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Eschbroich Mine, Lontzen, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district), Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Eschbroich MineMine
LontzenMunicipality
Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)Mining District
LiègeProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 41' 42'' North , 5° 58' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lontzen4,862 (2011)2.4km
La Calamine10,232 (2011)3.3km
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)3.9km
Plombières9,596 (2011)4.9km
Baelen3,928 (2011)7.1km


The Eschbroich zinc mine was located about 500 meters south-east of the Schmalgraf mine.

In the middle of the site, there is a small pond. Under the surface at an unknown depth lie the remains of the mine shaft. Now the land is private property, “access denied”.
The Eschbroich mine was in operation from 1886 to 1931.

The mine produced a total of 196.023 tonnes of ore for "Vieille Montagne".
The production consisted of 69.743 tonnes of calamine, 73.326 tonnes of schalenblende, 4.579 tonnes of galena and 14.028 tonnes of pyrite. (Dejonghe)
The mine was known for its large calcite specimens collected mainly in the 1880's and 1890's.

In 1928 they reached a depth of 172 meters.
There were four levels: -74m, -100m, -132m and -172m.

Eschbroich was the smallest and most primitive mine in the "Vieille Montagne concession".
The compressed air for the mining machine was delivered from the Schmalgraf mine.

The staff consisted of 40 people on average. The main shaft only served to transport material and to retrieve the ore.
In Eschbroich there was no mechanical lift for the miners themselves.

There was an underground connection with the Schmalgraf mine which was 500m to the southeast.
Through this passage, the mined ore was transported underground to the Schmalgraf mine.
At the 42 meter level, a small train took the ore from Schmalgraf through the Oskar stollen to the wash plant in Neu-Moresnet.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Uebags, F. (1971): Die Grube Eschbroich - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 9, December 1971, 4-17
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers (Est de la Belgique). Mémoires du Service géologique de Belgique, 33, 483 pages.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Uebags, F. (1971): Die Grube Eschbroich - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 9, December 1971, 4-17
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Uebags, F. (1971): Die Grube Eschbroich - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, Vol. 9, December 1971, 4-17

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Verbags, F. (1971) Die Grube Eschbroich - Aus der jüngsten Geschichte des Altenberger Grubenfeldes. Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte, 9, 4-17.
Dejonghe, L., Ladeuze, F., and Jans, D. (1993) Atlas des gisements plombo-zincifères du synclinorium de Verviers. 483 pp.
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008) The “calamine” nonsulfide Zn–Pb deposits of Belgium: Petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical characterization. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
Dr. de Ruiter, G. (1980) Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne. Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, 27, 1-15.
Jungbluth, I. (xxxx) Kelmiser Geschichten, Die Pavei - unsere Lebensader - gestern und heute.

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