogy of gold and PGE's in mesothermal and epithermal deposits and their bearing on the metal recovery. Fizykochemiczne Problemy Metalurgii, 32, 7-30
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Polkowice District
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, N2, pp. 601-617.
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
        • Zaonezhie peninsula
          • Velikaya Guba uran-vanadium deposit
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 1118, 1998; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
        • Bon Accord
Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Riniken
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 379.
USA
 
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
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