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Tellurium

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Formula:
Te
System:HexagonalColour:Tin-white
Hardness:2 - 2½
Name:for the Latin name of planet earth, "tellus".

Classification of Tellurium

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/B.03-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.CC.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
C : Sulfur-selenium-iodine
Dana 7th edition ID:1.3.3.2
Dana 8th edition ID:1.3.4.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.54

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Tellurium

Type Locality:Mariahilf Mine, Faţa Băii (Facebánya; Facebay; Fatiabaja), Zlatna (Zalatna; Zalathna), Alba Co., Romania
Year of Discovery:1802

Physical Properties of Tellurium

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Tin-white
Streak:Grey
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 2½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {1010}, imperfect on {0001}
Density (measured):6.1 - 6.3 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.225 g/cm3

Crystallography of Tellurium

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.4572Å, c = 5.929Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.33
Unit Cell Volume:V 102.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:3
Morphology:Prismatic and acicular crystals
Crystal Atlas:
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Tellurium no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Tellurium no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Tellurium

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Fairly strong
Colour in reflected light:white
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Tellurium

Formula:
Te
Essential elements:Te
All elements listed in formula:Te
Common Impurities:Se,Fe,Bi,S

Relationship of Tellurium to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.CC.05Rosickýite
S
1.CC.05Sulphur
S
 
8
1.CC.10Selenium
Se
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
1.5
Fe
 
0.5-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.3.3.1Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.3.3.1Selenium
Se
1.3.3.2Hunchunite
Au
 
2
Pb

Other Names for Tellurium

Synonyms:
Lionite (of Berdell)Native TelluriumSylvanite (of Kirwan)
Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Telluur
Arabic:تيلوريوم
Armenian:Տելուր
Azeri:Tellur
Basque:Telurio
Belarusian:Тэлур
Bengali:টেলুরিয়াম
Bosnian (Latin Script):Telurijum
Bulgarian:Телур
Catalan:Tel·luri
Corsican:Telluriu
Croatian:Telurij
Czech:Tellur
Danish:Tellur
Dutch:Telluur
Esperanto:Teluro
Estonian:Telluur
Finnish:Telluuri
French:Tellure
Friulian:Teluri
Galician:Telurio
German:Tellur
Gediegen Tellur
Silvan
Greek:Τελλούριο
Hebrew:טלור
Hindi:टेलुरियम
Hungarian:Tellúr
Icelandic:Tellúr
Ido:Telurio
Indonesian:Telurium
Irish Gaelic:Teallúiream
Italian:Tellurio
Japanese:自然テルル
Javanese:Telurium
Kannada:ಟೆಲ್ಲುರಿಯಮ್
Korean:텔루륨
Latin:Tellurium
Aurum Paradoxum
Metallum Problematicum
Latvian:Telūrs
Lithuanian:Telūras
Lojban:tedjicmu
Low Saxon:Tellur
Luxembourgish:Tellur
Malayalam:ടെലൂറിയം
Manx:Çhellurium
Marathi:टेलरियम
Norwegian (Bokmål):Tellur
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Tellur
Occitan:Telluri
Polish:Tellur
Portuguese:Telúrio
Quechua:Teluryu
Romanian:Telur
Russian:Теллур
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Телур
Serbo-Croatian:Telur
Sicilian:Telluriu
Simplified Chinese:自然碲
Slovak:Telúr
Slovenian:Telur
Spanish:Telurio
Swahili:Teluri
Swedish:Tellur
Tamil:டெலூரியம்
Thai:เทลลูเรียม
Turkish:Tellür
Ukrainian:Телур
Uzbek (Latin Script):Tellur
Vietnamese:Telua
Varieties:
Selen-tellurium

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tellurium

Reference List:

- +
Von Reichenstein, F.J.M. (1783): Versuche mit dem in der Grube Mariahilf in dem Gebirge Fazeby bey Zalathna vorkommenden vermeinten gediegenen Spiesglanzkönig, Physikalische Arbeiten der einträchtigen Freunde in Wien, 1.Quartal 1783, 63-69

Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Chemische Untersuchung der siebenbürgischen Golderze, A. Gediegen Tellur. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 2-15

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 138-139.

Acta Crystallographica (1967): 23: 670-671.

