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Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Blue ("faience-blue")
Named for the Apache tribe that live in the area of the Christmas Mine
Note: specimens of acicular dioptase haven been erroneously sold as apachite.

Classification of Apachite


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
H : Unclassified silicates
E : With Cu, Zn

78 : Unclassified Silicates
4 :

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu

Physical Properties of Apachite

Blue ("faience-blue")

Optical Data of Apachite

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.610 nβ = 1.650 nγ = 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Apachite

Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu92+Si10O29 · 11H2O
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Apachite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.89 Å, b = 6.05 Å, c = 19.11 Å
β = 90.42°
a:b:c = 2.131 : 1 : 3.159
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,490.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Apachite

Relationship of Apachite to other Species

14.2.1DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
14.2.3PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
14.2.4GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
14.2.5ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
14.2.10StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O

Other Names for Apachite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Apachite

Reference List:
Cesbron, F.P., Williams, S.A. (1980) Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, Arizona. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 639-641.

Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 1065-1070.

Internet Links for Apachite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Apachite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Cesbron, F.P. & S.A. Williams (1980), Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, AZ, Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 639-641; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 116, 428.
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
      • Abbey District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
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