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About ShungiteHide

Named after locality.
Shungite is elementary noncrystalline carbon with a metastable structure incapable of graphitization, it is also used as a term to describe a sequence of metamorphic rocks from the Karelia region of Russia containing such carbon. Trace amounts of fullerenes (0.0001 < 0.001%) have been reported from such rock (Mosin & Ignatov, 2013). Shungite has a biogenic origin.

Originally desribed from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia.

Pronounciation of ShungiteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ShungiteHide


Synonyms of ShungiteHide

Other Language Names for ShungiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fullerite3 photos of Shungite associated with Fullerite on

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ShungiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Inostrantsev (1879) (first use of name)
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 154.
Marmo, V. (1953): Shungite - a pre-Cambrian carbon. Geol. Fören. Stockholm Forh., 75, 89.
Khavari-Khorasani, G., Murchison, D.G. (1979) The nature of Karelian shungite. Chemical Geology: 26: 165-182.
Heymann, D. (1995) Search for ancient fullerenes in anthraxolite, shungite, and thucolite. Carbon: 33(2): 237-239.
Gu, Y. et al. (1995) Fullerenes and shungite. Carbon: 33(6): 862-863.
Hettich, R.L, Buseck, P.R. (1996) Concerning fullerenes in shungite. Carbon: 34(5): 685-687.
Mastalerz M., Glikson M., Stankiewicz B.A., Volkova I.B., Bustin R.M. (2000): Organic and mineral matter in a Precambrian shungite deposit from Karelia, Russia. Pp. 102-119 in: Glikson M., Mastalerz M. (eds) Organic Matter and Mineralisation: Thermal Alteration, Hydrocarbon Generation and Role in Metallogenesis. Springer, Dordrecht.
Buseck, P.R. (2002) Geological fullerenes: review and analysis. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 203: 781-792.
Melezhik, V.A.; Filippov M.M.; Romashkin A.E. (2004) A giant Paleoproterozoic deposit of shungite in NW Russia: genesis and practical applications. Ore Geology Reviews: 24: 135-154.
Kwiecinska, B., et al. (2007) Physical properties of shungite. International Journal of Coal Geology: 71(4): 455-461.
Augustyniak-Jabłokow, M.A., V. Yablokov, Y.V., Andrzejewski, B., Kempiński, W., Łoś, S., Tadyszak, K., Yablokov, M.Y., Zhikharev, V.A. (2010) EPR and magnetism of the nanostructured natural carbonaceous material shungite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 37: 237-247.
Mosin, O. & Ignatov, I. (2013) The structure and composition of natural carbonaceous fullerene containing mineral shungite. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, 6 (3), 9-21.

Internet Links for ShungiteHide

Localities for ShungiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
        • Enzingerboden
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • St Johann im Pongau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Trieben
Stur 1865
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Brixen im Thale
Vavtar, F. (1977): Drei Kupfer-Lagerstätten in den Kitzbüheler Alpen ("Brunnalm", "Blaufeldalm" und "Ottneralm") im Rahmen einer paläozoischen Genese. Veröffentl. d. Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 57, 153-162.
        • Hochfilzen
          • Eiblgraben
Schulz, O. & Lukas, W. (1970): Eine Uranerzlagerstätte in permotriadischen Sedimenten Tirols. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 14, 213-231.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
Paul De Bondt.
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • YSR District (Cuddapah District)
      • Kadapa (Cuddapah)
        • Kodur Mandal
K.S. Misra of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), 3rd International seminar & exhibition on exploration geophysics in Osmania University, Hyderabad on 9th November 2006.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Eastern Karelia
      • Vozhmozero
Kuleshevich, L.V., Tytyk, V.M., and Fedyuk, Z.N. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 607-613.
    • Lake Onega
Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia.
      • Shun'ga village
Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 35: 1363-1378.
Polekhovskiy, Yu.S., Yu.S. Shelukhina(2005) Regarding the question of PGE and Au stratiform mineralization in shungite shales of Pigmozero square (Onega basin, Karelia). In Extended abstracts of the 10th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 529-532).
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Satka District
Krupenin, M.T. (2002): Boletim Paranaense de Geociências 50, 43-50.
KRUPENIN, M. T. (2004). Comparison of Lower and Middle Riphean sparry magnesite deposits of the Southern Urals province. Boletim Paranaense de Geociências, 50
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Kyren
Gordienko, I. V., Roshchektaev, P. A., & Gorokhovsky, D. V. (2016). Oka ore district of the Eastern Sayan: Geology, structural–metallogenic zonation, genetic types of ore deposits, their geodynamic formation conditions, and outlook for development. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58(5), 361-382.
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Dead River Basin
ID based on Raman spectrum by J. A. Jaszczak
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