Internet Links for Tellurium

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  • Look for Tellurium on Wikipedia
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Tellurium details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Tellurium specimens for sale - minfind.com
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  • Specimens:The following Tellurium specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Tellurium

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    • Chubut
      • Gastre Department
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Paar, W., Brodtkorb, M. (2004): The crystal structure of Angelaite, Cu2AgPbBiS4, a new mineral species from Angela mine, Province of Chubut, Argentina. 32nd IGC - Florence, 2004.; BRODTKORB, M.K. de y PAAR, W.. Angelaite in the paragenesis of Los Manantiales district, Chubut, Argentina: a new mineral species. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2004, vol.59, n.4, pp. 787-78
    • La Rioja
      • Sierra de Famatina
        • Chilecito Department
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Untersulzbach valley
          • Leutachkopf - Stocker Alp area
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Lungau
        • Murwinkel
          • Schellgaden
            • Gold mines
    C. Auer: Lapis 20(11):11-20 (1995)
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Nova Lima
    Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
    Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 168-370
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Elshitsa
    Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 219-229.
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
      • Zlatitsa Obshtina
        • Zlatitsa
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Skeena Mining Division
        • Pitman
    R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Ontario
      • Sudbury District
        • McKim Township
    Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 384.
    • Saskatchewan
      • Athabasca Basin
    http://www.mineralinfo.org/Fiches/canada/McArthur.htm
    Chile
     
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Elqui Province
        • El Indio deposit
    M.Dini collectioni - analysed with EDX, PDf & microprobe (by dr. Jochen Schluter)
    http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/winstanleyit.htm
      • Limarí Province
        • Ovalle
          • Punitaqui
    I.Domeyko collection; La Serena University School of Mine; Enami information (Chilean National Agency for Small Mine Development)
    China
     
    • Beijing Municipality
      • Huairou District
    Yanhe Cui, Shaomei Qi, Mingsheng Peng, and Bin Shi (1994): Mineral Deposits 13(3), 261-270
    • Gansu Province
      • Jinchang Prefecture
        • Jinchuan District
    Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47
    • Hebei Province
      • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
        • Chongli Co.
          • Dongping Au-Te ore field
    Guanxiang Song (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(8), 1-8; Peihua Zhang, Jinchu Zhu, Zhenhua Zhao, Long Lu, and Di Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 783-786
    • Henan Province
      • Luoyang Prefecture
        • Luanchuan Co.
    Jianong Zhao, Fugen Ren, Zenghui Li, and Shiying Ding (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 75-80.
    Junxian Wang, Hechuan Du, Xinhui Liu, Zengmin Zhang, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(6), 12-17
        • Luoning Co.
    Huijuan Zhu, Baoshan Yang, Yuheng Li, Dingfu Qian, and Yingtang Li (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(1), 37-41; Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lingbao Co.
          • Qinling Mine
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
    Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geological Science and Technology 1993(4), 54-58
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Binhe New District
          • Wulashan Mining District
    Qiangzhi Li, Yanjing Chen, Dengke Xu, and Liqin Yang (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(3), 271-277; Dong Xia, Shuyin Niu, Guo Xu, Chao Chen, Zhiyuan Zhao, and Yuxuan Peng (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(2), 13-17
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Fuzhou Prefecture
        • Dongxiang Co.
    Xia Ai and Zengyi Chen (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(4), 25-29
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Chaoyang Prefecture
        • Jianping Co.
    Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Shangluo Prefecture
        • Luonan Co.
    Handong Qian, Wu Chen, Jin Huang, and Jiadong Xie (2000): Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 220-224
    • Shandong Province
      • Linyi Prefecture
        • Pingyi Co.
          • Tongshi complex
    Changfu Chen, Yanbing Li, and Mingxia Jiang (1999): Geological Science and Technology Information 18(1), 60-66
    Xuefeng Yu (2001): Shandong Geology 17(3-4), 59-64; Zeng Qingdong, Liu Tiebing, Shen Yuanchao, and Li Guangming (2002): Journal of Geoscientific Research in Northeast Asia 5(2), 157-174.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Kangding Co.
          • Daduhe gold field
    Zhimin Cao (1991): Journal of Chengdu College of Technology 18(4), 26-36
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Shimian Co.
    Yuchuan Chen, Jianzhao Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Jingwen Mao, Baichuan Yang, and Yaonan Luo (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(2), 165-167; Jingwen Mao, Yuchuan Chen, Yunfen Lei, Jianxiong Zhou, and Baichuan Yang (1995): Scientia Geologica Sinica 30(1), 47-52; Baohua Li, Zhimin Cao, Jingfu Jin, and Chunqi Wen (1999): Scientia Geologica Sinica 34(4), 463-472; Chunqi Wen, Zhimin Cao, Baohua Li, and Xiaojun Luo (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 526-532
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
        • Jablonec nad Nisou
          • Jílové u Držkova
    Small and microscopical minerals, Gold Shaft, Jílové, ČGO
    Fiji
     
