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Cualstibite-1M

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Formula:
(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Colour:
Pale bluish, pale blue-green, greenish
Lustre:
Vitreous
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
A polytype of Cualstibite

The original name cyanophyllite (given by K. Walenta in 1981), from the Greek for blue (κυανός) and a leaf (φύλλον), in allusion to the color and habit, was discredited in 2012 (IMA 12-B) during the definition of the hydrotalcite supergroup (Mills et al., 2012), since it was recognised as a polytype of cualstibite.


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Classification of Cualstibite-1MHide

Discredited
7.13.8

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
13 : Oxides of As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of Cualstibite-1MHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale bluish, pale blue-green, greenish

Chemical Properties of Cualstibite-1MHide

Formula:
(Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]

Crystallography of Cualstibite-1MHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.938(1) Å, b = 8.890(1) Å, c = 5.493(1) Å
β = 102.90(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.118 : 1 : 0.618
Unit Cell V:
473.05 ų
Z:
2
Twinning:
Multiple twinning due to pseudotrigonal symmetry.
Comment:
Originally assumed to be orthorhombic (Walenta, 1981).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.67 (6)
4.84 (10)
4.59 (4)
4.46 (4)
2.59 (6)
2.44 (5)
1.917 (4)

First Recorded Occurrence of Cualstibite-1MHide

Synonyms of Cualstibite-1MHide

Other Language Names for Cualstibite-1MHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Azurite7 photos of Cualstibite-1M associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Cualstibite6 photos of Cualstibite-1M associated with Cualstibite on mindat.org.
Bariopharmacosiderite4 photos of Cualstibite-1M associated with Bariopharmacosiderite on mindat.org.
Cornwallite2 photos of Cualstibite-1M associated with Cornwallite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Cualstibite-1M associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.13.1ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.13.2ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
7.13.3SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.13.4ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
7.13.5CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4Orth.
7.13.6Stibiconite(Sb,O,OH) ?
7.13.7BahianiteAl5Sb3O14(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.13.9BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.13.107.13.11StibivaniteSb2VO5Orth.
7.13.12BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.13.13SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cualstibite-1MHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walenta, K. (1981) Cyanophyllit, ein neues Mineral aus der Grube Clara bei Oberwolfach im mittleren Schwarzwald. Chem. Erde, 40, 195-200. (in German).
American Mineralogist: 66: 1274.
Walenta, K. (1984) Cualstibit, ein neues Sekundärmineral aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (BRD). Chem. Erde 43, 255-260. (in German) [with revised formula of cyanophyllite]
Walenta, K. (1999) Zur Formel des Cyanophyllits. Erzgräber, 13, 45-46.
U. Kolitsch and G. Giester (2007) A preliminary determination of the crystal structure of cyanophyllite and revision of its chemical formula. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 153, 66. (Abstract).
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Génin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T. and Colombo, F. (2012) Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.
Kolitsch, U., Giester, G. & Pippinger, T. (2013) The crystal structure of cualstibite-1M (formerly cyanophyllite), its revised chemical formula and its relation to cualstibite-1T. Mineral. Petrol. 107, 171-178.

Internet Links for Cualstibite-1MHide

Localities for Cualstibite-1MHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
Carinthia II (2017)
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54. ; - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54. ; - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau G., Berbain C., Meisser N. (2003), Cyanophyllite et autres espèces rares de la mine du Tistoulet, Padern (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 17-23
Germany (FRL)
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1981) Cyanophyllit, ein neues Mineral aus der Grube Clara bei Oberwolfach im mittleren Schwarzwald. Chemie der Erde 40, 195-200.; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67. (referring to Walenta 1981); Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Kolitsch, U. (1997) Uranosphärit und weitere neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt 8 (3), 18-26; Kolitsch, U., Giester, G. & Pippinger, T. (2013) The crystal structure of cualstibite-1M (formerly cyanophyllite), its revised chemical formula and its relation to cualstibite-1T. Mineral. Petrol. 107, 171-178.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1989): Die Minerale der Grube Fischbacher Werk bei Niederfischbach im Bergamtsbezirk Betzdorf/Siegerland. Aufschluss, 40, 75-94 ; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Sylvano IOB Collection
      • Forni Avoltri
EDX analysis by Italo Campostrini; Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C., Bourgoin, V. (2012) Zincalstibite-9R: the first nine-layer polytype with the layered double hydroxide structure-type. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1337-1345.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer); - Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer); Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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