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January & Norton Mine group (January and Norton Mine group), Flux Gulch, Alum Gulch, Harshaw District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
January & Norton Mine group (January and Norton Mine group)- not defined -
Flux GulchGulch
Alum GulchGulch
Harshaw DistrictMining District
Patagonia MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 28' 19'' North , 110° 43' 45'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.47222,-110.72917
GeoHash:G#: 9t970336z
USGS MRDS Record:10048339
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate



A former small underground Zn-Pb-Ag-Cu-Au-(Mn) mine group located on 2 patented claims, in the SE ¼ sec. 32, T.22S. R.16E, 1¼ miles NW of Harshaw, just E of the Flux Canyon Road, on National Forest land. The Red Bird Mine, also known as the Uncle Grorge or Norton Mine, is just E of the road. The January Mine is about 1/3 mile N of the Red Bird, on the NE side of Flux Canyon. Discovered 1875 by Padrez (?). Mines relocated by the Blue Flag Mining Co. in 1882. Produced 1925-1949. Owned at times, or in part, by Blue Flag Mining Co.; Frank Gallagher and Associates; Farrell; January Mines Co.; Big Jim Mines, Inc.; and the American Smelting and Refining Corp. (ASARCO). Owned by Mr. J. Nash and Mr. E. Mc Farland (1954).

Mineralization is strong and persistent quartz vein, with rich argentiferous cerussite in the oxide zone with sulfides in depth, in a fault zone cutting altered Cretaceous andesite. The so-called January-Norton vein lies to the NE of the Trench vein system. The ore zone is 762 meters long, 6.1 meters wide, with a depth to bottom of 137.16 meters, striking N53W and dipping 75NE. Wall rock is locally strongly pyritized and propylitized. Manganese and iron oxide gossan. Alum and sulfur are found leaching from the dump. Ore control was the contact of the rhyolite dike with diorite country rock. Veins are associated with the dike. Ore concentration was secondary enrichment. Mineralization is not uniform in the dike and some sections are barren of ore. A associated rock unit is the Josephine Canyon Diorite. Isolated outcrops of limestone occur near the dike. Rhyolite is similar to that of Red Mountain.

The mineralized rhyolite dike is 15-20 feet wide. Considerable Mn contained in the diorite, as much as 4 feet from the contact on the NE or hanging wall side. The January Mine is located on the northern continuation of the Red Dike or vein, which strikes N30W, dips 75NE, and is 6-7 feet wide.

Tectonic elements include the Meadow Valley Trachyandesite Flow and thick lava flows of the Harshaw-Trench Camp area.

Workings include operations from shafts and the neighboring Trench Mine. Workings are 152.4 meters in depth and include 2 vertical, timbered shafts, several cross-cuts; one shaft on the Red Bird claim. The January shaft is 500 feet deep; the Norton shaft (north end of the property) is 120 feet deep. A tnnel connects the 500 foot level of the January shaft with the Trench shaft. Worked from the early 1870's for high-grade silver ore and in 1925-1928 and 1944-1949 for zinc and lead. Total production was probably some 71,000 tons of ore. Early 1900's assay values averaged 35% Pb, 60 oz/ton Ag. 1940 values averaged about 6% Zn, 4% Pb, 7 oz. Ag/T, and minor copper and gold.


Regions containing this locality

Sonoran Desert, North America

Desert - 1,138 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048339, MRDS ID #M899926.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4);
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 252-253; Kartchner (1944); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4);

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
CCarbon
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
AlAluminium
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
PbLead
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ypresian - Campanian
47.8 - 83.6 Ma



ID: 2847845
Early Tertiary to Late Cretaceous volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (47.8 - 83.6 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Williamson Canyon Volcanics

Description: Rhyolite to andesite and closely associated sedimentary and near-surface intrusive rocks; commonly dark gray to dark greenish gray or greenish brown. In the ranges west of Tucson, this unit includes thick welded ash-flow tuffs. Volcanic rocks of this unit are inferred to be derived from vents and volcanoes above magma chambers that solidified to form the granitic rocks of map unit TKg. These rocks are restricted to southeastern Arizona except for a small outcrop near Bagdad. (50-82 Ma)

Comments: Related, broadly, to unit TKg Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{rhyolite,dacite,andesite}, Minor:{clastic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
‡Ref.: Schrader, F.C. (1915) Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, with contributions by J.M. Hill: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 582, 373 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:125,000: 252-253.
Kartchner, W.E. (1944) The geology and ore deposits of a portion of the Harshaw district, Patagonia Mountains, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 100 p.
Simons, F.S. (1972) Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Patagonia Mountains and adjoining areas, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, in Mesozoic stratigraphy in southeastern Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-E, p. E21-E22.
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 59 (Table 4).
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Coronado National Forest Study Report.
Arizona Bureau of Mines card file Santa Cruz County.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048339, MRDS ID #M899926; and, Dep. ID #10235029, MAS ID #0040230061.

Localities in this Region
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