    • Vanua Levu
      • Wailevu
        • Yanawai Goldfield
    Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
    • Viti Levu
    Lum, J. (1995). Placer gold potential of Fiji, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu (Vol. 214). South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission.
      • Tavua Gold Field
        • Vatukoula
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
    16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide,
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Ilomantsi
    No reference listed
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuusamo
    http://www.gsf.fi/info/tr153abs.html
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
    Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Waldkirchen
            • Röhrnbach
    Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schlema-Hartenstein District
          • Alberoda
            • Shaft 366
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1719-1732.
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Évros Prefecture
        • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
    Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
    Voudouris, P.; Tarkian, M.; Arikas, K. (2006): Mineralogy of telluride-bearing epithermal ores in the Kassiteres-Sappes area, western Thrace, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 87, 31-52.
      • Xánthi Prefecture
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Honduras
     
    • Francisco Morazán Department
      • Distrito Central
        • Tegucigalpa
          • Ojojona
    Dana 6:980.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Gyöngyössolymos
    Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
    100 mineral localities of Hungary: Kovács Viktor: Paradsasvár, a Nagylápa-fő környéki kutatótárók meddőhányói
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Furtei
    Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
    Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
    COSSA A. (1898): Sulla presenza del tellurio nei prodotti dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino - 33, 8, 449. FULIGNATI P., SBRANA A. (1998): Presence of native gold and tellurium in the active high-sulfidation system of the La Fossa volcano (Vulcano, Italy). - Journal of volcanology and geothermal research - 86 - 187-198.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Iburi Province
    Bernard, A. (1985), Thèse de doctorat, University Libre de Bruxelles; Africano & Beranrd (2000), Jour. Vlcanology & Geothermal Research: 97: 475-495.
      • Sapporo
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Teine mine
    Zemann, A., and Zemann, J. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 436-438.; Yosimura, T. (1939): Teineite, a new tellurate mineral from the Teine mine, Hokkaido, Japan. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. IV 4, 465.
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Kato (1973) Sakurai Kobutsu Hyohon (Sakurai Mineral Collection), 34; Rocks & Min.: 62:167.; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
    Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Kinki Region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
          • Kinosaki-gun
    Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
          • Shimokita peninsula
    K Jouhou, #131 (15-4-2002)
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Cananea
    Lawrence D. Dickey collection
      • Mun. de Moctezuma
        • Moctezuma
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    No reference listed
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Te Aroha
    Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
    Norway
     
    • Finnmark
      • Kautokeino
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 12.
    Papua New Guinea
     
    • Sandaun Province (West Sepik Province)
      • Frieda river complex
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
    No reference listed
      • Zlatna (Zalatna; Zalathna)
        • Faţa Băii (Facebánya; Facebay; Fatiabaja)
    Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Chemische Untersuchung der siebenbürgischen Golderze, A. Gediegen Tellur, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 2-15
    Dana 6:11.
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Brad
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Gratian, C., Radu, J., Ion, B., & Sorin, U. Neogene Gold Mineralization Types In Romania.
      • Deva
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
    Simon, G., Alderton, D. H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Bleser, T. (1995). Tellurantimony in Romania: first occurrences in Europe. Mineralogy and Petrology, 53(1-3), 115-124.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
        • Tolbachik volcano
          • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
            • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
    Glavatskih S.F., Trubkin H.V. (2003) Native tellurium and nickel from high-temperature gas exhalates of Great Fissure Tolbachik eruption (Kamchatka), - DAN, 389(2), p. 231-234 (in Rus.).
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Kunashir Island
    P.M. Kartashov data; V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
          • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
    V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Uchaly
    Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Vikentyev I.V. e.a. (2004) Gold and PGE in massive sulfide ore of the Uzelginsk deposit, Southern Urals, Russia, - Can. Miner., v.42, p.2, pp.651-665.
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
          • Mednogorsk District
            • Sakmara Zone
    Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
    Saudi Arabia
     
    • Mintaqah Al Madinah
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
    Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
    Sweden
     
    • Småland
      • Oskarshamn
    No reference listed
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
          • Dammgruvan Ore Field
    Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
    • Värmland
      • Arvika
    Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Oen, I. S. & Kieft, C. (1984): Paragenetic relations of Bi-, Ag-, Au-, and other tellurides in bornite veins at Glava, Värmland, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 149, 245-266.
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Goms
        • Furka pass area
          • Furka
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 177.
    Turkey
     
