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Shungite

Colour:
Black
Name:
Named after locality.
Shungite is elementary noncrystalline carbon with a metastable structure incapable of graphitization, it is also used as a term to describe a sequence of metamorphic rocks from the Karelia region of Russia containing such carbon. Trace amounts of fullerenes (0.0001 < 0.001%) have been reported from such rock (Mosin & Ignatov, 2013).

Originally desribed from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia.


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Pronounciation of ShungiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ShungiteHide

Colour:
Black

Synonyms of ShungiteHide

Other Language Names for ShungiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fullerite3 photos of Shungite associated with Fullerite on mindat.org.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ShungiteHide

Reference List:
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Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 154.
Khavari-Khorasani, G., Murchison, D.G. (1979) The nature of Karelian shungite. Chemical Geology: 26: 165-182.
Heymann, D. (1995) Search for ancient fullerenes in anthraxolite, shungite, and thucolite. Carbon: 33(2): 237-239.
Gu, Y. et al. (1995) Fullerenes and shungite. Carbon: 33(6): 862-863.
Hettich, R.L, Buseck, P.R. (1996) Concerning fullerenes in shungite. Carbon: 34(5): 685-687.
Buseck, P.R. (2002) Geological fullerenes: review and analysis. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 203: 781-792.
Melezhik, V.A., et al. (2003) A giant Paleoproterozoic deposit of shungite in NW Russia: genesis and practical applications. Ore Geology Reviews: 24: 135-154.
Kwiecinska, B., et al. (2007) Physical properties of shungite. International Journal of Coal Geology: 71(4): 455-461.
Augustyniak-Jabłokow, M.A., V. Yablokov, Y.V., Andrzejewski, B., Kempiński, W., Łoś, S., Tadyszak, K., Yablokov, M.Y., Zhikharev, V.A. (2010) EPR and magnetism of the nanostructured natural carbonaceous material shungite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 37: 237-247.
Mosin, O. & Ignatov, I. (2013) The structure and composition of natural carbonaceous fullerene containing mineral shungite. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, 6 (3), Nov-Dec 2013.

Internet Links for ShungiteHide

Localities for ShungiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
        • Enzingerboden
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • St Johann im Pongau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Trieben
Stur 1865
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Brixen im Thale
Vavtar, F. (1977): Drei Kupfer-Lagerstätten in den Kitzbüheler Alpen ("Brunnalm", "Blaufeldalm" und "Ottneralm") im Rahmen einer paläozoischen Genese. Veröffentl. d. Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 57, 153-162.
        • Hochfilzen
          • Eiblgraben
Schulz, O. & Lukas, W. (1970): Eine Uranerzlagerstätte in permotriadischen Sedimenten Tirols. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 14, 213-231.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
Paul De Bondt.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • YSR District (Cuddapah District)
      • Kadapa (Cuddapah)
        • Kodur Mandal
K.S. Misra of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), 3rd International seminar & exhibition on exploration geophysics in Osmania University, Hyderabad on 9th November 2006.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Eastern Karelia
        • Vozhmozero
Kuleshevich, L.V., Tytyk, V.M., and Fedyuk, Z.N. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 607-613.
      • Lake Onega
Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia.
        • Shun'ga village
Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 35: 1363-1378.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Satka District
Krupenin, M.T. (2002): Boletim Paranaense de Geociências 50, 43-50.
KRUPENIN, M. T. (2004). Comparison of Lower and Middle Riphean sparry magnesite deposits of the Southern Urals province. Boletim Paranaense de Geociências, 50
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Dead River Basin
ID based on Raman spectrum by J. A. Jaszczak
Mineral and/or Locality  
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