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Pleistocene

Hierarchy:Phanerozoic Cenozoic  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
Classification:Epoch (as per International Commission on Stratigraphy)
Top:0.01143 Ma
Base:2.588 Ma
Preceeds:Holocene
Follows:Neogene Pliocene  Piacenzian
Primary Divisions:Late PleistoceneMiddle PleistoceneCalabrianGelasian
Flourishing and then extinction of many large mammals (Pleistocene megafauna). Evolution of anatomically modern humans.

Quaternary Ice Age continues with glaciations and interstadials (and the accompanying fluctuations from 100 to 300 ppmv in atmospheric CO2 levels), further intensification of Icehouse Earth conditions, roughly 1.6 Ma.

Last glacial maximum (30000 years ago), last glacial period (18000–15000 years ago). Dawn of human stone-age cultures, with increasing technical complexity relative to previous ice age cultures, such as engravings and clay statues (e.g. Venus of Lespugue), particularly in the Mediterranean and Europe.

Lake Toba supervolcano erupts 75000 years before present, causing a volcanic winter that possibly pushes humanity to the brink of extinction. Pleistocene ends with Oldest Dryas, Older Dryas/Allerød and Younger Dryas climate events, with Younger Dryas forming the boundary with the Holocene.
 

Geologic Events

Event NameTypeAgeArea
Island Park Caldera super-eruptionVolcanic Activity2.1 MaIdaho and Wyoming, USA
Andean orogeny (ongoing)OrogenyMaximum Age: 200 MaSouth America


Overview of geological time

List all geological events
Mineral and/or Locality  
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