    • Marmara Region
      • Balikesir Province
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    U.S. Virgin Islands
    Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 390; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
        • Tombstone Hills
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 389-390; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143: 51.
            • Tombstone
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 212, 281; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
      • La Paz Co.
        • Granite Wash Mts
          • Ellsworth District
            • Vicksburg
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 390.
    • California
    Turner, Henry Ward (1898b), Notes on rocks and minerals from California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 5: 424; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 360.
      • Calaveras Co.
        • Mother Lode Belt
          • Carson Hill District
    www.mineralsocal.org
    Küstel, Guido (1866), Communication: Berg- u. hüttenm. Zeit, Band 25: 128; Genth F A (1868) Contributions to mineralogy - No. VII, The American Journal of Science and Arts, 95, 312; Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868a), Note on three new localities of tellurium minerals in California and on some mineralogical features of the mother vein: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 379; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51, 66.
          • Melones District
            • Melones
    Küstel, Guido (1866), Communication: Berg- u. hüttenm. Zeit, Band 25: 128; Genth, Frederick Augustus (1868); Contributions to mineralogy, No. 7: American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 45: 312; Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868a), Note on three new localities of tellurium minerals in California and on some mineralogical features of the mother vein: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 379; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51; Mineralogical Record (1989) 20: 129-142.
      • Mariposa Co.
        • Mother Lode Belt
          • Bagby-Mariposa-Mount Bullion-Whitlock District
            • Bagby
              • Pacific Mining Co. group
    Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868a), Note on three new localities of tellurium minerals in California and on some mineralogical features of the mother vein: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 380; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 360; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Laguna Mts
          • Mt Laguna
    Tucker, W. Burling (1925), San Diego, Ventura Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 21: 344; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 130; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51.
      • Tuolumne Co.
        • Mother Lode Belt
          • Jamestown District
            • Jamestown
    Native gold from the Jamestown Mine, Tuolumne County, California, Mineralogical Record, Jan 1994 by Nelson, Genne Myers, Leicht, Wayne
          • Tuttletown District
    Silliman, Benjamin, Jr. (1868a), Note on three new localities of tellurium minerals in California and on some mineralogical features of the mother vein: California Academy of Natural Sciences Proceedings: 3: 379; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 388; Turner, Henry Ward (1898b), Notes on rocks and minerals from California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 5: 427; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Balarat District
    Dana 6:11.
    Brian Kosnar specimen (ex. Jack Byron Collection with label)
        • Gold Hill District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • Gold Hill
    Mike Scott S102561 fm Cureton #CZQ ID by B Cannon 1993
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Dana 6: 11, 1089; Dana 7:I:206, 424.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Jamestown District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • Jamestown
    Rocks & Min.:10:83.
    RWMW specimem
    Dana 6:11 & Dana 7:I:594.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
        • Magnolia District
    Dana 6:11.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Dana 6: 11, 980; Dana 7:I: 594.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Dana 6: 11; Dana 7:I:219.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
        • Sugarloaf District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Vulcan District (Cebolla District; Domingo District)
    Dana 7:I:199.
          • Vulcan
    Dana 7:I:199,594 & II:508.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
          • Lake City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Econ Geol (1980) 75:963-991; Econ Geol (1985) 80:410-417
      • La Plata Co.
        • La Plata District (California District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Lake Co.
        • Alicante
          • Buckeye Gulch
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Leadville District
    Tony Nikischer
      • Saguache Co.
        • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
          • Bonanza
    Am Min 89:1043-1047; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Teller Co.
    Korbel & Novak, 1999. Minerals Encyclopaedia, p.17
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Monroe
    Silliman (1819a, 1819b, 1819c); Hitchcock and Silliman (1826); Januzzi (1976); Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
    • Maine
      • Hancock Co.
        • Sorrento
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; Morrill et al. 1958.
    • Michigan
    www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
    • Montana
      • Fergus Co.
        • Warm Springs District (Gilt Edge District; Gold Hill District; Maiden District)
          • Cone Butte Sub-District
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:602-627
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
    Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
      • Madison Co.
        • Norwegian District (Whitehall District)
    Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 871-876
    • Nevada
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Goldfield District
          • Goldfield
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Osgood Mts
          • Potosi District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Ravenswood District
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • New Mexico
      • Bernalillo Co.
        • Placitas District
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Catron Co.
    Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
        • Wilcox District
          • Lone Pine Hill area
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
      • Doña Ana Co.
        • Organ Mts
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Grant Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Hidalgo Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Sierra Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • North Carolina
      • Burke Co.
        • Brindletown
    Rocks & Min.:60:86.
    • Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    SEM EDS confirmed by Rob Bowell.
    • Virginia
      • Buckingham Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 371-384
    Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 371-384
      • Fluvanna Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Spotsylvania Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
    Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
      • Kadoma District
    Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
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