IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep mindat.org running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Watkinsonite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About WatkinsoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of David Hugh Watkinson (b. 1937), Professor of Geology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, petrologist and economic geologist, investigator of the hydrothermal mobility of the platinum-group elements.
Cu-analog of litochlebite.
Structurally related to berryite.


Classification of WatkinsoniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1985
2.HB.20e

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.7.21.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.7.16

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of WatkinsoniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of WatkinsoniteHide

Formula:
Cu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
IMA Formula:
PbCu2Bi4(Se,S)8

Crystallography of WatkinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.92 Å, b = 3.99 Å, c = 14.98 Å
β = 109.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.238 : 1 : 3.754
Unit Cell V:
729.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.573 (9b)
2.976 (10)
2.929 (10)
2.407 (7)
2.140 (7b)
2.065 (7b)
1.484 (7)

Type Occurrence of WatkinsoniteHide

Synonyms of WatkinsoniteHide

Other Language Names for WatkinsoniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Clausthalite1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with Clausthalite on mindat.org.
Uraninite1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with Uraninite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Watkinsonite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57Orth.
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3Orth.
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.7.21.2LitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WatkinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
JOHAN, Z., PICOT, P. & RUHLMANN, F. (1987): The ore mineralogy of the Otish Mountains uranium deposit, Quebec: skippenite, Bi2Se2Te, and watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4(Se,S)8, two new mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 625-638.
Förster, H.-J.; Tischendorf, G. & Rhede, D. (2005): Mineralogy of the Niederschlema-Alberoda U-Se-polymetallic ore deposit, Erzgebirge, Germany. V. Watkinsonite, nevskite, bohdanowiczite, and other bismuth minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 899-908.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Sejkora, J., Dittrich, H. (2010): The crystal structure of watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4Se8, from the uranium deposit of Zálesí, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral. 48, 1109-1118.

Internet Links for WatkinsoniteHide

Localities for WatkinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Neuberg an der Mürz
      • Altenberg an der Rax
        • Eselberg
Postl, W. & Paar, W.H. (1997)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia" (La Paz, 2009)
Canada (TL)
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
        • Otish Mts
JOHAN, Z., PICOT, P. & RUHLMANN, F. (1987): The ore mineralogy of the Otish Mountains uranium deposit, Quebec: skippenite, Bi2Se2Te, and watkinsonite, Cu2PbBi4(Se,S)8, two new mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist 25, 625-638.
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Javorník (Jauernig)
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Sejkora, J., and Dittrich, H. (2010): Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1109-1118. ; Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Forster HJ, Tischendorf G, Rhede D "Mineralogy of the Niederschlema-Alberoda U-Se- polymetallic deposit, Erzgebirge, Germany. v. watkinsonite, nevskite, bohdanowiczite and other bismuth minerals" CANADIAN MINERALOGIST 43: 899-908 Part 3 JUN 2005
Gunnar Färber
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 19, 2018 16:26:46 Page generated: October 7, 2018 13:56:01
Go to top of page