Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Breithauptite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
August Breithaupt
Formula:
NiSb
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Copper-red with a violet ...
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1840 by Julius Fröbel in honor of Saxon mineralogist Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt {May 16,1791 Probstzella, Germany - September 22, 1873). Breithaupt was professor at the Bergakademie in Freiburg, Germany and later successor to Friedrich Mohs at the Natural History Museum in Vienna. Breithaupt was a prolific systematic mineralogist and originated the concept of paragenesis. Originally named antimonickel and described in 1833 by Friedrich Stromeyer.

Classification of Breithauptite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
2.8.11.2

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.11.36

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-763.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Breithauptite

Year of Discovery:
1840

Occurrences of Breithauptite

Geological Setting:
In hydrothermal veins associated with other nickle and cobalt arsenides.

Physical Properties of Breithauptite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Copper-red with a violet tint
Streak:
Reddish brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
7.591 - 8.23 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.629 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Breithauptite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.946Å, c = 5.148Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.305
Unit Cell Volume:
V 69.42 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Thin tabular, arborescent, disseminated, massive
Twinning:
Twin plane {1011}

Crystallographic forms of Breithauptite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Breithauptite - Tabular {001}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Breithauptite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
noticeable in oil and air
Pleochroism:
Visible

Chemical Properties of Breithauptite

Formula:
NiSb
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Co,As,S

Relationship of Breithauptite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Achavalite(Fe,Cu)Se
FrebolditeCoSe
KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Langisite(Co,Ni)As
NickelineNiAs
SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
Common Associates:
2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05Achavalite(Fe,Cu)Se
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSe
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)As
2.CC.05NickelineNiAs
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
2.CC.05SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
2.CC.05StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
2.CC.05Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoS
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe1-xS (x = 0 to 0.17)
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
2.CC.10TroiliteFeS
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAs
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)As
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
2.CC.20MilleriteNiS
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Pt,Ni,Fe)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
2.CC.35bCooperitePtS
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
3.11.3MilleriteNiS
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi8Hg3S9
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
3.11.9Pentlandite(Fe,Ni)9S8
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSe
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8
3.11.27NickelineNiAs
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
3.11.30NickelskutteruditeNiAs3-x
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)As
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsS
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSe
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbS
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other Names for Breithauptite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Breithauptite

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 238-239.

Economic Geology (1948): 43: 408.

Internet Links for Breithauptite

Localities for Breithauptite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 1, 2015 15:36:24 Page generated: March 30, 2015 13:13:08